Radiographic practices of dentists undertaking endodontics in New Zealand

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Radiographic practices of dentists undertaking endodontics in New Zealand"

Transcription

1 (22) 31, ã 22 Nature Publishing Group. All rights reserved X/2 $25. RESEARCH Radiographic practices of dentists undertaking endodontics in New Zealand NP Chandler*,1 and S Koshy 1 1 School of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand Objectives: To determine the radiographic practices of New Zealand dentists undertaking root canal treatment, and to investigate the relationship between radiographic practices and educational and clinical factors. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to all 12 general dental practitioners and ve specialist endodontists in New Zealand. Data were subjected to descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: The response rate was 79%. The mean number of root canal treatments done by general dentists in the previous 12 months was 13, and for the specialists 938. Pre-operative views were taken by 57.1% of respondents all the time and by 34.8% in most cases. The long cone paralleling and bisecting angle techniques were in regular use by similar numbers of respondents, and over one half of the practitioners regularly used lm holders and electronic apex locators. lms were taken by 67% of practitioners all the time and by 18% in most cases. One-quarter of practitioners took a master point view all the time, and 15% did this for most cases. Almost 65% always took a lm of the completed root lling and 21% did for most cases. Twenty-three per cent of practitioners did not follow up their work. Conclusions: The majority of respondents used radiographs pre-operatively, for working length assessment and to assess the nal root lling. There was a general improvement in radiographic practices compared with data from a previous national survey held in 198. (22) 31, doi:1.138/sj.dmfr Keywords: radiography, dental; quality of health care; endodontics Introduction Radiography is a very important diagnostic tool in endodontics and one of the key indicators of success. In a study in New Zealand in 198, 95% of general dental practitioners (GDPs) surveyed used a preoperative radiograph and 83% considered it necessary to obtain a working length radiograph. Ten per cent did not take a radiograph on completion of treatment. 1 The goals of this study were: (1) to determine the current status of endodontic radiography by GDPs and endodontic specialists in New Zealand; (2) to compare current practices to a study completed in 198 and (3) to investigate the relationships between radiography and factors such as education and clinical practice. *Correspondence to: N Chandler, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, School of Dentistry, University of Otago, PO Box 647, Dunedin, New Zealand; Received 19 March 22; revised 12 June 22; accepted 21 June 22 Materials and methods The sample included all 12 GDPs registered with the Dental Council of New Zealand and resident in the country on June 3th 2 (www.dentalcouncil.org.nz. (2)) and ve specialist endodontists in full-time private practice in the country. A questionnaire was developed and pre-tested by three general dentists, an endodontist and a senior dental academic for ambiguity, content validity, reliability and clarity. Some questions in the survey were used to test alternate-form and intrarater reliability. The mailing and collection of questionnaires were contracted out to a professional rm. A reminder letter followed the questionnaire after 2 weeks, with r ing of the questionnaire targeted at non-respondents after 1 month. The returned questionnaires were coded, and data entered and veri ed by double entry. Data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA). Descriptive and analytical statistics were used to examine the distribution of the responses. The

2 318 association between the variables was examined by cross tabulations, and their signi cance determined by w 2 analysis. Categories used in the questionnaire were `all the time', in `most cases', `usually', `almost never' and `not at all'. A question on level of interest in endodontics also had a ve-point scale, from `not interested at all' to `top priority as an interest'. Practitioners were classi ed into three groups, those that had been quali ed less than 1 years (young), between 1 and 2 years and over 2 years (old). Results The results are summarised in the Tables. Of the questionnaires sent to GDPs, 15 were returned for reasons including deceased, overseas, left the country permanently, no longer in practice, or not known at the address. Therefore, the nal gure was In total, 931 valid questionnaires were returned and the response rate of the valid sample was 79%. Responses were received from all ve specialists. The mean number of root canal treatments done by the GDPs in the previous 12 months was 13, and for the specialists 938. The majority of respondents (91.8%) stated that they were very interested or moderately interested in endodontics; only.7% were not interested at all in the subject. Slightly more GDPs used the long cone paralleling technique than the bisecting angle method all the time (26.3% and 22.4% respectively). s were used all the time by 26% of respondents. Over half of the respondents took a pre-operative lm all the time, but neither this nor the number of lms taken were considered signi cant to the respondents opinion on treatment outcome (P=.279 and P=.491 respectively). More than 84% of the dentists took a working length lm either all the time or in most cases, and this was signi cantly related to treatment outcome (P=.43). Electronic apex locators were popular, and led to a signi cant reduction in the number of radiographs taken. Very few practitioners did not take a nal radiograph (.7%), and 14% followed up their patients for 4 years or longer. Over 5% were using digital imaging all the time for endodontics. Those dentists using rubber dam were found to employ radiographic and other techniques recommended in published guidelines. Discussion The response rate for this survey was better than that of the national survey of endodontics held in 198, which had a response rate of 55%. 1 Surveying all the GDPs in the country with such a high response rate reduces the possibility of non-respondent bias. There is no `gold standard' as such for endodontic radiography, although some speci c recommendations appear in textbooks and journals. The American Association of Endodontists states `Treatment records should include... the preoperative, appropriate working, postoperative and follow-up radiographs or digital radiographic images'. 3 Pre-operative radiograph A pre-operative radiograph was taken all the time by 57.1% of practitioners and all the time by all the specialists (Tables 1 and 2). Only one GDP (.1%) claimed to never take a pre-operative lm, this being a great improvement on the survey of 198 when 5% did not take such a view. 1 Radiographic technique Slightly more GDPs were found to use the long cone paralleling technique all the time compared with the bisecting angle (Table 3). The New Zealand specialists used the paralleling technique all the time or in most cases (Table 4). The bisecting angle method is not the best practice since image distortion can occur. 3 It has also been reported that the paralleling technique provides the most reliable information about the extent of a pathological process. 4 Among the GDPs the long cone paralleling method was used signi cantly more by recent graduates (P=.5). This method has been taught in New Zealand for over 2 years. Table 1 Radiographs taken during root canal treatment by 931 GDPs. Values are percentages Radiographs time cases Usually never at all Pre-operative Master files in place Master cones in place Final radiographs Table 2 Radiographs taken during root canal treatment by five specialist endodontists. Values are percentages Radiographs time cases Usually never at all Pre-operative Master files in place Master cones in place Final radiographs Table 3 Radiographic techniques used for endodontics by 931 GDPs. Values are percentages Technique time cases Usually never at all

