Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming

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1 Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities, which focus on the reasons for and the consequences of global warming and ways of preventing it. The activities illustrate: understanding what is global warming and how it occurs the causes the consequences and impacts of global warming understanding the cause-effect relationships between energy consumption and impacts of global warming finding solutions: the options for preventing global warming

2 Activity 6.1: Europe map puzzle One impact of global warming is an increase in temperature both on land and of the sea. Europe will encounter many changes due to global warming in the near future and this game illustrates which countries might suffer most because of global warming. You will need to know certain predictions and consequences of global warming especially in Europe. Therefore study the background information before starting the activity. This will also give you a chance to improve your geographical knowledge! Task 1: The puzzle Taking turns, fill in the outline map identifying where each country fits onto the map. Alternatively a country is called out and its shape has to be identified from the outlines provided and put down within the outline map Task 2: The game Using the map as a guide, answer the questions set out in the worksheet Background: This activity is to emphasise the consequences of global warming in Europe. Students should know some of the current and predicted consequences; they may presume some other effects. They should be aware of the climate in various parts of Europe and be able to link this to the effects of global warming. They should also have a fair knowledge of European geography and history. Aims of the activity To raise awareness of the present effects of global warming and study scientifically predicted effects especially in the UK and neighbouring countries Material: tables for completion, a Europe map puzzle Key words: effects of global warming, sea level rise, droughts, temperature rise, heat wave, Skills: Observation, working in groups, understanding and interpretation, linking the concepts together and information sharing National curriculum subjects: science, citizenship, geography

3 Activity 6.2: gathering information Collect articles and pictures from newspapers, magazines and the internet regarding environmental pollution and climate change and bring to school for your next lesson. Background: This activity is to collect information regarding global warming; definition, reasons, consequences. Students should find and bring articles and pictures from the newspapers and magazines and from internet if available. Parental assistance may be required to provide these resources. Aims of the activity To find information about global warming Material: articles, pictures from newspapers and magazines Key words: effects of global warming, sea level rise, droughts, temperature rise, heat wave, ice sheet melting Skills: Observation, understanding and interpretation, linking and information sharing National curriculum subjects: science, citizenship, art and design, geography, PSHE Activity 6.3: consequences of global warming Design and make a poster, which illustrates the effects of global warming. Task: Discuss with your group which articles and pictures you will use for your poster. You may need to use resources provided by the previous activity (gathering information) or your teacher may provide some of these resources. Each person should select one picture or article and make one drawing Arrange these on the poster leaving some space for writing and creating your own drawing. Do not start gluing the pictures and the writings immediately but arrange them so your poster will look attractive It is up to you how to organise and design your poster, but don t forget it should be about the effects of global warming Background: This is a poster activity is to emphasise the consequences of global warming. If students have been unable to bring their own materials then you will need to provide these. It is important that students be encouraged to develop their own ideas, drawings and titles. They should be aware of some of the consequences of global warming. They don t have to read all of the articles but to scan and understand them in general. As a complicated group activity, a balanced team work, sharing the tasks is important. Therefore the groups should be arranged carefully. Aims of the activity: Understanding the effects of global warming Material: articles, pictures, cardboard, colour pen, glue, scissors. Key words: effects of global warming, sea level rise, droughts, temperature rise, heat wave, ice sheet melting Skills: Observation, working in groups, understanding and interpretation, linking and information management National curriculum subjects: science, citizenship, art and design, geography

4 Activity 6.4: how to stop global warming For this activity we would like you to think about possible solutions to prevent global warming. Tasks: Write down a list of things that could be done to prevent global warming Why and how do you think your ideas could help? Then design and make a poster which illustrates ways to stop or reduce the effects of global warming. If you have done the previous poster activity you can use the reverse side of your cardboard. To make the poster, you can either use the information that you gathered from the previous activity or ask your teacher to provide you with some useful information. But even if your teacher has helped you, try to be creative and make your own drawings and words for the poster. Don t forget! Your poster should be about how to stop global warming. It should have a title such as: Stop Global Warming How can we stop global warming? Quick Guide to saving the planet Background: This is a poster activity is to emphasise the things that can be done to save the environment and reduce the effects of global warming. Students will have newspaper or magazine articles and pictures but it is important that they use their own ideas, drawings and titles as well. They should be aware of some of the reasons and consequences of global warming as well as how to reduce these effects. They don t have to read all of the articles but to scan and understand them in general. This is a complicated group activity, so balanced team work and sharing of the tasks is important. Therefore the groups should be arranged carefully. Aims of the activity: Understanding the ways to stop global warming Material: articles, pictures, cardboard, colour pens, glue, scissors Key words: conservation of energy, energy efficiency, saving, recycling, renewable energy, Kyoto protocol, Skills: Observation, working in groups, understanding and interpretation, linking concepts together and information sharing National curriculum subjects: science, citizenship, art and design, geography

5 Activity 6.5: What can I do to stop global warming? Tasks: Write a list of things that YOU could do to stop global warming by answering the questions below; What could you do today (something different from yesterday) to help to stop global warming? What could you do this month and What could you do in twenty years time? Assemble your ideas into a list with your group. Decide which ideas could make the biggest difference Below are some examples to give you some ideas: Today I will turn off the computer that I leave on normally to watch TV. This month I will ask my parents to get a recycling bin for paper and glass Background: This activity is to discuss the ways to save the environment and reduce the effects of global warming. The emphasize of the activity should be you. It is important to raise awareness of the individual actions such as energy savings in the home, recycling, choosing more environmentally friendly production. Students should understand the relationship between the reasons and the effects of global warming. Aim of the activity: Understanding the importance of individual actions to help to stop global warming Material: - Key words: global warming, climate change, saving energy, energy conservation, recycling, energy efficient appliances, Doing your bit, thinking big acting small. Skills: Observation, understanding and interpretation, linking the concepts together and information sharing, National curriculum subjects: science, citizenship, social science, PSHE, geography

