Formations And Systems Of Play The System

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1 The System The system of play is one of the most frequently used formations in soccer and is favored by many top teams in world football. The team usually consists of, one goalkeeper, four defenders (2wide, 2 central) and two forwards. GK RB CB CB LB RM CM CM LM GK= Goalkeeper RB= Right Back= LB= Left Back= Right Defender Left Defender Attributes needed to play right and left back are that they are usually quick and agile and good at 1v1 defending, they also need good fitness levels to get forward and join the attack in wide areas, after making long over lapping runs. CB= Centre Back= Central Defender Attributes needed for good center backs, should be that they are tall, strong and very good in the air. They will be good at 1v1 defending and reading the game, to enable them to get in to positions early and deal with any challenges that the opposition could pose. Centre backs need to be good organizers and communicate well to ensure all empty space is closed down and defensive line steps up in sync for offside traps. RM= Right Midfield= LM = Left Midfield= CM= Centre Midfield= Wide Right Wide Left Central Midfield Midfield players can be split into many different roles in the team. Defensive midfielders need to break up attacks and protect the back four. After breaking up the opponents attack, they look to be the link between defense and attack. Qualities of a defensive midfield are that they are good at defending 1v1, strong in the tackle, good in the air, play well in tight situations and have a good passing game.

2 Centre Midfield players or Attacking midfield players, first need to get into great conditioning shape, because of the constant running to support the lone forward and then quickly running back to get in your defensive shape when you lose the ball. Players will also need good vision of the field, read the game well, good ball control, exceptional passing skills and be able to make decisions quickly. Wide Midfield players should be comfortable on the ball, possess good dribbling skills, have the ability to beat opponents 1v1 and be good crossers and servers of the ball. = Centre Forward= Central Forward The two forwards need to be able to play and work together, many times opposite players work well together. For example a big target man to hold the ball up and bring other players into the game and a second forward that is quick and agile who can get behind defenders with his speed and threaten defenses. As stated earlier this system is favored by many top teams in world football. Reasons offered why this is favored it can provide a well balanced defense and a well balanced attack. For example when your team has possession of the ball, it allows the team to attack with a block of eight players and when defending you can defend with a block of eight players. Advantages of a Arguably the most popular system in world football. Roles are easily defined Players can play in pairs, all over the field Flexibility to push players forward Opportunity to press the ball and win back quickly Can outnumber a team playing 3 in the middle, by playing the ball into wide midfield areas, where you will have the advantage. Opportunity to confuse defenders by playing right footed players on left and left footed players on the right. The player can cut in and take shots more effectively on his/her stronger foot. Disadvantages of a With only two forward players it can be hard getting players into the penalty box. Can be centrally outnumbered in midfield with you only having two players compared to the opposition s three. If centrally the defenders get caught high, there will be a lot of space to play in behind. Because of the structure of the team, players tend to play in straight lines and movement off the ball can be limited

3 The System Over the last 10 years this system of play has become very popular within the senior game. It is a system that can create good opportunities to press the ball and either wins the ball or force players into mistakes. It is a system that is evolving and as stated earlier becoming more and more popular. The team usually consists of four defenders, three central midfield players and three forwards. RWB CB CB LWB GK CM1 CM2 CM3 RF LF GK= Goalkeeper RWB= Right Wing Back= LWB= Left Wing Back= Defends and adds width in attack Defends and adds width in attack Attributes needed to play right and left wing back are that they are usually quick and agile and good at 1v1 defending, they also need good fitness levels to get forward and join the attack in wide areas. CB= Centre Back= CB= Centre Back= Centre Defender Centre Defender Attributes needed for good center backs, should be that they are tall, strong and very good in the air. They will be good at 1v1 defending and reading the game, to enable them to get in to positions early and deal with any challenges that the opposition could pose. Centre backs need to be good organizers and communicate well to ensure all empty space is closed down and defensive line steps up in sync for offside traps. CM1=Central Midfield= CM2=Central Midfield= CM3= Central Midfield= Protects and screens the back four Gets on the ball and passes the ball to all areas of the field (playmaker) Makes forward runs to join and get beyond the strikers.

