Sri Lanka s Power Generation Renewable Energy Prospective

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1 CEYLON ELECTRICITY BOARD Sri Lanka s Power Generation Renewable Energy Prospective Eng. Noel Priyantha Chief Engineer (Renewable Energy) Transmission Division Ceylon Electricity Board Sri Lanka May 2016

2 UScts/kWh PRESENT CAPACITY MIX AS AT DECEMBER 2015 Energy Share in GWh Capacity Share in MW CEB Thermal- Oil 8% IPP Thermal 9% NCRE 11% CEB Thermal- Coal 34% CEB Hydro 38% Total RE 49% IPP Thermal 16% CEB Thermal - Oil 14% NCRE 11% CEB Thermal - Coal 23% CEB Hydro 36% Total RE 47% Average Cost per unit for Generation Technologies (For Year 2015) 25 19,21 22, , ,03 4,63 CEB - Hydro CEB - Coal Renewable Energy CEB - Thermal IPP - Thermal Generation Technology 2

3 Energy Demand (GWh) Peak Demand (MW) ACTUAL AND FORECAST ENERGY/PEAK DEMAND Actual Forecast Energy Peak Year 0 Estimation of avg. growth rate approx. 5 %

4 Energy Share Base Case Plan : Base Case Plan % 21% 45% 13% 21% Major Hydro NCRE Coal Oil LNG

5 Capacity (MW) FUTURE GENERATION OPTIONS - NON CONVENTIONAL NCRE Additions Solar (MW) Biomass (MW) Wind (MW) Mini Hydro (MW) NCRE Energy Share (%) 20% by ,0% 25,0% 20,0% 15,0% 10,0% 5,0% 0,0% Year 5

6 PROJECTION ON COMPARSION OF CO 2 SAVINGS Projected CO 2 savings available for competitive markets 6

7 Unit generation cost (UScts/kWh) WHY CLIMATE FINANCE Sri Lanka seeks Climate Finance to reduce the present high cost of Renewable Energy CPF support in this regard is highly welcome. Possibility of reducing the present feed in tariff payable to NCRE in future, sharing the carbon credits among stake holders including CEB, as appropriate. Overall Sector Development through use of carbon credits Application submitted to obtain Green Climate Finance (GCF )assistance to develop 100MW wind park by CEB with the support from World Bank Unit Generation Costs for Different Power Plants at Typical Plant Factors To reduce the Unit Generation Costs 29,52 33, , ,61 17,88 18, ,97 13, ,02 7,95 9,63 0 Trinco Coal 250MW, 70% New Coal 300MW,70% Wind 25MW, 30% LNG 300MW, Dendro 5MW, Solar 10MW, 70% 70% 17% CCY 300MW, 70% Power plant and typical plant factor (%) CCY 150MW, 70% Solar with battery 10MW, 17% GT 105MW, 20% GT 35MW, 20% 7

8 CHALLENGES TO OVERCOME & SOME SUGGESTONS TO EXPLORE If carbon markets revive, opportunity to get competitive prices for carbon credits may be lost by entering into long term agreements only with the World Bank Group. Inclusion of some provisions in to ERPA to avoid such possibility Whether private sector will fully engage in to the CPF program and agree to sell credits to CEB as they may get better credits from competitive markets. Directive from the government, a long term proposition Waive off credit rights as part of the SPPA that offers feed-in-tariffs According to present practice, all carbon credit programs should be directed by the Climate Change Secretariat (CCS). Engaging CCS from the beginning and seeking their approvals as needed Understanding the impact on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), submitted by the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment, Once CEB signs the SPA and ERPA, relevant carbon reduction will be removed from the country and country cannot claim for any reduction of emissions. Inclusion of unconditional target in the baseline and credits from conditional target 8

9 THANK YOU 9

10 Additional slides 10

11 INTRODUCTION Total Area : 65,610 km2 SRI LANKA Land Area : 62,705 km2 Population : million Urban : 18.3% Rural : 81.7% Population Density : 334 per/ sqkm Labour Force : million Unemployment rate : 4.6% Literacy rate : 93.3% Life expectancy: 72 yrs (M), 78 yrs (F) Monetary Unit : Sri Lankan Rupee (1 USD = LKR at ) Gross Domestic Product : 11,183 billion LKR (Market Prices) GDP per capita : 3,924 US$ (Market Prices) GDP structure 2015 Agriculture 7.85% Industry 26.20% Services 56.61% Taxes less subsidies on products 9.34%

