Unit 1. Unit Vocabulary. Before You Read. How to Study for a Test

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1 Unit 1 Before You Read Before you read a text, you should look at the title and the pictures and think about what you know about the topic. These questions will help you prepare to read the text on this page. How do you study for tests and exams? What do you do to study? When do you begin to study? Unit Vocabulary These are new words you will find in the readings. As you read, underline them or highlight them so you can find them again. Don t worry if you don t know them. Try to guess their meanings while you read. Then, do the Meaning from Context (Exercise 1.3). Try to learn these words. You will see them again! activity diagram improve measure occupation reasonable regularly review management variety How to Study for a Test 1 We all have exams at some time in our lives. Most people regularly take tests in school. These tests measure how much we have learned. Some people take a test or exam to enter university. These tests measure how much we know. There are also tests for jobs and occupations. With so many tests, it s clear to see that studying for exams is very important! However, many people do not know the best way to study for tests and exams. In this article, we will look at a few ways to improve your scores on any test or exam. 2 The first thing you need to think about when you are studying for a test or exam is time management. You need to plan your study time. You can t begin to study right before an important exam. Research shows that students who review a lot of information right before an exam do not remember as much as students who review regularly for several weeks before the exam. The first step is to make a study plan. Decide how much you need to study and plan out your weekly schedule. Be reasonable. A difficult plan will be harder to follow. For example, if you plan to study for 5 hours a day, you will probably not follow your plan. 3 Another thing you must do is find the best materials and resources to review for your test or exam. If the exam is for a class, you will want to take good notes. Each day, write down what your teacher says. You don t have to write every word. The important thing is to record the main ideas and the important details that could be on the test. Generally, the words that the teacher writes on the board are probably important. In addition, save all the papers you receive in class. Of course you will also use your textbook, but you shouldn t stop there. You can find other books on the subject in a library or bookshop. Also, you should look on the internet for even more information about the subject. A variety of materials will help you with the next important part of studying for an exam: a variety of activities. 4 Doing a variety of activities is the best way to really learn and remember information for an exam. Don t simply read the information again and again. This is a mistake, because you don t use the information, you just see it. Instead, make sure that you are asking your brain a question. Make flashcards from vocabulary, or quiz yourself. Draw diagrams, timelines, or pictures to help you understand and remember. Ask your teacher for extra copies of the worksheets you use in class. Then, do them again and see if your score improves. Use your notes, textbook, and other resources. It sometimes helps to study with a friend. You can ask each other questions and quiz each other about the information. 5 There are many other ways to study for an exam. Try to use the advice in this article, but your teachers and friends may have other ideas. Ask them how they review for exams and see if they have any advice. The important thing is to find what works for you. Good luck on all your tests!

2 Reading Skill: Paragraph Topic 1.1 What is each paragraph about? Match the topic to the paragraph number. You will have one topic leftover. Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 Topics a. Doing many different things b. Getting advice from other people c. Reading information again and again d. Finding the best materials to help you e. Managing your time Finding the Topic of a Paragraph The topic paragraph is often found in the first sentence of the paragraph. However, you should read carefully to make sure. CEPA Tip! Noticing the Grammar: Imperatives 1.2 We use imperatives to tell people what to do. Read the imperative sentences below. Which ones does Text 1 tell us to do? Tick Y for Yes or N for No. The first one is done for you. Y N 1 Study in the mornings. 2 Think about time management. 3 Review regularly several weeks before the exam. 4 Make a study plan. 5 Copy your notes. 6 Do not study from your notes. 7 Find the best materials and resources to review for your exam. 8 Write down every word your teacher says. 9 Only use your textbook to study. 10 Use the internet to study for your tests. 11 Do a variety of activities. 12 Read the information again and again. 13 Ask your teacher for extra copies of worksheets. 14 Study with a friend. 15 Find out what works for you. Unit Vocabulary: Meaning from Context 1.3 First, find the word in the text. Look carefully at the sentence. Choose the definition that makes sense. When you have finished, read the text again. Do you understand more this time? The first one is done for you. 1 activity e a. to find how big or good something is 2 measure b. make something better 3 diagram c. job 4 improve d. a picture that helps you understand 5 occupation e. something you do 6 reasonable a. planning your activities 7 regularly b. many different things 8 review c. to study or look at something again 9 time management d. every day, every hour, every week, etc. 10 variety e. not too much or too little Buy a Dictionary! Buying your own dictionary will not only help you study for the CEPA, but it will also help you with your English language study for the rest of your life. Choose your dictionary carefully. A learner dictionary will often be English-English, with simple definitions. This will help you think in English. If you need to, choose an English-Arabic dictionary. You may also need an Arabic-English dictionary. CEPA Tip!

