DNA & Protein Synthesis Exam

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "DNA & Protein Synthesis Exam"

Transcription

1 DNA & Protein Synthesis Exam DO NOT WRITE ON EXAM EXAM # VER. B Multiple choice Directions: Answer the following questions based on the following diagram. (1pt. each) 5. The above nucleotide is purine b. An enzyme c. A pyramidine d. None of the above 6. The DNA molecule is in the shape of a(n) a. Single strand b. Alpha helix c. Beta pleated sheet d. Double helix 7. The mrna Molecule is in the shape of a(n) a. Single strand b. Alpha helix c. Beta pleated sheet d. Double helix 1. In the above item A refers to the 2. In the above item B refers to the 3. In the above item C refers to the 4. The sugar molecule represented consists of Carbons. a. 3 b. 4 c. 5 d The Backbone of the DNA molecule is made of which components of the nucleotide from the above diagram? & B b. B & C c. A & C d. B only 9. The component which binds complimentarily according to base pairing rules is item. b. B c. C d. None of the above 10. According to base pairing rules with DNA "A" bonds only to b. C c. T d. U e. G 1

2 11. The "Central Dogma" of genetics states the usual order of events in protein synthesis proceeds along which of the following sequences? a. RNA DNA Protein b. DNA Ribosome RNA c. DNA Protein RNADNA RNA Protein Matching: Directions: Match the enzyme with the correct function of that enzyme 12. DNA Helicase A. Binds RNA primer to lagging strand of DNA 13. RNA polymerase B. "Unzips" DNA strand 14. Primase C. Adds deoxyribonucleotides along a DNA strand 15 DNA polymerase D. Adds ribonucleotides along an RNA strand 16. Ligase E. Links DNA fragments on lagging strand Directions: For the following questions, refer to the diagram below n 19. t Item labeled B refers to a. The codon b. Amino acid attachment site c. The anticodon d. A hydrogen bond Directions: For the following questions, refer to the diagram below 17. The above diagram refers to a molecule of a. mrna b. DNA c. trna d. rrna 18. Item labeled A refers to a. The codon b. Amino acid attachment site c. The anticodon d. A hydrogen bond 20. Given the above DNA strand. If replication was proceeding from bottom to top, which strand would be the "lagging" Strand? b. B c. None of the above 2

3 Directions: For the following questions, refer to the diagram below and match the letter of the indicated structure. 30. The DNA strand from which mrna is transcribed is known as the a. Leading Strand b. Sense strand c. Lagging Strand d. Nonsense strand e. None of the above 31. Reproductive cloning would most likely result in a. Republican domination of the world b. Transplantable hearts c. Nervous tissue generation d. A human clone baby 21. Large ribosomal subunit 22. Ribosome 23. mrna strand 24. Polypeptide 25. Small subunit 26. The ribosomes are made in which cellular structure in the eukaryotic cell. a. Rough endoplasmic reticulum b. Ribosobium complex c. Nucleolus d. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum 27. The experiment in which DNA and proteins were isolated, and used to transform rough strain bacteria was cunducted by which researcher(s)? a. Watson & Crick b. Fredrick Griffith c. Avery, McCarthy & McLeod d. Hershey & Chase 32. RNA molecules differ from DNA in the following ways except a. I its smaller b. It is single stranded c. It contains no adenine d. It has ribose, not deoxyribose as it's 5 carbon sugar e. None of the above 33. The three basepair sequence found on an mrna strand is called the a. Codon b. Anticodon c. Coda d. Genome 34. DNA replication occurs in which direction? a. 5' 3' b. 3' 5' c. Both a & b d. Neither a or b 28. DNA gel electrophoresis separates DNA fragments by a. Density b. Strength of charge c. Number of adenine subunits d. Size 29. A mutation which results in the changing of all the codons following the error is called a mutation. a. a. frameshift b. a point only mutation c. Chromosomal mutation d. Germ mutation 3

4 4

5 NAME: DATE: PER: VER:.A Directions: Using the genetic code table below, take the following DNA sequencee and complete the following information below. (3 points each step) DNA Sequence: TACCCC CATTTAA ACATACC CACT 35. Complimentary DNA strand: 36. mrna Strand: 37. Polypeptide sequence: Directions: Use the restriction map below to complete the following electrophoresis problem. Draw the products of the digestion of plasmid Stan2 (left), into the electrophoresiss gel diagram (right) 38. Plot Lane A with the digest if only EcoR1 was used 39. Plot Lane B with the digest from EcoR1, & Hind III 40. Plot Lane C with the digest from EcoR1, Hind III, & Sma1 41. Plot Lane D with the digest from all the restriction enzymes. 5