3 Table 4 Radiographic techniques used for endodontics by five specialist endodontists. Values are percentages Technique time cases Usually never at all 4 4 s It is well established that use of lm holders in endodontics assists in producing accurate and consistent images. The American Dental Association recommend the use of lm holders to prevent irradiation of ngers and damage to lms by bending. 5 In our study the specialists used a lm holder either all the time or in most cases, and never used the patient's nger. Among the GDPs the use of the patient's nger was a feature of older practitioners (P=.15), but the use of a lm holder was not related to year of quali cation (P=.253). In Scotland in 1999 lm holders were used by fewer GDPs all the time (21.6%), and it was found that lm holders were used more frequently by those who had quali ed after Assessment of working length and electronic apex location In the 198 study of endodontics in New Zealand only 83% considered it necessary to take a radiograph of an instrument in a tooth in order to establish working length. 1 In 2, 66.7% took this view all the time and only 1.1% did not take this view at all (Table 1). In a study of graduates of the Cardi (Wales) dental school, 89% took this view, with those aged less than 29 taking the view 94% of the time and those in the 4 6 year age group taking it 86% of the time. 7 In some studies a small number of dentists relied on tactile sensation. 7 This has been shown to be unreliable because the apical constriction may be modi ed by resorption. Most dentists take one or two radiographs to estimate working length. However, electronic apex locators (EAL) have gained in popularity since they now allow measurements in the presence of irrigating solutions. In vitro experimental models suggest these machines are useful and accurate, 8 with some researchers indicating greater reliability than radiographs in the determination of root length. 9,1 In our survey 27.5% of GDPs used an EAL all the time, 14.4% in most cases and 11.5% usually. A very signi cant reduction in the number of radiographs taken during the treatment of a maxillary molar was also noted among the users of an EAL (P=.5); this should have signi cant bene t to the patient in minimising radiation exposure. Use of an EAL was also related to the year of quali cation of the practitioner (P=.5), with EAL use favoured by younger practitioners. Surprisingly none of the specialists used an EAL all the time and two of the ve never did so. In a 1994 study of 1 GDPs and 5 endodontists in the USA only 1% used an EAL. 11 In a recent Scottish study 7.7% used an EAL most of the time but over 8% did not use one at all. 6 In Japan more than 9% use an EAL to determine working length and 77% take radiographs. 12 This very high usage of EAL may represent 6 years of Japanese development, manufacturing and marketing of four generations of these devices. It is notable, however, that in Japan large numbers of radiographs are also exposed. The EAL has particular merit in the treatment of maxillary posterior teeth, where the position of the apex may be di cult to interpret due to the zygomatic process or an undistorted image di cult to achieve. 13 Trial point radiograph In a study on litigation in endodontics Cohen 14 comments on the importance of radiographs as part of the treatment record, with trial (master) point radiographs prior to cementation considered optional. This view was taken by 32% of GDPs in the 198 NZ survey 1 and by 24.6% all the time and by 15.1% in most cases in 2 (Table 1). In Scotland in 1999 it was taken all the time by only 1.5% of practitioners. 6 In our study there was a signi cant relationship between the taking of this view and year of graduation (P=.42), with older dentists taking the view more frequently. This may represent greater con dence in length assessment among younger dentists using an EAL. In a recent survey less than a quarter of the graduates of the Welsh dental school took this view, with 5% rarely or never taking it. 7 In that study there was no relationship between the age of the practitioner or the number of root canal treatments done and the taking of this view. Final radiograph The New Zealand specialists invariably took a nal radiograph. Some 6.4% of the GDPs always took this view, but it was almost never taken by 2.4% of practitioners, and never taken by.7%. This is an improvement from the 198 New Zealand study, which reported that 1% never took a nal radiograph. 1 Final radiographs were taken all the time at higher frequency in the Scottish study. 6 This might be because the GDPs in that survey worked to National Health Service (NHS) contracts, where although nal radiographs of lled canals are not mandatory, the regulations state that `appropriate radiographs should be available'. In the Welsh study more than 75% took a nal radiograph routinely. 7 Of the 6% that `rarely or never did', all of them were in the 4 46 year age group. In the present New Zealand study, the more recently graduated GDPs took a nal radiograph more frequently (P=.9). 319

4 32 Radiographic technique and use of a rubber dam Periapical radiographs are more di cult to take with a rubber dam and particularly a dam clamp in place. Table 5 relates radiographic techniques to the use of the rubber dam, which is considered the standard of care in endodontics. 15 There was little di erence in the use of rubber dam between those who used a long cone paralleling technique routinely (all the time, in most cases or usually) and those who used the bisecting angle technique. Practitioners using a lm holder routinely and following up their patients radiographically after 4 years tended also to be rubber dam users. We have previously shown that those who use rubber dam are more likely to use instruments, irrigants and radiographic techniques recommended in guidelines. 16 Follow up Periapical disease without signi cant symptoms may be present in teeth before as well as after root canal treatment, so radiographs are necessary to monitor healing. 17 The recommended review period to evaluate endodontic success is 4 years or more. 18,19 Over 76% of current New Zealand (NZ) GDPs followed up their patients, an encouraging improvement on the 43% doing so in Only 55% of recently surveyed Scottish dentists followed up their work. 2 In the present study, 13.2% followed up their patients for 4 years or longer whereas in 198 no NZ dentists were recalling them for longer than 2 years. 1 In the recent Scottish survey only 4.4% of GDPs were following up for 4 or more years. 2 All the New Zealand specialists followed up their patients over periods ranging from 6 months to 2 years. In a study in the USA endodontists were more likely to carry out a 6 month recall than the GDPs, but the recall rates were similar at 1 year. Very few carried out recalls at longer intervals, with signi cantly more GDPs indicating that recalls were not done. 11 Digital radiographs An increasing use of digital imaging in general practice is expected as computers move from the reception area and into the dental surgery. Advantages include less Table 5 Relationship between endodontic radiographic techniques and practices and rubber dam use by 931 GDPs Techniques, practices Final radiograph Use rubber dam routinely (%) Do not use rubber dam routinely (%) Numbers stating they are using P radiation to the patient, a reduction in time between exposure and image interpretation, the ability to manipulate the image following acquisition, and electronic storage of patient records. In 2, 5.6% of New Zealand GDPs were using digital imaging all the time for endodontic radiography with 89.8% responding that they did not use this at all. This suggests a much greater uptake of this technology than the 1999 survey of Scottish dentists, where only 1.6% of respondents used digital imaging all the time. 6 In our survey there was a signi cant relationship between the use of digital imaging and young practitioners (P=.36). There was a lack of interest among the specialists (Table 4), possibly as digital radiographs do not appear to be superior to conventional images for clarity of les in canals or for the determination of apical radiolucencies. 21 Total number of radiographs taken In the present study 43.3% of respondents took three radiographs during the endodontic treatment of a maxillary molar and 24.6% took four views. In the Scottish study % took three views and 16.7% took four. In both surveys only about 1% of GDPs took just one lm. All the Scottish participants were working for the publicly funded NHS. In an earlier study by Pitt Ford et al. 22 it was found that more radiographs were made by dentists working privately. In that study over 4% of NHS practitioners took two radiographs, while over 4% of private contractors took three views. In the present study all the specialists reported taking four views during the treatment of a maxillary molar. Level of interest in endodontics was not related signi cantly to the number of views taken (P=.121); there was also no relationship between lms taken and attendance at a course on endodontics in the past 3 years (P=.57). Signi cantly more radiographs were taken by rubber dam users (P=.14). As expected, more radiographs were exposed by those following up their patients (P=.9). There was also a signi cant relationship between the number of radiographs taken and year of quali cation (P=.1), with the younger dentists taking more lms. Place of graduation New Zealand with a population of 3.7 million has only one School of Dentistry and a signi cant number of overseas trained GDPs. We found no di erences between the two groups in their level of interest in endodontics (P=.85). There was also no signi cant di erence in the number of radiographs they took during root canal treatments (P=.24). In conclusion, while this study has shown a welcome improvement in standards of endodontic radiography in New Zealand since 198, it has also revealed areas where further improvements are possible.

