Activity 2 Birth Control

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1 Activity 2 Birth Control Student Objectives Students will 1. Identify different birth control options. 2. Build a personal value for making an informed choice about birth control. 3. Shape peer norms that value making an informed choice about birth control. Time 45 minutes Materials & Preparation Prepare Birth Control: Things Think About (Transparency 5 ). Copy Birth Control Facts (s 3A I ), 1 of each. Prepare Presentation Guidelines (Transparency 6 ). Review My Birth Control Choices (HealthSmart Actions page 17). 29

2 Teaching Steps Explain Prepare Most of you are not currently sexually active, but it is still important that you underst how protect yourself from unintended pregnancy. That way, you ll be prepared later. Today, we re going compare several birth control methods. Show Birth Control: Things Think About transparency. Birth Control: Things Think About When a person is ready decide on a birth control method he or she should ask se questions: How effective is this method? Is it easy get? Is it easy use? How much will it cost? Will it help protect from HIV or STD as well as pregnancy? Will it be embarrassing use? Can partners use it ger? Can a person use it alone if partner wont help? Does this method fit with religious moral beliefs? Transparency 5 Transparency 5 State When a person is ready decide on a birth control method he or she will want ask se questions: How effective is this method? Is it easy get? Is it easy use? How much will it cost? Will it help protect from HIV or STD as well as pregnancy? Will it be embarrassing use? Can partners use it ger? Can a person use it alone if partner won t help? Does this method fit with religious moral beliefs? 30