Study Guide Chapter 12

Study Guide Chapter 12 Study Guide Chapter 12 1. Know ALL of your vocabulary words! 2. Name the following scientists with their contributions to Discovering DNA: a. Strains can be transformed (or changed) into other forms while

More information

Ch. 12: DNA and RNA 12.1 DNA Chromosomes and DNA Replication

Ch. 12: DNA and RNA 12.1 DNA Chromosomes and DNA Replication Ch. 12: DNA and RNA 12.1 DNA A. To understand genetics, biologists had to learn the chemical makeup of the gene Genes are made of DNA DNA stores and transmits the genetic information from one generation

More information

OUTCOMES. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS IB Biology Core Topic 3.5 Transcription and Translation OVERVIEW ANIMATION CONTEXT RIBONUCLEIC ACID (RNA)

OUTCOMES. PROTEIN SYNTHESIS IB Biology Core Topic 3.5 Transcription and Translation OVERVIEW ANIMATION CONTEXT RIBONUCLEIC ACID (RNA) OUTCOMES PROTEIN SYNTHESIS IB Biology Core Topic 3.5 Transcription and Translation 3.5.1 Compare the structure of RNA and DNA. 3.5.2 Outline DNA transcription in terms of the formation of an RNA strand

More information

Chapter 10: Protein Synthesis. Biology

Chapter 10: Protein Synthesis. Biology Chapter 10: Protein Synthesis Biology Let s Review What are proteins? Chains of amino acids Some are enzymes Some are structural components of cells and tissues More Review What are ribosomes? Cell structures

More information

DNA, RNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

DNA, RNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS DNA, RNA AND PROTEIN SYNTHESIS Evolution of Eukaryotic Cells Eukaryotes are larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles. Oldest eukarytotic fossil is 1800 million years

More information

DNA replication. DNA RNA Protein

DNA replication. DNA RNA Protein DNA replication The central dogma of molecular biology transcription translation DNA RNA Protein replication Revers transcriptase The information stored by DNA: - protein structure - the regulation of

More information

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Keystone 1. During the process shown above, the two strands of one DNA molecule are unwound. Then, DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand which results

More information

DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis. This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!!

DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis. This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!! DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!! The Discovery of DNA s Structure Watson and Crick s discovery of DNA s structure was based on almost fifty years of research by other

More information

1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category?

1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? DNA and Genetics 1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? A. genome chromosome gene DNA molecule B. genome chromosome DNA

More information

DNA TM Review And EXAM Review. Ms. Martinez

DNA TM Review And EXAM Review. Ms. Martinez DNA TM Review And EXAM Review Ms. Martinez 1. Write out the full name for DNA molecule. Deoxyribonucleic acid 2. What are chromosomes? threadlike strands made of DNA and PROTEIN 3. What does DNA control

More information

II. DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid Located in the nucleus of the cell Codes for your genes

II. DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid Located in the nucleus of the cell Codes for your genes HEREDITY = passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring How?...DNA! I. DNA, Chromosomes, Chromatin, and Genes DNA = blueprint of life (has the instructions for making an organism) Chromatin=

More information

2. The number of different kinds of nucleotides present in any DNA molecule is A) four B) six C) two D) three

2. The number of different kinds of nucleotides present in any DNA molecule is A) four B) six C) two D) three Chem 121 Chapter 22. Nucleic Acids 1. Any given nucleotide in a nucleic acid contains A) two bases and a sugar. B) one sugar, two bases and one phosphate. C) two sugars and one phosphate. D) one sugar,

More information

I. DNA, Chromosomes, Chromatin, and Genes. II. DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid Located in the of the cell Codes for your - discovered DNA in 1928

I. DNA, Chromosomes, Chromatin, and Genes. II. DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid Located in the of the cell Codes for your - discovered DNA in 1928 Name: Period: Date: = passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring How?...! I. DNA, Chromosomes, Chromatin, and Genes = blueprint of life (has the instructions for making an organism) = uncoiled

More information

Opening Activity: Where in the cell does transcription take place? Latin Root Word: Review of Old Information: Transcription Video New Information:

Opening Activity: Where in the cell does transcription take place? Latin Root Word: Review of Old Information: Transcription Video New Information: Section 1.4 Name: Opening Activity: Where in the cell does transcription take place? Latin Root Word: Review of Old Information: Transcription Video New Information: Protein Synthesis: pages 193-196 As

More information

Choose the response which best answers the question or completes the statement.

Choose the response which best answers the question or completes the statement. Choose the response which best answers the question or completes the statement. 1. The process of transformation in bacteria involves (1.) transfer of genes for making a capsule. (2.) infection with a

More information

Unit 6 Study Guide Protein Name pg I can tell the difference between mrna, trna, and rrna.