5 Acknowledgements The authors thank the GDPs of New Zealand for their excellent response and Professor WP Saunders (Dundee, Scotland) for kindly providing the questionnaire used as a prototype for our survey instrument. Dr Nancy Devlin, Fellow (Health Systems) King's Fund, London is thanked for her collaboration throughout the project. Statistical guidance was provided by Dr Paul Pillai of the School of Business, University of Otago. The New Zealand Society of Endodontics, Dentsply and 3M Dental supported the study. The Dental Council of New Zealand provided their database of practitioners. 321 References 1. Tidmarsh BG. New Zealand Endodontic Survey. NZ Society of Endodontics Newsletter 198; 13: American Association of Endodontists. Appropriateness of care and quality assurance guidelines. 3rd edn. Chicago: American Association of Endodontists, Forsberg J. Radiographic reproduction of endodontic `working length': Comparing the paralleling and bisecting-angle techniques. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1987; 64: Forsberg J, Halse A. Radiographic simulation of a periapical lesion comparing the paralleling and the bisecting-angle techniques. Int Endod J 1994; 27: ADA Council on Scienti c A airs. An update on radiographic practices: information and recommendations. J Am Dent Assoc 21; 132: Saunders WP, Chestnut IG, Saunders EM. Factors in uencing the diagnosis and management of teeth with pulpal and periradicular disease by general dental practitioners. Part 2. Br Dent J 1999; 187: Jenkins SM, Hayes SJ, Dummer PMH. A study of endodontic treatment carried out in dental practice within the UK. Int Endod J 21; 34: Jenkins JA, Walker WA, Schindler WG, Flores CM. An in vitro evaluation of the accuracy of the Root ZX in the presence of various irrigants. J Endod 21; 27: Pratten DH, McDonald NJ. Comparison of radiographic and electronic working lengths. J Endod 1996; 22: Kaufman AY, Keila S, Yoshpe M. Accuracy of a new apex locater: an in vitro study. Int Endod J 22; 35: Whitten BH, Gardiner DL, Jeansonne BG, Lemon RR. Current trends in endodontic treatment: report of a national survey. J Am Dent Assoc 1996; 127: Yoshikawa G, Sawada N, Wettasinghe KA, Suda H. Survey of endodontic treatment in Japan. J Endod 21; 27: Chandler NP, Anderson NR. Molar root canal treatment without working length radiographs: case report. N Z Endod J 1998; 24: Cohen S. Endodontics and litigation: an American perspective. IntDentJ1989; 39: European Society of Endodontology. Consensus report of the European Society of Endodontology on quality guidelines for endodontic treatment. Int Endod J 1994; 27: Koshy S, Chandler NP. Use of rubber dam and its association with other endodontic procedures in New Zealand. NZDentJ 22; 98: Lin LM, Pascon EA, Skribner J, Gangler P, Langeland K. Clinical, radiographic, and histologic study of endodontic treatment failures. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1991; 11: érstavik D. Time-course and risk analyses of the development and healing of chronic apical periodontitis in man. Int Endod J 1996; 29: Strindberg LZ. The dependence of the results of pulp therapy on certain factors. An analytic study based on radiographic and clinical follow-up examinations. Acta Ondontol Scand 1956; 14 (suppl 21): Saunders WP, Chestnut IG, Saunders EM. Factors in uencing the diagnosis and management of teeth with pulpal and periradicular disease by general dental practitioners. Part 1. Br Dent J 1999; 187: Friedlander LT, Love RM, Chandler NP. A comparison of phosphor-plate digital images with conventional radiographs for the perceived clarity of ne endodontic les and periapical lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 22; 93: Pitt Ford TR, Stock CJR, Loxley HC, Watson RMG. A survey of endodontics in general practice in England. Br Dent J 1983; 154:

Healing of apical tissues after root canal treatment Domenico Ricucci MD, DDS

Healing of apical tissues after root canal treatment Domenico Ricucci MD, DDS Dansk Endodontiforening Hindsgavl Slot d. 8. -9. januar 2016 Healing of apical tissues after root canal treatment Domenico Ricucci MD, DDS Schilder H. Filling root canals in three dimensions. Dent Clin

More information

Referral guidance and standard operating procedure for apicectomy/surgical endodontics:

Referral guidance and standard operating procedure for apicectomy/surgical endodontics: Referral guidance and standard operating procedure for apicectomy/surgical endodontics: Maxillofacial Unit, St. Luke s Hospital, Bradford Teachning Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Initial Management of

More information

Endodontic treatment outcome is related to treatment expectations of the operator

Endodontic treatment outcome is related to treatment expectations of the operator Endodontic Treatment Outcome: Survey of Oral Health Care Professionals Ilan Rotstein, DDS,* Robert Salehrabi, DDS,* and Jane L. Forrest, BSDH, MS, EdD Abstract This study assessed the opinion of oral health

More information

Develop a specialist who is capable of correlation of basic sciences and clinical sciences, and challenge the requirements for certification.

Develop a specialist who is capable of correlation of basic sciences and clinical sciences, and challenge the requirements for certification. Course Specification Faculty : Dentistry Department : Endodontics Program Specification: Diploma Degree A-Basic Information 1-Programme Title: Diploma in Endodontics 2-Departments (s): Endodontics 4-Coordinator:

More information

Clinical Efficacy of Three Different Electronic Apex Locators in Comparison with Radiographic Working Length Determination

Clinical Efficacy of Three Different Electronic Apex Locators in Comparison with Radiographic Working Length Determination Research Article Clinical Efficacy of Three Different Electronic Apex Locators in Comparison with Radiographic Working Length Determination Ayca Yilmaz, (contact author) aycasimsek@gmail.com Selçuk Gokyay

More information

Oftentimes, as implant surgeons, we are

Oftentimes, as implant surgeons, we are CLINICAL AVOIDING INJURY TO THE INFERIOR ALVEOLAR NERVE BY ROUTINE USE OF INTRAOPERATIVE RADIOGRAPHS DURING IMPLANT PLACEMENT Jeffrey Burstein, DDS, MD; Chris Mastin, DMD; Bach Le, DDS, MD Injury to the

