Kugler Company. Keeping Quality First Since 1924

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Kugler Company. Keeping Quality First Since 1924"

Transcription

1 Kugler Company Keeping Quality First Since 1924

2 Rapid City, SD Waterloo, IA Sterling, CO Culbertson, NE Terre Haute, IN Burlington, CO Ulysses, KS

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11 a Foliar applications cannot by themselves meet the total nutrient demand of the plant. There will always be a need for soil applied fertilizers.

12 Myth = Nutrients cannot be absorbed thru the leaves. Research has proven otherwise

13 Interest in foliar feeding is not new Proper application equipment and fertilizer products have renewed interest Advanced crop genetics

14 Source: "Foliar nutrients are mobilized directly into plant leaves, which is the goal of fertilization to begin with, increasing the rate of photosynthesis in the leaves, and by doing so stimulate nutrient absorption by plant roots."

15 Source: "Where isotopes showed that it was 8-10 times more effective to foliar feed a plant as far as the amount of nutrients required and the speed with which those nutrients were utilized, the above authorities found the figure to be between 12 and 100 times more effective."

16 As determined by use of radioactive tracers, Michigan State University Urea N Potassium Phosphorus

17 Absorption Rates For Nutrients Applied to Plant Foliage Nutrient Time for 50% Absorption Nitrogen (as urea) ½ - 2 hours Phosphorous 5-10 days Potassium hours Calcium hours Magnesium hours Sulfur 5-10 days Chlorine 1-4 days Iron days Manganese 1-2 days Zinc 1-2 days Molybdenum days

18 Nutrient Foliar replaces Soil N P 1 20 K 1 6 Fe Mn 1 30 B 1 30 Univ. of Cal Davis

19 Diffusion: Motion of Molecules Phosphorus will only move one 500ths of an inch in a day. Roots Roots only occupy 1% of soil volume. Dr. Stanley Barber, Purdue University

20 If P in a silt loam soil is more than ¼ inch from a root won t move close enough to be taken up by the root. P must be dissolved in water that surrounds the soil particles and roots.

21 Source: "Foliar fertilization is by far the most effective way to apply micro nutrients or trace elements, and supplement the major elements. The readily vailable nutrients are more easily utilized, because they do not have to be dissolved by moisture and go into the soil solution."

22 For best results foliar fertilizer should contain Nitrogen.

23 Introduction of non-burning forms of N has created opportunities for foliar applications.

24

25

26 KQ XRN 72% SRN

27 Foliar KQ-XRN KS 2075 KS 1515 KS 1022 KS1410 MicroMax

28 KQ-XRN: Plant #1 Right After Application

29 KQ-XRN: Plant #1 48 Hours After Application

30 KQ-XRN: Plant #1 72 Hours After Application

31 Best timing for foliar applications is when plants are changing from vegetative to reproductive stage to help meet increased nutrient demand during this time.

32 Apply KQXRN Here

33 308 Bu/A Corn Nutrient Uptake R. Flannery, Rutgers University Corn Nutrient Uptake per Day Cummulative Nutrient Uptake Stage Days N P 2 O 5 K 2 O N P 2 O 5 K 2 O lb/a/day lb/a a-leaf leaf leaf Tassel Silk Blister Early Dent Maturity bu/a Soybean Nutrient Uptake Source: Fluid Journal Vol. 18 No. 3, Issue #69 R. Flannery, Rutgers University Soybean Nutrient Uptake per Day Cummulative Nutrient Uptake Stage Days N P O K O N P O K O lb/a/day lb/a 3rd trifoliate th trifoliate Full Bloom Early Pod Soft Seed Maturity

34 Nutrient Uptake

35 Adding KQXRN to pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides improves performance resulting in better plant health and resulting in more yield.

36 Technology of Foliar Feeding Plant Structure and Nutrient Uptake Nutrient Transfer Slow Release Components How and Why KQ-XRN Works NPK Uptake Rates

37 Increases the plants ability to uptake water and fertilizer ions. Researchers suggest a 6:1 return Increases activity in the leaf, increases chlorophyll and thus photosynthesis Increases need for water Increases water uptake by the plants vascular system Increases uptake of nutrients from soil Increasing photosynthesis = increasing production and efficiency As nutrient demand increases in plants, the physiological capacity to supply itself with nutrients decreases.

38 Leaf Structure Image Source: M.J. Farabee, Maricopa University (http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/biobookps.html) HOME

39 Ammonia Slow-Release Components Urea Formaldehyde Methanol Urea Methylenetriurea Dimethylolurea Polymethelyne Urea Ditriazone Triazone KOH Hydroxymethylenetriazone Methylenediurea HOME

40 How & Why KQ-XRN Works

41 In-Furrow Applications

42 Right Fertilizer Source at the Right Rate at the Right Time and in the Right Place

43 In-Furrow Low Salt KQ-XRN KS 1515 KS1022 KS1410 LS624 LS924 LS918 LS318 MicroMax

44 a In-Furrow applications cannot by themselves meet the total nutrient demand of the plant. There will always be a need for soil applied fertilizers.

45

46 Even when soils are high in fertility Soils are compacted Using Reduced or no-till Soils Low to medium P & K Soils Low or High ph

47 When Soil Temperature was reduced from 70 to 58 degrees: - Corn root growth decreased 5-fold - P uptake by corn roots decreased 4 -fold

48 K-Uptake - mg Days after Planting 90o F 60o F Minnesota

49 The maximum number of kernels per ear harvested is determined by the corn s fifth leaf stage. (directly impacted by tissue P ) The closer the fertilizer is to the seed, the better the response is. In furrow under the seed applications followed by foliar applications create the best efficiency.