4 Midfield players can be split into many different roles in the team. Defensive midfielders need to break up attacks and protect the back four. After breaking up the opponents attack, they look to be the link between defense and attack. Qualities of a defensive midfield are that they are good at defending 1v1, strong in the tackle, good in the air, play well in tight situations and have a good passing game. Centre Midfield players or Attacking midfield players, first need to get into great conditioning shape, because of the constant running to support the lone forward and then quickly running back to get in your defensive shape when you lose the ball. Players will also need good vision of the field, read the game well, good ball control, exceptional passing skills and be able to make decisions quickly. RF= Right Forward= = Centre Forward= LF= Left Forward= Right Forward Centre Forward Left Forward The system of the three forwards must work together and not stand still and make it easy for the opposition s defenders. Forwards should be quick, strong and aggressive to goal. For example in a line consisting of 3 forwards, the aim of the first forward is to show and receive the ball. The second forward should then threaten and try and get in behind the defense. The role of the third forward is to move wide and stretch the defense, occupying defenders so that the other forwards and midfield players have more room to play in. The is a good choice for a coach to play, however it must always be remembered that systems of play do not win games, players do. As always when you are introducing systems of play, players will need to understand their roles to make their team successful. Advantages of a Centrally midfield players, gives you strength in the middle and often outnumber the opposition who only play 2 centrally. Three forwards can press high, making play predictable forcing the opposition to clear the ball long. Natural pairs on flanks, wing backs and forwards. Have options to play the ball direct to the three forwards or play possession from the back, through the middle to the forwards. Balanced formation 3 forwards give you natural width in the game.

5 Disadvantages of a Formations And Systems Of Play Difficult to zone and press all over the field. Potentially you may only defend with seven. Weakens midfield in flank areas as the full back usually has to make the width The three forwards work together, however when working together, sometimes the two forwards set up crossing opportunities leaving only one forward to attack the penalty area and goal. If not explained correctly the three forwards can stand flat with their back to goal, which means there would be little movement or creativity from the front three.

6 The System of Play The system of play is a system that is not as common as the or the but like the other systems of play have both advantages and disadvantages. The system is unique that it only plays with three official defenders but emphasizes its strength with five players in midfield and two players up front. The three midfield players will generally play in a central area, while the two wide midfield players will have the freedom and responsibility of running the entire sideline. Since the back line only consists of three players, one central, sometimes two central midfielder will generally take on the role of defensive midfield area. Many times the formation will transform into a formation when the team is defending, with both wide players dropping in, to prevent penetration. When attacking the reverse happens with the wide players joining the forwards, giving extra numbers in attack to help penetrate the opposition s defense. GK RCB MCB LCB RWB DCM LWB ACM ACM GK=Goalkeeper RCB=Right Centre Back= Right Centre Back MCB=Middle Centre Back=Middle Centre Back LCB=Left Centre Back=Left Centre Back Attributes needed for good center backs, should be that they are tall, strong and very good in the air. They will be good at 1v1 defending and reading the game, to enable them to get in to positions early and deal with any challenges that the opposition could pose. Centre backs need to be good organizers and communicate well to ensure all empty space is closed down and defensive line steps up in sync for offside traps. RWB=Right Wing Back=Defends and adds width in attack LWB =Left Wing Back= Defends and adds width in attack Attributes needed to play right and left wing back are that they are usually quick and agile and good at 1v1 defending, they also need good fitness levels to get forward and join the attack in wide areas, after making long over lapping runs. DCM=Defensive Centre Midfield= Protects the back four

