Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era"

Transcription

1 Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Main Idea George Washington The First Congress Thomas Jefferson Details/Notes The first President of the United States. As president, he issued a Proclamation of Neutrality and influenced the nation s foreign policy for the next 100 years. He served two terms as president. He chose to be called Mr. President instead of other royal titles because of the fear people had of monarchs. They established three executive departments, the Supreme Court and lower federal courts, and passed ten amendments to the Constitution. He served as the first secretary of state of the United States under George Washington and served as vice president under John Adams. He was also a leader of the Democratic- Republicans.

2 Alexander Hamilton Henry Knox Edmund Randolph Judiciary Act John Jay He served as the secretary of the treasury under George Washington. He created a plan to reduce the national debt. He hoped paying the national debt would ensure the allegiance of the states to the federal government. He served as secretary of war under George Washington (a.k.a head of the War Department) He served as attorney general under George Washington. The Judiciary Act of 1789 established the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts. With this act, Congress had taken the first steps toward creating a strong and independent national judiciary because the Constitution did not detail how the judicial branch of the government would be set up. He served as chief justice of the Supreme Court under George Washington

3 Bill of Rights National Debt Bank of the United States Tariffs The Whiskey Rebellion These are the first 10 amendments in the Constitution. They were added to the Constitution in December of They were added because people feared a strong central government and the Bill of Rights protected individual rights from the government. They were also added to the constitution to satisfy a condition of ratification. This is the amount the nation s government owes. The nation ran up a large national debt during the Revolutionary War. It grew during Washington s presidency. The U.S. owed millions of dollars to France and the Netherlands for loans made during and after the Revolutionary War and the Continental Congress has also borrowed millions of dollars from American citizens. This was proposed by Alexander Hamilton. It would be a place for the federal government to deposit money raised from taxes. The bank could also provide loans to government and to businesses. Jefferson and Madison believed its creation was unconstitutional. These are taxes on imported manufactured goods In 1791, Congress approved a bill that placed a special tax on whiskey and other alcoholic beverages. This tax was to help prevent the national debt from growing. Farmers revolted violently against this tax because whiskey was worth more than grain. This revolt alarmed the government. Washington sent an army of 15,000 to stop the rebellion. This sent a message to all Americans that the government

4 Native American Resistance Battle of Fallen Timbers Jay s Treaty Pinckney s Treaty partisan would use force to stop violent protests and maintain order. If people wished to change the law, they had to do so peacefully. Britain and Spain generally encouraged the Native Americans to fight to defend their lands against the white settlers because they did not want the U.S. to acquire new territory. Native Americans demanded that all settlers north of the Ohio River leave the territory. Washington sent an army to challenge their demands and the army defeated more than 1,000 Native Americans. As a result of this battle, Native Americans surrendered most of their land in present-day Ohio with the Treaty of Greenville. This treaty was made in an effort to come to a peaceful solution with Britain. In this treaty, the British agreed to vacate forts on American soil, pay damages for seized American ships, and allow American ships to trade in the Caribbean. Despite these gains, few Americans approved of this treaty because many felt that it did not address the issue of impressments and Britain s interference with American trade. In an effort to establish positive relations with the United States, Spain signed a treaty. This treaty gave Americans the rights to use the Mississippi River and trade with New Orleans. This is to favor one side of an issue over another. Americans were not able to agree on economic policy and foreign relations, on the power of the federal government, and on interpretations of the Constitution. As a result political parties began to form.

5 Political Parties Federalists National Gazette Democratic- Republicans Implied powers John Adams Americans began to take opposing sides on issues by 1796, and, as a result, tow political parties emerged even though the president opposed them. This name originally described someone who supported ratification of the Constitution. By the 1790s it was applied to the group of people who supported the policies of the Washington Administration. They stood for strong federal government, representation in government for the people, and supported Britain over France. This group favored banking and business. They disagreed with the Democratic-Republicans on whether ordinary people could be trusted in government. This newspaper made efforts to turn opinions against the Federalists. This group wanted to limit government. They feared that a strong central government would endanger people s liberties and they supported the French over the British. They disagreed with the economic policies of Hamilton. This party appealed to small farmers and urban workers, especially in the Middle Atlantic states and the South. This party was also called the Republicans. Powers suggested but not directly stated in the Constitution. He was a Federalist who served as second president of the United States.