50 The Right Place under the seed! LS624 SEED KS1515 LS924 LS918

51

52 ORTHOPHOSPHATE VS POLYPHOSHATE

53 Bu/Ac gal/a seed Outperforms Other Starters and Placement on Corn gal/a seed 4 gal/a seed gal/a x gal/a dual lbs P2O broadcast +21 b/a Check KSU

54 Plants generally consume phosphate in the orthophosphate form Polyphosphates contain 30% Orthophosphate Ability to sequester impurities Can add non-chelated products Breakdown over time Hydrolysis = process of breaking down polyphosphate to orthophosphate

55 1. Soil ph Rate is faster in high ph soils; slower in low ph soils 2. Soil temperature = rate low at degrees 3. Biological activity = low activity means slow hydrolysis 4. Water logged soils = slows conversion 5. Soil Texture interactions Texture x organic matter Texture x ph Texture x time

56 (Distance in inches from seed)

57 Ways to Reduce Salt Injury Diluting Fertilizer With Water Placing Farther Away From Seed Using low salt fertilizers Use proper rates

58

59 Thank You Kugler Company HOME

Plant Nutrients. The Non-Mineral Nutrients are hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), & carbon (C).

Plant Nutrients. The Non-Mineral Nutrients are hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), & carbon (C). Plant Nutrients Sixteen chemical elements are known to be important to a plant's growth and survival. The sixteen chemical elements are divided into two main groups: nonmineral and mineral. Non-Mineral

More information

WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS?

WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS? WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS? Raymond C. Ward Ward Laboratories Inc. Kearney, NE Commercial fertilizer is a source of plant nutrients that can be applied to soil to nourish crops when the

More information

ROOTS, GROWTH AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE

ROOTS, GROWTH AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE Dept. of Agronomy publication # AGRY-95-08 (Rev. May-95) ROOTS, GROWTH AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE Dave Mengel Agronomy Department, Purdue University West Lafayette, IN 47907-1150 While most of us are quite familiar

More information

Soil Nutrient Sources and NutrientUptake

Soil Nutrient Sources and NutrientUptake Soil Nutrient Sources and NutrientUptake Photosynthesis Plants use light energy and chlorophyll to make sugars for plant growth from water and carbon dioxide. Light and Chlorophyll 6 CO 2 + 12 H 2 O C

More information

Sulfur Fertilization for Corn

Sulfur Fertilization for Corn Sulfur Fertilization for Corn Jasper M Teboh Soil Scientist Tel: 701-652-2951 Jasper.Teboh@ndsu.edu Sulfur as a plant nutrient requirement C-H-O-N-P-K-Ca-Mg-S Macro nutrients Macro: Lbs/Ac needed for 200

More information

Fertility Management Corn on Corn

Fertility Management Corn on Corn Fertility Management Corn on Corn Ray Ward Ward Laboratories, Inc Kearney Nebraska www.wardlab.com Guiding Producers Today to Feed the World Tomorrow Topics Nutrient loss from crop mining Evaluation of

More information

Plant Nutrient Analysis Sampling Guide

Plant Nutrient Analysis Sampling Guide Hwy 15 P.O. Box 510 Northwood, ND 58267 (701) 587-6010 Fax (701) 587-6013 Home page: agvise.com 902 13th St. N. P.O. Box 187 Benson, MN 56215 (320) 843-4109 Fax (320) 843-2074 Plant Nutrient Analysis Sampling

More information

Fertility Needs of No-Till Corn, Soybean and Wheat. Raymond C. Ward Ward Laboratories, Inc Kearney, NE

Fertility Needs of No-Till Corn, Soybean and Wheat. Raymond C. Ward Ward Laboratories, Inc Kearney, NE Fertility Needs of No-Till Corn, Soybean and Wheat Raymond C. Ward Ward Laboratories, Inc Kearney, NE www.wardlab.com Soil Sample for Fertility Dry or Frozen Ground Uniform Slice Top and Subsoil Sampling

More information

SULFUR AND MICRONUTRIENT RESPONSES ON CORN AND SOYBEANS George Rehm Department of Soil, Water, and Climate, University of Minnesota, St.

SULFUR AND MICRONUTRIENT RESPONSES ON CORN AND SOYBEANS George Rehm Department of Soil, Water, and Climate, University of Minnesota, St. SULFUR AND MICRONUTRIENT RESPONSES ON CORN AND SOYBEANS George Rehm Department of Soil, Water, and Climate, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN Introduction The importance of sulfur and micronutrients

More information

Seed Banding Fertilizer What are the Limits?

