FEUDALISM BETWEEN JAPAN VS. EUROPE. By: Caroline Mancia, Itzel Leon

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1 FEUDALISM BETWEEN JAPAN VS. EUROPE By: Caroline Mancia, Itzel Leon

2

3 Japanese emperors were just figureheads, which means they did nothing and the shoguns were in charge of them.

4 JAPAN Lived by a code of honor called Bushido. Which valued bravery and loyalty to their lord above all else. They would commit ritual suicide rather than face dishonor. They fought for lord in exchange for an allowance Expected women to live up to same values of honor and courage (some were taught to fight) Entered into battle with iron and leather armor, swords, bows and arrows. Samurai went with light- weight armor that allowed them quickness and maneuverity, at the cost of providing much less protection. Japanese feudalism was based on the ideas of chinese philosopher Kong Qiv or Confucius( BCE) Peasants Peasants were divided into several sub-classes. The highest ranking of the peasants were farmers. Farmers who owned their own land ranked higher than farmers who did not. Craftsmen, or artisans, were the second highest ranking after the farmers. They worked with wood and metal and some became well-known as expert Samura sword makers. Merchants were the lowest ranking because it was felt they made their living off of other people's work. However, in later times when Japan began to use money more as currency merchants became more wealthy.

5 EUROPE European armor was usually all-metal, made of chain mail or metal plate. Armor included lacquered leather or metal plates and silk or metal bindings. European knights were almost inmobilized by their armor, needing help up on to their horses, from where they would simply try to knock their opponents off their mounts. European feudalism was based on Roman Imperial laws and customs, supplemented with Germanic traditions, and supported by the authority of the Catholic Church

6 DIFFERENCES CONT. Finally, knights and samurai had very different approaches to death. Knights were bound by Catholic Christian law against suicide, and strove to avoid death. Samurai, on the other hand, had no religious reason to avoid death, and would commit suicide in the face of defeat in order to maintain their honor. This ritual suicide is known as seppuku Some young women were such skilled fighters that they rode out to war beside the men, rather than sitting at home and waiting for war to come to them.

7 BOTH Both had Aristocracy, Both knights and samurais rode on horses into battle, both used swords and armor., Loyalty, bravery, honor, lord-vassal relationship, family lineage was important Japan Seppuku or hari-kari (stoic acceptance of death) lord-vassal relationship based on moral code. Son; even adopted could be heir. Women have tough samurai attitude. Interested In arts and learning. Unspoken standard that if a samurai were disgraced then they would kill themselves in repentance. Europe- lord-vassal relationship based on legal code. Only first born was heir. Women were fragile beings. They had little care of the arts and learning. Not as disciplined as samurais. Their code was broken regularly

8 THE CODE OF CHIVALRY The Knights Code of Chivalry and the legends of King Arthur and Camelot The ideals described in the Code of Chivalry were emphasized by the oaths and vows that were sworn in the Knighthood ceremonies of the Middle Ages and Medieval era. These sacred oaths of combat were combined with the ideals of chivalry and with strict rules of etiquette and conduct. The ideals of a Knights Code of Chivalry was publicised in the poems, ballads, writings and literary works of Knights authors. The wandering minstrels of the Middle Ages sang these ballads and were expected to memorize the words of long poems describing the valour and the code of chivalry followed by the Medieval knights. The Dark Age myths of Arthurian Legends featuring King Arthur, Camelot and the Knights of the Round Table further strengthen the idea of a Knights Code of Chivalry. The Arthurian legend revolves around the Code of Chivalry which was adhered to by the Knights of the Round Table - Honour, Honesty, Valour and Loyalty.

9 THE CODE OF BUSHIDO Samurai Warrior Code was a strict code that demanded: loyalty Devotion, obedience, duty, filial piety, respect, self sacrifice, honor to the death The samurai bushido code is an internally-consistent ethical code, grounded in the spiritual approach of the Rinzai school of Zen Buddhism. In its purest form, it demands of its practitioners that they look effectively backward at the present from the moment of their own death, as if they were already, in effect, dead. The Bushido of the Samurai was also a spiritual basis for those who committed kamikaze attacks during World War II.

10 EUROPEAN WOMEN Largely confined to household tasks like cooking, weaving, baking, sewing, and spinning. Also hunted for food and fought in battles, learned to use weapons to defend their homes and castles. Some even had jobs like blacksmiths, merchants, and apothecaries. Some also worked in the fields.

11 JAPANESE WOMEN Women who belonged to the aristocracy were allowed to take part in politics. Women could also become samurai warriors but this was not allowed if they were in the aristocratic class. Although women were allowed to become samurai, a male samurai of equal rank could give orders to a female samurai. Female samurai were able to give orders to men of lower social classes like farmers and craftsmen. In the beginning of the Kamakura period women were also allowed to inherit land estates. However, this changed later as the amount of available land decreased towards the middle of Kamakura period.

12 PEASANTS IN JAPAN Peasants were divided into several sub-classes. The highest ranking of the peasants were farmers. Farmers who owned their own land ranked higher than farmers who did not. Craftsmen, or artisans, were the second highest ranking after the farmers. They worked with wood and metal and some became well-known as expert Samurai sword makers. Merchants were the lowest ranking because it was felt they made their living off of other people's work. However, in later times when Japan began to use money more as currency merchants became more wealthy.

13 SERFS IN EUROPE Serfs were the lowest class. 1/3 to 1/5 of produce to lord Few rights, often did not own land They were often used as soldiers.

14 END OF FEUDALISM Europe-The decline started in the 13th century and continued until about the 15th century (following feudalism was the birth of the Renaissance -- that began in the 14th century) Japan- ended after europe ended and because they broke into their country and forced their ports open to the world. Shimabara Rebellion led to the closing of their ports because they believe Christianity was ruining the country, and foreshadowing their conquest by Europe.

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