12 kwh/person Inst. Capacity & Peak Demand (MW) GDP Growth Rate (%) Elec Demand Growth (%) SRI LANKAN STATISTICS POWER SECTOR Installed Capacity and Peak Demand Installed capacity Peak Demand Year Per Capita Electricity Consumption ( ) The average per capita electricity consumption in 2015 was 562 kwh/person Year 10,0 GDP Growth % & Elec. Demand Growth % 8,0 6,0 4,0 2,0 0,0-2,0 GDP Electricity Year Less significant relationship between GDP growth and Electricity demand growth in recent years Comparison with Regional Countries(kWh/person) Country Bangladesh India Japan Malaysia Pakistan Singapore Vietnam ,0 15,0 10,0 5,0 0,0-5,0-10,0

13 Load (MW) TYPICAL LOAD CURVE OF SRI LANKA NCRE CEB Hydro IPP Thermal 1500 CEB Thermal Time

14 Energy (GWh) Perecentage % RENEWABLE ENERGY- PRESENT STATUS Renewable Energy Contribution NCRE Large Hydro Percentage of Renewable Energy from Total Energy 70% 60% % 40% 30% 20% % Year 14 0%

15 Historical NCRE Contribution Energy Generation (GWh) Capacity (MW) Year NCRE System Total NCRE Total System Installed Capacity

16 FUTURE GENERATION OPTIONS - NON CONVENTIONAL Projected NCRE capacity Year Mini Hydro (MW) Wind (MW) Biomass (MW) Solar (MW) Solar Net Metering (MW) Total NCRE Capacity (MW) Annual Total NCRE Generation (GWh) Share of NCRE from Total Generation % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % Based on Draft LTGEP

17 Country ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS Comparison of CO 2 Emissions from fuel combustion kg CO 2 /2005 US$ of GDP kg CO 2 /2005 US$ of GDP Adjusted to PPP Tons of CO 2 per Capita GDP per capita (current US$) Sri Lanka ,280 Pakistan ,275 India ,498 Indonesia ,475 Thailand ,779 China ,807 France ,560 Japan ,634 Germany ,251 USA ,042 World IEA CO 2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion (2014 Edition) data, World Bank website 2013 data 17

18 Present NCRE Projects Approval Process 18

19 Main Parameters Debt equity ratio - 60:40 Loan repayment - 8 years Construction period - 2 years Return on equity (ROE) - 22 %

20 Plant factor and O & M percentages Technology Plant Factor O & M Percentage (Year 1-15) O & M Percentage Year (16-20) Mini Hydro 42 % 3 % 3 % Mini Hydro Local 42 % 3 % 3 % Wind 32 % 1.5 % 1.5 % Wind Local 32 % 1.5 % 1.5 % Biomass ( dendro) 80 % 4 % 5 % Biomass (agricultural & industrial waste) 80 % 4 % 5 % Waste Heat Recovery 67 % 1.33 % 1.33 %

21 Present Status : INDC TO ACHIVE EMISSION REDUCTION AT LEAST IDENTIFIED FROM INDCs 21

22 PRESENT STATUS OF NCRE TARIFF PRINCIPLES OF TARIFF FIXING Renewable energy, which is a natural resource, belongs to the State. Renewable energy should produce electricity in the long term at prices below the cost of thermal power plants, using oil or coal, or even gas. Developers are provided with a high tariff to cover their expenses and reasonable profits for an adequately long period (in this case fifteen years.) Cost based, technology specific and three tiered or flat tariff Tier 1: Years 1-8 ;Tier 2: Years 9 15; Tier 3: Years (SPPA period 20 years) This tariff will be limited to small power producers ( Capacity up to 10 MW) This tariff has been designed to eliminate the problems of negative cash flows experienced by many small power producers during the period of loan repayment. 22

23 PROJECTS IN THE PIPELINE - NCRE SPPA Signed NCRE Projects Present Status NCRE Technology No of Projects Capacity (MW) 1 Mini Hydro Power Biomass - Agricultural & Industrial 2 Waste Biomass - Dendro Power Biomass Municipal Waste Solar Power Solar Thermal Wind Power 1 1 Total

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