Unit 6 Study Guide Protein Name pg I can tell the difference between mrna, trna, and rrna. Unit 6 Study Guide Protein Name pg. 1 1. I can tell the difference between mrna, trna, and rrna. Messenger RNA (mrna) acts as a copy of the instructions for making a protein. mrna carries these instructions

More information

From DNA to Protein. Proteins. Chapter 13. Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. The Path From Genes to Proteins. All proteins consist of polypeptide chains

From DNA to Protein. Proteins. Chapter 13. Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. The Path From Genes to Proteins. All proteins consist of polypeptide chains Proteins From DNA to Protein Chapter 13 All proteins consist of polypeptide chains A linear sequence of amino acids Each chain corresponds to the nucleotide base sequence of a gene The Path From Genes

More information

Name Class Date. Figure 13 1. 2. Which nucleotide in Figure 13 1 indicates the nucleic acid above is RNA? a. uracil c. cytosine b. guanine d.

Name Class Date. Figure 13 1. 2. Which nucleotide in Figure 13 1 indicates the nucleic acid above is RNA? a. uracil c. cytosine b. guanine d. 13 Multiple Choice RNA and Protein Synthesis Chapter Test A Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. Which of the following are found in both

More information

(DNA) 2 = = RNA - DNA

(DNA) 2 = = RNA - DNA Genetics and Cellular Function Genes and nucleic acids Protein synthesis and secretion DNA replication and the cell cycle Chromosomes and heredity Organization of the Chromatin Threadlike chromatin = chromosomes

More information

DNA. Discovery of the DNA double helix

DNA. Discovery of the DNA double helix DNA Replication DNA Discovery of the DNA double helix A. 1950 s B. Rosalind Franklin - X-ray photo of DNA. C. Watson and Crick - described the DNA molecule from Franklin s X-ray. What is DNA? Question:

More information

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) Genetic material of cells GENES units of genetic material that CODES FOR A SPECIFIC TRAIT Called NUCLEIC ACIDS DNA is made up of repeating molecules called NUCLEOTIDES Phosphate

More information

2. Why did biologists used to think that proteins are the genetic material?

2. Why did biologists used to think that proteins are the genetic material? Chapter 16: DNA: The Genetic Material 1. What must genetic material do? 2. Why did biologists used to think that proteins are the genetic material? 3. Describe Griffith s experiments with genetic transformation

More information

Biology 3 Transcription, Translation, and Mutations

Biology 3 Transcription, Translation, and Mutations Biology 3 Transcription, Translation, and Mutations Dr. Terence Lee Overview 1. DNA and RNA structure 2. DNA replication 3. Transcription makes RNA 4. Translation makes protein James Watson, Francis Crick,

More information

B5 B8 ANWERS DNA & ) DNA

B5 B8 ANWERS DNA & ) DNA Review sheet for test B5 B8 ANWERS DNA review 1. What bonds hold complementary bases between 2 strands of DNA together? Hydrogen bonds 2. What bonds exist between sugars and phosphates? Covalent bonds

More information

LEVEL TWO BIOLOGY: GENE EXPRESSION

LEVEL TWO BIOLOGY: GENE EXPRESSION LEVEL TWO BIOLOGY: GENE EXPRESSION Protein synthesis DNA structure and replication Polypeptide chains and amino acids Mutations Metabolic pathways Protein Synthesis: I can define a protein in terms of

More information

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - An individual s characteristics are determines by factors that are passed from one parental generation to the next. - During gamete formation, the alleles for

More information

Transcription Animations

Transcription Animations Transcription Animations Name: Lew Ports Biology Place http://www.lewport.wnyric.org/jwanamaker/animations/protein%20synthesis%20-%20long.html Protein is the making of proteins from the information found

More information

It took a while for biologists to figure out that genetic information was carried on DNA.

It took a while for biologists to figure out that genetic information was carried on DNA. DNA Finally, we want to understand how all of the things we've talked about (genes, alleles, meiosis, etc.) come together at the molecular level. Ultimately, what is an allele? What is a gene? How does

More information

Bio EOC Questions for DNA and Protein Synthesis

Bio EOC Questions for DNA and Protein Synthesis Bio EOC Review Topics for DNA and Protein Synthesis o DNA: structure - What are the parts of a nucleotide? sugar, acid, N-bases (and be able to identify these parts on a diagram) A-T / T-A / C-G / G-C

More information

Transcription & Translation. Part of Protein Synthesis

Transcription & Translation. Part of Protein Synthesis Transcription & Translation Part of Protein Synthesis Three processes Initiation Transcription Elongation Termination Initiation The RNA polymerase binds to the DNA molecule upstream of the gene at the

More information

Provincial Exam Questions. 9. Give one role of each of the following nucleic acids in the production of an enzyme.

