Domestic Issue (within the US)

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1 Name: Unit 4 The Early Republic TEST REVIEW Pd: Test Date: 1. List the characteristics of the Early Republic Era: War of 1812, Expansion of the U.S., first five presidents, presidential precedents, etc. 2. Define the following terms: Domestic: Having to do with the home country Foreign: Having to do with other countries 3. Complete the chart with Domestic Issues/Decisions of each President. 5A Major Domestic Problems of the new leaders: President Domestic Issue (within the US) George Washington Whiskey Rebellion, political parties, national debt John Adams Thomas Jefferson Alien and Sedition acts, Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, Judiciary act of 1801 Louisiana Purchase, Marbury V. Madison James Madison Conflict with Native Americans James Monroe Addition of Florida (Adams-Onis Treaty), Missouri Compromise, Panic of Complete the chart to demonstrate your understanding of major issues in the first political parties. 5B Summarize arguments regarding protective tariffs, taxation, and the banking system: Issue Arguments For Arguments Against Hamilton s View (Circle the correct choice for each) Jefferson s View (Circle the correct choice for each) States Rights State governments should have more power National government should have more power For Against For Against Banking System (Part of Hamilton s Financials Plan) The National government could create a bank to issue and create money The Bank is unconstitutional - Increased the National debt. For Against For Against

2 5. Fill in the view points of each of the first political parties. Issue Government Power Federalists (Alexander Hamilton) Wanted a strong federal government Democratic-Republicans (Thomas Jefferson) Wanted a weak federal government Economy Based on industry Based on agriculture Great Britain and France Favored Britain Favored France 6. Complete the chart to demonstrate your understanding of the War of D Explain the Causes, Important Events and Effects of the War of 1812 Causes Events Effects (positive/negative) Impressment Attacks by Native Americans Writing of the Star Spangled Banner (National Anthem) Burning of the White House and Capitol Gained World wide respect (+) Britian and the U.S. will be allies (+) War Hawks Battle of New Orleans Increased industrialization due to the British blockade (+) Nationalism Treaty of Ghent Era of Good Feelings (+) 7. Complete the flow chart to understand the economic impact of the War of A Analyze the War of 1812 as a cause for economic change in the nation: Protective Tariffs: tariffs placed on goods to increase U.S. manufacturing War of 1812 Embargo Lifted: Embargo lifted, and trade with Britain resumes 8. Explain the significance of each of the following people/terms: Warhawks Young congressmen who wanted to go to war with Britain Frances Scott Key Author of the Star Spangled Banner which later became the National Anthem

3 9. Complete the chart with Foreign Issues/Decision sof each President. 5E Identify the foreign policies of presidents Washington through Monroe President George Washington Foreign Policy (with countries outside of the US) Policy of neutrality John Adams XYZ affair Thomas Jefferson Embargo Act, non-intercourse act, impressment James Madison War of 1812, impressment James Monroe Monroe Doctrine 10. Read each excerpt and fill in the impact each document had on America. 5E Explain the impact of Washington s Farewell Address and the Monroe Doctrine:...I have already intimated to you the danger of parties in the State, with particular reference to the founding of them on geographical discriminations. Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party generally...it is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world;. -George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796 Impact: Washington warned against forming political parties and getting involved in foreign affairs...as a principle in which the rights and interests of the United States are involved, that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.....but with the governments who have declared their independence, and maintained it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration, and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling, in any other manner, their destiny, by any European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the United States. -James Monroe, Monroe Doctrine, 1823 Impact: Monroe warned that the U.S. will get involved if Europe interferes with Latin America.

4 11. Provide examples of how Washington was a good leader through his work establishing the U.S. 22A Analyze the leadership qualities of elected and appointed leaders of the US such as George Washington: Courage and Inspiration Civic Virtue Washington exhibited courage by serving as commander of the Continental army, he inspired his troops with the words of Thomas Paine. Washington embodied Civic Virtue by possessing civic knowledge, self-restraint, self-assertion, and self-reliance. Setting Precedents Cabinet, Farewell Address, Mr. President title, State of the Union, 2 term limit 12. Place the following events on the timeline below AND explain the significance of each. Signing the Mayflower Compact Signing the Declaration of Independence Drafting the U.S. Constitution The Louisiana Purchase The Founding of Jamestown DON T FORGET TO WRITE THE SIGNIFICANCE! Founding of Jamestown Mayflower Compact Declaration of Independence Writing of the Constitution Louisiana Purchase 1st permanent English settlement Establish self government in the colonies Formally cut ties with Great Britain Outlined the Government of the U.S. Doubled the size of the U.S. 13. Explain the significance of John Marshall: Who was John Marshall? Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during the 1800s Why is he important in U.S. History? Strengthened the national government throughout various court cases (Marbury V. Madison, Gibbons V. Ogden, and McCullogh V. Maryland). Define Judicial Review: The right of the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional Why is Judicial Review important? It strengthened the power of the Judicial branch by allowing them to check the laws of the legislative branch by declaring their laws unconstitu- 14. Explain the significance of each of the following court cases (decision and importance) Marbury v. Madison: Established the principal of Judicial Review McCulloch v. Maryland: Strengthened the power of the National government, stated that Congress has the power to create a national bank through the elastic clause. Gibbons v. Ogden: National government has the power to regulate interstate commerce.

5 15. Complete the map with the following steps: 1. Shade in the US before 1803 with one color. 2. Label the Mississippi River. 3. Shade in the Louisiana Purchase with a second color. 4. What was the DATE & SIGNIFICANCE of the Louisiana Purchase? 1803 doubled the size of the U.S. 5. What was the constitutional issue of the Louisiana Purchase? Jefferson was not sure if he could purchase the territory because constitution did not say anything about purchasing land. Mississippi River

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