Seed Banding Fertilizer What are the Limits? Seed Banding Fertilizer What are the Limits? Ron Gelderman South Dakota State University Nutrient Efficiency and Management Conference, Feb. 15, Morton MN. Fertilizer with Seed Introduction - Higher P

More information

Sulfur Fertilization of Corn. Jeff Vetsch Univ. of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center December 2013

Sulfur Fertilization of Corn. Jeff Vetsch Univ. of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center December 2013 Sulfur Fertilization of Corn Jeff Vetsch Univ. of Minnesota Southern Research and Outreach Center December 2013 Sulfur in corn, alfalfa and small grains: Plant available form of sulfur is (SO 4 2- ) it

More information

Evaluation of Combination Phosphorus Sulfur Fertilizer Products for Corn Production

Evaluation of Combination Phosphorus Sulfur Fertilizer Products for Corn Production Evaluation of Combination Phosphorus Sulfur Fertilizer Products for Corn Production John Sawyer and Daniel Barker Professor and Assistant Scientist Department of Agronomy Iowa State University Introduction

More information

SOIL NUTRIENT FUNDAMENTALS (SOIL FERTILITY 101) Extension Agent Agronomy College September 24, Clain Jones

SOIL NUTRIENT FUNDAMENTALS (SOIL FERTILITY 101) Extension Agent Agronomy College September 24, Clain Jones SOIL NUTRIENT FUNDAMENTALS (SOIL FERTILITY 101) Extension Agent Agronomy College September 24, 2014 Clain Jones clainj@montana.edu 994-6076 MSU Soil Fertility Extension Objectives Present soil properties

More information

Agronomic and Economic Considerations on Michigan Farms

Agronomic and Economic Considerations on Michigan Farms Agronomic and Economic Considerations on Michigan Farms MSU Phosphorus and Potassium Fertilizer Recommendations for Field Crops The key ingredients: Soil Test Information Yield Goal Buildup, Maintenance

More information

Know Your Soils 2/26/2011. Today s Presentation. Soil Texture Triangle

Know Your Soils 2/26/2011. Today s Presentation. Soil Texture Triangle Soil Fertilization for Fruit Production Relative Size of Soil Particles Clay less than 0.0000800008 in Sand 0.8 to 0.002 in Ron Godin, Ph.D. Soil Scientist Tri-River Area Agronomist Colorado State University

More information

MICRONUTRIENTS AS STARTER AND FOLIAR APPLICATION FOR CORN AND SOYBEAN

MICRONUTRIENTS AS STARTER AND FOLIAR APPLICATION FOR CORN AND SOYBEAN MICRONUTRIENTS AS STARTER AND FOLIAR APPLICATION FOR CORN AND SOYBEAN Nathan D. Mueller and Dorivar A. Ruiz Diaz Dep. of Agronomy, Kansas State University Abstract Corn and soybean production under high

More information

The Mighty Micronutrients George Rehm, University of Minnesota

The Mighty Micronutrients George Rehm, University of Minnesota 1. Introduction 1a. Zinc 1b. Iron 1c. Manganese 1d. Copper 1e. Boron 1f. Molybdenum 1g. Chloride The Mighty Micronutrients George Rehm, University of Minnesota In mineral nutrition of plants, seven nutrients

More information

Plant Nutrients and Soil Fertility

Plant Nutrients and Soil Fertility EXTENSION Know how. Know now. EC1275 Plant Nutrients and Soil Fertility Anne M. Streich, Associate Professor of Practice Martha Mamo, Professor of Soil Science Charles S. Wortmann, Professor of Soil Science

More information

Understanding the. Soil Test Report. Client and Sample Identification

Understanding the. Soil Test Report. Client and Sample Identification Understanding the Soil Test Report Page 1 of 7 Crops absorb the nutrients required from soil in order to grow, so ensuring that your soil is meeting the crops needs is critical. Having the proper level

More information

Plant nutrients. The quantity of nutrients available to the plants is affected by: substrate quality water quality plant type.

Plant nutrients. The quantity of nutrients available to the plants is affected by: substrate quality water quality plant type. Plant nutrients All plants require nutrients to survive and grow. Plants take nutrients from the air, the soil, and the water. Because you cannot see nutrients they are colourless gases or are like dust

More information

Healthy Vines = Hardy Vines

Healthy Vines = Hardy Vines Grapevine Nutrition: Healthy Vines = Hardy Vines Kevin W. Ker, PhD, P.Ag. KCMS Applied Research and Consulting Inc. and Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute (CCOVI) Brock University, St. Catharines

More information

LAB 5 - PLANT NUTRITION. Chemical Ionic forms Approximate dry Element symbol Atomic weight Absorbed by plants tissue concentration

LAB 5 - PLANT NUTRITION. Chemical Ionic forms Approximate dry Element symbol Atomic weight Absorbed by plants tissue concentration LAB 5 PLANT NUTRITION I. General Introduction All living organisms require certain elements for their survival. Plants are known to require carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus

More information

NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR GRAPEVINES. Andrew Teubes Viticultural Consultant

NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR GRAPEVINES. Andrew Teubes Viticultural Consultant NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR GRAPEVINES Andrew Teubes Viticultural Consultant Nutrient requirements Five (5) critical aspects of importance for grapevine nutrition Which elements are required by the vine

More information

Alfalfa fertilization

Alfalfa fertilization A2448 Alfalfa K.A. Kelling Modern management of alfalfa uses improved varieties, intensive harvest schedules, direct seeding, and up-to-date practices. Due to high production costs and narrow profit margins,

More information

Agro-One Soil Analysis

Agro-One Soil Analysis Lab Sample ID: 70947940 Field/Location: MONDAY GROUP 1 Date Sampled: 10/03/2011 Phosphorus (P) 160 Potassium (K) 599 Calcium (Ca) 5,232 Magnesium (Mg) 573 Element Element Element Soil ph 6.8 Manganese

More information

Sixteen elements are considered essential for plants. They are grouped based on their relative abundance in plants.