Provincial Exam Questions. 9. Give one role of each of the following nucleic acids in the production of an enzyme. Provincial Exam Questions Unit: Cell Biology: Protein Synthesis (B7 & B8) 2010 Jan 3. Describe the process of translation. (4 marks) 2009 Sample 8. What is the role of ribosomes in protein synthesis? A.

More information

Academic Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis Test

Academic Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis Test Academic Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Each organism has a unique combination

More information

From DNA to Protein. Chapter 14

From DNA to Protein. Chapter 14 From DNA to Protein Chapter 14 Impacts, Issues: Ricin and your Ribosomes Ricin is toxic because it inactivates ribosomes, the organelles which assemble amino acids into proteins, critical to life processes

More information

PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS

PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS PART A: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS DNA & PROTEIN SYNTHESIS B 1. One of the functions of DNA is to A. secrete vacuoles. B. make copies of itself. C. join amino acids to each other.

More information

Complementary Base Pairs: A and T. DNA contains complementary base pairs in which adenine is always linked by two hydrogen bonds to thymine (A T).

Complementary Base Pairs: A and T. DNA contains complementary base pairs in which adenine is always linked by two hydrogen bonds to thymine (A T). Complementary Base Pairs: A and T DNA contains complementary base pairs in which adenine is always linked by two hydrogen bonds to thymine (A T). Complementary Base Pairs: G and C DNA contains complementary

More information

Lecture 9 DNA Structure & Replication

Lecture 9 DNA Structure & Replication Lecture 9 DNA Structure & Replication What is a Gene? Mendel s work left a key question unanswered: What is a gene? The work of Sutton and Morgan established that genes reside on chromosomes But chromosomes

More information

Web Quest: DNA & Protein Synthesis Biology 1

Web Quest: DNA & Protein Synthesis Biology 1 Web Quest: DNA & Protein Synthesis Biology 1 Name: TO ACCESS THE WEBSITES IN THIS WEB QUEST WITHOUT HAVING TO TYPE IN ALL OF THE URLs: 1. Go to alkire.weebly.com 2. Mouse over Biology 1 3. Click on Online

More information

DNA AND IT S ROLE IN HEREDITY

DNA AND IT S ROLE IN HEREDITY DNA AND IT S ROLE IN HEREDITY Lesson overview and objectives - DNA/RNA structural properties What are DNA and RNA made of What are the structural differences between DNA and RNA What is the structure of

More information

Unit 9: DNA, RNA, and Proteins. Pig and elephant DNA just don t splice, but why?

Unit 9: DNA, RNA, and Proteins. Pig and elephant DNA just don t splice, but why? Unit 9: DNA, RNA, and Proteins Pig and elephant DNA just don t splice, but why? BONUS - History of DNA Structure of DNA 3.3.1 - Outline DNA nucleotide structure in terms of sugar (deoxyribose), base and

More information

Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2

Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2 Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2 Questions 1. Scientific method: What does each of these entail? Investigation and Experimentation Problem Hypothesis Methods Results/Data Discussion/Conclusion

More information

Figure During transcription, RNA nucleotides base-pair one by one with DNA

Figure During transcription, RNA nucleotides base-pair one by one with DNA Objectives Describe the process of DNA transcription. Explain how an RNA message is edited. Describe how RNA is translated to a protein. Summarize protein synthesis. Key Terms messenger RNA (mrna) RNA

More information

INTRODUCTION TO DNA. DNA, CHROMOSOMES AND GENES How do these terms relate to one another?

INTRODUCTION TO DNA. DNA, CHROMOSOMES AND GENES How do these terms relate to one another? INTRODUCTION TO DNA You've probably heard the term a million times. You know that DNA is something inside cells; you probably know that DNA has something to do with who we are and how we get to look the

More information

Biol 101 Exam 5: Molecular Genetics Fall 2008

Biol 101 Exam 5: Molecular Genetics Fall 2008 MULTIPLE CHOICE. This exam has 60 questions. All answers go on the SCANTRON provided. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The genetic material of all

More information

RNA and Protein Synthesis Biology Mr. Hines

RNA and Protein Synthesis Biology Mr. Hines RNA and Protein Synthesis 12.3 Biology Mr. Hines Now we know how DNA (genes) are copied. But how is it used to make a living organism? Most of the structures inside of a cell are made of protein - so we

More information

Molecular Genetics. RNA, Transcription, & Protein Synthesis

Molecular Genetics. RNA, Transcription, & Protein Synthesis Molecular Genetics RNA, Transcription, & Protein Synthesis Section 1 RNA AND TRANSCRIPTION Objectives Describe the primary functions of RNA Identify how RNA differs from DNA Describe the structure and

More information

Section 12 3 RNA and Protein Synthesis

Section 12 3 RNA and Protein Synthesis Name Class Date Section 12 3 RNA and Protein Synthesis (pages 300 306) Key Concepts What are the three main types of RNA? What is transcription? What is translation? The Structure of RNA (page 300) 1.