6 impressment caucuses XYZ Affairs Alien and Sedition Acts The election of 1800 This is the practice of forcing American citizens into service in the British navy. These meetings were first held in the election of 1796 because candidates sought office for the first time as members of a political party. It is a meeting held by a political party to choose their party s candidate for president or decide policy. This was a crisis in U.S. foreign relations with France. To avoid war with France, Adams sent a delegate to Paris to try to resolve the dispute over Jay s Treaty. The French foreign minister would not meet with the Americans and sent three agents to meet the Americans instead. The French demanded a bribe and loan. Adams was furious and referred to the French agents as X, Y, and Z. The president urged Congress to prepare for war. There was a period of undeclared war. During the period of undeclared war, ships were fighting each other frequently. A treaty was eventually worked out, but it made Americans suspicious of the French. Because of this, the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed, which tried to stop activities aimed at weakening the established government. Fortunately the Bill of Rights protected those who wanted to speak out against a president. Thomas Jefferson was able to win this election with help. Adams, the president before him, made several costly mistakes. He passed the Alien and Sedition Acts. He later prosecuted members of the press for criticizing the government. He also refused to go to war for political gain.

7

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Test: US History Chapter 9 Test Date: 12/10/2010 Time: 20:36:40 America/New_York User: sarverr IP: 184.88.59.210 Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Thank you for your submission! E-Mail notification to

More information

Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation

Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation Chapter 2, Section 4: Launching the New Nation With George Washington the first president, the United States begins creating a working government for its new nation. Opening Activity: In a paragraph discuss

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 6: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Launching the New Nation CHAPTER OVERVIEW As the new government takes hold, the United States sees the growth of political parties. A land purchase

More information

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate The proposed Constitution, and the change it wrought in the nature of the American Union, spawned one of the greatest political debates of all time. In addition

More information

The Federalist Period (1789 1800)

The Federalist Period (1789 1800) The Federalist Period (1789 1800) Issues Facing the New Nation The new American nation created under the Constitution had two important orders of business facing it Draft the Bill of Rights that had been

More information

Challenges to the New Government

Challenges to the New Government Challenges to the New Government challenge #1 Debt, debt, debt The new government was in debt, and something had to be done about it. Washington did something that many people would not like? He raised

More information

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V.

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V. Jefferson Charts a New Course CREATE A TWO COLUMN *Jefferson s first goal limit the federal gov t s power over states and citizens. *Jefferson thought the federal gov t under Washington and Adams had become

More information

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad,

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, First Congress, April 1789 Four immediate tasks: Raising Revenue to support new government Addressing Bill of Rights Setting up Executive departments Organizing Federal Judiciary James Madison becomes

More information

Washington Heads the New Government President Washington set precidents and transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a reality.

Washington Heads the New Government President Washington set precidents and transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a reality. Section 1 Washington Heads the New Government President Washington set precidents and transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a reality. 1 Washington Heads the New Government The New Government Takes

More information

C H A P T E R 7. Launching the New Republic, Which points in Hamilton s economic program were most controversial and why?

C H A P T E R 7. Launching the New Republic, Which points in Hamilton s economic program were most controversial and why? C H A P T E R 7 Launching the New Republic, 1788-1800 1. Which points in Hamilton s economic program were most controversial and why? 2. What was the impact of the French Revolution on American politics?