Sixteen elements are considered essential for plants. They are grouped based on their relative abundance in plants. 05. Forms of nutrients in soil and their functions in plants Learning objective : To know the functions of each nutrient in plant Primary or major nutrients: are those nutrients required relatively in

More information

Soils & Mineral Nutrition. Chapters 3 & 5

Soils & Mineral Nutrition. Chapters 3 & 5 Soils & Mineral Nutrition Chapters 3 & 5 Importance Soil is important to plants because it: Supplies minerals Harbors nitrogen-fixing bacteria Holds water Supplies air to roots Acts as a matrix that stabilizes

More information

The Benefits of Calcium Sulphate Use in Soil & Agriculture

The Benefits of Calcium Sulphate Use in Soil & Agriculture The Benefits of Calcium Sulphate Use in Soil & Agriculture A good soil environment is vital for the growth and health of plants Tight and compacted soils may limit plant growth and cause disease problems.

More information

POMEGRANATE NUTRITION. Dr. Mongi Zekri

POMEGRANATE NUTRITION. Dr. Mongi Zekri POMEGRANATE NUTRITION Dr. Mongi Zekri Fertilizer Requirements Fertilizer requirements for pomegranate trees are similar to those for citrus. CITRUS CITRUS POMEGRANATE Background information Best quality

More information

Guide to Advanced Nutrition

Guide to Advanced Nutrition Guide to Advanced Nutrition Table of Contents Nutrition Management: Scouting, Testing & Planning 4-5 Soil Micronutrients 6 Zinc 6 Copper 6 Seed Nutrition Products 7 Foliar Macronutrients 8 Nitrogen 8 Phosphorous

More information

Chelated. Micronutrients

Chelated. Micronutrients A-PDF Split DEMO : Purchase from www.a-pdf.com to remove the watermark Chelated Micronutrients by Donald Lester Agricultural Scientist Donald Lester details the benefits of highly efficient chelated micronutrients

More information

NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT. FO-3176-B (REVISED 2013) Plant Analysis Sampling and Interpretation SAMPLING THE RIGHT PLANT PART

NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT. FO-3176-B (REVISED 2013) Plant Analysis Sampling and Interpretation SAMPLING THE RIGHT PLANT PART NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FO-3176-B (REVISED 2013) Plant Analysis Sampling and Interpretation Daniel E. Kaiser, John A. Lamb, and Carl Rosen Over the past 25 to 30 years, the popularity of plant analysis or

More information

Advancing from a Person Who Grows Corn to a Corn Grower. Dave Franzen, PhD Professor Soil Science Extension Soil Specialist, NDSU

Advancing from a Person Who Grows Corn to a Corn Grower. Dave Franzen, PhD Professor Soil Science Extension Soil Specialist, NDSU Advancing from a Person Who Grows Corn to a Corn Grower Dave Franzen, PhD Professor Soil Science Extension Soil Specialist, NDSU Growing corn How hard could it be? Throw some fertilizer on throw some corn

More information

N-P-K FERTILIZERS. by M.L. Vitosh Extension Specialist, Crop and Soil Sciences

N-P-K FERTILIZERS. by M.L. Vitosh Extension Specialist, Crop and Soil Sciences Michigan State University Extension! Extension Bulletin E-896! Reprint July 1996 N-P-K FERTILIZERS by M.L. Vitosh Extension Specialist, Crop and Soil Sciences T here are many grades and analyses of nitrogen

More information

Chapter 1 Exam Questions (Soil and Plant Nutrition)

Chapter 1 Exam Questions (Soil and Plant Nutrition) Chapter 1 Exam Questions (Soil and Plant Nutrition) Soil particle size is important. Which is a larger particle, sand or clay? Sand What are the components of soil and the relative percentage of each?

More information

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas B-6053 04-01 Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas Charles Stichler and Mark McFarland* Crop fertilization is not an exact science. The soil is a dynamic, changing, and complex mixture of organic

More information

BACK TO THE BASICS OF NUTRITION: INTERACTIONS WITH CALCIUM

BACK TO THE BASICS OF NUTRITION: INTERACTIONS WITH CALCIUM BACK TO THE BASICS OF NUTRITION: INTERACTIONS WITH CALCIUM Essen'al Elements for Plants Macronutrients Micronutrients Manganese ( Mn ) Nitrogen ( N ) Boron ( B ) Phosphorus ( P ) Iron ( Fe ) Potassium

More information

MANAGING VEGETABLE GARDEN SOIL FERTILITY IN VERMONT Vern Grubinger, Extension Professor, University of Vermont

MANAGING VEGETABLE GARDEN SOIL FERTILITY IN VERMONT Vern Grubinger, Extension Professor, University of Vermont MANAGING VEGETABLE GARDEN SOIL FERTILITY IN VERMONT Vern Grubinger, Extension Professor, University of Vermont Soil fertility is determined by the chemical, physical and biological characteristics of soil.