More information

Tooth anatomy risk factors influencing root canal working length accessibility

Tooth anatomy risk factors influencing root canal working length accessibility Int J Oral Sci (2011) 3: 135-140. www.ijos.org.cn ORIGINAL ARTICLE Tooth anatomy risk factors influencing root canal working length accessibility Lu Tang 1,2, Tuo-qi Sun 1,2, Xiao-jie Gao 1, Xue-dong Zhou

More information

Clinical Accuracy of Ipex Apex Locator for Measurement of Root Canal Length of Primary Molars

Clinical Accuracy of Ipex Apex Locator for Measurement of Root Canal Length of Primary Molars Original Article Clinical Accuracy of Ipex Apex Locator for Measurement of Root Canal Length of Primary Molars M. Karami Nogorani 1, M. Zare Jahromi 2, Z. Dehghan 3, R. Talaei 4. 1 Associate Professor,

More information

UNSURPASSED ACCURACY UNRIVALED RELIABILITY 1. 1. Data on file.

UNSURPASSED ACCURACY UNRIVALED RELIABILITY 1. 1. Data on file. UNSURPASSED ACCURACY UNRIVALED RELIABILITY 1 1. Data on file. Unsurpassed accuracy 1 with convenient, easy-to-read display Fully automatic multifrequency measurements Compact design with small footprint

More information

Dental Extractions, Antibiotics and Curettage First, Do no Harm

Dental Extractions, Antibiotics and Curettage First, Do no Harm Global Journal of Medical research: J Dentistry and Otolaryngology Volume 14 Issue 1 Version 1.0 Year 2014 Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc.

More information

Referred pain: a confusing case of differential diagnosis between two teeth presenting with endo-perio problems

Referred pain: a confusing case of differential diagnosis between two teeth presenting with endo-perio problems doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01139.x Referred pain: a confusing case of differential diagnosis between two teeth presenting with endo-perio problems E. Koyess & M. Fares Department of Endodontics, Dental

More information

4-1-2005. Dental Clinical Criteria and Documentation Requirements

4-1-2005. Dental Clinical Criteria and Documentation Requirements 4-1-2005 Dental Clinical Criteria and Documentation Requirements Table of Contents Dental Clinical Criteria Cast Restorations and Veneer Procedures... Pages 1-3 Crown Repair... Page 3 Endodontic Procedures...

More information

Periapical radiography

Periapical radiography 8 Periapical radiography Periapical radiography describes intraoral techniques designed to show individual teeth and the tissues around the apices. Each film usually shows two to four teeth and provides

More information

Orthodontic Treatment of Fused and Geminated Central Incisors: A Case Report

Orthodontic Treatment of Fused and Geminated Central Incisors: A Case Report Orthodontic Treatment of Fused and Geminated Central Incisors: A Case Report Abstract A 10-year old Egyptian male presented with a geminated upper right central incisor along with a fused and rotated upper

More information

Dental. Covered services and limitations module

Dental. Covered services and limitations module Dental Covered services and limitations module Dental Covered Services and Limitations Module Covered Dental Services for Patients Under the Age of 21...2 Examinations...2 Radiographs and Diagnostic Imaging...2

More information

MEDICAID DENTAL PROGRAMS CODING, POLICY AND RELATED FEE REVISION INFORMATION

MEDICAID DENTAL PROGRAMS CODING, POLICY AND RELATED FEE REVISION INFORMATION MEDICAID DENTAL PROGRAMS CODING, POLICY AND RELATED FEE REVISION INFORMATION Effective for dates of service on and after November 1, 2005, the following dental coding, policy and related fee revisions

More information

Use of Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Private Practice for Emergency Treatment of Dental Trauma: EB Case Report

Use of Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Private Practice for Emergency Treatment of Dental Trauma: EB Case Report FEATURE ARTICLE Use of Evidence-Based Decision-Making in Private Practice for Emergency Treatment of Dental Trauma: EB Case Report Syrene A. Miller, BA, and Greg Miller, DDS Member of the American Dental

More information

ENDODONTOLOGY INTRODUCTION. Original Research ABSTRACT

ENDODONTOLOGY INTRODUCTION. Original Research ABSTRACT Original Research Radiovisiography and ultrasound real time imaging in the differential diagnosis of periapical lesions of endodontic origin A comparative in vivo study SHILPA H. BHANDI * SUBHASH T.S.

More information

Endodontic considerations in the elderly - case series

Endodontic considerations in the elderly - case series ENDODONTOLOGY Volume: 26 Issue 1 June 2014 Case Report Endodontic considerations in the elderly - case series Deepak Nayak U.S. # * Roma M. # * Sureshchandra B. # * Amrita Majumdar # * ABSTRACT Tooth retention

More information

CLINICAL GOALS OF PATIENT CARE AND CLINIC MANAGEMENT. Philosophical Basis of the Patient Care System. Patient Care Goals

CLINICAL GOALS OF PATIENT CARE AND CLINIC MANAGEMENT. Philosophical Basis of the Patient Care System. Patient Care Goals University of Washington School of Dentistry CLINICAL GOALS OF PATIENT CARE AND CLINIC MANAGEMENT Philosophical Basis of the Patient Care System The overall mission of the patient care system in the School

More information

1.10 Decayed, missing, filled teeth

1.10 Decayed, missing, filled teeth 1.10 Decayed, missing, filled teeth The number of decayed, missing and filled deciduous infant teeth (dmft) and the number of decayed, missing and filled permanent adult teeth (DMFT), for Aboriginal and

More information

IMPROVING DENTAL CARE AND ORAL HEALTH A CALL TO ACTION EVIDENCE RESOURCE PACK

IMPROVING DENTAL CARE AND ORAL HEALTH A CALL TO ACTION EVIDENCE RESOURCE PACK IMPROVING DENTAL CARE AND ORAL HEALTH A CALL TO ACTION EVIDENCE RESOURCE PACK NHS England Dental Analytical Team February 14 Gateway reference: 01173 Introduction to this pack This data pack has been produced

More information

Endodontic treatment with MTA apical plugs: a case report

Endodontic treatment with MTA apical plugs: a case report 325 Journal of Oral Science, Vol. 49, No. 4, 325-329, 2007 Case Report Endodontic treatment with MTA apical plugs: a case report Pari Ghaziani 1), Navid Aghasizadeh 2) and Mahshid Sheikh-Nezami 1) 1) Department

More information

Location of the apical foramen and its relationship with foraminal file size

Location of the apical foramen and its relationship with foraminal file size original article Location of the apical foramen and its relationship with foraminal file size Ronaldo Araújo Souza, DDS, MSc, PhD 1 José Antônio Poli de Figueiredo, DDS, MSc, PhD 2 Suely Colombo, DDS 1

More information

Program Description. Services Covered

Program Description. Services Covered Provider Guide Program Description Delta Dental of Oregon (DDOR) and OEBB have partnered together to create a much needed program called The Children s Program. The program provides basic dental services