More information

Washington Heads the New Government

Washington Heads the New Government Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War of 1812. George

More information

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of War, Attorney General, Postmaster General : 5 government departments established

More information

Chapter 8 Section Review Packet

Chapter 8 Section Review Packet Name: Date: Section 8-1: The Articles of Confederation Chapter 8 Section Review Packet 1. Constitution 2. Republicanism 3. Limited government 4. Suffrage 5. Articles of Confederation 6. Ratification 7.

More information

Section 1: Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government.

Section 1: Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government. Chapter 6: Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War

More information

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings:

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings: Alexander Hamilton Background Information: Alexander Hamilton was born in the British West Indies in 1755, the son of James Hamilton and Rachel Lavine, who were not yet married. Hamilton s father abandoned

More information

CHAPTER SIX: THE NEW REPUBLIC: AN AGE OF POLITICAL PASSION, READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER SIX: THE NEW REPUBLIC: AN AGE OF POLITICAL PASSION, READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER SIX: THE NEW REPUBLIC: AN AGE OF POLITICAL PASSION, 1789 1800 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Launching the New Government A. Choosing the First President B. The First Federal Elections: Completing

More information

Section 2 Launching the New Government

Section 2 Launching the New Government Chapter 11: Political Developments in the Early Republic Essential Question: How did the Federalist and Republican visions for the United States differ? Overview and Objectives Overview In an Experiential

More information

How was our beginning/or first Constitution The Articles of Confederation making our country look weak? Why make it weak?

How was our beginning/or first Constitution The Articles of Confederation making our country look weak? Why make it weak? U.S. History Mr. Boothby 10/6/2015 The Learning Target : CH 10 Launching a New Ship of State pt2 Whiskey Rebellion and the XYZ Affair/ SHIFT IN STRENGTH! Reaction (2 full page minimum): Hint on page(s)

More information

253. Patrick Henry ( ) One of the main opponents of the Constitution, he worked against its ratification in Virginia.

253. Patrick Henry ( ) One of the main opponents of the Constitution, he worked against its ratification in Virginia. Note Cards 251. Supporters of the Constitution Known as Federalists, they were mostly wealthy and opposed anarchy. Their leaders included Jay, Hamilton, and Madison, who wrote the Federalist Papers in

More information

pres dec Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

pres dec Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: _ Date: _ pres dec Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Alexander Hamilton stood for a flexible reading of the Constitution, but

More information

Domestic Issue (within the US)

Domestic Issue (within the US) Name: Unit 4 The Early Republic TEST REVIEW Pd: Test Date: 1. List the characteristics of the Early Republic Era: War of 1812, Expansion of the U.S., first five presidents, presidential precedents, etc.

More information

Washington and Congress

Washington and Congress Washington and Congress Main Idea With the adoption of the new Constitution, Americans and their leaders had to establish a central government to deal effectively with the challenges facing the new nation.

More information

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796.

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. Unit 2: Creating a Nation U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. The French vs. English imperial competition for the Ohio river Valley resulted in series of wars that culminated in The French and Indian War

More information

relationship between states and national govt. was difficult to define people thought of the colony as the primary political unit reluctant to unite

relationship between states and national govt. was difficult to define people thought of the colony as the primary political unit reluctant to unite Warm-up for 5-1 What would happen if every player on a basketball team concentrated on setting personal records rather than working as a team to win games? What would happen to the national government

More information

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 ELECTION OF 1800 FEDERALISTS- JOHN ADAMS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS- JEFFERSON JEFFERSON ARGUED THAT GOVERNMENT WAS GETTING OUT OF CONTROL (EX: ALIEN SEDITION ACTS) FEDERALISTS

More information

Jefferson s Presidency. Warm Up: Summarize the main events of Washington s and Adam s Presidencies.