More information

Chapter 6: DNA: Hereditary Molecules of Life pg : DNA Replication and Repair pg

Chapter 6: DNA: Hereditary Molecules of Life pg : DNA Replication and Repair pg UNIT 3: Molecular Genetics Chapter 6: DNA: Hereditary Molecules of Life pg. 268-6.4: DNA Replication and Repair pg. 282-290 The DNA molecule is capable of replicating on its own. This is important for

More information

Transcription and Translation of DNA

Transcription and Translation of DNA Transcription and Translation of DNA Genotype our genetic constitution ( makeup) is determined (controlled) by the sequence of bases in its genes Phenotype determined by the proteins synthesised when genes

More information

Genetics Notes C. Molecular Genetics

Genetics Notes C. Molecular Genetics Genetics Notes C Molecular Genetics Vocabulary central dogma of molecular biology Chargaff's rules messenger RNA (mrna) ribosomal RNA (rrna) transfer RNA (trna) Your DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, contains

More information

Translation Study Guide

Translation Study Guide Translation Study Guide This study guide is a written version of the material you have seen presented in the replication unit. In translation, the cell uses the genetic information contained in mrna to

More information

Transcription Activity Guide

Transcription Activity Guide Transcription Activity Guide Teacher Key Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Introduction Central Dogma: DNA to RNA to Protein Almost all dynamic functions in a living organism depend on proteins. Proteins are molecular

More information

DNA: Molecule of Life

DNA: Molecule of Life DNA: Molecule of Life History DNA Structure Protein Synthesis Gene Regulation History of DNA H I S T O By the 1940 s, scientists knew that chromosomes consisted of both DNA and protein but did not know

More information

The Genetic Code There are 20 amino acids, but there are only four nucleotide bases in DNA. How many nucleotides correspond to an amino acid?

The Genetic Code There are 20 amino acids, but there are only four nucleotide bases in DNA. How many nucleotides correspond to an amino acid? CH 17 Transcription & Translation Basic Principles of Transcription & Translation RNA is the bridge between genes and the proteins for which they code. Transcription is the synthesis of RNA under the direction

More information

Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism )

Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism ) Biology 1406 Exam 3 Notes Structure of DNA Ch. 10 Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism ) Proteins

More information

DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations. Chapters 12-13.3

DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations. Chapters 12-13.3 DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations Chapters 12-13.3 1A)Identify the components of DNA and explain its role in heredity. DNA s Role in heredity: Contains the genetic information of a cell that can

More information

Structure and Function of DNA

Structure and Function of DNA Structure and Function of DNA DNA and RNA Structure DNA and RNA are nucleic acids. They consist of chemical units called nucleotides. The nucleotides are joined by a sugar-phosphate backbone. The four

More information

Unit 6 ~ Learning Guide

Unit 6 ~ Learning Guide Unit 6 ~ Learning Guide Name: INSTRUCTIONS Complete the following notes and questions as you work through the related lessons. You are required to have this package completed BEFORE you write your unit

More information

1. In the experiments of Griffith, the conversion of nonlethal R-strain bacteria to lethal S- strain bacteria:

1. In the experiments of Griffith, the conversion of nonlethal R-strain bacteria to lethal S- strain bacteria: Name Chapter 12: DNA: The Carrier of Genetic Information Mrs. Laux AP Biology Take home test #10 on Chaps. 12 and 13 DUE: MONDAY, DECEMBER 14, 2009 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. In the experiments of Griffith,

More information

DNA Structure and Replication. Chapter Nine

DNA Structure and Replication. Chapter Nine DNA Structure and Replication Chapter Nine 2005 We know: DNAis the hereditary material DNAhas a double helix structure Made of four bases; A,T,C,G Sugar-Phosphate backbone DNAreplication is semi-conservative

More information

AP Biology TEST #5 - Chapters 11-14, 16 - REVIEW SHEET

AP Biology TEST #5 - Chapters 11-14, 16 - REVIEW SHEET NAME: AP Biology TEST #5 - Chapters 11-14, 16 - REVIEW SHEET 1. Griffith's experiments showing the transformation of R strain pneumococcus bacteria to S strain pneumococcus bacteria in the presence of

More information

Genetics. Chapter 9. Chromosome. Genes Three categories. Flow of Genetics/Information The Central Dogma. DNA RNA Protein