More information

DENTIST: OCCUPATIONAL SKILL SHORTAGE ASSESSMENT

DENTIST: OCCUPATIONAL SKILL SHORTAGE ASSESSMENT NOVEMBER 2005 DENTIST: OCCUPATIONAL SKILL SHORTAGE ASSESSMENT Current Situation: No shortage Short-term Outlook: No shortage 1 Executive Summary 1.1 Results from the 2004 Survey of Employers who have Recently

More information

Guide to Claims Submission and Payment

Guide to Claims Submission and Payment Guide to Claims Submission and Payment The key to prompt and correct payment of dental benefit claims is filing complete and accurate claims forms. The following are tips to help that process run efficiently

More information

Dental Billing and Coding. Janet Bozzone, DMD, FAGD Open Door Family Medical Centers Ossining, Sleepy Hollow, Port Chester & Mount Kisco, NY

Dental Billing and Coding. Janet Bozzone, DMD, FAGD Open Door Family Medical Centers Ossining, Sleepy Hollow, Port Chester & Mount Kisco, NY Dental Billing and Coding Janet Bozzone, DMD, FAGD Open Door Family Medical Centers Ossining, Sleepy Hollow, Port Chester & Mount Kisco, NY What makes me an expert? I have over 20 years experience working

More information

2015 Predoctoral Directors Workshop Clinical Curriculum Audience Response System Results Participants Include 65 Predoctoral Directors

2015 Predoctoral Directors Workshop Clinical Curriculum Audience Response System Results Participants Include 65 Predoctoral Directors 2015 Predoctoral Directors Workshop Clinical Curriculum Audience Response System Results Participants Include 65 Predoctoral Directors 1. Q: Did you attend the Predoctoral Director Workshop 3 years ago?

More information

Dental Radiography collimator Ionising radiation image radiolucent area radiopaque area controlled zone scatter radiation intraoral

Dental Radiography collimator Ionising radiation image radiolucent area radiopaque area controlled zone scatter radiation intraoral Dental Radiography X-rays for dental radiography are produced by high voltages of electricity within an x-ray head and come out through a metal tube called a collimator. This ensures the x-rays only come

More information

Treatment Planning in Pediatric Dentistry CONTENT. Children as individuals. Ⅰ.. Quality Care for Children

Treatment Planning in Pediatric Dentistry CONTENT. Children as individuals. Ⅰ.. Quality Care for Children Treatment Planning in Pediatric Dentistry 許修銘 93/04/20 2004/5/4 2 CONTENT Ⅰ. Quality care for children Ⅱ. Philosophy of treatment planning Ⅲ. Diagnosis Ⅳ. Dental caries assessment Ⅴ. Dental charting Ⅵ.

More information

TITLE: Metal-Ceramic and Porcelain Dental Crowns: A Review of Clinical and Cost- Effectiveness

TITLE: Metal-Ceramic and Porcelain Dental Crowns: A Review of Clinical and Cost- Effectiveness TITLE: Metal-Ceramic and Porcelain Dental Crowns: A Review of Clinical and Cost- Effectiveness DATE: 23 June 2009 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES: Dental ceramics are widely used to repair damaged teeth and

More information

Treatment Outcome in Endodontics: The Toronto Study. Phase 1: Initial Treatment

Treatment Outcome in Endodontics: The Toronto Study. Phase 1: Initial Treatment JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS Printed in U.S.A. Copyright 2003 by The American Association of Endodontists VOL. 29, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2003 Treatment Outcome in Endodontics: The Toronto Study. Phase 1: Initial

More information

Procedure Description. Prophylaxis - adult. Periodic oral evaluation - established patient. Resin-based composite - three surfaces, posterior

Procedure Description. Prophylaxis - adult. Periodic oral evaluation - established patient. Resin-based composite - three surfaces, posterior Top ADA Dental Procedure Codes - Pediatric Patients Ranked by Contribution to Total Pediatric Dental Claim Costs based on 15 Milliman Health Cost Guidelines-Dental 12 08 13 51 74 91 71 93 03 12 06 Procedure

More information

Determination of the optimal conditions for dental subtraction radiography using a storage phosphor system

Determination of the optimal conditions for dental subtraction radiography using a storage phosphor system Dentomaxillofacial Radiology (1999) 28, 1±5 ã 1999 Stockton Press All rights reserved 0250 ± 832X/99 $12.00 http://www.stockton-press.co.uk/dmfr Determination of the optimal conditions for dental subtraction

More information

EVALUATION OF DENTAL STUDENT S PERCEPTION AND SELF CONFIDENCE LEVELS REGARDING ENDODONTIC TREATMENT

EVALUATION OF DENTAL STUDENT S PERCEPTION AND SELF CONFIDENCE LEVELS REGARDING ENDODONTIC TREATMENT Original Article International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences Volume 02,Issue 04 EVALUATION OF DENTAL STUDENT S PERCEPTION AND SELF CONFIDENCE LEVELS REGARDING ENDODONTIC TREATMENT Shibu Thomas

More information

Instruction manual. Safe and efficient NiTi rotary system. Fulfilling the biological requirement for successful endodontics

Instruction manual. Safe and efficient NiTi rotary system. Fulfilling the biological requirement for successful endodontics Instruction manual Safe and efficient NiTi rotary system Fulfilling the biological requirement for successful endodontics FKG REF. - 99.7AA.50.04B.AN - 06/2010 BioRaCe kit 1 Educational CD 1 Endo Stand

More information

DIGITAL DENTAL RADIOGRAPHY Sandra Manfra Marretta, DVM, DACVS, DAVDC

DIGITAL DENTAL RADIOGRAPHY Sandra Manfra Marretta, DVM, DACVS, DAVDC DIGITAL DENTAL RADIOGRAPHY Sandra Manfra Marretta, DVM, DACVS, DAVDC DENTISTRY Dental radiography is an essential component in the delivery of high-quality dental care for dogs and cats. During the 1980s

More information

The College of Dental Surgeons of Hong Kong. Guidelines for the Provision of Dental Implants

The College of Dental Surgeons of Hong Kong. Guidelines for the Provision of Dental Implants Final (20101018) The College of Dental Surgeons of Hong Kong Guidelines for the Provision of Dental Implants 1. Introduction Restorations supported by dental implants have become an accepted method for

More information

Taylor Dental Assisting School Course Description

Taylor Dental Assisting School Course Description Taylor Dental Assisting School Course Description Entry Level Dental Assisting The Entry Level Dental Assisting Course is divided into Twenty Six (26) modules of four hours each. Total time is One Hundred

More information

Dental Radiography Core Subject. Digital Radiography

Dental Radiography Core Subject. Digital Radiography Dental Radiography Core Subject Digital Radiography Aims: To develop an understanding of the history of digital radiography, the different types of digital x-rays and the advantages and disadvantages of