Jefferson s Presidency. Warm Up: Summarize the main events of Washington s and Adam s Presidencies. Jefferson s Presidency Warm Up: Summarize the main events of Washington s and Adam s Presidencies. A. Jefferson 1. The Facts! 3 rd President! Democratic-Republican Party! Served 2 terms! (1801-1809) 1800

More information

The Early Republic ( ) Also called the Critical Period by historians WHY?? Most of Chapter 7 and the backdrop for:

The Early Republic ( ) Also called the Critical Period by historians WHY?? Most of Chapter 7 and the backdrop for: The Early Republic (1788-1808) Also called the Critical Period by historians WHY?? Most of Chapter 7 and the backdrop for: Debate Over the Ratification of the Constitution (1787-1789) Leads Temporary Factions

More information

The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation.

The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation. SLIDE 1 Chapter 10 The Jefferson Era, 1800-1816 The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation. SLIDE 2 Section 1:

More information

Chapter 7 Founding a Nation,

Chapter 7 Founding a Nation, OUTLINE Chapter 7 Founding a Nation, 1783-1789 This chapter discusses the challenges of governing the new United States during the first five years after the War of Independence. The focus is on the creation

More information

Warm-up for 6-1 Describe the structure of our school s student government. How does it represent the views and concerns of all students?

Warm-up for 6-1 Describe the structure of our school s student government. How does it represent the views and concerns of all students? Warm-up for 6-1 Describe the structure of our school s student government. How does it represent the views and concerns of all students? Washington takes office w/ goal to create a working govt. (1789-1797)

More information

AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide

AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide Directions: In the space provided, identify each of the following with a detailed description Significant Term, Person, or Event Text Page Description French

More information

A New Government. Chapters 8/9. Name: Period:

A New Government. Chapters 8/9. Name: Period: A New Government Chapters 8/9 Name: Period: Chapter 8/9: A New Government Presidents Washington through Madison Theme: This unit encompasses the early years of the United States of America after the Constitution

More information

The Constitutional Convention

The Constitutional Convention The Constitutional Convention Overview The American Revolution ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783 but the nation s problems were not solved by a long way. The first government, created by the Articles

More information

A. A B. B C. C D. D. What factor most influences people today on who they vote for in an election?

A. A B. B C. C D. D. What factor most influences people today on who they vote for in an election? What factor most influences people today on who they vote for in an election? A. The candidate s political party affiliation B. The candidate s opinion on a specific issue C. How likeable the candidate

More information

Republican Era. A07qW 10.1015

Republican Era. A07qW 10.1015 Republican Era A07qW 10.1015 TOPIC OUTLINE A. Republican America in the early 1800s 1. Religion: Beginnings of the Second Great Awakening 2. Women: Republican motherhood & education for women 3. Cultural

More information

Thomas Jefferson. USA: 3 rd President

Thomas Jefferson. USA: 3 rd President Thomas Jefferson USA: 3 rd President 1. Background and Education Father: Peter Jefferson Like most sons of land owners, he studied land surveying Graduated from William and Mary University in Williamsburg,

More information

Social Studies 6-8 Government Sample Test Questions

Social Studies 6-8 Government Sample Test Questions Social Studies 6-8 Government Sample Test Questions Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand

More information

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10 Chapter 10 The Age of Jackson Main Idea The Election of 1824 electoral changes The Election of 1828 Democratic Republicans Details/Notes Henry Clay of Kentucky, Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, and John Quincy

More information

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6 Topic: Ch. 6 Main Idea Election of 1800 Aaron Burr Laissez-faire John Marshall Mississippi River Fletcher v. Peck Louisiana Territory Louisiana Purchase The Age of Jefferson Details/Notes In this election,

More information

3. addition of the elastic clause to the. 4. start of the first political parties

3. addition of the elastic clause to the. 4. start of the first political parties 1 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM Name: The major role of political parties in the United States is to meet constitutional requirements nominate candidates and conduct political campaigns continue a tradition that

More information

Tooele County School District Civics Test Study Guide

Tooele County School District Civics Test Study Guide Tooele County School District Civics Test Study Guide American Civics Education Initiative, S.B.60, was passed in the Utah legislative session of 2015. This law requires the successful passage of a basic

More information

Chapter 6 Section 1. Hamilton's Program

Chapter 6 Section 1. Hamilton's Program Hamilton's Program Chapter 6 Section 1 One of the biggest issues facing the new nation dealt with the huge debts it owed to other nations and its own citizens following the Revolutionary War. As Secretary

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies.