More information

Chemistry in Plant Nutrition & Growth

Chemistry in Plant Nutrition & Growth Chemistry in Plant Nutrition & Growth Objectives Review elements of chemistry and apply them to plant nutrition and growth in an agricultural context. Suggested grade levels 9-12 Alaska Content Standards

More information

Growing Hazelnuts in the Pacific Northwest Orchard Nutrition

Growing Hazelnuts in the Pacific Northwest Orchard Nutrition Growing Hazelnuts in the Pacific Northwest rchard Nutrition EM 9080 November 2013 Jeff lsen comprehensive approach to nutrient management will help you ensure that optimum nutrient A levels are available

More information

EFFECT OF AVAIL ON CORN PRODUCTION IN MINNESOTA

EFFECT OF AVAIL ON CORN PRODUCTION IN MINNESOTA EFFECT OF AVAIL ON CORN PRODUCTION IN MINNESOTA Gyles Randall and Jeff Vetsch 1/ Diammonium phosphate (DAP) and monoammonium phosphate (MAP) fertilizers that have been coated with a shield that surrounds

More information

PRODUCTS ANALYSIS ADVANTAGES. Total Nitrogen (N) 12.5% Nitrate Nitrogen (NO3) 12.5% Calcium Oxide (CaO) 23.5% Calcium (Ca) 16.8%

PRODUCTS ANALYSIS ADVANTAGES. Total Nitrogen (N) 12.5% Nitrate Nitrogen (NO3) 12.5% Calcium Oxide (CaO) 23.5% Calcium (Ca) 16.8% is a fully water-soluble crystal calcium nitrate fertilizer, a highly efficient CNsource of available calcium and nitrogen for plants. Calcium is a "quality nutrient" that enhances quality and prolongs

More information

Getting the Most out of Your Vegetable Garden Soil Test Report

Getting the Most out of Your Vegetable Garden Soil Test Report gardening.cornell.edu Getting the Most out of Your Vegetable Garden Soil Test Report 1. Be certain your soil ph is in the optimal range. 2. Add a nitrogen (N) source at the recommended rate. 3. Add a phosphorus

More information

1/30/2016. Soil management. Essential Plant Nutrients. Regular soil sampling Nutrient management Soil ph and EC Soil organic matter

1/30/2016. Soil management. Essential Plant Nutrients. Regular soil sampling Nutrient management Soil ph and EC Soil organic matter Potassium management for Vegetable Production Dr. Ajay Nair Department of Horticulture Iowa State University Essential Plant Nutrients Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen Macronutrients Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium

More information

Do not oven-dry the soil

Do not oven-dry the soil Fertilizing Corn Fact Sheet No..38 Crop Series Soil by J.G. Davis and D.G. Westfall* Adequate soil fertility is one of the requirements for profitable corn production. Nitrogen (N) is the most yield-limiting

More information

WATER SOLUBLE FERTILIZERS

WATER SOLUBLE FERTILIZERS WATER SOLUBLE FERTILIZERS Plant-Prod Fertilizers Plant-Prod is completely soluble, and in warm water goes into solution almost instantly. Plant-Prod stays dissolved and leaves no deposits in tanks or irrigation

More information

TESTING METHODS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOIL TESTING

TESTING METHODS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOIL TESTING If forage quality is high, the The producer MILK per can ton feed fewer quality supplements, index has become resulting a in focal savings. point for corn silage hybridperformance Agri Analysis, Inc can

More information

Plant Nutrients for Citrus Trees 1

Plant Nutrients for Citrus Trees 1 SL 200 Plant Nutrients for Citrus Trees 1 Mongi Zekri and Thomas A. Obreza 2 Introduction Seventeen elements are considered necessary for the growth of green plants: carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O),

More information

Interpreting Plant Analysis Reports

Interpreting Plant Analysis Reports Hwy P.O. Box 51 Northwood, ND 5827 (71) 587-1 Fax (71) 587-13 Home page: agvise.com 92 13th t. N. P.O. Box 187 Benson, MN 52 (32) 843-419 Fax (32) 843-274 Interpreting Plant Analysis Reports N Zn P.O.

More information

SoilFacts. Nutrient Removal by Crops in North Carolina. Nitrogen

SoilFacts. Nutrient Removal by Crops in North Carolina. Nitrogen SoilFacts Nutrient Removal by Crops in North Carolina Studying nutrient removal by plants is one of the methods used to develop fertility recommendations. Tests are designed to examine patterns of nutrient

More information

Overview. Soil ph. Soil Fertility or Soil Quality? Liebig s Law of Minimum

Overview. Soil ph. Soil Fertility or Soil Quality? Liebig s Law of Minimum Managing Soil Fertility in Organic Systems Overview Soil Fertility Soil Quality Reducing tillage Organic amendment Tools Soil testing Manure, compost, organic fertilizer analysis Forbes Walker, Environmental

More information

FERTILIZERS AND SOIL BUILDING 101 FOR COMMUNITY GARDENERS. Is organic better? Don Boekelheide Mecklenburg County PLANT Charlotte, North Carolina

FERTILIZERS AND SOIL BUILDING 101 FOR COMMUNITY GARDENERS. Is organic better? Don Boekelheide Mecklenburg County PLANT Charlotte, North Carolina FERTILIZERS AND SOIL BUILDING 101 FOR COMMUNITY GARDENERS Is organic better? Don Boekelheide Mecklenburg County PLANT Charlotte, North Carolina Session goals To enable you and your community garden to

More information

Hydroponic Fertilizer Solutions

Hydroponic Fertilizer Solutions Hydroponic Fertilizer Solutions Author: Jim Brown http://www.cropking.com/articlehfs Plants typically grow with their roots in soil and their stems and leaves in the air. They get some of the elements

More information

ph is an expression of the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution

ph is an expression of the concentration of hydrogen ions in solution What is Acidity? An acid is a substance that gives off hydrogen ions ( H + ). A base is a substance that gives off hydroxyl ions. ( OH - ). ph is an expression of the concentration of hydrogen ions in

