ARTICLE 2007 REUTERS LIMITED. LESSON 2007

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1 english-to-go.com Hungry Pandas Pre-Reading Activities Upper-Intermediate Instant Lesson A: Brainstorming Today's lesson is about pandas. Work in small groups and quickly share any information you know about pandas using these questions to help you: In which parts of the world do pandas live? What kind of environment do they live in? How many kinds of pandas are there? What do they eat? How many pandas are there? Why is the giant panda so famous? B: Listening Gap Fill This article is about the giant panda. Listen as your teacher reads aloud some information about pandas and fill in the gaps with the correct word or words. There are two species of panda, the giant panda which has a black-and-white coat and the red panda which is reddish-brown in color. The (1) of the giant panda used to inhabit Myanmar and (2) but now can only be found in western and (3). The red panda is also found in India and Nepal, as well as Myanmar. Giant pandas are famous throughout the world. Children love their cartoon-like appearance but sadly, they are extremely rare, and because of this, giant pandas protected by law in (4). There may be as few as (5) left in the wild. Giant pandas are very small when they are born (weighing 5 ounces (140 grams)) and stay with their mothers for up to two years. Adult pandas eat shoots, stems and leaves from (6) trees. They need to eat large amounts of (7) because their digestive systems are not good at turning food into energy. They live in forests in high (8) areas. Their habitat is currently threatened by activities like (9) and the (10) of trees for fuel wood. Reading Activities A: Understanding Information Here is the first paragraph of today's first article. Use it to correct the information in the sentences. Red/giant pandas living in southwest China may have too much/ too little food to eat because bamboo plants are getting old. Mon Nov 12, 2007 BEIJING, Nov 12 (Reuters) - Giant pandas living in the wild in the misty mountains of southwest China are facing a possible food shortage as bamboo plants, their staple diet, near the end of their lifespan, state media said on Monday. B: Sequencing Read the article on the next page about pandas and food. The paragraphs are in the wrong order. Put the paragraphs of Article One in the correct order. (One is done for you as an example.) ARTICLE 2007REUTERS LIMITED. LESSON

2 Paragraph 1., Paragraph 2., Paragraph 3., Paragraph 4. b, Paragraph 5. Paragraph 6.. Article One a. Yang Xuyu, deputy head of the Wild Animal Preservation Station of the provincial forestry bureau, responsible for monitoring 24,000 hectares of bamboo, issued the warning at a panda breeding conference on Sunday. b. The mountainous region witnessed extensive blossoming of the arrow bamboo, the pandas' favorite, in 1984 and 1987, when the plants flowered, seeded and died. Hundreds of the endangered animals died of starvation. c. China's giant pandas may be running out of food Mon Nov 12, 2007 BEIJING, Nov 12 (Reuters) - Giant pandas living in the wild in the misty mountains of southwest China are facing a possible food shortage as bamboo plants, their staple diet, near the end of their lifespan, state media said on Monday. C: Checking Comprehension Read today's first article again and then answer these questions. 1. Why may giant pandas in southwestern China have less food? 2. What happens after a bamboo flowers? 3. What happened in 1984 and 1987 to giant pandas? 4. What has the research center in Shaanxi done? d. "Nine varieties of bamboo have been observed flowering in 14 counties in Sichuan since 2005, which account for 30 percent of bamboo eaten by the pandas," Yang was quoted as saying. "No wild panda has been found dead of starvation. But as the area of bamboo flowering spreads, we should keep close watch on the severity of the pandas' food shortages." e. The giant panda is one of the world's most endangered species and is found only in China. An estimated 1,600 wild pandas live in nature reserves in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces. (Reporting by Beijing newsroom; editing by Nick Macfie and Roger Crabb) f. Pandas eat 20 or so bamboo species. A research center for endangered animals in the western province of Shaanxi has carried out tests aimed at helping pandas to broaden their eating habits. D: Reading And Summarizing Here is today's second article. Use Part One of Article Two to complete the table of information below. Number of pandas in Minshan mountain range, China: Divided into two groups by 1. a and 2. impassable swollen rivers (caused by a that raised river levels). Solution to division of northern and southern pandas: a bamboo-filled 25-km (15.5 miles) long and 2 km wide has been opened to join pandas in the north and pandas in the south. Article Two Bamboo lovers lane to hook up China's lonely pandas Fri Aug 17, 2007 CHENGDU, China (Reuters Life!) - Ensuring the survival of your species is a lot of pressure to put on a first date. But that's the stark reality facing China's endangered wild pandas, say the experts who are building the first bamboo-filled "dating and mating lane" to stop the solitary creatures nose-diving into extinction in mountainous Sichuan Province... For the 600 pandas in the Minshan mountain range running north from Sichuan into Gansu Province, the world's largest wild population, meeting new mates is all but impossible due to decades of urban sprawl and development. Split into two groups by an inter-county highway constructed in 1958, the possibilities of the extremely shy animals dating and mating were further dampened 10 years ago by a hydroelectric project that raised the water-table, making swollen rivers in the south impassable, Professor Yin Kaipu of the Chengdu Institute of Biology said. BY GILLIAN MURDOCH "Pandas don't like cars. They run away. But the river may be worse than the road, because there are only a few cars," he explained in his office in Chengdu. "In the spring the pandas want to find a mate but they can't cross the river. In the south part, the pandas cannot communicate with each other, because the landscape is fragmented. There are four protected reserves separated by rivers". The bamboo-filled panda corridor that opened this year to link the estimated 539 individuals in the north with the 42 in the south is the only way to save the dwindling southern population and avoid inbreeding the north, said Yin. The 25-km (15.5 miles) long and 2 km wide corridor runs along high mountain ridges and above the Minjiang and Fujiang Rivers... (Continued.../) ARTICLE 2007REUTERS LIMITED. LESSON