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies. Unit 2 Review Game 1. Two part question: (a) What caused the French & Indian War? (b) Name the two European nations that fought in the French & Indian War. 2. Two part question: (a) What was the name of

More information

GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES. History

GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES. History GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES History Standard 1 Historical Thinking Skills Students use information and concepts to interpret, analyze, and draw conclusions about United States history from 1763 1877. 7.1.1

More information

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment Name: Period: Date: Dean - U.S. History Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment 1. What date was the Declaration of Independence written? a. September 17, 1774 b. January 4, 1776

More information

The War of 1812 was the United States of America s first

The War of 1812 was the United States of America s first Constitutional Connection To create a context for this lesson, have students complete Constitutional Connection: War and the Constitution. War in The Early Republic 42 Overview The War of 1812 was the

More information

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM The year is 1790, and George Washington has been President under the new national government, The Constitution, for about a year.

More information

Reading Comprehension Quiz

Reading Comprehension Quiz Chapter 2: The Constitution Reading Comprehension Quiz Multiple Choice Questions 1) Eighteen to 21-year-olds received the right to vote with ratification of the A) Constitution. B) Bill of Rights. C) Twenty-Sixth

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution SWBAT Explain the causes of the American Revolution Do Now The Townshend Act fixed taxes on which item: A.Tea B. Glass C. Lead D.All of the Above The Albany Conference

More information

Citizenship Questions From the uscis study guide

Citizenship Questions From the uscis study guide 1: Welcome to America 1. Why does the flag have 50 stars? 2. What is the name of the national anthem? 3. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 4. What is the capital of the United

More information

Unit 3 Chapter Test. Creating America Grade 8 McDougal Littell NAME. Main Ideas. Choose the letter of the best answer.

Unit 3 Chapter Test. Creating America Grade 8 McDougal Littell NAME. Main Ideas. Choose the letter of the best answer. Creating America Grade 8 McDougal Littell NAME Unit 3 Chapter Test Main Ideas. Choose the letter of the best answer. 1) What happened as a result of the Battle of Fallen Timbers? (a) Some Native Americans

More information

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, 1789 1800

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, 1789 1800 CHAPTER 8 The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, 1789 1800 LEARNING OBJECTIVES After you have studied Chapter 8 in your textbook and worked through this study guide chapter, you should be able

More information

CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 8

CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 8 CONFEDERATION TO CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 8 SHAYS REBELLION (1786-1787) Farmers rebellion against unfair taxes in MA MA state militia stopped the rebellion Caused leaders of the new country to realize they

More information

Brinkley Chapter 6 Notes

Brinkley Chapter 6 Notes Brinkley Chapter 6 Notes Framing a New Government Brinkley, Chapter 6 After Shays Rebellion, some of America's wealthiest and most The Constitution and the New Republic powerful groups called for a stronger

More information

Title: Whiskey and War: An Exploration of the Conflicts Between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Title: Whiskey and War: An Exploration of the Conflicts Between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Title: Whiskey and War: An Exploration of the Conflicts Between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Grade Level: 6 8 Time Allotment: One to two 45-minute class periods Overview: While the end of the

More information

Magruder s American Government

Magruder s American Government Presentation Pro Magruder s American Government C H A P T E R 11 Powers of Congress 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. C H A P T E R 11 Powers of Congress SECTION 1 The Scope of Congressional Powers SECTION 2

More information

Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War. The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain

Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War. The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War British Domination through Trade Laws Trade Laws The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain In order to make sure that Britain had more money coming

More information

Revolution and Independence d Life in colonial America Seven Years (French and Indian) War, 1756-6363 British demand for higher taxes to pay war debt