3 Teaching Steps Create & Share 3H Explain Use following steps complete activity: Divide students in groups of 3 4. Assign each group a birth control method distribute corre sponding Birth Control Facts reading sheet. Show Presentation Guidelines transparency. Review presentation requirements with students. Have students work in ir groups read fact sheets develop ir posters presentations. (Note: A fact sheet is s 3A I included on emergency contraception. If you decide use this sheet, be sure emphasize that emergency contraception is not be used as a regular birth control method, but only when anor method fails or rape is involved.) People may have different reasons for preferring one type of birth control over anor. For best results, people should choose a method y like. That way, y will be more likely use it correctly every time that s best way prevent a pregnancy. Even really effective methods won t work if people don t use m correctly all time. There is no method that works equally well for everyone. It s important for people make an informed choice about method that is right for m. Emergency Contraception Emergency contraception (EC) methods can be used help prevent a pregnancy after having unprotected sex. EC works best when it is used right away no later than 3 5 days after sex. 3F EC prevents pregnancy by spping egg from being released /or by Depro-Provera changing lining of uterus so egg can t implant grow. There are 2 types of emergency contraception available in United States: emergency contraceptive pills, which contain artificial hormones, Birth Control & Facts: Lunelle copper-t IUD, a device inserted in uterus by a health care provider. 3E Depo-Provera Emergency contraception Lunelle are shots is NOT of artificial a regular hormones method of birth control. It should be used only in an emergency, when a regular method of birth control The Ring injected by a health care provider.like hormones in has failed, or in cases of rape. It must be given by a health care provider. birth control pills, hormones in se shots sp The vaginal ring is a soft, flexible ring inserted Effectiveness: ovaries from releasing an egg each When month taken correctly thicken used no in vagina that slowly releases artificial later than mucus 3 3D 5 in days cervix after sex, ( emergency opening contraceptive womb) pills reduce hormones in body. The ring is changed chances of pregnancy by 75 89%. The copper-t IUD reduces so it is hard for sperm enter woman s uterus. once a month. It prevents pregnancy in chances of pregnancy by 99%. same ways as pill patch. It must be The birth control patch is a thin plastic Effectiveness: square that Advantages: Depo-Provera EC can Lunelle lessen are more chances of pregnancy if Birth slowly Control releases artificial prescribed hormones Facts: by in a than health body. 99% care effective provider. it in is preventing used within pregnancy. 5 days after having unprotected sex. Even women patch can be worn Effectiveness: on skin of butcks, who can t use birth control pills on a regular basis may be able use Advantages: The 3Cring is more Each than Depo-Provera 99% effective shot in lasts 3 months. The smach, upper outer Pill preventing arm or upper pregnancy rso (but EC pills safely on a one-time, emergency basis. The IUD can be left Each when not on Lunelle it is shot used lasts correctly. 1 month. This These means methods do not interfere breasts). A new woman patch is has applied remember each week. in place for up 10 years as a long-term method of birth control. with sex insert often lessen ring bleeding change it each Birth control pills cramping associated with It are prevents small tablets pregnancy made month. in of Ifsame ways ring periods. is as forgotten pill. Depo-Provera or not used Disadvantages: correctly, safe use while effectiveness breastfeeding Some women lessens Birth artificial Control hormones.they prevent Facts: have nausea It pregnancy must drops be prescribed by 92%. by a health care provider. chance of endometrial vomiting cancer. when y take EC pills. The IUD may cause increased spping ovaries from releasing an egg each 3B Effectiveness: Advantages: The patch more The ring than menstrual 99% simple effective bleeding, easy use, pain as /or long cramps at first, spotting Foam, month, Supposiries, /or thickening mucus in cervix Disadvantages: A woman must see her health care in preventing pregnancy as woman when it remembers is used correctly. insert This it between means change periods. it monthly. Neir It form of EC protects women from HIV or ( opening provider regularly for shots. The shots cause few serious problems woman womb) so has it is hard remember for sperm doesn t interfere wear with patch sex. It can lessen change or it STD. each bleeding EC cannot cramping be used of as a regular method of birth control. for most women, but re is a very small chance of blood clots, enter woman s week. uterus.they If patch must heavy is forgotten be painful or not menstrual used correctly, periods. effectiveness Birth Control & Facts: Film heart attack stroke with Lunelle, Lunelle is not ideal for prescribed by drops a health care 92%. provider. 3A Disadvantages: women who are The breastfeeding. ring must remain Both in kinds vagina of shot may cause weight These materials are made of chemicals Advantages: that kill all time, The patch wher is changes simple woman or moodiness. easy is having use, A sex woman as long or not. injected Like with pilldepo-provera may Effectiveness: Birth control pills are more than 99% Condoms sperm. They are put in vagina before as woman remembers patch, wear it not ring be change causes able few it get weekly. serious pregnant It health doesn t for several risks for months youngafter spping effective in preventing pregnancy if y are used correctly. This having sex. A condom is a latex or interfere with sex. women, It can lessen but its use bleeding shots. may Neir be associated cramping type of with shot of a heavy small protects chance people offrom high HIV or or STD. means plastic sheath woman that has remember take a pill regularly not or painful menstrual blood periods. fits over an erect penis catch semen miss any when days. man If ejaculates. pills are forgotten or pressure, not used correctly, blood HIV, clots, STD heart & Pregnancy attack Prevention stroke, especially for Disadvantages: women who smoke. The patch In some must be women, worn every use of day, ring can lead It keeps sperm from entering effectiveness woman s drops body. 92%. Abstinence wher woman weight is having changes, sex or moodiness not. Like spotting pill, patch between periods. The ring Advantages: Birth control causes few serious doesn t pills are health protect simple risks for people young from easy women, HIV but or or its use STD. Abstinence means not having sex. For some people, abstinence may be use, means as long no woman remembers take m daily. They don t sexual uching at all. For ors, it can mean everything except associated with a small chance of high blood pressure, blood clots, interfere intercourse. with sex. They can lessen bleeding cramping of heart attack stroke, HIV, especially STD & Pregnancy for women Prevention who smoke. In some heavy or painful menstrual periods reduce chances of pelvic women, use of patch can lead weight changes, moodiness Effectiveness: If no semen enters vagina, inflammary disease (PID), ovarian cancer endometrial cancer. spotting between periods. The patch doesn t protect people from abstinence is 100% effective in preventing Effectiveness: pregnancy. Disadvantages: Different If y HIV are or used or carefully Birth STD. control every time, pills must be taken definitions of abstinence can affect its y effectiveness. are 85% effective A every couple in day preventing who wher pregnancy. woman Ifis y having are sex not or used not. The pill causes interprets abstinence Effectiveness: mean no sexual carefully uching every If condoms at time, all, few y serious definitely are are used only problems very 71% HIV, carefully effective. in STD young & Pregnancy women, but Prevention its use is associated with will not get pregnant. every Ify time a interpret person has abstinence sex, y are mean a 98% small effective chance of in preventing high blood pressure, blood clots, heart attack, Advantages: Like condoms, foam, supposiries pregnancy. But if people aren t very stroke, careful especially every time, for women who smoke. In some women use of everything except intercourse, re is some chance that semen film can be bought pill in can drugsres lead weight are changes, easy use moodiness carry. They spotting between could get near or even effectiveness in drops vagina. 85%. can be used only when periods. needed, The pill doesn t may help protect protect people against from some HIV or or STD. Advantages: Advantages: Abstinence STD but is easy Condoms use not HIV. because can HIV, be you STD bought & Pregnancy in drugsres. Prevention don t have go They a clinic are or easy see a use docr carry, get it. so You y don t can be need readily available Disadvantages: The material must be placed in buy or use any when devices needed. or remember Latex condoms take a pill help or protect change people a from HIV vagina just before sex. They can be messy, may irritate patch. If it is used or all STD. time no blood, semen, or vaginal vagina or penis. They do not protect people from HIV. fluids are exchanged, abstinence prevents pregnancy also Disadvantages: HIV, STD & Pregnancy Condoms Prevention must be put on during sex, protects you from HIV or STD. Abstinence can also allow a some couples find this difficult do every time. Some say it relationship grow become stronger without pressures reduces sexual feelings. Condoms may irritate vagina or penis. having sex can bring. Some people are allergic latex. Disadvantages: A possible disadvantage is that it can be difficult remain abstinent under pressure. The Patch Presentation Guidelines (continued) 3G Your poster presentation need include following information: Method Who uses it (man or woman) How it is used Effectiveness Advantages Disadvantages Prescription or over--counter Transparency 6 Transparency 6 31

4 HealthSmart Actions Page 17 This activity sheet helps students apply ir knowledge of various birth control methods assess which method would be best for m now in 5 years. It builds a personal value shapes a peer norm for making an informed choice about birth control. 32

5 Teaching Steps (continued) Complete Summarize Direct students turn Birth Control Choices on page 17 of HealthSmart Actions. Have students follow directions complete activity sheet. Remember that re is no method that works equally well for everyone. It s important make an informed choice about method that is right for you so that you can protect yourself when you are ready have sex. Assessment Benchmarks Students: 1. Identified different birth control options by: Creating listening Birth Control Facts presentations. Completing Birth Control Choices activity sheet. 2. Built a personal value for making an informed choice about birth control by: Creating listening Birth Control Facts presentations. Completing Birth Control Choices activity sheet. 3. Shaped peer norms that value making an informed choice about birth control by: Creating listening Birth Control Facts presentations. 33

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