6 Activity 6.6: Who makes the effect? Your teacher will explain the impacts of global warming Tasks Prepare a game about the greenhouse effect Each person in the group to prepare a card with a drawing on one side and an explanation on the other one. Give your cards to another group Spread your cards on the table with the drawing facing upwards. Taking turns each person selects a card and writes down what is the impact Then look at the back of the card to check the answer At the end of the game discuss which impact has the greatest effect Background: Discovering which appliances and actions result in an increase of the greenhouse effect They should be aware of some of the reasons, consequences of global warming as well as how to reduce these impacts. Aims of the activity: To stimulate the analysis of energy consumption and impacts that it causes to environment and to society To identify cause-effect relations between consumption and impacts To work the global impacts of individual actions To stimulate the concern for reducing energy consumption Material: - Cards, colour pencils, scissors, glue Key words: global warming, climate change, saving energy, energy conservation, Greenhouse effect, climate change, human actions, energy consumption Skills: Observation, understanding and interpretation, linking, information management,, analysis, comparison and setting of cause-effect relations National curriculum subjects:, science, citizenship, geography, social sciences, PSHE

7 Activity 6.7: Mice and owls Task: Split into two groups - one group are mice and the other owls. When your teacher reads a sentence which are true, owls go after mice. If on the other hand the statement is false, mice go after owls. this is an adaptation of a popular game to understand climate change subject Background: Aims of the activity: a revision of global warming in general. - To evaluate the knowledge obtained from these modules - To clarify some of the concepts discussed previously Material: List of short sentences about climate change - Key words: Greenhouse effect, climate change, human actions, energy consumption Skills: Coordination, analysis, classification National curriculum subjects: Physical education, science, citizenship, science,, geography, Social sciences, natural Examples of sentences that can be used in this game: Carbon dioxide emission causes an increase in the greenhouse effect The greenhouse effect is a condition needed for life in the Earth Without the greenhouse effect, the temperatures would be much higher than now Since industrial revolution greenhouse gases have increased very quickly Greenhouse effect is one of the factors of climate change The greenhouse effect, acid rain and the hole in the ozone layer are some of most important environmental threats. Ozone layer does not have anything to do with global warming The average temperature of earth changes from year to year Extreme weather events like storms, hurricanes and tornadoes will become more common and more destructive with global warming The temperature is rising because there is more light coming in through the ozone hole. The average temperature of the earth is expected to be 5 degrees higher by the end of this century because of global warming. Because of global warming, many animals in Polar Regions such as polar bears and penguins could be totally extinct by the time you are a parent. You could stop global warming by taking care of what you buy.

8 Activity 6.8: greenhouse effect quiz Task: Fill in the worksheet by answering the questions and putting a tick to the right answer or right answers. Background: This activity is a revision of global warming subject in general Aims of the activity To study the description, main reasons, effects and the ways to prevent global warming Material: a quiz to fill in Key words: ice cap melting, malaria, temperature rise, stand-by, recycling, sea level rise, ozone layer, greenhouse effect, fuels, greenhouse gases Skills: Observation, working individually, understanding and interpretation, information management, National curriculum subjects: science, citizenship, science, geography, PSHE, social science, Age Range: 10-14, key stage 2-3

9 Worksheet 6.1: Europe map puzzle

10 2- Complete the table A country by the Mediterranean Country that has beaten England in 2004 Euro cup Country that England has beaten in 2004 Euro cup A country that is closest to the artic A country, which gets rain all year around A country where one can go skiing A country that is famous for its pizza Three countries that has joint EU recently

11 3- Complete the table Question: A country that is: Answer What could be the effect of global warming? Below sea level Temperature reached 40C in summer 2003 Was very hot and dry in summer 2003 Was flooded recently Was very hot last summer

12 Worksheet 6.8 Greenhouse gas quiz 1. How does a greenhouse work? Sun light comes in and out of the greenhouse The windows of the greenhouse allow the sun rays to go in and out The heat of the sun is trapped inside the greenhouse therefore raising the temperature 2. Greenhouse effect leads to: keeps the earth temperature around 15 degrees, which is 33 degrees higher than it would be otherwise decreases the amount of water is the seas raises the earth temperature continuously leading to global warming 3. Which of these statements are true? Earth climate has been changing rapidly since the industrial revolution The main cause of climate change is greenhouse effect The ozone hole is one of the main reasons of global warming The temperature of earth has risen by 10 degrees in last hundred years It is suggested that human interference is the main reason of climate change CO2 emissions are the main cause of extra greenhouse gases 4. The temperature of the earth has been rising because of; Pollution from factories; The emission of a huge quantities of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere; Fuels and the burning of fossil fuels Greenhouse effect The hole in the ozone layer The question below is open to discussion, there isn t one right answer. 5. The most serious effect of the global warming is: The rising of global temperature; The melting of the ice cap; The disappearance of some species of plants and animals. Sea level rise Spread of disease such as malaria

13 Worksheet 6.8 Greenhouse gas quiz Again the question below is open to discussion, there isn t one right answer. 6. How do you think global warming could be prevented ( put them in order) By switching off the lights when we don t need them By not leaving appliances on stand-by mode Buy walking to the school instead of coming by car By recycling products By using energy that does not emit greenhouse gases By using energy efficient appliances By using products which have environmental labels By having a shower instead of bath By having a bath instead of shower

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