Genetics. Chapter 9. Chromosome. Genes Three categories. Flow of Genetics/Information The Central Dogma. DNA RNA Protein Chapter 9 Topics - Genetics - Flow of Genetics/Information - Regulation - Mutation - Recombination gene transfer Genetics Genome - the sum total of genetic information in a organism Genotype - the A's,

More information

7 Nucleic acids. Chapter summary a reminder of the issues to be revised

7 Nucleic acids. Chapter summary a reminder of the issues to be revised 7 Nucleic acids Chapter summary a reminder of the issues to be revised 1 DNA, an extremely long, thread-like macromolecule, consists of two anti-parallel polynucleotide strands, paired together and held

More information

DNA - The Double Helix

DNA - The Double Helix DNA - The Double Helix Name: Date: Recall that the nucleus is a small spherical, dense body in a cell. It is often called the "control center" because it controls all the activities of the cell including

More information

Multiple Choice Review- Genes

Multiple Choice Review- Genes Multiple Choice Review- Genes 1. Deoxyribonucleic acid nucleotides are composed of a. Ribose sugar, a phosphate group and one of four bases (adenine, cytosine, thymine and guanine) b. Ribose sugar, a phosphate

More information

Lab #5: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis. Heredity & Human Affairs (Biology 1605) Spring 2012

Lab #5: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis. Heredity & Human Affairs (Biology 1605) Spring 2012 Lab #5: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis Heredity & Human Affairs (Biology 1605) Spring 2012 DNA Stands for : Deoxyribonucleic Acid Double-stranded helix Made up of nucleotides Each nucleotide= 1. 5-carbon

More information

a. Ribosomal RNA rrna a type ofrna that combines with proteins to form Ribosomes on which polypeptide chains of proteins are assembled

a. Ribosomal RNA rrna a type ofrna that combines with proteins to form Ribosomes on which polypeptide chains of proteins are assembled Biology 101 Chapter 14 Name: Fill-in-the-Blanks Which base follows the next in a strand of DNA is referred to. as the base (1) Sequence. The region of DNA that calls for the assembly of specific amino

More information

POGIL Cell Biology Activity 6 DNA Replication MODEL 1: "Replication Bubble"

POGIL Cell Biology Activity 6 DNA Replication MODEL 1: Replication Bubble POGIL Cell Biology Activity 6 DNA Replication MODEL 1: "Replication Bubble" The circle is an E. coli chromosome at the beginning of DNA synthesis. The original DNA strands are called "parental strands".

More information

From DNA to Protein! (Transcription & Translation)! I. An Overview

From DNA to Protein! (Transcription & Translation)! I. An Overview Protein Synthesis! From DNA to Protein! (Transcription & Translation)! I. An Overview A. Certain sequences of nucleotides in DNA [called genes], can be expressed/used as a code to determine the sequence

More information

CH107 Mock Exam 2. 3) Which of the following is a purine base? A) Uracil B) Adenine C) Thymine D) Cysteine E) Orotate

CH107 Mock Exam 2. 3) Which of the following is a purine base? A) Uracil B) Adenine C) Thymine D) Cysteine E) Orotate 100 pts. 1-34 2pts, 35-40 8pts. (choose 4 of 6) 1) What are the components of DNA? A) Ribonucleic acid, B) Amino group, phosphate group, pentose sugar C) Sugar-phosphate backbone D) fructose sugar, nitrogen

More information

Tuesday 11/13. Agenda 1.Warm Up (Stamp HW) 2.Protein Synthesis Notes 3.HW Time (Transcription/ Translation Worksheet)

Tuesday 11/13. Agenda 1.Warm Up (Stamp HW) 2.Protein Synthesis Notes 3.HW Time (Transcription/ Translation Worksheet) Tuesday 11/13 Warm Up 1.What are the three parts of a nucleotide? How do two nucleotides link together 2.What binds the two strands of DNA together? Be Specific 3.What are the three main enzymes of DNA

More information

Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA Nucleic Acids Responsible for the transfer of genetic information. Two forms of nucleic acids: Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Mainly found in cytoplasm Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Found

More information

CCR Biology - Chapter 8 Practice Test - Summer 2012

CCR Biology - Chapter 8 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Name: Class: Date: CCR Biology - Chapter 8 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What did Hershey and Chase know

More information

Biology - Student Reader & Workbook Unit 3, Chapter 4: Molecular Genetics - DNA Structure and Protein Synthesis

Biology - Student Reader & Workbook Unit 3, Chapter 4: Molecular Genetics - DNA Structure and Protein Synthesis Biology - Student Reader & Workbook Unit 3, Chapter 4: Molecular Genetics - DNA Structure and Protein Synthesis UNIT 3, CHAPTER 4: MOLECULAR GENETICS: DNA STRUCTURE AND... 3 PROTEIN SYNTHESIS... 3 LESSON