3 Unit Vocabulary: Vocabulary in Context 1.4 Complete the sentences below with Unit Vocabulary words from the box. You may use some of them more than once activity occupation variety measure reasonable improve diagram regularly review management 1 I like to do a of things in my free time. 2 It is not to plan to study for five hours every day. 3 My sister can t come to the party she has to her notes for an exam. 4 Physical is very important for your health. 5 They go to the market. You can see them there every morning. 6 You can use a scale to your weight. 7 I really need to improve my time- skills. I am always late. 8 She does a lot of things to her English: reading books, studying vocabulary, and more. 9 We did a really fun in class today! 10 Sometimes, my teacher draws a to explain a grammar point. 11 I don t know what I want yet. I think I might want to be a doctor or a teacher. 12 Perhaps I will study hotel instead. Making Flashcards Look on the CEPA website at and find the file that says Flashcards. Print the file. Copy the English meanings from 1.3 onto the flashcards. Now, look up the words in your Arabic dictionary, and write the Arabic meanings. Write the POS on the flashcards (Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb ). When you learn a new word, make your own flashcards. Cut them up and put them in your school bag. You can review your flashcards while you are on the bus. word English Meaning: POS: Arabic Meaning: Study Tip! What are Word Families? You can think of word families as you do human families. Human families have many parts: a mother, a father, sisters, brothers, uncles, aunts, cousins, etc. In word families, there are many parts of speech. Think about the word act. It is a verb. It means to do something. There are a lot of other words in its word family. An activity is something you do. Action has a similar meaning. Act is also a noun. To activate is to make something work. If someone is active, that means she does a lot of things. See? You can learn many related words from just one vocabulary word. You will store this information in a Word Families Chart in Exercise 1.5. activity action act Noun Verb Adjective Adverb act activate active actively

4 Unit Vocabulary: Word Families Chart 1.5 Complete the Word Families Chart. You may use a dictionary. Some word families have more than one noun or more than one adjective. The first one has been done for you. act review regulation improvement manage reasonably active measurement reason measure various improved actively variable vary occupy occupied manager regulate regular Noun Verb Adjective Adverb activity 1 act 2 active 3 actively 4 improve 5 occupation reasonable regularly 13 review management variety measured Unit Vocabulary: Word Families 1.6 Choose the correct form of the word to go in each sentence. 1 She is a woman. a. reason b. reasonable c. reasonably 2 I see a lot of in her work. a. improvement b. improve c. improved 3 This room is right now. a. occupation b. occupy c. occupied 4 She is trying to improve her English. a. activity b. active c. actively 5 He is a customer. a. regulate b. regular c. regularly 6 I will call the. He knows what to do. a. manager b. management c. manage 7 Hamza enjoys watching shows on television. a. variable b. vary c. various 8 In sentences 1-7, what part of speech usually comes after a and before a noun? 9 What part of speech usually comes after the? Watch the Suffix!1.7 A suffix is the last part of a word. Each of the suffixes in the box gives you a clue about the part of speech of the unit vocabulary words. Organize the suffixes. -tive -able -er -ly -ment -tion -ate 1 Verb 2 Noun -ious 3 Adjective 4 Adverb Now write the part of speech of these words, then look up their meaning. 5 curious 6 edible 7 accommodation 8 impersonate 9 contentment

5 Grammar Review: Question Words 1.8 Match the question word to the possible answer. 1 Who a. a number 2 What b. a person 3 Why c. a place 4 Where d. a way 5 When e. a thing 6 How f. a time 7 How many g. a reason Go to the website! The NAPO website has a lot of information about the CEPA exam, including practice tests, writing prompts, rules, and descriptions of the test. Go to: Click on the For Students link for directions to websites with English language activities. Grammar Practice: Question Words 1.9 Complete each question with the correct question word and match the question with the answer. The first one is done for you. 1 Who can give you advice on how to prepare for an exam? f a. Several weeks before the exam. 2 do you like to study? b. Make a study plan. 3 is the first step in preparing for an exam? 4 should you take notes? 5 is it a mistake to read the information again and again? 6 should you start studying for an exam? 7 activities should you do to prepare for an exam? c. I have a desk in my room so I usually study there. d. Because you are not doing anything with the information. e. It s a good idea to do a variety of activities. f. Your teacher and your friends. g. Write down the most important ideas and the details that could be on the test. A Little Bit Each Day The best way to learn grammar and vocabulary for any exam is to study a little bit each day and review often. Don t wait until the week before the test to begin reviewing. To prepare for the CEPA exam, try to do one unit of this book per week. Don t try to do the whole book right away. Use your flashcards a little bit each day. Plan your study time using the chart on the next page. Study Tip! Grammar Practice: 1.10 Subject-Verb Agreement Choose the sentence with correct subject-verb agreement. 1 a. I do a variety of activities. b. I does a variety of activities. c. I am do a variety of activities. 2 a. He like to study outside. b. He likes to study outside. c. He s like to study outside. 3 a. She always ask her teacher for help. b. She always asks her teacher for help. c. She s always ask her teacher for help. 4 a. It a mistake. b. It s a mistake. c. It are a mistake. 5 a. There is thirty students in my class. b. There be thirty students in my class. c. There are thirty students in my class.

