Franklin Delano Roosevelt

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1 Franklin Delano Roosevelt The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. By: Lorin Murphy This book belongs to:

2 Fun Facts About Franklin He was President of the United States longer than any other President. When he was 39 he could no longer walk. His family was very wealthy, or rich, and he even had pet ponies! Franklin s cousin Theodore was also President of the United States. Franklin s face has been on the dime since D I L I G E Franklin Roosevelt Acrostic N T

3 Franklin s Death On April 12 th, 1945, Franklin died at The Little White House in Warm Springs, Georgia. Vice President Harry Truman became President. A few months later, in August, Japan surrendered and World War II ended. Franklin s Early Life Franklin Delano Roosevelt, or FDR, was born in Hyde Park, New York in He was the only child of a rich, or wealthy family. Many people think Franklin was one of our best presidents ever. The plans he made in his New Deal have given us many roads, libraries, dams, and schools that we still use today. He started groups and laws to help people who didn t have a lot of money. People still get help from Franklin s programs today.

4 Even though Franklin s family had a lot of money, Franklin understood that many people did not. When he was a teenager, he ran a camp for boys who did not have enough money to pay to go to camp. He also helped the elderly, or older people who did not have much money. In 1944, Franklin was elected president for the fourth time. He was tired, but he wanted to lead America through the end of the war. He met with other world leaders and started a group called the United Nations or U.N. that still exists today. The U.N. began planning ways to make the whole world a peaceful place with no wars. Why do you think there are so many flags in front of the United Nations building today?

5 One way that Americans cooperated during the war was by rationing food and supplies. Rationing meant that each person could only have a small amount of certain foods or items. Because of rationing, there was enough food, warm clothing, and metal to send to the troops fighting in World War II. When Franklin was in college, he studied to be a lawyer. He also met a special woman who believed in helping others as much as he did. Her name was Eleanor. Franklin and Eleanor got married in One Person's Weekly Food Allowance Butter 4oz 12oz Sugar 4oz 2 6oz 2oz Bacon Eggs Meat Tea How do you think rationing changed life for Americans during WWII?

6 Tough Times for Franklin By 1921 Franklin Roosevelt was a very busy man. He was a father who loved to play with his children. He was a politician who served in the senate and even ran for Vice President (and lost). He was a businessman who ran a big company in New York. Then, all of a sudden, something terrible happened to Franklin. Add these events to the timeline below: 1905, Franklin marries Eleanor. 1882, Franklin is born in New York. 1921, Franklin finds out he has polio. 1904, Franklin graduates from college. The Home Front Franklin used his radio speeches to tell Americans how they could help win the war. Some people joined the fight as soldiers. Others grew their own food so that food grown on farms could be used to feed soldiers. When men left to fight, women took over their jobs in factories. Children collected scraps of metal that could be used for war supplies. All Americans cooperated to support the soldiers

7 December 7 th, 1941 On December 7 th, 1941, Japan attacked a place called Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor was a place in Hawaii where a lot of American soldiers lived. Franklin could not keep the United States out of the war any longer. We had been attacked and we had to fight back. America began fighting in World War II on the side of the Allied Powers. Franklin found out that he had a disease called polio. His disease paralyzed his legs. Franklin could no longer walk. How would such a busy man keep going if he couldn t even walk? How do you think polio made life more difficult for Franklin?

8 Fortunately, Franklin Roosevelt was a very diligent person who never gave up. He exercised his legs to help make them stronger. He did not give up on his dreams of helping others, even though he sometimes needed help himself. Eleanor helped her husband by making speeches for him when he could not travel. A War Begins In 1939, lots of countries had gone to war. Dictators, or powerful and unkind rulers, controlled Italy and Germany. These dictators were hurting lots of people all over Europe and taking away their liberty, or personal freedom. Many Americans wanted to stay out of the fighting. No Americans were being hurt, so they thought the war was not America s problem. Leaders from Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a pact called the Tripartite Pact. They pledged to fight and work together against the Allied Powers. They became known as the Axis Powers.

9 A Second and Third Term In 1936, Franklin was reelected to a second term as president. He was elected for a third term in No president had ever been elected three times before. FDR was sworn in as president for the first time on March 4 th, He remained president until April 12 th, How long did FDR serve the United States as president? Show your work: In 1924, Franklin visited a place called Warms Springs, Georgia. The warm water in the springs was supposed to help people with polio. Franklin liked visiting Warm Springs so much that he built a house there. You can still go and visit his Little White House today. Warm Springs About how many miles is it from Atlanta to Warm Springs?

10 In 1928 Franklin ran for Governor of New York. Some voters did not want to vote for a man who had to use a wheelchair or crutches to move around, but most people knew that his disability would not stop him from being a good governor. He won the election anyway. Match the term to its definition. 1. diligence a. Having lots of money, rich 2. disability 3. Governor b. Hard work and effort over a long time c. a physical or mental problem that makes it hard to do every day things Franklin and his wife Eleanor had to cooperate to help American people. Eleanor traveled around the country making speeches and helping people stay hopeful. She came back home and told Franklin all the things she had seen and heard. Franklin was a better president because he knew what was happening all over the USA. FDR s New Deal led to many programs that improved life for Americans. Fill in the cause and effect chart below with some of those improvements. Cause Effect The Public Works Administration, or PWA planned for new roads, bridges and hospitals. 4. wealthy d. the leader of a state s executive branch The Tennesee Valley Authority, or TVA planned to carry electricity to parts of the country that never had electricity before.

11 The New Deal As president, Franklin also wanted to help Americans by making new laws to improve their lives. He started a program to create national parks. Franklin also planned lots of new roads, dams, libraries, and schools. He made plans to bring electricity to places in America that didn t have it yet. These ideas made new jobs for lots of poor Americans. These Americans felt proud to make money and support their families. The Great Depression The next year, 1929, was the beginning of a tough time for Americans. The Great Depression began. During the depression millions of people lost their jobs, became very poor, and even lost their homes.

12 Franklin wanted to help the people who were suffering in the hard times of the Depression. He ran for President of the United States. When he gave campaign speeches he promised a new deal for the American people. Americans believed Franklin would help them. He beat his opponent by many votes and became president in Fireside Chats Franklin thought he could help Americans to have courage in hard times. He started giving weekly speeches on the radio called fireside chats. He tried to give people ideas to solve their problems. He told them, The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. Franklin got 57% of the votes. His opponent, Herbert Hoover got 40%. Color in the bar graph below to show the votes the two candidates received Hoover Roosevelt

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