ROBOTICS ENGINEERING

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1 OFFICE OF CURRICULUM & INSTRUCTION ROBOTICS ENGINEERING Grades Prerequisite: Algebra II Enriched or F.I.R.S.T. participant ABSTRACT As technological systems rapidly advance and human dependence on these technologies increases it becomes more important that our students are technologically literate. The content of this course covers the technological design and problem solving process, the impacts of technology, and an understanding of how common robotic systems work. The study of robotics integrates science, technology, engineering, and mathematical concepts to a product that students can relate with. Students will understand how robotics are controlled using electronic and mechanical systems. Therefore, in this course students will expand their knowledge of control systems by engaging in designing and building robotics. This course is an overview of robotic systems where students will explore the following topics, motion planning, mobile mechanisms, sensors, control mechanisms and programming. Student engagement in designing, building, and programming both autonomous and remote operated systems will be promoted and expected. BOE approved 8/26/2014

2 Established Goals: NJ CCCS and/or CCSS: (include technology and 21 st century standards) Enduring Understandings: (students will understand...) Unit #1: Introduction to Robotics ( A.1,B.3,C.1,F.1, O.(1).1,7,8,9,11,12 1. The are impacts and benefits of robotics and engineering that are expected and unexpected can be either positive or negative 2. Robotics involves: Systems Feedback Loop Input-Process-Output Open loop systems Closed loop systems Review the Engineering Design Processing the results 3. In order to solve problems using robotics, the following must occur: Identify the problem Research Brainstorm Ideas Pick the best solution Review the engineering design Plan Test Evaluate and identify improvements Unit #2 : Mechanical Systems ( A.1,C.3,F.1-3,G O.(1).1-4,5,7,9,10 1. The hardware of robotic systems includes: manipulator cables motors gears and gear ratios pulley systems 2. In robotics, an end effector is the device at the end of a robotic arm, designed to interact with the environment. The exact nature of this device depends on the application of the robot. 3. The degrees of freedom (DOF) of a robotic system are the number of independent parameters that define its configuration. It is the number of parameters that determine the state of a physical system and is important to the analysis of systems of bodies in robotics Unit #3: Electrical Systems in Robotics ( A.1,B.1,2,F O.(1).1,2,7,8,11,12 1. The basic electronic components of a robotic system are: Resistor(s) Power Supply L.E.D. s Bread Boards Transistors 2. Integrated circuits are essential to the construction and function of any robot or robotic system 3. Resistors are color coded in order to indicate their electrical values or ratings Ohm s Law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the potential difference across the two points. The mathematical equation that describes this relationship is: where I is the current through the conductor in units of amperes, V is the potential difference measured across the conductor in units of volts, and R is the resistance of the conductor in units of ohms. More specifically, Ohm's law

3 Essential (Guiding) Questions: (What provocative questions will foster inquiry, understanding, and transfer of learning?) Learning Activities: (What specific activities will students do and what skills will students know as a result of the unit?) Assessments & Evidence: (Through what authentic performance tasks will students demonstrate the desired understandings?) (By what criteria will performance of understanding be judged?) Unit #1: Introduction to Robotics (10 What are some systems you use every day that contain microprocessors and sensing abilities? What problems do robotic systems solve to extend human capabilities? What are disadvantages of using robots Identify that one of the reasons robots are used is for tasks that are too dangerous for humans to do. Create a flow chart of an open loop system and a closed loop system. Create a control system that uses switches to control motors direction and speed. Design a switch box controller. 1. Documentation of the design process and comments on peers process and documentation. 2. Sketch Up drawing 3. Final reflections 4. Suggestions for Summative Project: 5. Flow charts and designs are posted to the student s blogs. 6. Students design a switch box that Unit #2 : Mechanical Systems (15 How is it so difficult for humans to create a robotic hand that manipulates like the degrees of freedom of a human hand? What materials and mechanical devices have technologist used to develop robotics with the control of more degrees of freedom? How can a robotic mechanical system be designed to perform special tasks? Develop a mechanical aptitude by analyzing and rationalizing mechanical systems for specific motions. Design and Build a structural system to support and protect a subsystem Analyze material properties and chose materials to withstand forces and allow for the movement of the robotic system. Chose mechanical systems to give the total robotic system the degree of freedom needed to perform the task. Identify the system feedback loop in the device that is created 1. Documentation of the design process and comments on peers processes and documentation 2. Produce a plan of a robotic system 3. Demonstrate project performance and written reflection on any improvements necessary 4. Students to develop a robotic arm to pick up materials from one area to the Unit #3: Electrical Systems in Robotics (20 states that the R in this relation is constant, independent of the current. What is an ic chip, and how does it work What are transistors, and why is it impossible for computers and robots to function without them? How can robotic systems be controlled? Why is it important to regulate the amount of electricity flowing to and through any circuit or circuit system? Written identification of the input, process, and output of a 555 timer ic chip. Describe why transistors are so essential to modern day robotics and computers. Build an electronic circuit with transistors or an IC to control a robotic mechanical system. Use resistors to control the amount of electrons through a circuit. 1. Documentation of the design process and comments on peers process and documentation. 2. The plan of their schematic diagram of the circuit and/or drawing of the design. 3. The performance of the circuit and reflection of possible improvements. 4. Add an indicator lighting system