More information

NO-TILL AND NITROGEN FIXING INOCULANTS

NO-TILL AND NITROGEN FIXING INOCULANTS NO-TILL AND NITROGEN FIXING INOCULANTS Tom Wacek R & D Director for Urbana Laboratories St. Joseph, Missouri Nitrogen fixation is the utilization of the free gaseous nitrogen in the air by soil bacteria

More information

Plant Physiology Critical Stages in the Life of a Corn Plant

Plant Physiology Critical Stages in the Life of a Corn Plant Plant Physiology Critical Stages in the Life of a Corn Plant Heather Darby and Joe Lauer Nature greatly influences corn growth and yield. However, the corn producer can manipulate the environment with

More information

Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden

Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden Diane Relf, Extension Specialist, Horticulture Alan McDaniel, Extension Specialist, Horticulture Steve Donohue, Extension Specialist, Crop and Soil Environmental Science,

More information

G A Gardener's Guide for Soil and Nutrient Management in Growing Vegetables

G A Gardener's Guide for Soil and Nutrient Management in Growing Vegetables University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln Historical Materials from University of Nebraska- Lincoln Extension Extension 1-1-1990 G90-945 A Gardener's Guide for Soil

More information

Use soil test results to improve soil fertility and crop production. 1. What techniques should be used to obtain a representative soil sample?

Use soil test results to improve soil fertility and crop production. 1. What techniques should be used to obtain a representative soil sample? UNIT III - SOIL FERTILITY AND MANAGEMENT Lesson 3: Soil Testing Competency/Objective: Use soil test results to improve soil fertility and crop production. Study Questions References 1. What techniques

More information

Corn. Benefits of Drip Irrigation

Corn. Benefits of Drip Irrigation Corn Benefits of Drip Irrigation Improving Crop Development And Yields Controlling Variability Optimizing Input Costs Improving The Application Of Water Why Is Drip Irrigation Important To Growing Corn?

More information

CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM: THE SECONDARY COUSINS George Rehm, University of Minnesota

CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM: THE SECONDARY COUSINS George Rehm, University of Minnesota CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM: THE SECONDARY COUSINS George Rehm, University of Minnesota 1. Introduction In the discipline of soil fertility, sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) are put into the category

More information

Extension W161-E. ) and 15 percent potash (K 2 O 5. O). A 50-lb. bag of contains:

Extension W161-E. ) and 15 percent potash (K 2 O 5. O). A 50-lb. bag of contains: Extension W161-E Turfgrass Maintenance Fertilizers Tom Samples, Professor and John Sorochan, Associate Professor, Plant Sciences and Hugh Savoy, Associate Professor Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science

More information

Plant N utrients Nutrients and C rop Crop Production Presented by Dr HBSingh Presented by Dr

Plant N utrients Nutrients and C rop Crop Production Presented by Dr HBSingh Presented by Dr Plant Nutrients and Crop Production Presented by Dr HBSingh Plant Foods Plants provide food for human beings and animals in the form of fruit (apples, bananas, tomatoes), leaves (spinach, cabbage), grain

More information

Benefits of Nutrients for Plants and Humans

Benefits of Nutrients for Plants and Humans Benefits of Nutrients for Plants and Humans Plants and humans need some of the same essential elements to be healthy. What does essential element mean? * An essential element is required for a plant to

More information

Calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) are secondary nutrients, but they are

Calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) are secondary nutrients, but they are Chapter 4 Magnesium 32 4 Magnesium Charles S. Wortmann UNL Professor of Agronomy Revised from: Kenneth D. Frank UNL Associate Professor Emeritus, Agronomy Calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) are secondary

More information

Fertility Guidelines for Hops in the Northeast Dr. Heather Darby, University of Vermont Extension Agronomist

Fertility Guidelines for Hops in the Northeast Dr. Heather Darby, University of Vermont Extension Agronomist Fertility Guidelines for Hops in the Northeast Dr. Heather Darby, University of Vermont Extension Agronomist The increasing acreage of hops in the Northeast has prompted the need for fertility guidelines

More information

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS GROUP

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS GROUP Foliar Nutrition, Biostimulants, Specialty Chemicals, Wetting Agents & Surfactants, Contract Packaging, and Contract Formulating AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS GROUP WWW.CUSTOMAGRONOMICS.COM Index About Us... Page

More information

Nutrient Deficiencies

Nutrient Deficiencies Integrated Pest Management Nutrient Deficiencies and Application Injuries in Field Crops John Sawyer Department of Agronomy Nitrogen deficiency in corn IPM 42 Revised July 2004 Nutrient deficiencies in

More information

Introduction. Introduction Nutritional Requirements. Six Major Classes of Nutrients. Water 12/1/2011. Regional Hay School -- Bolivar, MO 1

Introduction. Introduction Nutritional Requirements. Six Major Classes of Nutrients. Water 12/1/2011. Regional Hay School -- Bolivar, MO 1 Cattle and Horse Nutrition Dona Goede Livestock Specialist Introduction Many health, reproductive and production problems can be prevented with good nutrition. Poor nutrition results in: Poor conception

More information

Macronutrients (+ secondary nutrients) Micronutrients. Trace elements SOIL NUTRIENTS LAST LECTURE THIS LECTURE SOIL FERTILITY SOIL SOLUTION