3 E: Completing A Dialogue Read Part Two of the article and complete part of an imaginary interview with Professor Yin by filling in the gaps in the interview with the correct information. a. mates, b. move, c. 10, d. 50, e. 1,100, f. arrow bamboo, g. other corridors, h. Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi, i. pine, j. starvation....and I hear you've been doing a lot of digging? That's right, we've been pulling out shrubs and 1. trees that cover the corridor and replanting them with bamboo. Any particular kind of bamboo? Yes, 2. - it's the only thing the pandas will eat. And what happens once the first corridor is finished? Well, if the corridor is successful, we'll build 3. to try to rescue other wild populations of pandas. Do other groups of pandas have the same problem? Yes, definitely. China has about 1,600 wild giant pandas and 4. of these live in the mountains of 5. provinces. They live in 30 different areas which are separated from each other and about two thirds of these populations have less than 6. mature adult pandas. Each population needs at least 7. adult pandas to help keep the gene pool diverse. What happens to populations that don't have enough mature adults? Well, they'll die quite soon. And all of the pandas are in danger of dying from 8. if their food source is destroyed. So we could build corridors to help them 9. to other areas and find 10. with adults of different populations. And has the corridor had any success yet? No, not yet, we haven't seen any pandas using the corridor yet. We need to finish planting the bamboo. Article Two Part Two (Continued.../) Yin and his team of five assistants are weeding out the thorny shrubs and uprooting the pine trees that cover the corridor to replant the ridges with the panda's favorite, and only food: arrow bamboo. Then, they hope, nature will take its course. If the first corridor works, others will be built in a last ditch attempt to stop other wild populations plummeting into extinction because of habitat fragmentation. Scattered over six mountain ranges in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces, 1,100 of China's estimated 1,600 wild giant pandas live in 30 fragmented areas, 20 of which contain less than 10 effective mature adults. Experts say that isolated populations need at least 50 mature pandas to maintain genetic variability. Isolated pockets of less than 10 individuals generally die out within a few years. And all are at high risk of starvation if they cannot escape to new areas when climate changes, or natural ecological problems that wipe out their food source, occur. Protecting panda habitat could have the added bonus of benefiting other endangered species like the Asiatic black bear and the golden monkey, who scientists anticipate will also make use of the corridor. "To protect these species the most important thing is to restore the habitat, not just artificial breeding", Kaipu said. With peace, quiet and a means to hook up, only one aspect of the honey trap is still missing: food. "No pandas have been seen on the corridor yet," Kaipu said. "Some have been seen very near it. They're waiting for bamboo." ARTICLE 2007REUTERS LIMITED. LESSON

4 Post-Reading Activities You may do one or more of these. A: Interview In Reading Activity E you completed part of an imaginary interview with Professor Yin. Work in pairs and do the same for Part One of Article Two (found in Reading Activity D). You can either write or make notes to plan the interview. Then in your pairs conduct the interview with one student as the interviewer and the other as Professor Yin. B: Research Think of 10 things you would like to know about the giant panda. Then use the Internet to find the answers to your questions. A good place to begin would be at: C: Language We use these verbs see, watch, notice, feel, hear, listen, (often known as verbs of perception) with an object followed by either an active particple (-ing) or a bare infinitive. I saw the panda approaching. (active participle) I saw the panda approach. (bare infinitive without to) I saw the panda to approach. Incorrect I watched the cub playing in the sunshine. I watched the cub play in the sunshine. (I saw the cub. The cub was playing.this is an activity that was in progress. Perhaps I saw only part of the playing.) (I saw the cub. The cub played. This is a completed action. I saw the cub start playing and I saw it finish playing.) For short actions, we can use either the active participle or the bare infinitive with a verb of perception. I saw the panda grab a stalk of bamboo. I saw the panda grabbing a stalk of bamboo. Use the word prompts below to make sentences using verbs of perception and active participles or bare infinitives. 1. I heard / panda / chew / a stalk of bamboo 2. I saw / panda / jump onto a rock 3. I heard / pandas play together 4. I watch / panda sleep in the sun Use your own ideas about pandas to complete the following sentences with verbs of perception and active participles or bare infinitives ARTICLE 2007REUTERS LIMITED. LESSON