4 Unit #1: Introduction to Robotics (10 controls motors on a robotic arm. Resources: Computers with Computer Aided Design Software, and access to the Internet. Tools and materials for the construction/manufacturing of a technological product. pliers Breadboards Wire Wood Plastic DPDT switches Robotic Arm or End Effector Cross-curricular / differentiation: (What cross-curricular (e.g. writing, literacy, math, science, history, 21 st century life and careers, technology) learning activities are included in this unit that will help achieve the desired results?) (What type of differentiated instruction will be used for ELL, SP.ED. and G&T students?) computer usage for additional research inter-disciplinary activities as needed. Unit #2 : Mechanical Systems (15 next. It could be related to a task that robotics are require to do in manufacturing settings. 5. Conquer of the Hill competition: Computers with Computer Aided Programming Software, and access to the Internet. Tools and Materials for the construction/manufacturing of a technological product. Wood Plastics Rubber bands String Gears Nuts and Bolts computer usage for additional research inter-disciplinary activities as needed. support, additional testing time, and use of Unit #3: Electrical Systems in Robotics (20 onto an existing robotic system so that when the robot senses a device, the indicator light blinks on a control box. Computers with Computer Aided Programming Software, and access to the Internet. Tools and Materials for the construction/manufacturing of a technological product. 555 IC Chips Wire Breadboards L.E.Ds Capacitors Resistors Robotic Hardware System computer usage for additional research inter-disciplinary activities as needed.

5 Unit #1: Introduction to Robotics (10 support, additional testing time, and use of visual and auditory teaching methods. In other words, a wide variety of assessments and strategies designed to complement the individual learning experience of each student and compliant with any individual IEP s and/ or 504 plans in place Unit #2 : Mechanical Systems (15 visual and auditory teaching methods. In other words, a wide variety of assessments and strategies designed to complement the individual learning experience of each student and compliant with any individual IEP s and/ or 504 plans in place Unit #3: Electrical Systems in Robotics (20 support, additional testing time, and use of visual and auditory teaching methods. In other words, a wide variety of assessments and strategies designed to complement the individual learning experience of each student and compliant with any individual IEP s and/ or 504 plans in place

6 Established Goals: NJ CCCS and/or CCSS: (include technology and 21 st century standards) Enduring Understandings: (students will understand...) Essential (Guiding) Questions: (What provocative questions will foster inquiry, understanding, and transfer of learning?) Unit #4- Remote Operated Systems (20 Introduction to Autonomous Robotics and Sensing Devices ( A.1,B.1,2,E.1,F O.(1).1-4,6-9,11,12 1. Forces on remote operated systems include: Lift Drag Thrust Gravity Density of the System that which is needed to Accelerate the system 2. Force=Mass x acceleration 3. Density = mass/volume 4. Input-Process-Output- Feedback 5. Control boxes are essential to the control of any robotic system 6. Tethered cameras can provide a robot s perspective/view to the operator 7. Lighting systems can illuminate the view for the robot s operator 8. Mechanical systems can be designed to collect/move materials What are the pros and cons of remotely operating a system? What is the benefit of sending a tethered system instead of a human? A.1,B.2,3,C.3,E.1,F O.(1).1,7,9,12 1. The software of robotic systems consists of: Firmware Programing Language Wait Until Loops Counters Digital Inputs 2. It is important to be able to use robotic technology in order to facilitate the control of DC and servo motors, light sensors, and indicator lights How can computer programming make it easier to control electronic devices? How can L.E.D.s be alternately flashing with transistors and capacitors vs. using a microcontroller? Autonomous Robotic Project ( A.1,B.2,3,C.3,E.1,F O.(1).1,7,9,12 1. A successfully complelted robotics project will consist of being able to successfully demonstrate the use of: Control Systems Sensors Computer Programming Mechanical Systems Electrical Systems Applying the engineering design process Cost Estimation Marketing Ideas What is the meaning of Open Source systems? How does this help you be innovative? Engineers take an ethics oath when they receive their degrees. Some ceremonies even include a ring ceremony where the engineer gets a ring that fits on their pinky finger to

