JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review

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1 JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review What program did Nixon implement when he was trying to withdraw American troops from Vietnam by making the South Vietnamese army take more responsibility for fighting the war? Vietnamization This is the name of the agreement that divided Vietnam at the 17 th parallel? Geneva Accords Approximately how many Americans died in the Vietnam War? 58,000 What did the 26 th Amendment do? Gave 18 year olds the right to vote Name in order the four American Presidents in power during the Vietnam War Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon Why did America get involved in the Vietnam War? To prevent the spread of communism This law guaranteed equal rights for women in education Title 9 Approximately how many women served in Vietnam? 10,000 What percent of the soldiers who served came from lower and lower middle class families? 75% What did Cesar Chavez, Hector Garcia, and Betty Friedan have in common? The all were civil rights activists What was the name of the trail that the North Vietnamese used to take military supplies to South Vietnam? Ho Chi Minh Trail

2 What was the place that the United States ships were attacked that led to the President getting the right to send troops into combat without declaring war? Gulf of Tonkin What was the name of the North Vietnamese leader? Ho Chi Minh After the Vietnam War was over what was the mood of the American people knowing that after all the lives and effort put into South Vietnam it had fallen to the communist? Pessimistic and cynical How did the space program influence America and the people of the world? It led to advances in technology that have impacted our lives from communication to medicine a What was the university where an anti war protest turned violent and resulted in the deaths of four college students? Kent State What was Operation Rolling Thunder? A sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam by the United States Air force What was Agent Orange? A defoliant used by the United States military to kill the jungle so the NVA and Viet Cong could not hide Roughly how many days did Kennedy serve as President until he was assassinated? 1000 What was the name of the rock festival that was held on Max Yasgur s farm in New York? Woodstock What was given to the South Vietnamese who fought with the North Vietnamese Army? Viet Cong Why did the American public not trust what the government was telling it about Vietnam? A credibility gap was created when the Pentagon Papers showed that the American government had not been honest about what was happening in Vietnam

3 What is the geographic area called that Vietnam is located in? Indochina What was different between Dr. Martin Luther King and the Black Panthers in how the two groups wanted to achieve equality for African Americans. MLK believed in non-violent protest and the Black Panthers felt it was ok to use violence to protect their communities What was the Domino Theory? The belief that if one country fell to communism all the neighboring countries would too Betty Friedan wrote this book about the roles of women in American Society The Feminine Mystique How did JFK respond to Russia putting missiles in Cuba? By putting a naval blockade around the island Who were the Doves? People who opposed the war in Vietnam Who were the Hawks? People who supported the war in Vietnam What did the Supreme Court ruling Hernandez v. Texas do? Said Hispanics could not be excluded from serving on juries in Texas What was the average age of soldiers during the Vietnam War? 19 What does the War Powers Act require and American President to do? Notify Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into combat and to be withdrawn after 60 days without Congressional approval How many civilians were killed at the My Lai Massacre? 200 What does the tem gender mean? Refers to a persons sex as either male or female

4 What was the purpose of the Warren Commission? It wanted to find out if more than one person was involved in the assassination of JFK Why did most of President Johnson s Great Society programs fail? Budget cuts due to the Vietnam War Where did the failed invasion of Cuba that tried to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro take place? The Bay of Pigs What did the Beats and the Hippies have in common? They did not want to conform to traditional society What did the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution do? Gave war powers to the President What did the French do after the battle of Dien Bien Phu? Pulled their military out of Vietnam Did television coverage of the Vietnam War help or hurt the American government case for fighting there? Hurt it. The American people had a hard time believing we were winning the war when they were seeing news reports of American soldiers being killed in combat, this caused a credibility gap. During the 1968 presidential election there was a major confrontation between police and antiwar demonstrators outside of the Republican or Democratic National Convention? Democratic How did the Tet Offensive change the war in Vietnam? It was a major political victory for the North. It caused the American public to question whether the war could be won and put pressure on the American government to try and find away to end the war How did the Domino Theory impact political de3cisions in Indochina? Americans had the belief that if Vietnam became communistic all the countries in the area would fall to communism.

5 At the end of the war did Vietnam become communistic or have a democratic form of government? Communistic What constitutional issue was raised over President Johnsons Great Society legislative programs/ How much could the federal government do to help end poverty What was the goal of the American Indian Movement? To gain respect for the Native American culture and heritage What Texas city was JFK assassinated in? Dallas Why did the United States launch a full scale invasion of North Vietnam? Fear that China or the Soviet Union would get involved in the war Why did the United States originally get involved in Vietnam? China became communist and the start of the Korean War How many Americans served in Vietnam? 2.7 million How many Vietnamese civilians were killed in the war? 2 million How many Americans were wounded? 300 thousand Where is the Vietnam Veterans Memorial located? Washington D.C.

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