Revolution and Independence d Life in colonial America Seven Years (French and Indian) War, 1756-6363 British demand for higher taxes to pay war debt The Constitution I. Revolution and Independence d II. Articles of Confederation III. Constitutional Convention IV. Constitutional Basics V. Ratification VI. Constitutional Change Revolution and Independence

More information

Chapter 8: Political Parties

Chapter 8: Political Parties Chapter 8: Political Parties Political Parties and their Functions Political party: an organization that sponsors candidates for public office under the organization s name True political parties select

More information

Creating a New Nation

Creating a New Nation 1 Creating a New Nation Overview: At the end of the Revolutionary War, the new nation was faced with another extremely difficult task creating a single, unified country out of a loose association of states,

More information

Background. April 13, July 4, Virginia lawyer, governor, and planta=on owner. Married to Martha Jefferson; 6 children (2 survived)

Background. April 13, July 4, Virginia lawyer, governor, and planta=on owner. Married to Martha Jefferson; 6 children (2 survived) Thomas Jefferson Background April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826 Virginia lawyer, governor, and planta=on owner Married to Martha Jefferson; 6 children (2 survived) Main author of the Declara=on of Independence

More information

8. How many states are there in the Union (the United States)? 10. Independence Day celebrates independence from whom?

8. How many states are there in the Union (the United States)? 10. Independence Day celebrates independence from whom? The following are sample U.S. History and Government Questions that may be asked during the Naturalization Exam. Typical Questions 1. What are the colors of our flag? 2. What do the stars on the flag mean?

More information

WEB CODES FOR SELF-TEST. Ch. 1.mqa-1014 CH. 2 mqa-1026 Ch. 3 mqa CH 1 Self test p. 25 code : mqa-1014

WEB CODES FOR SELF-TEST. Ch. 1.mqa-1014 CH. 2 mqa-1026 Ch. 3 mqa CH 1 Self test p. 25 code : mqa-1014 Magruder s American Government Textbook chapter self test Online test: http://www.phschool.com/webcodes10/index.cfm?fuseaction=home.gotowebcode&wcprefix=mqk&w csuffix=1000 WEB CODES FOR SELF-TEST Ch. 1.mqa-1014

More information

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION GEORGIA in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICA HEADS TOWARD INDEPENDENCE: Until 1763, independence was unthinkable!!! Great Britain was the greatest, most powerful nation on earth, and the American colonists

More information

The Judiciary Quiz. A) I and IV B) II and III C) I and II D) I, II, and III E) I, II, III, and IV

The Judiciary Quiz. A) I and IV B) II and III C) I and II D) I, II, and III E) I, II, III, and IV The Judiciary Quiz 1) Why did the Framers include life tenure for federal judges? A) To attract candidates for the positions B) To make it more difficult for the president and Congress to agree on good

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution The American Revolution At first, England and its American colonies got along well. Over time, however, things changed. The colonists became angry over British controls. This led to revolution and the

More information

The Triumph and Collapse of Jeffersonian Republicanism The Triumph and Collapse of Jeffersonian Republicanism

The Triumph and Collapse of Jeffersonian Republicanism The Triumph and Collapse of Jeffersonian Republicanism 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Triumph and Collapse of Jeffersonian Republicanism 1800 1824 Jefferson s Presidency Why was the expansion of the United States so important to Jefferson? Madison and the Coming of War What

More information

Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution

Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution 2013-2014 A. I 1. In 1776, thirteen colonies in North America did which of the following? A. established the United States of America B. ratified

More information

Assessment: The Constitution: A More Perfect Union

Assessment: The Constitution: A More Perfect Union Name Date Assessment: The Constitution: A More Perfect Union Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why is the U.S. Constitution called a living document? A. It has changed

More information

Name Patrick Henry

Name Patrick Henry Name Patrick Henry 1736 1799 Patrick Henry was born in 1736 to John Henry and Sarah Winston Henry in Hanover County, Virginia. He did not attend school. He was taught at home by his father to read and

