1 Conference on Integrating Variable Renewable Energy into Power Grids, Chile-CNE Iván Saavedra Dote Electrical Department Chief Comisión Nacional de Energía-CNE, Ministry of Energy, Chile.
2 Table of Contents 1. National Energy Commission, CNE 2. Chilean Electrical Systems 3. Renewable Energy potential in Chile. 4. New Proposals in the Energy Agenda. 5. Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Nonconventional Renewable Energy.
3 Table of Contents 1. National Energy Commission, CNE 2. Chilean Electric Systems 3. Renewable Energy potential in Chile. 4. New Proposals in the Energy Agenda. 5. Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Nonconventional Renewable Energy.
4 National Energy Commission, CNE (Comisión Nacional de Energía) The National Energy Commission is a public and decentralized organism, which analyzes and sets prices and tariffs. CNE fixes technical standards (grid codes), which each generation, transportation and distribution of energy company must follow, of course the ISOs must follow these rules too. In essence, CNE is the regulator of the electrical market in particular, and energy sector in general.
5 National Energy Commission, CNE (Comisión Nacional de Energía) The main objectives are to: Technically analyze the structure and level of prices. Set technical standards. Plan and monitor the actual and the expected behavior of the energy sector. Propose new transmission infrastructure for the trunk system (main transmission system).
6 National Energy Commission, CNE (Comisión Nacional de Energía) CNE does enforce standards in regards to generation units required for the electrical systems, but CNE may only give guidelines as to which power plants must be installed in the future to meet economic requirements and system security (Generation Planning is not mandatory). However, the planning in the trunk transmission system is made by CNE and this plan could be a source for a mandatory decree (for the building of new elements of the trunk system) by the Ministry of Energy
7 Table of Contents 1. National Energy Commission, CNE 2. Chilean Electric System 3. Renewable Energy potential in Chile. 4. New Proposals in the Energy Agenda. 5. Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Novconventional Renewable Energy.
8 Chilean Electric System Electric Market is divided in three segments: Generation Transmission Distribution 100% of propriety is owned by private companies. Electrical Systems are divided into four zones SING SIC Aysen Electric System Magallanes Electric System
9 Chilean Electric System Actual production as of 2013 SING (Great North Interconnected System) Annual generation (GWh) (25%) Population ~ 6% Regulated Clients ~10% Free Clients ~ 90% SIC (Central Interconnected System) + Los Lagos Annual generation (GWh) (74%) Population ~ 92,4% Regulated Clients ~ 60% Free Clients ~ 40% Aysen Electric System Annual generation (GWh) 155 (0,2%) Population ~ 0,6% Regulated Clients 100% Magallanes Electric System Annual generation (GWh) 291 (0,4%) Population ~ 1% Regulated Clients 100% 9
10 Chilean Electric System Total Installed Capacity (December 2013) SING (Great North Interconnected System) Total Installed Capacity (MW): NCRE* Installed Capacity: 0,4% (16,3 MW) 21,2% Conventional Installed Capacity: 99,6% SIC (Central Interconnected System) + Los Lagos Total Installed Capacity (MW): NCRE* Installed Capacity: 6,94% (960,1 MW) 78,0% Conventional Installed Capacity: 93,06% NCRE*: The law contains a special definition of renewable energy, this is non-conventional renewable energy NCRE, defined as geothermic, wind, solar, biomass, tidal power, small hydroelectric power plant (<20 MW) and cogeneration. Aysen Electric System Total Installed Capacity (MW): 50,2 NCRE Installed Capacity: 49,0% (24,6 MW) 0,3% Conventional Installed Capacity: 51,0% Magallanes Electric System Total Installed Capacity (MW): 99,5 0,6% Conventional Installed Capacity: 100% 10
11 Table of Contents 1. National Energy Commission, CNE 2. Chilean Electric Systems 3. Renewable Energy potential in Chile. 4. New Proposals in the Energy Agenda. 5. Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Nonconventional Renewable Energy.