5 TEACHERS' NOTES AND ANSWER KEY Pre-Reading Activities B: Listening Gap Fill - Notes Read aloud the text below to the students at a normal speed two or three times. You may like to provide them with a world map so they can look at the regions mentioned. B: Listening Gap Fill - Text (To be read aloud to students.) There are two species of panda, the giant panda which has a black-and-white coat and the red panda which is reddish-brown in color. The ancestors of the giant panda used to inhabit Myanmar and Vietnam but now can only be found in western and southwestern China. The red panda is also found in India and Nepal, as well as Myanmar. Giant pandas are famous throughout the world. Children love their cartoon like appearance but sadly they are extremely rare and because of this giant pandas protected by law in China. There may be as few as 1,600 left in the wild. Giant pandas are very small when they are born (weighing 5 ounces (140 grams)) and stay with their mothers for up to two years. Adult pandas eat shoots, stems and leaves from bamboo trees. They need to eat large amounts of bamboo because their digestive systems are not good at turning food into energy. They live in forests in high mountainous areas. Their habitat is currently threatened by activities like farming and the chopping down of trees for fuel wood. B: Listening Gap Fill - Answers 1. ancestors; 2. Vietnam; 3. southwestern China; 4. China; 5. 1,600; 6. bamboo; 7. bamboo; 8. mountainous; 9. farming; 10. chopping down. Reading Activities A: Understanding Information - Answers Giant pandas living in southwest China may have too little food to eat because bamboo plants are getting old. B: Sequencing - Answers 1. c, 2. a, 3. d, 4. b, 5. f, 6. e. C: Checking Comprehension - Notes Before doing this activity, you may like to give students a copy of the complete article below as it may be easier for them to use this rather than refer to the text from Reading Activity B. China's giant pandas may be running out of food BEIJING, Nov 12 (Reuters) - Giant pandas living in the wild in the misty mountains of southwest China are facing a possible food shortage as bamboo plants, their staple diet, near the end of their lifespan, state media said on Monday. Yang Xuyu, deputy head of the Wild Animal Preservation Station of the provincial forestry bureau, responsible for monitoring 24,000 hectares of bamboo, issued the warning at a panda breeding conference on Sunday. "Nine varieties of bamboo have been observed flowering in 14 counties in Sichuan since 2005, which account for 30 percent of bamboo eaten by the pandas," Yang was quoted as saying. "No wild panda has been found dead of starvation. But as the area of bamboo flowering spreads, we should keep close watch on the severity of the pandas' food shortages." The mountainous region witnessed extensive blossoming of the arrow bamboo, the pandas' favorite, in 1984 and 1987, when the plants flowered, seeded and died. Hundreds of the endangered animals died of starvation. Pandas eat 20 or so bamboo species. A research center for endangered animals in the western province of Shaanxi has carried out tests aimed at helping pandas to broaden their eating habits. The giant panda is one of the world's most endangered species and is found only in China. An estimated 1,600 wild pandas live in nature reserves in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces. (Reporting by Beijing newsroom; editing by Nick Macfie and Roger Crabb) C: Checking Comprehension - Answers 1. Because bamboo plants are getting very old and may die. 2. It grows seeds and then dies. 3. Hundreds of giant pandas starved and died after arrow bamboo plants flowered, seeded and died. 4. It has performed tests with the aim of encouraging pandas to eat a wider range of foods. D: Reading And Summarizing - Notes Part One of this second article is a fairly demanding text. Students could work in pairs to complete the notes. D: Reading And Summarizing - Answers Number of pandas in Minshan mountain range, China: 600 Divided into two groups by 1. a highway built in 1958 and 2. impassable swollen rivers (caused by a hydroelectric project that raised river levels). Solution to division of northern and southern pandas: a bamboo-filled 25-km (15.5 miles) long and 2 km wide corridor has been opened to join 539 pandas in the north and 42 pandas in the south. E: Completing A Dialogue - Answers 1. i, 2. f, 3. g, 4. e, 5. h, 6. c, 7. d, 8. j, 9. b, 10. a. Post-Reading Activities C: Language - Sample Answers 1. I heard the panda chewing a stalk of bamboo. 2. I saw a panda jump onto a rock. 3. I heard the pandas playing together. 4. I watched the pandas sleeping in the sun English To Go Ltd. All rights reserved. News article 2002 Reuters, used with permission. Not to be reproduced or stored in any way without the permission of English To Go Ltd. English To Go and Instant Lessons are the registered trade marks of English To Go Ltd PANDAanif 5

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