Danish Energy Policy and Renewable Energy

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1 Downloaded from orbit.dtu.dk on: Jul 7, 216 Danish Energy Policy and Renewable Energy Morthorst, Poul Erik Publication date: 21 Link to publication Citation (APA): Morthorst, P. E. (21). Danish Energy Policy and Renewable Energy [Sound/Visual production (digital)]. VIP- Green Grid Symposium, Risø (DK), 25 Feb, 1/1/21 General rights Copyright and moral rights for the publications made accessible in the public portal are retained by the authors and/or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights. Users may download and print one copy of any publication from the public portal for the purpose of private study or research. You may not further distribute the material or use it for any profit-making activity or commercial gain You may freely distribute the URL identifying the publication in the public portal? If you believe that this document breaches copyright please contact us providing details, and we will remove access to the work immediately and investigate your claim.

2 Danish Energy Policy and Renewable Energy Poul Erik Morthorst Risø National Laboratory The Technical University of Denmark

3 Denmark in Perspectivee Gross Energy Consumption by Fuel PJ 9 Climate Adjusted '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '8 Oil Natural Gas Coal and Coke Renewable Energy etc. Source: The Danish Energy Authorities

4 Constant Energy Consumption in spite of strong growth in GDP Gross Energy Consumption by Fuel PJ 9 Climate Adjusted '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '8 Oil Natural Gas Coal and Coke Renewable Energy etc. S Th D i h E Source: The Danish Energy Authorities

5 Gross Energy Consumption by Sectors Gross Energy Consumption by Use PJ 9 Climate Adjusted '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '7 Energy Sector Transport Trade and Services Non-energy Use Agriculture and Industry Households Source: The Danish Energy Authorities

6 Gross Energy Consumption by Sectors Gross Energy Consumption by Use PJ 9 Climate Adjusted 6 3 Decrease between 4 and 8% 26% 18% 198 '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '7 Energy Sector Transport Trade and Services Non-energy Use Agriculture and Industry Households Source: The Danish Energy Authorities

7 Large Domestic Production of Oil and Natural gas Oil and Gas Reserves Degree of Self-sufficiency Crude Oil, Million m3 Natural Gas, Billion Nm3 25% 2% 15% 1% 5% % 198 '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '8 Source: The Danish Energy Authorities Total Energy Oil

8 CO2-emissions CO 2 Emissions from Energy Consumption Million Tonnes CO '95 ' '5 '8 Observed Adjusted Source: The Danish Energy Authorities

9 CO2-emissions CO 2 Emissions from Energy Consumption Million Tonnes CO '95 ' '5 '8 Observed Adjusted Million Tonnes CO 2 7 CO 2 Emissions i by Fuel Climate Adjusted Source: The Danish Energy Authorities Oil Natural Gas Coal

10 Three cornerstones in Danish Energy Policy Renewables Energy Conservation MW 35 2% % 1% 5% % 198 '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '8 Wind Power Capacity [MW] Wind Power: Share of Domestic Electricity Supply 1% 8% 6% 4% Combined Heat 2% and dpower % 198 '85 '9 '95 ' '5 '8 District Heating Electricity

11 Danish Energy Policy EU targets Energy conservation and development of new Energy Technologies Stabilise gross energy consumption until 225 In the long term to phase out fossil fuels totally t Commission on climate change to give solutions by this year Renewables to cover 3% of Gross Energy Consumption in 225 The share is approx. 15% today Wind Power could cover 5% of Danish Power Consumption in 225 A share of biofuels in transport of 1%

12 Danish Energy Policy Energy conservation and development of new Energy Technologies Stabilise gross energy consumption until 225 In the long term to phase out fossil fuels totally Commission on climate change to give solutions by next 7 year 5 Renewables to cover 3% of Gross Energy Consumption in The share is approx. 15% 3 today Wind Power could cover 25% of Danish Power Consumption in 225 MW4 A share of biofuels in transport of 1% Development of new and efficient technologies 1 Offshore Onland

13 Preparing for the future sites of 2 MW identified 46 MW Equivalent to 8 % of total demand or 5% of electricity demand Source: The Danish Energy Authority

14 Horns Rev Wind resource: m/s at 1 m More than 4 full load hours Water dept: 1-25 m Source: The Danish Energy Authority

15 Wind power in Western Denmark Win d Product tion/powe er Consum mption % Hours in January '7

16 Wind power in Western Denmark Win d Product tion/powe er Consum mption % Wind Power covered approx. 44% of Power consumption in January in Western Denmark Hours in January '7

17 Wind power in Western Denmark d Product tion/powe er Consum mption % and 236% on average in Denmark Win Wind Power covered approx. 44% of Power consumption in January in Western Denmark Hours in January '7

18 Sometimes there is a huge impact on the area spot price 6 5 Denmark-west price System price DKK/MW Wh Hours in January '7

19 and Wind Power certainly influences and Wind Power certainly influences the Power spot price Denmark-west price System price wind production 4 h 1 /Power n % 3 DKK/MWh 6 8 roduction/ nsumptio 1 2 D 4 WindPr Con Hours in January '7

20 Two-Way Communication Price Production Consumption Amount

21 IntelliSys Fast Responding System Excess Power Lower Higher Power consumption production from wind turbines Price

22 IntelliSys Fast Responding System Excess Power Lower Higher Power consumption production from wind turbines Price Deficit it Power L P production from wind turbines Higher Price Lower Power consumption

23 Go for Specific areas Production Consumption Heat pumps p Industrial processes Electric cars

24 Simple Charging of Electric Cars Elforbrug 225 DKV 3 25 Fo orbrug (MW W) % EV simpel ladning Standard forbrug : 4: 8: 12: 16: 2: Time Anders Baunhøj Hansen, Energinet.dk

25 Optimised Charging of Electric Cars El-forbrug DKV Fo orbrug (MW W) % EV optimeret ladning Standard forbrug : 4: 8: 12: 16: 2: Time Anders Baunhøj Hansen, Energinet.dk

26 Using Batteries as Storage Facility Anders Baunhøj Hansen, Energinet.dk

27 Impact on Critical Excess Power Supply Kritisk eloverløb Ove erløb (MW) Kritisk eloverløb_dk1_mw Kritisk el-overløb EV model 1 Kritisk el-overløb EV model 2 Kritisk el-overløb EV model Timer Anders Baunhøj Anders Baunhøj Hansen, Energinet.dk

28 Conclusions o Renewables will play a strong role in the future energy system Wind power, but also solar and biomass o To reach a fossil free future we need to develop an entirely new energy system philosophy Close connections between supply and demand o Political will is essential Long term targets and planning Research for developing new technologies and system

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