12 Renewable Energy potential in Chile. Why is it necessary to review standards to allow large-scale development? The answer to the question is shown in the following graphs: Potencial disponible Cartera de proyectos eólicos Región o zona CSP PV (seg. 1 eje) Hidroeléctrico Eólico MW f.p. MW f.p. MW f.p. MW f.p. MW f.p. MW De Arica y Parinacota , , De Tarapacá , , De Antofagasta (sin Taltal) , , , , Taltal , , De Atacama , , , , De Coquimbo , , , De Valparaíso 64 0, , Metropolitana de Santiago 840 0, Del L.B. O'Higgins 722 0, , Del Maule , Del Biobío , , , De La Araucanía , , , De Los Ríos , , , De Los Lagos (sin Chiloé) , , Isla Grande de Chiloé 63 0, , , Total , , , , , Source: Book of Ministerio de Energía y Cooperación alemana Deutsche Zusammenarbeit, "Energías Renovables en Chile, El potencial eólico, solar e hidroelectrico de Arica a Chiloé", 2014 Total
13 Renewable Energy potential in Chile. The potential shown in the previous slide is presented here in geographical terms:
14 Renewable Energy potential in Chile. NCRE*(Non-conventional Renewable Energy) potential with size: Wind MW, hydroelectric MW (between Aconcagua and Puelo), solar more than MW, geothermic probably MW or more. NCRE*: Defined by law as geothermic, wind, solar, biomass, tidal power, small hydroelectric power plant (<20 MW) and cogeneration.
15 Renewable Energy potential in Chile. The potential is over [MW] which is 100 times the current capacity in Chile. If we considered only half of this potential and 3% annual growth starting in 2013 ( [GWh]), in 120 years we would be able to use this potential. In other words, this capacity for production is 35 times the actual production. This capacity is over times the production of coal. (300 MW) This potential is equivalent to 60% of the 2013 actual production in the USA.
16 Renewable Energy potential in Chile. Chile does not have significant hydrocarbon reserves, which the country currently imports. For these reasons it is necessary to review the regulations. It is also necessary to research and develop large storage systems.
17 Table of Contents 1. National Energy Commission, CNE 2. Chilean Electric Systems 3. Renewable Energy potential in Chile. 4. New Proposals in the Energy Agenda. 5. Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Nonconventional Renewable Energy.
18 New proposal in the Energy Agenda. The Agenda de Energía, this public document was presented by the government last May, this contains roadmap for the next four years of energy material. Remove barriers that exist for development of NCRE (Non-conventional Renewable Energy) in Chile, commitment that 45% of the new capacity that will be installed between 2014 and 2025 will be NCRE. In this way the goal established in the law, 20% of generation from NCRE, will be completed.
19 New proposal in the Energy Agenda. The Agenda was built on these 7 concepts: 1. A New Role for The State in Energy Development. 2. Reduction of Energy Prices with more competition, efficiency, and diversification of the energy market. 3. Development of self-owned Energy Resourse.
20 New proposal in the Energy Agenda. The Agenda was built on this 7 concepts: 4. Connectivity for energy development. 5. An efficient sector that manages consumption. 6. Boost the energy invesment for the development of Chile. 7. Citizen participation and territorial organization.
21 Table of Contents 1. National Energy Commission, CNE 2. Chilean Electric Systems 3. Renewable Energy potential in Chile. 4. New Proposals in the Energy Agenda. 5. Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Nonconventional Renewable Energy.
22 Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Unconventional Renewable Energy. The third concept of the Agenda is as follows: 3. Development of self-owned Energy Resource. Promote the integration of NCRE in conjunction with the law (special law to promote NCRE 20/25): In the development of future actions contained within this Agenda in relation to the expansion of trunk transmission systems, improve competency in the generation segment, to give flexibility to the operation of the electrical systems and the release of permits will always be given special consideration in regards to NCRE.
23 Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Unconventional Renewable Energy. To make the Roadmap it is necessary to do the following: Break Paradigms Develop and analyze independent investigation. Define changes to the rules and transitory steps for this changes. Change the Status Quo. In the first place, according to a study made by GIZ and the Univ. de Chile for the Ministry of Energy last year, it is necessary to define adequate topology of the grid and technology must have the interconnected systems in order to incorporate a large volume of NCRE. Ministry of Energy with CNE are going to define the all topics to be adequate.
24 Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Unconventional Renewable Energy. We are going to develop at minimum the following studies : System Security Analysis, statics and dynamic considered multisystem protection equipment. With these results we are going to define the feasible quantity of NCRE which can be incorporated to the system and the physical modifications to the system in order to operate safely and economically with this quantity of NCRE. Changes in planning methodologies (short, medium and long term).