More information

Closing: QUIZ on 2.1 and 2.2

Closing: QUIZ on 2.1 and 2.2 USHC 2.2: Explain how the Monroe Doctrine and the concept of Manifest Destiny affected the United States relationships with foreign powers, including the role of the United States in the Texan Revolution

More information

Understanding. Federalist 51. Learning Objectives

Understanding. Federalist 51. Learning Objectives Understanding Federalist 51 1 Learning Objectives Identify the significance of the Federalist Papers to an understanding of the American Constitution. Identify Madison s purpose in writing Federalist 51.

More information

***CURRENT NATURALIZATION TEST*** Sample U.S. History and Government Questions for the Current Naturalization Test

***CURRENT NATURALIZATION TEST*** Sample U.S. History and Government Questions for the Current Naturalization Test ***CURRENT NATURALIZATION TEST*** Sample U.S. History and Government Questions for the Current Naturalization Test USCIS will begin administering a redesigned (new) naturalization test on October 1, 2008.

More information

Problems After the War

Problems After the War Problems After the War War increased tensions between British & the Colonists. 1. England becomes more involved in the running of the colonies. 2. Proclamation Line of 1763 3. Standing Army 4. How to pay

More information

Closing: QUIZ. Work Period: PPT/Notes Activity 1 PPT/Notes Activity 2. Opening: Unit 3 Pretest Go over Unit 2 Test

Closing: QUIZ. Work Period: PPT/Notes Activity 1 PPT/Notes Activity 2. Opening: Unit 3 Pretest Go over Unit 2 Test USHC 2.1: Summarize the impact of the westward movement on nationalism and democracy, including expansion, displacement of Native Americans, conflicts over states rights and federal power during the era

More information

Lecture Notes, Chapter 7 1

Lecture Notes, Chapter 7 1 What kind of democracy? Pure democracy Greeks Republican in form NOT Republican Party representative White Males only landowning Left door open to non-landowning later States Drafting of State Constitutions

More information

Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation 1

Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation 1 Foreign Affairs in the Young Nation To what extent should the United States have become involved in world affairs in the early 1800s? P R E V I E W Examine the map your teacher has projected, or look at

More information

The Best Land Deal in History: Louisiana Purchase

The Best Land Deal in History: Louisiana Purchase The Best Land Deal in History: Louisiana Purchase Back during the early 1800s, the Mississippi River was a lifeline for the people living on the Western frontier. Its waters allowed farmers in the West

More information

Red, white, and blue. One for each state. Question 1 What are the colors of our flag? Question 2 What do the stars on the flag mean?

Red, white, and blue. One for each state. Question 1 What are the colors of our flag? Question 2 What do the stars on the flag mean? 1 What are the colors of our flag? Red, white, and blue 2 What do the stars on the flag mean? One for each state 3 How many stars are there on our flag? There are 50 stars on our flag. 4 What color are

More information

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST The following 50 questions which serve as the Minnesota's civics test were selected from the 100 questions used for the naturalization test administered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration

More information

Test over the American Revolution

Test over the American Revolution Test over the American Revolution Please Do Not Write on this test 1) A significant outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was A) Germany decided to remain neutral B) It was the final battle of the American

More information

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area?

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? A. Very appealing B. Somewhat appealing C. Somewhat unappealing D. Very unappealing A. A B. B C. C D. D Chapter

More information

The Federal Court System. Objectives

The Federal Court System. Objectives The Federal Court System Chapter 18 Objectives 1. Explain why the Constitution created a national judiciary, and describe its structure. 2. Identify the criteria that determine whether a case is within

More information

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test)

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test) Causes of the Revolution War Test (Do not write on this Test) 1) Which group supported Patrick Henry, a famous American colonist who said, Give me liberty or give me death? a) Loyalist b) Patriots c) Tories