More information

Guidelines for Prescribing Radiographs. Neill Serman. Aug W&P Pgs

Guidelines for Prescribing Radiographs. Neill Serman. Aug W&P Pgs 1 Guidelines for Prescribing Radiographs. Neill Serman. Aug. 2000 W&P Pgs. 241-253. Radiographs can only be prescribed by a dentist and then only after a clinical examination has been performed to determined

More information

Alberta Blue Cross Usual and Customary dental fees

Alberta Blue Cross Usual and Customary dental fees Alberta Blue Cross Usual and Customary dental fees Why Usual and Customary dental fees? In Alberta, individual dental providers set their own prices. As a result, dental offices across the province charge

More information

Evaluation of the ability of thermal and electrical tests to register pulp vitality

Evaluation of the ability of thermal and electrical tests to register pulp vitality Endod Dent Traumatol1999; 15: 127-131 Printed in Denmark. All rights reserved COpjJrighl 8 Munksgaard 1999 Endodontics & Dental Traumatology ISSN 0109-2502 Evaluation of the ability of thermal and electrical

More information

The Practice of Dental Technology and Clinical Dental Technology and the working relationship within the Practice of Dentistry Practice Standard

The Practice of Dental Technology and Clinical Dental Technology and the working relationship within the Practice of Dentistry Practice Standard The Practice of Dental Technology and Clinical Dental Technology and the working relationship within the Practice of Dentistry Practice Standard July 2012 Preamble Section 118 of the Health Practitioners

More information

RESIDENT TRAINING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES STATEMENTS

RESIDENT TRAINING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES STATEMENTS RESIDENT TRAINING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES STATEMENTS Evaluation and treatment of dental emergencies Recognize, anticipate and manage emergency problems related to the oral cavity. Differentiate between those

More information

Treatment of traumatically intruded permanent incisor teeth in children. BSPD reviewed guidelines

Treatment of traumatically intruded permanent incisor teeth in children. BSPD reviewed guidelines Treatment of traumatically intruded permanent incisor teeth in children. BSPD reviewed guidelines Albadri S, Zaitoun H, Kinirons MJ Introduction Traumatic intrusion is a luxation injury where the tooth

More information

Adramatic increase in the number of dental practitioners

Adramatic increase in the number of dental practitioners Risk Management Aspects of Implant Dentistry Navot Givol, DMD 1 /Shlomo Taicher, DMD 2 /Talia Halamish-Shani, LLB 3 /Gavriel Chaushu, DMD, MSc 4 Purpose: To categorize and review complications related

More information

SCOPE OF PRACTICE GENERAL DENTAL COUNCIL Designed and produced by Tangerine UK Ltd Tel: 01622 623780

SCOPE OF PRACTICE GENERAL DENTAL COUNCIL Designed and produced by Tangerine UK Ltd Tel: 01622 623780 T4050 Scope of Practice.qxd 16/4/09 09:53 Page 2 www.gdc-uk.org SCOPE OF PRACTICE Designed and produced by Tangerine UK Ltd Tel: 01622 623780 T4050 Scope of Practice.qxd 16/4/09 09:53 Page 3 2 SCOPE OF

More information

Working Relationship between Dental Hygienists and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard

Working Relationship between Dental Hygienists and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard Working Relationship between Dental Hygienists and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard March 2012 Practice standard rationale 1 The Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 ( the Act

More information

WMI Mutual Insurance Company

WMI Mutual Insurance Company Dental Policy WMI Mutual Insurance Company PO Box 572450 Salt Lake City, UT 84157 (801) 263-8000 & (800) 748-5340 Fax: (801) 263-1247 DENTAL POLICY A. Schedule of Benefits: Annual Maximum Dental Benefit

More information

Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plan

Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plan Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plan For Individuals and Families Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield 700 Broadway Denver, Colorado 80273 anthem.com An independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association.

More information

Non-surgical management of a large periapical lesion using a simple aspiration technique: a case report

Non-surgical management of a large periapical lesion using a simple aspiration technique: a case report doi:10.1111/j.1365-2591.2010.01719.x CASE REPORT Non-surgical management of a large periapical lesion using a simple aspiration technique: a case report M. Fernandes & I. De Ataide Goa Dental College &

More information

Management of Avulsed Permanent Teeth

Management of Avulsed Permanent Teeth Management of Avulsed Permanent Teeth Dr. Zuhair Al-Khatib Traumatic injuries to the teeth are so common among any community; trauma to the face especially to the oral region occurs frequently and comprises

More information

Dr Michael Botelho and Dr Susan Bridges. Faculty of Dentistry & Education Faculty. The University of Hong Kong

Dr Michael Botelho and Dr Susan Bridges. Faculty of Dentistry & Education Faculty. The University of Hong Kong Dr Michael Botelho and Dr Susan Bridges Faculty of & Education Faculty The University of Hong Kong Evaluation and feedback: the examinees skills fitness for progress junctures - Sim lab/year-year /graduation

More information

A comparative assessment of the accuracy of electronic apex locator (Root ZX) in the presence of commonly used irrigating solutions

A comparative assessment of the accuracy of electronic apex locator (Root ZX) in the presence of commonly used irrigating solutions Journal section: New technologies in Dentistry Publication Types: Research doi:10.4317/jced.51230 http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.51230 (Root ZX) in the presence of commonly used irrigating solutions Osama

More information

TITLE: Dental Cleaning and Polishing for Oral Health: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness and Guidelines

TITLE: Dental Cleaning and Polishing for Oral Health: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness and Guidelines TITLE: Dental Cleaning and Polishing for Oral Health: A Review of the Clinical Effectiveness, Cost-effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 24 September 2013 CONTEXT AND POLICY ISSUES Dental practitioners (dentist,

More information

Residency Competency and Proficiency Statements

Residency Competency and Proficiency Statements Residency Competency and Proficiency Statements 1. REQUEST AND RESPOND TO REQUESTS FOR CONSULTATIONS Identify needs and make referrals to appropriate health care providers for the treatment of physiologic,

More information

Endodontics Colleagues for Excellence

Endodontics Colleagues for Excellence Endodontics Colleagues for Excellence Summer 2007 Treatment Planning: Comparing the Restored Endodontic Tooth and the Dental Implant Published for the Dental Professional Community by the American Association

More information

Accuracy of Different Methods of Working Length Determination in Endodontics

Accuracy of Different Methods of Working Length Determination in Endodontics IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS) e-issn: 2279-0853, p-issn: 2279-0861. Volume 12, Issue 4 (v.- Dec. 2013), PP 25-38 Accuracy of Different Methods of Working Length Determination

More information

Radiography and Radiation Protection- Core Subject Radiation Dose and Legislation

Radiography and Radiation Protection- Core Subject Radiation Dose and Legislation Radiography and Radiation Protection- Core Subject Radiation Dose and Legislation Aims: To provide an overview of dental radiography dosage and dose limitation for patients and staff. Objectives: On completion