25 Roadmap for incorporating large-scale Unconventional Renewable Energy. Need to change the models in use by CDECs (ISO) for unit commitment. And the forecasting model to predict the actual capacity of production of wind and solar power. Changes in the regulation at various levels for example Capacity to Pay, Ancillary Services and others. Coherent modifications of pertinent standards or develop new standards(grid code): security and quality of service technical standard (NTSyCS); medium systems technical standard (NTSSMM); connections technical standard (NTCO).
Energy Chilean Market Current Situation & Expected Evolution SONAMI, December 214 Installed Capacity 213 Maximum Demand 213 SING XV Arica y Parinacota I Tarapacá II Antofagasta 3.93 2.243 SIC III Atacama
ENERGY AGENDA A challenge for the country, progress for everyone Summary Energy Agenda - Summary 1 Energy Agenda - Summary June 2014, Santiago, Chile Editorial design : Yankovic.net ENERGY AGENDA A challenge
Social and environmental challenges in power system development in Chile Sebastian Mocarquer, Hugh Rudnick 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting Shaping the Future Energy Industry 1 The power
VARIABLE ENERGY SOURCES INTO THE GRID: THE CHILEAN CENTRAL INTERCONNECTED SYSTEM NCRE EXPERIENCE World Bank. October 2014, Copenhagen, DENMARK Ernesto Huber J. Deputy Operation Director AGENDA 1. GENERAL
National Energy Commission i Republic of Honduras Legal Framework for Renewable Energy in Honduras and Prospects for Development MIGUEL ÁNGEL FIGUEROA RIVERA - National Energy Commission (NEC) - de Energía
El Desafío Solar de Chile Rodrigo Palma Behnke SERC Team, Abril, 9 th 2015 Overview Based on the current energy challenge in Chile, a long term vision for solar energy development is presented and analyzed.
NATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY 2012-2030 1 2 NATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY 2012-2030 FEBRUARY 2012 3 4 Turismo Chile Introduction Chile s Energy Challenge The Foundations of a Developed Country 5 Chile s Energy Challenge
NATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY 2012-2030 clean secure competitive 1 2 NATIONAL ENERGY STRATEGY 2012-2030 FEBRUARY 2012 3 4 Turismo Chile Introduction Chile s Energy Challenge The Foundation of a Developed Country
The 10th Chile Taiwan Joint Business Council Meeting Carlos Finat Santiago de Chile Noviembre de 2014 Asociación Chilena de Energías Renovables A.G. ACERA Non-for-profit industry association created in
Fondap Conicyt Rodrigo Palma Behnke SERC Team January, 6 th 2015 Overview Based on the current energy challenge in Chile, a long term vision for solar energy development is presented and analyzed. Parinacota
21, rue d Artois, F-75008 PARIS C5-103 CIGRE 2012 http : //www.cigre.org Integrating Renewable Energy into the Chilean Grid J.C. ARANEDA - R. VALPUESTA Transelec S.A. Chile SUMMARY The Chilean Electricity
The Chilean Energy Regulatory Framework Comisión Nacional de Energía Andrés Romero Secretario Ejecutivo Comisión Nacional de Energía Intro The Chilean electric industry is divided in 3 segments Generation
Hugh Rudnick Electricity reform in Latin America: Argentina, Chile and Peru 12 December 2013 Introduction Economic growth and electricity supply All developing countries require high investments to meet
Introduction to the Chilean power sector Carlos Finat Diaz Executive Director - ACERA Santiago, March 2014 ACERA www.acera.cl Content Profile of the power sector of Chile and current issues. Policies and
The Prospects for Small Hydropower in Mexico Jorge M Huacuz Non-Conventional Energy Unit Electrical Research Institute Cuernavaca, Mexico Who can produce electricity in Mexico? Export 2.2 CFE, the National
chile Facts Chile s Clean Energy Future: Biomass, Biogas, Geothermal, Small Hydro, and Wind are Affordable Choices Now and Solar is Not Far Behind Chile is in the middle of an important national debate
Chile (country code +56) Communication of 2.VII.2014: The Subsecretaría de Telecomunicaciones de Chile (Subtel), Santiago de Chile, announces that they are still seeing wrong dialled numbers to Chile from
The insertion of renewables into the Chilean electricity market Sebastian Mocarquer, Member IEEE, Hugh Rudnick, Fellow IEEE 1 Abstract- The Chilean electricity regulation introduced in 2008 an obligation
Language Proficiency Certification for Teachers teaching English in Chilean Public Schools English Opens Doors Programme Ministry of Education Overview Background information Language proficiency certification
COMPANY PRESENTATION 1Q 213 Agenda Company Overview Business Strategy Financial Profile Chilean Electricity Sector Overview 2 Colbún at a glance Company Overview Business Power Generation & Trade Market
Colombia: a country with energy diversity Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores República de Colombia As reflected in President Juan Manuel Santos National Development Plan, Colombia's energy industry, in