6 Time 8:00-9:00 9:00-10: : : :00 1:00-2:00 2:00-3:00 3:00-4:00 4:00-5:00 5:00-6:00 6:00-7:00 7:00-8:00 8:00-9:00 9:00-10:00 Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Make a study plan! Use the chart below to make yourself a study plan. Add the times for your classes, homework and all the things you do regularly. Be reasonable. Plan time to rest and socialize with your friends and family. You can change the times if you need to, but you should start with a plan.

7 Grammar Focus: Pronouns 1.11 Complete the table with the correct pronoun. Female Male Subject 1 he Object her 2 Possessive adjective 3 his Possessive pronoun hers 4 Grammar Practice 1.12 Now, look at the pictures of the two people and complete the sentences with the correct pronoun or adjective. 1 wears glasses. 2 is studying outside. 3 is studying in a library 4 is in high school. 5 is in primary school. 6 computer is grey, but (7) is black. 8 shirt is yellow, but (9) is blue. 10 is younger than (11). Use Your Grammar! When you write practice essays in this book, try to use the grammar and vocabulary that you have you have practiced. This way, you will make sure you remember what you have practiced, and you will write better essays. CEPA Tip! Words for Writing 1.13 You need to know these words to do the writing activities in this book. Try to guess the definitions and check your answers. If you still do not understand the words, use your dictionary. 1 Essay a. what you think about something 2 Paragraph b. a piece of writing 3 Introduction c. the last paragraph of an essay 4 Conclusion d. a part of an essay 5 Support e. the first paragraph of an essay 6 Opinion f. the reasons for your opinion

8 Writing Task: Practice 1.14 Each CEPA essay should have 4-5 paragraphs: an introduction, 2-3 support paragraphs and a conclusion. Can you work out which paragraph each of the sentences below belong to. Copy them under the paragraph name. Idea Box a. The third reason I feel this way is that tests are a lot of work for teachers. b. This is why I think students have too many tests. c. The second reason for my opinion is that tests cause a lot of stress for students. d. First, there are many other ways to measure students progress. e. I agree with the people who think that students have too many tests. 1 Introduction: 2 Support Paragraph A: 3 Support Paragraph B: 4 Support Paragraph C: 5 Conclusion: Writing Task: Essay Read the essay prompt below. Plan your essay using the Essay Plan. You may support your opinion using some of the ideas given, but see if you can think of other ideas too. You may use the ideas and sentences from the Idea Box above if you wish. When you have finished planning, write your essay on the next page. ESSAY PROMPT Some people believe that tests are important to measure students progress. Other people think that students have too many tests. Which group do you agree with? Explain why. You could support your opinion by writing about: people who are good/bad at taking tests tests and stress the high number of students in classes comparing students Essay Plan 1 Introduction: 2 Support Paragraph A: 3 Support Paragraph B: 4 Support Paragraph C: 5 Conclusion:

9 Writing Task: Essay

10 Writing Task: Reflection 1.15 Here is a sample essay. Label the paragraphs with the words in the box. a. Introduction b. Conclusion c. Support Paragraphs d. Opinion It s true that some people think that students have too many tests. However, I believe that tests are the best way to measure students progress. I have several reasons for my opinion. First of all, tests are the fairest way to evaluate students. Everyone in a class takes the same test. This way, every student has the same chance to succeed. A student s mark on a test only shows how well she did, not how much the teacher likes her. Secondly, there are usually many students in a class. It takes a long time for a students to do projects. It also takes a long time for teachers to mark projects. Teachers can mark many tests in a short amount of time. Tests are much better when there are many students. My third reason is that tests are a good way to compare students. When every student takes the same test, it s easy to see which students know the information and which students need more help. It s also easy to see which students are ready for university and which students need more English. In conclusion, I think tests are the best way to measure students abilities. They may not be perfect, but they are the best way we have Writing Task: Reflection Now label your essay. Do you have all the parts? What do you need to add? a. Introduction b. Conclusion c. Support Paragraphs d. Opinion Now read the essay above. Did you write some of the same ideas? Did you write some different ideas? CEPA Tip! Always Check Your Essay When you have finished writing an essay, always re-read it. You should check that you have an introduction, at least two support paragraphs, and a conclusion. If the essay asks for your opinion, make sure that you have stated it clearly. You should also check to see if you have made any grammar or spelling mistakes. If you have, correct them.

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