More information

Communication Task - Scenario 1 CANDIDATE COPY

Communication Task - Scenario 1 CANDIDATE COPY Communication Task - Scenario 1 Your patient is 30 years old, and has presented today complaining of pain from the lower right posterior side. The tooth had been cold sensitive for several weeks, but the

More information

prestige varie ty cre ativity Dental Assisting Word of Mouth Careers in the Dental Profession flexibility security challenges re s p e ct

prestige varie ty cre ativity Dental Assisting Word of Mouth Careers in the Dental Profession flexibility security challenges re s p e ct prestige varie ty cre ativity Dental Assisting Word of Mouth Careers in the Dental Profession flexibility security challenges re s p e ct page 1 prestige Dental assisting affords me the variety opportunity

More information

Analysis of pulp prognosis in 603 permanent teeth with uncomplicated crown fracture with or without luxation

Analysis of pulp prognosis in 603 permanent teeth with uncomplicated crown fracture with or without luxation Dental Traumatology 2014; doi: 10.1111/edt.12099 Analysis of pulp prognosis in 603 permanent teeth with uncomplicated crown fracture with or without luxation Chao Wang, Man Qin, Yue Guan Department of

More information

Periodontal Disease vs. Endodontic Disease in the Diagnostic Process

Periodontal Disease vs. Endodontic Disease in the Diagnostic Process Periodontal Disease vs. Endodontic Disease in the Diagnostic Process Travis Henry, DVM, DAVDC Author s address Midwest Equine Services, W3143 County Road D, Elkhorn, WI 53121; e-mail: midwestequine@me.com.

More information

Ultrasonography - a New Paradigm Shift in Endodontics Literature Review

Ultrasonography - a New Paradigm Shift in Endodontics Literature Review World Journal of Research and Review (WJRR) ISSN: 2455-3956, Volume-1, Issue-1, November 2015 Pages 01-03 Ultrasonography - a New Paradigm Shift in Endodontics Literature Review Rajeswari Kalaiselvam,

More information

The Obvious and the Obscure:Diagnostic Steps for Crack Confirmation

The Obvious and the Obscure:Diagnostic Steps for Crack Confirmation Cracking the Cracked Tooth Code In response to your requests... At the end of each issue of ENDODONTICS: Colleagues for Excellence, the American Association of Endodontists (AAE) asks readers to send in

More information

An Introduction to the Critical Appraisal Section (including example questions)

An Introduction to the Critical Appraisal Section (including example questions) An Introduction to the Critical Appraisal Section (including example questions) Introduction This section is common to the specialties of Dental Public Health, Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery, Orthodontics,

More information

3. Entry Requirements

3. Entry Requirements 1. Introduction The EFP has previously published its recommendations concerning undergraduate and specialist education in periodontology. The aim of this document is to give guidance to those authorities

More information

DENTAL ASSISTING (DENTL)

DENTAL ASSISTING (DENTL) 130 DENTAL ASSISTING (DENTL) DENTAL ASSISTING (DENTL) The Dental Assisting Program at College of Alameda is a national and state accredited program. Dental Assisting is the study of the dental healthcare

More information

DeltaCare USA CAA16. Dental Health Care Program for Eligible Employees and Dependents. Combined Evidence of Coverage and Disclosure Form

DeltaCare USA CAA16. Dental Health Care Program for Eligible Employees and Dependents. Combined Evidence of Coverage and Disclosure Form DeltaCare USA Dental Health Care Program for Eligible Employees and Dependents CAA16 Combined Evidence of Coverage and Disclosure Form Provided by: Delta Dental of California 12898 Towne Center Drive Cerritos,

More information

Removal of a fractured instrument with a new extractor: clinical cases

Removal of a fractured instrument with a new extractor: clinical cases Clinical Removal of a fractured instrument with a new extractor: clinical cases Dominique Martin 1 Introduction The fracture of a root canal instrument during endodontic treatment is a surgical accident

More information

C-shaped root canal system in mandibular second molars in a Chinese population evaluated by cone-beam computed tomography

C-shaped root canal system in mandibular second molars in a Chinese population evaluated by cone-beam computed tomography doi:10.1111/j.1365-2591.2011.01896.x C-shaped root canal system in mandibular second molars in a Chinese population evaluated by cone-beam computed tomography Q. Zheng 1, L. Zhang 1, X. Zhou 2, Q. Wang

More information

The Referral Service At Meltham Dental Care we are proud to provide you with a comprehensive referral service for your patients.

The Referral Service At Meltham Dental Care we are proud to provide you with a comprehensive referral service for your patients. Referral Services At Meltham Dental Care we accept referrals for: Dental implant placement and restoration Advanced dental implant and restoration Difficult denture cases Advanced prosthodontics Endodontics

More information

Effect of using electronic apex locator on the radiographic extent of root canal. filling and the exposure to radiation during endodontic therapy.

Effect of using electronic apex locator on the radiographic extent of root canal. filling and the exposure to radiation during endodontic therapy. Effect of using electronic apex locator on the radiographic extent of root canal filling and the exposure to radiation during endodontic therapy. L. Smadi BDS, Mdent Sci, FDS RCS Ed Assistant Professor,

More information

Quality guidelines for endodontic treatment: consensus report of the European Society of Endodontology

Quality guidelines for endodontic treatment: consensus report of the European Society of Endodontology doi:10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01180.x QUALITY GUIDELINES Quality guidelines for endodontic treatment: consensus report of the European Society of Endodontology Abstract. Quality guidelines for endodontic

More information

Jamia Millia Islamia: Performa for CV of Faculty/ Staff Members

Jamia Millia Islamia: Performa for CV of Faculty/ Staff Members Curriculum Vitae Brief Profile: 1-2 paragraphs (not exceeding 500 words) 1. Name: Vivek Aggarwal 2. Designation: Assistant Professor 3. Office Address: Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics,

More information

DentalEssentials. Dental insurance for individuals and families

DentalEssentials. Dental insurance for individuals and families DentalEssentials Dental insurance for individuals and families Regular dental care is an important part of an overall healthy lifestyle Unfortunately, the cost of dental treatment, coupled with the lack

More information

CORK UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL & HOSPITAL AND DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING PROGRAMMES DEPARTMENT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & MEDICAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN

CORK UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL & HOSPITAL AND DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING PROGRAMMES DEPARTMENT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & MEDICAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN CORK UNIVERSITY DENTAL SCHOOL & HOSPITAL AND DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING PROGRAMMES DEPARTMENT SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & MEDICAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN ONLINE RADIOGRAPHY COURSE FOR DENTAL NURSES AND DENTAL

More information

FOR THE. Preamble. presented in. values, and the delivery. and that the. and ways to divided into. Define the dentist; practice.