Phakwe group Growing with Africa GROUP STRUCTURE 2 Energy supply, demand and security There are a wide range of energy resources, with different security of supply and environmental issues: Non-renewable
COMITÉ EMPRESARIAL CHILE-JAPON THE POWER MARKET IN CHILE WHAT IS GOING ON? SANTIAGO-CHILE APRIL 2009 CONTENT Overview of the Energy Sector Energy matrix Energy policy The Electricity Sector: regulatory
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN RENEWABLE ENERGIES FOR CHILE Javier García M. Deputy Head Investment and Development Division Corporación de Fomento de la Producción CORFO The Chilean Economic Development Agency-
Endesa Chile 1H14 Results July 28th 2014 Highlights 12% growth in Operating Revenues due to a higher average electricity sales price expressed in Chilean pesos, along with the full consolidation of GasAtacama
10 02 14 Endesa Chile 2013 Results Highlights for 2013 51% growth in Net Income attributable to Endesa Chile s shareholders. 37% decrease in procurement and service costs, mainly in Chile. 19% increase
Energie The Renewable Energy Sector in Cyprus Dr. Isabelle Riesenkampff, German Energy Agency (dena) Cologne, 29 November 2010 Conference Solar Industry in the Republic of Cyprus Outline: The Renewable
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica The challenges of transmission expansion in the Chilean power sector: market or central planning? Hugh Rudnick IEEE PES 2004
Endesa Chile YE14 Results January 30th 2015 Highlights Operating revenues increased 21%, mainly due to higher energy sales, as a consequence of higher sale price of electricity in Chile, Colombia and Peru,
Published on Tuesday, 21 July 2015 Chile Juan Francisco Mackenna and Sophia Bobadilla Carey 1. What are the principal power sources in your jurisdiction? According to the National Energy Commission (CNE),
POWER & ENERGY A NETWORK OF ENGINEERING SPECIALISTS DEDICATED TO ADD VALUE Techint Engineering & Construction provides Engineering, Procurement, Construction, Operational and Management solutions for large-scale
Case Study From 1 Chile is a leader of the privatization movement in South America. In 1986, to meet the growing demand for energy, Chile began restructuring of the state-owned power sector. Before selling
Toward Energy Security in Chile A Working Paper of the Americas Society/Council of the Americas Energy Action Group Toward Energy Security in Chile A Working Paper of the Americas Society/Council of the
National Forum on Renewable Energy Regulation Success factors for PPAs in Mexico Shirley Wagner Legal Directora Jurídica Acciona Energía México March 7, 2012 1 Content 1. Acciona Energía 2. Energy System
EEU Perspectives towards more Sustainable Energy Sector in Egypt Energy Efficiency Unit (EEU) January 21, 2014 The Challenge Energy Supply/Demand Deficit is expected to reach (30-50) Mtoe between (2022-2030)
Chile Economy-wide implications of a carbon tax in the Chilean electricity generation sector A Policy Brief An output of the CDKN funded project on modelling the socio-economic implications of mitigation
S O L A R F A C T S & FIGURES CHILE Contents 1. General Overview a. Solarplaza PV Trade Mission 1-5 June 2015 b. Introduction c. Summary Strengths and Weaknesses 2. Facts and Figures a. Economic Figures
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP WITH CENTRAL AMERICA, EEP Dr. Markku Nurmi Director General, Ministry of Environment, Finland Chairman of EEP Steering Committee 2007 BACKGROUND Launched in the WSSD,
R&D Solar Development in Chile Dr. Gustavo Ernesto Cáceres Salazar * If you want to walk fast, walk alone, if you want to walk far, walk together! African Proverb Laboratory for Electric Drive Applications
International Solar Energy Arena January 23rd, 2009, Istanbul STEAM (Strategic Technical Economic Research Center) Good morning. Sayin Bakanım. Members of Parliament. Ladies and Gentlemen. Slide 1: Opening
Renewables Policy: A California Perspective Todd Strauss 32nd IAEE International Conference 22 June 2009 0 Agenda California s energy policies Evolution of California s Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)
July 2015 MaRS Market Insights Chile Market Information Report: Chile MaRS Advanced Energy Centre Authors: Simeran Bachra, Mieka Buckley-Pearson, Nina Da Nobrega Garcia and Meg McQuillan Project Manager:
Ulrich Benterbusch Germany's energy transition: Status quo and Challenges. 2 nd Session Group of Experts on Renewable Energy, UNECE, Geneva 1 Agenda. Energy transition: Status quo and official goals. German
ENGLISH OPENS DOORS PROGRAM Ministry of Education CHILE CHILE Llamas, Tarapacá Region Pichidangui, Coquimbo Region Santiago, Metropolitan Region Llaima volcano, Araucania Region Palafitos, Los Lagos Region
A Glance at the Energy Matrix up to 2025 Presentation Colegio de Ingenieros Sebastián Fernández C. Energy Planning Officer June 2009 Table of Contents I. Evolution of the Electricity Market in Chile. II.