Macronutrients (+ secondary nutrients) Micronutrients. Trace elements SOIL NUTRIENTS LAST LECTURE THIS LECTURE SOIL FERTILITY SOIL SOLUTION LAST LECTURE Phosphorus and Potassium and their cycles THIS LECTURE Macronutrients, micronutrients and trace elements SOIL NUTRIENTS MOST COMMON ELEMENTS ON EARTH Macronutrients (+ secondary nutrients)

More information

Physiology The study of life processes

Physiology The study of life processes Physiology The study of life processes John Punches Oregon State University Plant Life Functions Transpiration (water movement) Photosynthesis (energy capture) Respiration (energy release) Tissue Synthesis

More information

Introductory Vegetable Production Part 1. F.I.R.S.T. Planning F.I.R.S.T. STEPS. PRODUCTION Plan. MARKETING Plan. Veg Production Pt1 - Overview

Introductory Vegetable Production Part 1. F.I.R.S.T. Planning F.I.R.S.T. STEPS. PRODUCTION Plan. MARKETING Plan. Veg Production Pt1 - Overview Veg Production Pt1 - Overview Introductory Vegetable Production Part 1 Site Selection / Soil / Water / Crop Planning / Equipment First Steps Site Selection Soil Water / Irrigation Crop Planning Equipment

More information

Soybean Physiology: How Well Do You Know Soybeans?

Soybean Physiology: How Well Do You Know Soybeans? Soybean Physiology: How Well Do You Know Soybeans? Shaun Casteel, Purdue University Soybean Extension Specialist www.soybeanstation.org 2010-11, Purdue University - 1 Vegetative Growth Stages Reproductive

More information

Determining nutrient needs

Determining nutrient needs A3340 Corn fertilization L.G. Bundy Profitable corn production requires an adequate soil fertility program. Insufficient nutrients will lower yields; excess nutrients will lower profit margins and may

More information

A Description of Amino Acid Chelate Fertilisers and Their Mode of Action

A Description of Amino Acid Chelate Fertilisers and Their Mode of Action A Description of Amino Acid Chelate Fertilisers and Their Mode of Action Bradley King Ph.D. Chemical Engineer Amino acid chelate fertilisers were first developed by American chemists seeking to improve

More information

Animal, Plant & Soil Science. D3-1 Soil Nutrient Functions

Animal, Plant & Soil Science. D3-1 Soil Nutrient Functions Animal, Plant & Soil Science D3-1 Soil Nutrient Functions Interest Approach Approach One: Bring a variety of plants to class that show nutrient deficiencies. Ask students what they notice about the plants.

More information

Macronutrients: Their Role in Citrus Production. David Crowley Dept of Environmental Sciences, University of California, Riverside

Macronutrients: Their Role in Citrus Production. David Crowley Dept of Environmental Sciences, University of California, Riverside Macronutrients: Their Role in Citrus Production David Crowley Dept of Environmental Sciences, University of California, Riverside Citrus Nutrition Functions of macro- and micro-nutrients Interpreting soil

More information

Corn Production in Tennessee

Corn Production in Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service The University of Tennessee PB443 Corn Production in Tennessee 1 Corn Production in Tennessee Wayne T. Flinchum, Professor Plant & Soil Sciences Contents Corn Land 4 Corn

More information

MATH 110 Landscape Horticulture Worksheet #5

MATH 110 Landscape Horticulture Worksheet #5 MATH 110 Landscape Horticulture Worksheet #5 Ratios and Percentages All fertilizers have three numbers on the label, which indicate the fertilizer analysis, or "percentage by weight" of nitrogen, phosphate

More information

Fertility Recommendations for Irrigated Wheat, Corn, Malt Barley, and Dry Bean. Prepared for 2011 Montana/Wyoming Sugarbeet and Barley Symposium

Fertility Recommendations for Irrigated Wheat, Corn, Malt Barley, and Dry Bean. Prepared for 2011 Montana/Wyoming Sugarbeet and Barley Symposium Fertility Recommendations for Irrigated Wheat, Corn, Malt Barley, and Dry Bean Prepared for 2011 Montana/Wyoming Sugarbeet and Barley Symposium by Clain Jones, Extension Soil Fertility Specialist clainj@montana.edu;

More information

Soil Amendment. Composting & Soil Health. By Monika Meulman Gardener & LEGS Chair. Soil Amendment 101

Soil Amendment. Composting & Soil Health. By Monika Meulman Gardener & LEGS Chair. Soil Amendment 101 Soil Amendment Composting & Soil Health By Monika Meulman Gardener & LEGS Chair What is Soil? - complex mix of minerals, organic matter, & life Main types of soil in garden - Clay - Silt - Sand - Loam

More information

Understanding ph management and plant nutrition Part 3: Fertilizers

Understanding ph management and plant nutrition Part 3: Fertilizers Understanding ph management and plant nutrition Part 3: Fertilizers Bill Argo, Ph.D. Blackmore Company, Tel: 800-874-8660, Int l 734-483-8661, E-mail: bargo@blackmoreco.com Originally printed in 2003 in

More information

Fertilizing Stone Fruit (Peaches, Plums, Nectarines, Apricots, Cherries) and Pears

Fertilizing Stone Fruit (Peaches, Plums, Nectarines, Apricots, Cherries) and Pears Page 1 of 6 Fertilizing Stone Fruit (Peaches, Plums, Nectarines, Apricots, Cherries) and Pears Author: Christoph Kessel - Horticulture Crop Nutrition/OMAF Creation Date: Not Available Last Reviewed: 6

More information

B4 Learning Outcome Questions

B4 Learning Outcome Questions Question Name 4 collection methods: What is the formula used to estimate the population size of an organism: What assumptions need to be made when using capture-recapture data? What could affect the distribution

More information

Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields

Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields Larry C. Purcell University of Arkansas Indiana CCA Conference December 15, 2015 Why Is Maximizing Soybean Yield Similar to Roulette?