FOR THE. Preamble. presented in. values, and the delivery. and that the. and ways to divided into. Define the dentist; practice. The Competencies for the New Dental Graduate was developed by the College of Dentistry s Curriculum Committee with input from the faculty, students, and staff and approved in October 1999. This document

More information

Working relationship between Orthodontic Auxiliaries and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard

Working relationship between Orthodontic Auxiliaries and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard Working relationship between Orthodontic Auxiliaries and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard February 2010 1 CONTENTS The Practice Standard Rationale 3 Dental Hygiene Scopes of Practice 3 Orthodontic

More information

Put Your Panoramic Imaging on Steroids While Reducing the Patient s Dose!

Put Your Panoramic Imaging on Steroids While Reducing the Patient s Dose! Put Your Panoramic Imaging on Steroids While Reducing the Patient s Dose! Dale A. Miles BA, DDS, MS, FRCD(C) Diplomate, American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology It used to be that panoramic images

More information

Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme SDcep. Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases in Primary Care Guidance in Brief

Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme SDcep. Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases in Primary Care Guidance in Brief Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme SDcep Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases in Primary Care Guidance in Brief June 2014 Scottish Dental Clinical Effectiveness Programme SDcep

More information

Key words maxillary sinus, posterior teeth roots. Introduction. Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences 1(2012)81-88

Key words maxillary sinus, posterior teeth roots. Introduction. Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences 1(2012)81-88 Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences 1(2012)81-88 The Relation of Maxillary Posterior Teeth Roots to the Maxillary Sinus Floor Using Panoramic and Computed Tomography Imaging in a Sample of Kurdish People

More information

Sinus tracts from proximal roots with infected root canals cases report

Sinus tracts from proximal roots with infected root canals cases report Cases Reports Sinus tracts from proximal roots with infected root canals cases report TSENG-FANG TAI 1,2 SHIH-HAO HUANG 1 CHUN-PIN LIN 1 YI-LING TSAI 1 JIIANG-HUEI JENG 1 1 Section of Endodontics, Department

More information

Commission On Dental Accreditation Site Visitor Nomination Form (Do not attach Curriculum Vitae. Print or Type Only)

Commission On Dental Accreditation Site Visitor Nomination Form (Do not attach Curriculum Vitae. Print or Type Only) Commission On Dental Accreditation Site Visitor Nomination Form (Do not attach Curriculum Vitae. Print or Type Only) Name: Accredited Program Affiliation: Business Address: Phone # (Check preferred address)

More information

dental plans and term life insurance coverage

dental plans and term life insurance coverage dental plans and term life insurance coverage Dental coverage Complete your Blue Shield health coverage with an affordable dental plan. Did you know that more than 90% of all common diseases have oral

More information

Ex vivo accuracy of three electronic apex locators: Root ZX, Elements Diagnostic Unit and Apex Locator and ProPex

Ex vivo accuracy of three electronic apex locators: Root ZX, Elements Diagnostic Unit and Apex Locator and ProPex doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01095.x Ex vivo accuracy of three electronic apex locators: Root ZX, Elements Diagnostic Unit and Apex Locator and ProPex G. Plotino, N. M. Grande, L. Brigante, B. Lesti &

More information

AMS-MOH CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES 1/2012 DENTAL IMPLANTS IN EDENTULISM

AMS-MOH CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES 1/2012 DENTAL IMPLANTS IN EDENTULISM AMS-MOH CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES 1/2012 DENTAL IMPLANTS IN EDENTULISM Executive summary of recommendations Details of recommendations can be found in the main text at the pages indicated. Dental implants

More information

IMPROVING DENTAL CARE AND ORAL HEALTH A CALL TO ACTION EVIDENCE RESOURCE PACK

IMPROVING DENTAL CARE AND ORAL HEALTH A CALL TO ACTION EVIDENCE RESOURCE PACK IMPROVING DENTAL CARE AND ORAL HEALTH A CALL TO ACTION EVIDENCE RESOURCE PACK NHS England Dental Analytical Team February 2013/14 Gateway reference: 01173 Introduction to this pack This data pack has been

More information

Radiation safety in dental radiography

Radiation safety in dental radiography Radiation safety in dental radiography Kodak s dental radiograph series The goal of dental radiography is to obtain diagnostic information while keeping the exposure to the patient and dental staff at

More information

Humana Health Plans of Florida. Important:

Humana Health Plans of Florida. Important: Humana Health Plans of Florida Important: Dental discount membership in Florida is determined by viewing the member s ID card and verifying that the Humana Logo and Medicare name is listed with an effective

More information

Dental Contractor Loss Analysis Exercise

Dental Contractor Loss Analysis Exercise Dental Contractor Loss Analysis Exercise A report summarising the results of a loss analysis exercise aimed at measuring the prevalence of suspected fraud in contractor claims within NHS dental services.

More information

What Parents Should Know about the Safety of Dental Radiology.

What Parents Should Know about the Safety of Dental Radiology. What Parents Should Know about the Safety of Dental Radiology. There are many different types of x-ray images (pictures) that can be taken of children in the dental office to assist in diagnosis. These

More information

Dentists. Schedule of Dental Services and Fees for Ontario Works Adults

Dentists. Schedule of Dental Services and Fees for Ontario Works Adults Dentists Schedule of Dental Services and Fees for Ontario Works Adults 2015 2015 Ontario Works Adults - Schedule of Dental Services and Fees PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM Halton Region does not intend to provide

More information

ONTARIO WORKS DENTAL BENEFITS. Adult Ontario Works Recipients. Region of Durham Departments of Health and Social Services

ONTARIO WORKS DENTAL BENEFITS. Adult Ontario Works Recipients. Region of Durham Departments of Health and Social Services HEALTH DEPARTMENT ONTARIO WORKS DENTAL BENEFITS Adult Ontario Works Recipients Region of Durham Departments of Health and Social Services Effective for services provided after January 1, 2012. The fees

More information

Electronic Apex Locators: An Evidence-Based Study

Electronic Apex Locators: An Evidence-Based Study Electronic Apex Locators: An Evidence-Based Study M. Dagenais, S. Hooper, B. Kong, S. Prusky, J. Yip, and H. Zohoor A b s t r a c t The purpose of this evidence-based review of the literature was to determine

More information

Attachment S: Benefits Covered - ADULTS - AGE 21 AND OVER

Attachment S: Benefits Covered - ADULTS - AGE 21 AND OVER Diagnostic services include the oral examinations and selected radiographs needed to assess the oral health, diagnose oral pathology and develop an adequate treatment plan for the Participant s oral health.

More information

Job Ready Assessment Blueprint. Dental Assisting. Test Code: 4026 / Version: 01

Job Ready Assessment Blueprint. Dental Assisting. Test Code: 4026 / Version: 01 Job Ready Assessment Blueprint Dental Assisting Test Code: 4026 / Version: 01 Measuring What Matters Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment: Introduction to the Dental Assisting Profession

More information