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia May 11, 2016 Isabel Soares Head of Institutional Affairs Department 1 Directorate General for Energy and Geology of Portugal AGENDA PORTUGAL OVERVIEW : ENERGY SUPPLY AND DEMAND RENEWABLE
City Supporting partner LOMBARDY REGION (ITALY) A2A CALORE & SERVIZI SRL Map showing local heating and cooling demand and supply MILANO, STREET MAP: MILANO, ANNUAL HEAT DEMAND EXTRACT FROM PETA (STRATEGO
Legal overview Investing in alternative energy projects in Ukraine www.squiresanders.com Table of contents 3 Introduction General legislative framework How to get the Green tariff JI projects in Ukraine
Hon. Jemma Nunu Kumba Minister Ministry of Electricity and Water Resources Republic of South Sudan South Sudan Electricity Sector Investment Opportunities Introduction Status of electricity supply in South
Luis Atienza Chairman & Chief Executive Officer April, 3rd 2009 Index Present Spanish energy outline The Spanish electricity sector Wind power in Spain today Cornerstones of the Spanish leadership in wind
ABENGOA ABENGOA SOLAR Informational dossier 2015 www.abengoasolar.com Abengoa Abengoa (MCE: ABG.B/P SM /NASDAQ: ABGB) applies innovative technology solutions for sustainability in the energy and environment
Current International Perspectives on Smart Grid Developments in Mexico in Light of Energy Reforms Opportunities and Challenges Presented to: Austin Electricity Conference UT Executive Education and Conference
Direction SEI SEI EDF Guadeloupe Agenda 1) EDF Insular Power Systems SEI Division Specificities 2) EDF Guadeloupe The (is)land of RE experiments 3) Problematic Demand/Supply Equilibrium Safety of the system
More than 40% of the electricity generation capacity in Cuba is small-scale distributed plant. This is among the highest proportions in the world, although around half are diesel generators. The country
Glossary of Energy Terms Know Your Power 2012 Towards a Participatory Approach for Sustainable Power Development in the Mekong Region List of terms Terms Page Terms Page Avoided cost 10 Installed capacity
Regulation or Legislation Geographic Eligibility Reporting Period Banking Credit Multipliers Technology - Specific (set asides) NJ MD DC PA DE HB 1308 / SB 869 (2004) Bill 15-747 (4/12/2005) SB 1030/Act
Hydroelectric Power Plant - Los Cóndores Santiago, April 2014 Introduction Los Cóndores, a large hydro project of 150 MW with water flow regulation using the existing water reservoir of the Embalse Laguna
New Developments in the Renewable Energy Sector in Croatia Velimir Šegon Julije Domac Energy Institute Hrvoje Požar Croatia Workshop on "Data Gathering on Renewable Energies for the New Member States and
Analysis of System Stability in Developing and Emerging Countries Country Chapter: El Salvador Table of Contents 1 Background... 4 2 The Salvadorian Power Sector... 5 2.1 Overview... 5 2.1.1 Power Producers...