More information

Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan

Louisiana Purchase Lesson Plan Materials: Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why did Federalists oppose the? Copies of Timeline Copies of Documents A and B Transparency of Document A Graphic Organizer Plan of Instruction: 1. Introduction:

More information

Constitutional Convention

Constitutional Convention Constitutional Convention Section 1 Review 2-A) Where did the Constitutional Convention take place? Answer: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 2-B) What was the Constitutional Convention known as in 1787? Answer:

More information

Three Branches of Government. Lesson 2

Three Branches of Government. Lesson 2 Three Branches of Government The Executive Branch The President of the United States is the leader of the executive branch. The President s duties are to: Enforce federal laws and recommend new ones Serve

More information

CONSTITUTIONFACTS.COM

CONSTITUTIONFACTS.COM 1. The length of term of members of the House of Representatives is: b. 6 years c. 4 years d. 5 years 2. The Constitutional Convention met in: a. New York b. Philadelphia c. Washington, D.C. d. Boston

More information

The Louisiana Purchase The Land

The Louisiana Purchase The Land The Louisiana Purchase The Land The Louisiana territory extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border. It was an area of roughly 828,000

More information

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad,

The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, CHAPTER 8 The Early Republic: Conflicts at Home and Abroad, 1789 1800 LEARNING OBJECTIVES After you have studied Chapter 8 in your textbook and worked through this study guide chapter, you should be able

More information

THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION

THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION Mr. Long Anderson High School Cincinnati, Ohio THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION 1756-1775 A4W 10.9.17 TWO REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA 4 ROAD TO REVOLUTION, 1754-1775 (Ch 4) A. Relationship with Britain B. The French and

More information

LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS

LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS LESSON TWO: THE FEDERALIST PAPERS OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES Students will be able to: Identify the Articles of Confederation and explain why it failed. Explain the argument over the need for a bill of rights

More information

Basic Timeline 1776 Declaration of Independence 1781 Articles of Confederation 1787 U.S. Constitution 1861-1865 Civil War 1865-1877 Reconstruction

Basic Timeline 1776 Declaration of Independence 1781 Articles of Confederation 1787 U.S. Constitution 1861-1865 Civil War 1865-1877 Reconstruction Basic Timeline 1781 Articles of Confederation 1776 Declaration of Independence 1861-1865 Civil War 1787 U.S. Constitution 1865-1877 Reconstruction Historical Context: The Revolution The American Revolution

More information

George Washington. Thursday, December 5, 13

George Washington. Thursday, December 5, 13 George Washington Background February 22, 1732 - December 14, 1799 Virginia farmer turned soldier Married to Martha Washington Commander- in- chief of the RevoluDonary War President of the ConsDtuDonal

More information

Smartboard Jeopardy. L. Harvey Almarode Instructor almarolh.googlepages.com. Lesson notes

Smartboard Jeopardy. L. Harvey Almarode Instructor almarolh.googlepages.com. Lesson notes Smartboard Jeopardy Smartboard Jeopardy Lesson notes L. Harvey Almarode Instructor almarolh@jmu.edu almarolh.googlepages.com Memorial Hall 3625D MSC 6907 Harrisonburg, VA 22807 540-568-4550 10th Grade

More information

The President, the Chief Justice, and the Cherokee Nation

The President, the Chief Justice, and the Cherokee Nation The President, the Chief Justice, and the Cherokee Nation OVERVIEW This lesson examines the power of judicial review, its application in the case of Worchester v. Georgia, and legal rights of the Cherokee

More information

Causes of the American Revolution. SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution.

Causes of the American Revolution. SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution. Causes of the American Revolution SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution. The Taxation Acts The King of England started taxing the colonists in the

More information

Colonial and Revolutionary Times

Colonial and Revolutionary Times 8 th Grade TAKS Review Colonial and Revolutionary Times KEY Famous People: Thomas Jefferson George III Benjamin Franklin Samuel Adams Thomas Paine Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?

More information