7 ACM= Attacking Centre Midfield= Penetrates defense with good passes and forward runs ACM= Attacking Centre Midfield= Penetrates defense with good passes and forward runs Centre Midfield players or Attacking midfield players, first need to get into great conditioning shape, because of the constant running to support the lone forward and then quickly running back to get in your defensive shape when you lose the ball. Players will also need good vision of the field, read the game well, good ball control, exceptional passing skills and be able to make decisions quickly. = Center Forward= Holds ball up, makes creative runs and scores goals = Center Forward= Holds ball up, makes creative runs and scores goals The two forwards need to be able to play and work together, many times opposite players work well together. For example a big target man to hold the ball up and bring other players into the game and a second forward that is quick and agile who can get behind defenders with his speed and threaten defenses. As stated earlier this system is favored by many top teams in world football. Reasons offered why this is favored it can provide a well balanced defense and a well balanced attack. For example when your team has possession of the ball, it allows the team to attack with a block of eight players and when defending you can defend with a block of eight players Advantages of the Can dominate the middle of midfield with dominant numbers. Good way of playing possession out of midfield. Can quickly change to a very defensive formation of Good way of keeping and playing possession soccer out of the midfield and through to the forwards. Disadvantages of a Hard to play possession soccer out of the back, due to lack of numbers Due to lack of numbers in defense, it can be hard to squeeze the space When committing numbers forward, defenders can be left exposed and outnumbered when the opposition play quick counter attacking soccer.

8 The Formation The system is another system that has been adopted by many teams in recent years. The formation is seen more as a defensive formation, consisting of four defenders, five midfield players and one lone forward. The system is seen more as a defensive formation for teams who may be playing away from home or for teams who playing against superior players and teams. The thinking behind the formation is to get extra numbers behind the ball, making it extremely difficult for opponents to create goal scoring opportunities. In attack the is conductive to the use of the counter attacking strategy. The lone forward cannot put a lot of pressure on the back line of the opposition, resulting in your opponents maintaining a lot of pressure in their own half of the field. The strategy is to lull opponents into throwing extra players forward into an attack, before regaining possession and quickly exploiting the gaps left by the opposition who have pushed men further forward. Successful counter attacking requires a high level of athleticism and mobility since supporting players need to cover a lot of ground quickly in order to offer support to the lone forward. GK RFB RCB LCB LFB RM CM CM LM ACM GK= Goalkeeper RFB= Right Back= LFB= Left Back= Right Full Back Left Full Back Attributes needed to play right and left back are that they are usually quick and agile and good at 1v1 defending, they also need good fitness levels to get forward and join the attack in wide areas. RCB= Centre Back= LCB= Centre Back= Right Center Back Left Center Back Attributes needed for good center backs, should be that they are tall, strong and very good in the air. They will be good at 1v1 defending and reading the game, to enable them to get in to positions early and deal with any challenges that the opposition could pose. Centre backs need to be good organizers and communicate well to ensure all empty space is closed down and defensive line steps up in sync for offside traps.

9 CM= Centre Midfield= Formations And Systems Of Play Centre Midfield CM= Centre Midfield= ACM= Centre Midfield= Centre Midfield Attacking Centre Midfield WM= Wide Midfielders Midfield players can be split into many different roles in the team. Defensive midfielders need to break up attacks and protect the back four. After breaking up the opponents attack, they look to be the link between defense and attack. Qualities of a defensive midfield are that they are good at defending 1v1, strong in the tackle, good in the air, play well in tight situations and have a good passing game. Centre Midfield players or Attacking midfield players, first need to get into great conditioning shape, because of the constant running to support the lone forward and then quickly running back to get in your defensive shape when you lose the ball. Players will also need good vision of the field, read the game well, good ball control, exceptional passing skills and be able to make decisions quickly. Wide Midfield players should be comfortable on the ball, possess good dribbling skills, have the ability to beat opponents 1v1 and be good crossers and servers of the ball. = Centre Forward= Centre Forward A forward playing in a preferably will need to be big and strong. A target man that will win balls out of the air, but who will also be able to receive and hold the ball up until the midfield players are able to move forward and join in the attack. Advantages of the system Can defend with up to 10 or 11 players. Hard for opposition to create goal scoring chances. Can dominate the midfield areas, with the extra numbers you have in this area. Lines of players work together, giving opposition no room or space to work in. Counter attacking soccer can be very effective. Disadvantages of the system Invites pressure onto your team, as you are playing with so many defensive players. Hard to play attractive attacking soccer, as you have a limited number of forwards. When wide players get forward and put crosses into the penalty area, it may come to nothing due to having only one lone forward, who can get crowded out. Specific attributes are needed by the players, to play this system effectively.

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