More information

Chapter 10 Manipulating Genes

Chapter 10 Manipulating Genes How DNA Molecules Are Analyzed Chapter 10 Manipulating Genes Until the development of recombinant DNA techniques, crucial clues for understanding how cell works remained lock in the genome. Important advances

More information

INTRODUCTION TO DNA Replication

INTRODUCTION TO DNA Replication INTRODUCTION TO DNA Replication - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 13 covers a descriptive explanation of Deoxyribose nucleic Acid

More information

Chapter 11: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA

Chapter 11: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA Chapter 11: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA Student Learning Objectives Upon completion of this chapter you should be able to: 1. Understand the major experiments that led to the discovery of DNA as

More information

Transcription recap What is translation? Short Video Activity. Initiation Elongation Termination. Short Quiz on Thursday! 6.1 and 6.

Transcription recap What is translation? Short Video Activity. Initiation Elongation Termination. Short Quiz on Thursday! 6.1 and 6. Protein Synthesis Transcription recap What is translation? Initiation Elongation Termination Short Video Activity Short Quiz on Thursday! 6.1 and 6.2 1. RNA polymerase attaches to promoter region 2. Unwinds/unzips

More information

BINF6201/8201. Basics of Molecular Biology

BINF6201/8201. Basics of Molecular Biology BINF6201/8201 Basics of Molecular Biology 08-26-2016 Linear structure of nucleic acids Ø Nucleic acids are polymers of nucleotides Ø Nucleic acids Deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA) Ribonucleic acids (RNA) Phosphate

More information

Molecular Genetics. The branch of genetics that deals with the molecules responsible for the transmission of traits from parent to offspring.

Molecular Genetics. The branch of genetics that deals with the molecules responsible for the transmission of traits from parent to offspring. Page 1 of 23 Molecular Genetics The branch of genetics that deals with the molecules responsible for the transmission of traits from parent to offspring. Discovering DNA as the material of heredity DNA

More information

I) DNA STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION B) DNA REPLICATION

I) DNA STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION B) DNA REPLICATION I) DN SRUURE ND REPLIION B) DN REPLIION I) DN Structure and Replication DN Replication for mitosis and meiosis to occur the DN must make an exact copy itself first (S Phase) this is called DN replication

More information

1. True or False? At the DNA level, recombination is initiated by a single stranded break in a DNA molecule. False

1. True or False? At the DNA level, recombination is initiated by a single stranded break in a DNA molecule. False 1. True or False? At the DNA level, recombination is initiated by a single stranded break in a DNA molecule. False 2. True or False? Dideoxy sequencing is a chain initiation method of DNA sequencing. False

More information

13.2 Ribosomes & Protein Synthesis

13.2 Ribosomes & Protein Synthesis 13.2 Ribosomes & Protein Synthesis Introduction: *A specific sequence of bases in DNA carries the directions for forming a polypeptide, a chain of amino acids (there are 20 different types of amino acid).

More information

Biology DNA Protein Synthesis and Fingerprinting. Spring 2009

Biology DNA Protein Synthesis and Fingerprinting. Spring 2009 Biology DNA Protein Synthesis and Fingerprinting Spring 2009 Chains of amino acids 20 named types Create/build structure within organisms Function as important biochemicals Ex: hair, skin, tissues in organs,

More information

RNA & Protein Synthesis

RNA & Protein Synthesis RNA & Protein Synthesis Genes send messages to cellular machinery RNA Plays a major role in process Process has three phases (Genetic) Transcription (Genetic) Translation Protein Synthesis RNA Synthesis

More information

Unit 8 DNA Structure, Replication, and Protein Synthesis

Unit 8 DNA Structure, Replication, and Protein Synthesis Unit 8 DNA Structure, Replication, and Protein Synthesis Objective 3.01 Analyze the molecular basis of heredity including DNA replication, protein synthesis, and gene regulation 1. Which series is arranged

More information

Structure. Structural Components of Nucleotides Base. Introduction Nucleotide to Cells & Microscopy and Nucleic Acid. Sugar. Phosphate Glycosidic bond

Structure. Structural Components of Nucleotides Base. Introduction Nucleotide to Cells & Microscopy and Nucleic Acid. Sugar. Phosphate Glycosidic bond 11 Introduction Nucleotide to Cells & Microscopy and Nucleic Acid Structure Structural Components of Nucleotides Base Sugar Phosphate Glycosidic bond H NUCLEOTIDE H 1 RNA DNA Table 3-1 Nucleic acid polymer

More information

Structure of DNA Remember: genes control certain traits, genes are sections of DNA

Structure of DNA Remember: genes control certain traits, genes are sections of DNA tructure of DNA Remember: genes control certain traits, genes are sections of DNA I. tructure of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) A. Made of nucleotides 1. nucleotides have 3 main parts a. sugar (deoxyribose)

More information

DNA. Form and Function

DNA. Form and Function DNA Form and Function DNA: Structure and replication Understanding DNA replication and the resulting transmission of genetic information from cell to cell, and generation to generation lays the groundwork

More information

This activity will help you to learn how a gene provides the instructions for making a protein.