7 Learning Activities: (What specific activities will students do and what skills will students know as a result of the unit?) Assessments & Evidence: (Through what authentic performance tasks will students demonstrate the desired understandings?) (By what criteria will performance of understanding be judged?) Unit #4- Remote Operated Systems (20 Introduction to Autonomous Robotics and Sensing Devices (15 Designing and building an electrical propulsion system Designing and building a control system for the robot using various switch designs sending appropriate power to the motors for acceleration. Analyze different material s scientific properties to design a structure. Designing and developing a lighting system. Create a structure for a camera to be mounted. Create a structural or mechanical system that can collect materials. Written documentation of the design process and comments on peers process and documentation. Summative Assessments: The plan of their design on Google SketchUp. The performance of the project and reflection for improvement. Suggestions for Summative Project: ROV operating around obstacles in the pool Using underwater ROV to analyze structures under water and perform Program a microcontroller to turn indicator lights on and off. Program a microcontroller to control outputs such as lights, DC motors, and servo motors. Program a microcontroller so that outputs react to sensing devices such as a light sensor and touch sensor. Design and create an autonomous robotic program that makes allows the robotic hardware to senses the environment and react to perform a task. Written documentation of the design process and comments on peers process and documentation. Written plan of design The performance of their robotic programs to perform the task and reflection to improve the design. Automous Highway- Use of Ardunio boards to make a vehicle that follows traffic rules. Successful use of VEX robotics materials Successful use LEGO robotics Autonomous Robotic Project (30 remind them as they work. How are you aware of ethics as you design and create your project? What are innovative ways to use robotics to solve everyday problems and enhance human capabilities? Design a robotic system that extends human capabilities Research global issues and problems to identify problems that can be solved with robotic systems. Apply science and math principles to engineer the robotic system. Evaluate the positive and negative impacts of the designed robotics system. Written documentation of the design process and comments on peers process and documentation. Written a plan to accomplish their project goals. Written plan of design. Actual robotic system that is designed/created, and suggestions for improvements

8 Unit #4- Remote Operated Systems (20 Introduction to Autonomous Robotics and Sensing Devices (15 tasks Resources: Computers with Computer Aided Programming Software, and access to the Internet. PVC Metal Zip ties Wax Film canisters Switches CAT5 line Propellers Cameras Cross-curricular / differentiation: (What cross-curricular (e.g. writing, literacy, math, science, history, 21 st century life and careers, technology) learning activities are included in this unit that will help achieve the desired results?) (What type of differentiated instruction will be used for ELL, SP.ED. and G&T students?) computer usage for additional research inter-disciplinary activities as needed. support, additional testing time, and use of visual and auditory teaching methods. In other words, a wide variety of assessments and strategies designed to materials Computers with Computer Aided Programming Software, and access to the Internet. Tools and materials for the construction/manufacturing of a robotic product. Microcontrollers- VEX, Ardunio, Lego USB Cables Sensors Plastic Strip Heater computer usage for additional research inter-disciplinary activities as needed. support, additional testing time, and use of visual and auditory teaching methods. In other words, a wide variety of assessments and strategies designed to complement the individual learning experience of each Autonomous Robotic Project (30 Computers with Computer Aided Programming Software, and access to the Internet. Tool and Materials is dependent upon the students proposed project. Sensors Materials to build mechanical systems Microcontrollers computer usage for additional research inter-disciplinary activities as needed. support, additional testing time, and use of visual and auditory teaching methods. In other words, a wide variety of

9 Unit #4- Remote Operated Systems (20 Introduction to Autonomous Robotics and Sensing Devices (15 complement the individual learning experience of each student and compliant with any individual IEP s and/ or 504 plans in place student and compliant with any individual IEP s and/ or 504 plans in place Autonomous Robotic Project (30 assessments and strategies designed to complement the individual learning experience of each student and compliant with any individual IEP s and/ or 504 plans in place

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