1 AES GENER HIGHLIGHTS 2 Highlights 2013 VENTANAS IV Start-up of commercial operations in March 2013 COCHRANE PROJECT Financial close and start of construction in March 2013 CAPITAL INCREASE Shareholders
Energy Security in Sri Lanka STATUS, PLANS & CHALLENGES Eng. Buddhika Samarasekara Chief Engineer (Generation Planning) Ceylon Electricity Board 16 th September 2014 1 ENERGY SECURITY WHAT WOULD BE? IS
Grid Tracker: Connect using the web link and new phone / passcode information: Web link: http://westgov.adobeconnect.com/gridtracker/ Phone: 1-888-850-4523 Passcode: 169969# Workshop August 28, 2013 Grid
THE UNION OF CHAMBERS AND COMMODITY EXCHANGES OF TURKEY RENEWABLE ENERGY INVESTMENTS Rising Star In Fast Developing Market Turkey 17.April 2012 Gökmen Topuz Energy Council Vice Chairman INDEX Turkish Energy
Expression of Interest to participate in the financing of the Scaling-up Renewable Energy Program (SREP) in Low Income Countries Climate Investment Funds I. COUNTRY AND GOVERNMENT AGENCY SUBMITTING EXPRESSION
CEYLON ELECTRICITY BOARD Sri Lanka s Power Generation Renewable Energy Prospective Eng. Noel Priyantha Chief Engineer (Renewable Energy) Transmission Division Ceylon Electricity Board Sri Lanka May 2016
Solar Market Potential in Mexico c Gauss Energia Alberto Valdés Joscha Rosenbusch President Mexican Solar Association Principal Advisor GIZ Programa Energia Solar a Gran Escala en México (DKTI-Solar) Intersolar
Navajo Generation Station NREL Phase 2 Study Northern Arizona University Tribal Solar Working Group Kevin Black, Sr. Program Manager Energy Development Bureau of Reclamation Phoenix Area Office NREL is
Renewable Energy in Turkey Promotion of Renewable Energy in a Liberalizing Turkish Energy Sector (2002-2012) Yusuf YAZAR General Manager General Directorate of Renewable Energy 1 Import Dependency Relative
Legal framework in Poland Renewable Energy Market in Poland Division of the market at the end of September 2010 the market (based on the data published by the Polish Energy Regulatory Office, ERO) Type
AI for Smart Cities XIII Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence Turin (Italy), December 4-6, 2013 Enel Engineering and Research Sandra Scalari Enel is a global integrated energy
Renewable energy opportunities in the transformation of the energy system Dipl.Ing. Josef Plank, R 20 Vienna 2014 10 09 President of Renewable Energy Austria (EEÖ) Managing Director of RENERGIE GmbH Energy
Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions 1. EXPANSION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY: China focuses on a massive expansion with non fossil energy that is renewable energy and nuclear energy. The
Transmission Planning in the ERCOT Interconnection Warren Lasher Manager, Long-Term Planning and Policy Department of Energy Electricity Advisory Committee The ERCOT Interconnection The ERCOT Region is
Ministry of Power & Energy Institutional Frame work Power sector overview Renewable energy policy Major issues and barriers Institutional Framework Sustainable Energy Authority The Sri Lanka Sustainable
Oliver Frank Germany's renewable energy sector in the context of energy transition. May 11 th, Hong Kong 1 Agenda. About dena Energy transition / main trends in the German energy sector Renewable Energies
District Heating in Denmark - 2 questions and 5 answers on how to promote cost-effective DH nationwide Ole Odgaard Senior Advisor Delegation from France - 13 September 2016 Facts on Danish District Heating
Espacio para foto PERUVIAN ELECTRICITY MARKET AND THE RENEWABLE ENERGY PROMOTION www.export-erneuerbare.de PERU A COUNTRY OF OPPORTUNITIES ELECTRICITY SECTOR INDICATORS IN PERU Source: OSINERGMIN (2014)
Client Alert Latin America Energy Finance October 27, 2014 Mexico s Guidelines for Clean Energy Certificates Will Support Renewable Energy Development By Michael S. Hindus, Eric Save and John B. McNeece
1 Natural Gas and Electricity Coordination Experiences and Challenges Challenges Facing the New England Power System Gordon van Welie, President and CEO, ISO New England 2015 IEEE Power & Energy Society
South African Solar Energy Perspectives 6 December 2011 1 Agenda2 Solar Energy in South African Context What are our most attractive solar possibilities Barriers to deploying various solar technologies
Promotion policy of renewable energy sources in Romania 25.06.2009 Grand Hotel Dana Chirvase counsellor General Directorate for Energy, Oil and Gas Intermediate Body for Energy Ministry of Economy - Romania
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 14 th November 2011 Renewable Energy Framework in Spain. Marine Technologies Juan Ramón Ayuso Ortiz Wind Energy Department Table of contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 IDAE: Mission and activities