Timber Harvesting and Long-distance Transportation of Roundwood Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/2015 Markus Strandström Metsäteho Oy

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1 Timber Harvesting and Long-distance Transportation of Roundwood 214 Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 Markus Strandström Metsäteho Oy

2 About statistics Includes volumes and direct harvesting costs of timber assortments concerning domestic roundwood by the forest industries and State Forest Enterprise as well as proportions of harvesting methods Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 2

3 Statistics 214 Summary The average cost of timber harvesting for the Finnish Forest Industries and State Forest Enterprise was per solid cubic metre (over bark). change -1.1% The average cost in the long-distance transportation of roundwood was 8.91 per solid cubic metre (over bark) change +.3% Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 3

4 Statistics 214 Tables Statistics of Metsäteho

5 Costs and Timber Volume, 214 Costs Timber volume Transport volume Mill. % Mill. m 3 Mill. m 3 km % Harvesting Long-distance transportation Road transportation Rail transportation Water transportation Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 5

6 Unit Costs in Harvesting by Felling Method, 214 /m 3 First Other Regeneration Total thinning thinning felling Harvesting Mechanised harvesting *) share of volume share of costs *) Includes mechanised felling as well as forest haulage related to mechanised and motor-manual felling Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 6

7 Unit Costs in Harvesting and Long-distance transportation by Timber Assortments, 214 /m 3 Mechanised harvesting *) Long-distance transportation Pine logs Spruce logs Plywood logs Logs average Pine pulpwood Spruce pulpwood Birch pulpwood Pulpwood average Average *) Includes mechanised felling as well as forest haulage related to mechanised and motor-manual felling Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 7

8 Long-distance Transportation of Roundwood, 214 Domestic roundwood 1 m 3 % km cent/m 3 km /m 3 Total long-distance transportation Total by road By road to mill Rail transportation sequence By road to railway Rail transportation Water transportation sequence Floating sequence By road to floating point Floating Barge transportation sequence By road to barge Barge transportation Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 8

9 Short Term Trends of Finnish Wood Supply Statistics of Metsäteho

10 Mechanisation of Felling, Degree of mechanisation in timber fellings, % Proportion of felling method in mechanised harvesting, % Mechanised felling First thinnings Other thinnings Regeneration fellings Motor-manual felling Per cent of mechanised felling year 214: 99.9% Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 1

11 Long-distance Transportation Techniques, Proportion of transportation volume (m 3 ), % By road to mill Rail transportation Water transportation Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 11

12 Forestry Machines, Forestry machines, number Harvesters Forwarders Timber lorries Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 12

13 Unit Costs in Timber Harvesting and Long-distance Transportation of Roundwood, Unit costs, /m 3 sob Timber harvesting Long-distance transportation of roundwood Costs have been deflated by Indexes of forest machinery costs and lorry traffic costs (214=1) Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 13

14 Unit Costs in Mechanised Harvesting by Felling Method, Unit costs, /m 3 sob First thinnings Other thinnings Regeneration fellings Costs have been deflated by Index of forest machinery (214=1) Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 14

15 Unit Costs in Mechanised Harvesting by Timber Assortments, Unit costs, /m 3 sob Pulpwood average Logs average Costs have been deflated by Index of forest machinery (214=1) Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 15

16 Unit Costs in Long-distance Transportation of Roundwood (I) Uunit costs, /m 3 sob By road to mill Rail transportation sequence Floating sequence Barge transportation sequence Costs have been deflated by Index of lorry traffic costs (214=1) Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 16

17 Unit Costs in Long-distance Transportation of Roundwood (II) 8 Unit costs, cent/m 3 km By road to mill Rail transportation sequence Floating sequence Barge transportation sequence Costs have been deflated by Index of lorry traffic costs (214=1) Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 17

18 Mean Transportation Distance, 214 Mean transportation distance, km By Road Railway Floating Barge By Road to mill, railway, floating point and barge Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 18

19 Mean Transportation Distance, Mean transportation distance, km By road to mill Rail transportation sequence Floating sequence Barge transportation sequence Grand total Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 19

20 Volumes of Imported Roundwood by Transportation Method, Timber volume,mill. m 3 sob Road transportation Rail transportation Water transportation Total Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 2

21 Long Term Trends of Finnish Wood Supply Statistics of Metsäteho

22 Unit Costs in Timber Harvesting, Unit costs in harvesting, /m 3 sob Nominal costs Deflationary costs Costs have been deflated by the wholesale price index (214=1) Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 22

23 Felling Techniques, Proportion, % Saw and axe Chain saw Harvester Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 23

24 Forest Haulage Techniques, Proportion, % Horse Farm tractor Skidder Forwarder Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 24

25 Long-distance Transportation Techniques, Proportion, % Horse or farm tractor (196 -) Waterway Railway By road Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 25

26 Background Information of Finnish Wood Supply

27 Commercial Roundwood Removals, Timber volume, Mill. m 3 sob Commercial Roundwood Removals Industrial Roundwood Removals Commercial roundwood removal = industrial roundwood (logs and pulpwood) and energy wood (mainly small-sized trees) Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute / Natural Resources Institute Finland Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 27

28 Commercial Roundwood Removals by Forest Ownership Category, Volume of felling, Mill. m 3 sob Standing sales Delivery sales Forest industries and state-owned forests Energy wood Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute / Natural Resources Institute Finland Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 28

29 Roundwood Consumption by Forest Industries, Wood consumption, Mill. m 3 sob Domestic logs Domestic pulpwood Sawmill chips and dust Imported logs Imported pulpwood Imported chips Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute / Natural Resources Institute Finland Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 29

30 Wood Consumption by Forest Industries, 213 Logs Pulpwood Consumption of rounwood, Mill. m 3 sob Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute Pine Spruce Hardwood Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 3

31 Roundwood Consumption by Forest Industries by Branch of Industry, 213 Wood-products Pulp Consumption of roundwood, Mill. m 3 sob Sawmilling Plywood and vaneer industry Other wood-based Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute Chemical pulp industry Mechanical pulp industry Semi-chemical pulp industry Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 31

32 Production of Forest Industry Products, 213 Paper and paperboard Wood-products ton Printing and writing paper Other paper Paperboard Sawn goods Wood-based panels m 3 Wood pulp Chemical pulp Mechanical pulp ton Production, 1 units Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute Metsätehon tuloskalvosarja 7b/215 32

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