Quiz: Cell Organelles and Their Functions 1. This organelle functions in cellular respiration: lysosome endoplasmic reticulum mitochondrion golgi

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1 Quiz: Cell Organelles and Their Functions 1. This organelle functions in cellular respiration: lysosome mitochondrion 2. The organelle functions to package and deliver proteins: lysosome mitochondrion 3. Cell organelles are located within the of the cell. nucleus cytoplasm cell membrane 4. The functions to: transport materials destroy old cell parts make package proteins 5. Genetic material is contained within the of the cell. cytoplasm nucleus nucleolus 6. This organelle is responsible for destroying worn-out cell parts: mitochondrion 7. The controls what enters and leaves the cell. mitochondrion nucleus cell membrane

2 8. The rough has located on it. cytosol proteins 9. Located within the nucleus, it is responsible for producing : centrosome nucleolus lysosome 10. Which structure is directly responsible for the formation of proteins within the cell. vacuoles centrioles Quiz: Parts of the Cell 1. What part of the cell is responsible for breaking down and digesting things? vacuole 2. Identify the organelle picture chloroplast 3. What part of the cell serves as the intracellular highway?

3 cell membrane 4. Which of the following would you NOT find in a bacterial cell? DNA cell membrane 5. Which of the following is found in plant cells, but not animal cells? cell wall vacuole 6. The jellylike interior of the cell is called the: vacuole cytoplasm cytoskeleton nucleus 7. Identify the organelle. lysosome 8. What part of the cell makes proteins? vacuole 9. Where are usually located in animal and plant cells? inside the nucleus near the cell membrane

4 on the inside the vacuole 10. What part of the cell serves to process, package and export proteins? nucleolus Cells - The Units of Life Practice Test 1. Cytoplasm is made mostly of. gelatin chemicals water vitamins 2. Which of the following does NOT have organelles? fungi algae bacteria plants 3. Chloroplasts capture energy from the to make foo Sun Moon stored sugar soil 4. Plants, algae, and many bacteria make their own food through the process of. metabolism cellular respiration photosynthesis digestion

5 5. What is the smallest unit of life in all living things called? a cell a molecule bacteria an atom 6. Which of the following are the smallest organisms on Earth? shrimp mold bacteria algae 7. Cells that form a system through which water, food, and other materials move in a plant are. block shaped long and tubelike round brick shaped 8. What part of the cell helps control what enters and leaves the cell? cytoplasm mitochondrion cell membrane nucleus 9. Groups of similar cells that all do the same sort of work are called. cell systems organ systems organs tissues

6 10. Where does cellular respiration occur? in the mitochondrion in the lungs in the chloroplasts in the vacuole 11. Which of the following is NOT an organ? bones the heart skin blood tissue 12. Where is the hereditary material located in the cell? the nucleus the mitochondrion the vacuole the cell membrane 13. What is the function of a nerve cell? to store fat to receive and deliver messages to contract and relax muscles to form a protective layer for your body 14. Put the level of organization in order from smallest to largest. cells, organs, tissues, and organ systems organ system, organs, tissues, and cells organs, tissues, cells, and organ system cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems

7 15. Which type of cell forms a protective layer for your body? fat cell skin cell nerve cell muscle cell 16. Which of the following is an organ? muscle tissue nerve tissue stomach blood tissue 17. What type of instrument is used to look at cells? binoculars telescope glasses microscope 18. If a group of organs work together to perform a specific job, what are they called? tissue systems an organism helper organs an organ system 19. What determines which traits an organism will have? DNA cytoplasm the mitochondrion the nucleus 20. Which of these is similar in function to a vacuole? a closet an electric circuit

8 a wall a bakery manager Self-Quiz 1. Which one of the following eukaryotic cell structures does not contain DNA? a nucleus a mitochondrion the a chloroplast 2. Which of the following is not an accurate description of a chromosome? It is a colored body localized in the nucleus. It is a protein and nucleic acid complex. It is the cellular structure that contains the genetic material. In eukaryotes, it is composed of many DNA molecules attached end to en 3. A centriole is an organelle that is: present in the center of a cell's cytoplasm composed of microtubules and important for organizing the spindle fibers surrounded by a membrane part of a chromosome

9 4. The rough is: an intracellular double-membrane system to which are attached an intracellular membrane that is studded with microtubular structures a membranous structure found within only found in prokaryotic cells 5. In the nucleus of eukaryotic cells, the genetic material is complexed with protein and organized into linear structures called: centrioles histones chromosomes plasmids 6. Which of the following statements does not apply to the nuclear envelope? It is a double membrane. It has pores through which material enters and leaves. It is continuous with the. It has infoldings to form cristae. 7. Some proteins are found in the plasma membrane. What part of the protein is within the membrane itself? hydrophilic region hydroponic region hydrophobic region hydrocoel region

10 8. What is the simplest level of packing of the eukaryotic chromosome? the nucleolus the nucleoid the nucleosome the nucleoplasm 9. Lysosomes are formed by budding from which cellular organelle? smooth Golgi apparatus rough nucleus 10. All peroxisomes carry out this function: break down fats and amino acids into smaller molecules that can be used for energy production by digest macromolecules using the hydrolytic enzymes they contain synthesize membrane components such as fatty acids and phospholipids control the flow of ions into and out of the cell 11. Which of the following does not apply to chloroplasts? They contain chlorophyll and the enzymes required for photosynthesis. They contain an internal membrane system consisting of thylakoids. They synthesize ATP (adenosine triphosphate) from ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and Pi (inorganic phosphate). They are bounded by two membranes, the inner of which is folded into the cristae.

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