More information

Corn Row Spacing and Equidistant Planting in 2010

Corn Row Spacing and Equidistant Planting in 2010 Two of the several cultural practices that can affect corn yield potential are row spacing and plant populations. The optimum row spacing and plant density in corn production continues to narrow and intensify,

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this lesson:

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this lesson: Unit B: Seed Germination, Growth, and Development Lesson 4: Determining Nutrient Functions and Utilization Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the

More information

Grain Sorghum Production South and Southwest Texas

Grain Sorghum Production South and Southwest Texas Irrigated and Dryland Grain Sorghum Production South and Southwest Texas Charles Stichler, Mark McFarland, and Cloyce Coffman* Many people try to put the growth, development and eventual yield of the grain

More information

Plant Physiology. Topic 3: Mineral Nutrition

Plant Physiology. Topic 3: Mineral Nutrition Plant Physiology Topic 3: Mineral Nutrition Rebicca Edward (PhD in Plant Science) Faculty of Resource Science and Technology Universiti Malaysia Sarawak This OpenCourseWare@UNIMAS and its related course

More information

USING MANURE AND COMPOST

USING MANURE AND COMPOST Nutrient Management for Fruit & Vegetable Crop Production Carl J. Rosen and Peter M. Bierman Department of Soil, Water, and Climate University of Minnesota USING MANURE AND COMPOST AS NUTRIENT SOURCES

More information

Strawberry Plant Structure and Growth Habit

Strawberry Plant Structure and Growth Habit Introduction Strawberry Plant Structure and Growth Habit E. Barclay Poling Professor Emeritus, NC State University Campus Box 7609, Raleigh NC 27695-7609 The strawberry plant has a short thickened stem

More information

Grain Sorghum Production

Grain Sorghum Production Grain Sorghum Production 1 3 Important Topics we will cover today Grain Sorghum Growth and development Important to understand in order to make best management decisions. Building block for the other topics.

More information

THE IMPORTANCE OF Ph CONTROL IN SPRAY SOLUTIONS

THE IMPORTANCE OF Ph CONTROL IN SPRAY SOLUTIONS THE IMPORTANCE OF Ph CONTROL IN SPRAY SOLUTIONS Often we ask what affect does the ph in our spray solution have on pesticides and fertilizers that we apply to crops. In this article we will try to outline

More information

Soil. For plant growth, soil provides air (O 2 ) water a place to grow essential elements as mineral nutrients a home for beneficial microorganisms

Soil. For plant growth, soil provides air (O 2 ) water a place to grow essential elements as mineral nutrients a home for beneficial microorganisms Soil Important for plant growth in the real world (Hydroponics shows that soil is not essential if the things that plants obtain from soil can be provided by other means. Soil is certainly the most convenient

More information

Sulfur deficiency in corn Jim Camberato, Stephen Maloney, and Shaun Casteel 1 Agronomy Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Sulfur deficiency in corn Jim Camberato, Stephen Maloney, and Shaun Casteel 1 Agronomy Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN Purdue University Department of Agronomy Soil Fertility Update May 2012 URL: http://www.kingcorn.org/news/timeless/sulfurdeficiency.pdf Sulfur deficiency in corn Jim Camberato, Stephen Maloney, and Shaun

More information

Three Reasons to Broaden Your Fertigation Knowledge

Three Reasons to Broaden Your Fertigation Knowledge Three Reasons to Broaden Your Fertigation Knowledge While the benefits of fertigation are being recognized by more irrigation managers today than ever before, the staff of Irrigation Business & Technology

More information

SOIL NUTRIENTS, SOURCES AND UPTAKE

SOIL NUTRIENTS, SOURCES AND UPTAKE SOIL NUTRIENTS, SOURCES AND UPTAKE Essential Plant Nutrients All green plants have the ability to manufacture their own food by using energy derived from the sun to combine chemical elements, taken up

More information

Measures and Weights. Energy and carbohydrates

Measures and Weights. Energy and carbohydrates Measures and Weights What is ppm? What is mg/kg? What is %? Why are some requirements presented as concentrations (%, ppm, or mg/kg) and others as weights (g, oz, kg, lbs)? Parts per million, like percent,

More information

Research Update. Managing the nutrient solution of hydroponic crops can be much more. Symptoms of Common Nutrient Deficiencies in Hydroponic Lettuce

Research Update. Managing the nutrient solution of hydroponic crops can be much more. Symptoms of Common Nutrient Deficiencies in Hydroponic Lettuce October 2015, #2015.09 Research Update Symptoms of Common Nutrient Deficiencies in Hydroponic Lettuce by Neil Mattson and Tanya Merrill Managing the nutrient solution of hydroponic crops can be much more

More information

Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (Perlite, Rockwool, NFT) Tomatoes in Florida 1

Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (Perlite, Rockwool, NFT) Tomatoes in Florida 1 HS796 Nutrient Solution Formulation for Hydroponic (Perlite, Rockwool, NFT Tomatoes in Florida 1 George J. Hochmuth and Robert C. Hochmuth Plants require 16 elements for growth and these nutrients can

More information