This activity will help you to learn how a gene provides the instructions for making a protein. NAME: PERIOD: From Gene to Protein Transcription and Translation By Dr. Ingrid Waldron and Jennifer Doherty, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Copyright, 2009 i This activity will help

More information

Bioinformatics: Network Analysis

Bioinformatics: Network Analysis Bioinformatics: Network Analysis Molecular Cell Biology: A Brief Review COMP 572 (BIOS 572 / BIOE 564) - Fall 2013 Luay Nakhleh, Rice University 1 The Tree of Life 2 Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cell Structure

More information

Section 1 Workbook (unit 2) ANSWERS

Section 1 Workbook (unit 2) ANSWERS Section 1 Workbook (unit 2) ANSWERS Complete the following table: nucleotide DNA RN Name: B5. Describe DNA replication 1) Label each base given in the diagram below and describe the 4 primary characteristics

More information

Name: Date: Period: DNA Unit: DNA Webquest

Name: Date: Period: DNA Unit: DNA Webquest Name: Date: Period: DNA Unit: DNA Webquest Part 1 History, DNA Structure, DNA Replication DNA History http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/1/concept/index.html Read the text and answer the following questions.

More information

a. transcription b. duplication c. transformation d. replication a. viruses b. enzymes c. coils of DNA d. form of bacteria

a. transcription b. duplication c. transformation d. replication a. viruses b. enzymes c. coils of DNA d. form of bacteria PRTIE TEST HPTER 12 KEY Name Period ate Seat 1. The process by which one strain of bacterium is apparently changed into another strain is called a. transcription b. duplication c. transformation d. replication

More information

Bio 102 Practice Problems Chromosomes and DNA Replication

Bio 102 Practice Problems Chromosomes and DNA Replication Bio 102 Practice Problems Chromosomes and DNA Replication Multiple choice: Unless otherwise directed, circle the one best answer: 1. Which one of the following enzymes is NT a key player in the process

More information

2006 7.012 Problem Set 3 KEY

2006 7.012 Problem Set 3 KEY 2006 7.012 Problem Set 3 KEY Due before 5 PM on FRIDAY, October 13, 2006. Turn answers in to the box outside of 68-120. PLEASE WRITE YOUR ANSWERS ON THIS PRINTOUT. 1. Which reaction is catalyzed by each

More information

DNA and the HUMAN GENOME

DNA and the HUMAN GENOME DNA and the HUMAN GENOME What is a genome? The complete set of genetic instructions (DNA sequence) of a species Genes Genes are segments of chromosomes that determine your traits Genes and chromosomes

More information

1.5 page 3 DNA Replication S. Preston 1

1.5 page 3 DNA Replication S. Preston 1 AS Unit 1: Basic Biochemistry and Cell Organisation Name: Date: Topic 1.5 Nucleic Acids and their functions Page 3 l. DNA Replication 1. Go through PowerPoint 2. Read notes p2 and then watch the animation

More information

BCOR 011, Exam 3. Multiple Choice: Select the best possible answer. Name KEY Section

BCOR 011, Exam 3. Multiple Choice: Select the best possible answer. Name KEY Section BCOR 011, Exam 3 Name KEY Section Multiple Choice: Select the best possible answer. 1. A parent cell divides to form two genetically identical daughter cells in the nuclear process of mitosis. For mitosis

More information

Chapter 8: Recombinant DNA 2002 by W. H. Freeman and Company Chapter 8: Recombinant DNA 2002 by W. H. Freeman and Company

Chapter 8: Recombinant DNA 2002 by W. H. Freeman and Company Chapter 8: Recombinant DNA 2002 by W. H. Freeman and Company Biotechnology and reporter genes Here, a lentivirus is used to carry foreign DNA into chickens. A reporter gene (GFP)indicates that foreign DNA has been successfully transferred. Recombinant DNA continued

More information

2. Describe (draw) the structure of a chromosome. Identify: DNA, proteins + a gene.

2. Describe (draw) the structure of a chromosome. Identify: DNA, proteins + a gene. Biology 12 DNA Functions Practice Exam - KEY A. DNA Structure 1. DNA is often called the "code of life". Actually it contains the code for a) the sequence of amino acids in a protein b) the sequence of

More information