Grades 4 6+ The seven pockets in this book are filled with fun, exciting projects that students can proudly present in a unique book format.

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1 Grades 4 6+ The seven pockets in this book are filled with fun, exciting projects that students can proudly present in a unique book format. Contents How to Use History Pockets... 1 Every Pocket Has The American Revolution Pockets Cover... 3 Pocket 1 Introduction to the American Revolution... 4 Pocket 2 Causes of the War Pocket 3 Famous Patriots Pocket 4 A Soldier s Life Pocket 5 Battles Pocket 6 Spies & Traitors Pocket 7 Birth of a Nation Evaluation Answer Key Editorial Development: Elizabeth Ennis Sandi Johnson Joy Evans Marilyn Evans Copy Editing: Cathy Harber Art Direction: Cheryl Puckett Art Resource: Kathy Kopp Cover Design: Paul Warfield Illustration: Len Borozinski Production: Carolina Caird Congratulations on your purchase of some of the finest teaching materials in the world. For information about other Evan-Moor products, call , fax , or visit our Web site, Entirecontents 2008EVAN-MOORCORP. 18LowerRagsdaleDrive,Monterey,CA PrintedinUSA. Correlated to State Standards Visit teaching-standards.com to view a correlation of this book s activities to your state sstandards.thisisafreeservice.

2 Pocket 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION FAST FACTS The American Revolution... page 5 See page 2 for instructions on how to prepare the Fast Facts bookmark and pocket label. As you complete the activities in this pocket, read the Fast Facts bookmark frequently for a quick review. ABOUT The American Revolution... page 6 Reproduce this page for students. Read and discuss the information, incorporating available library and multimedia resources. Refer to this information page as you complete the activities in this pocket. ACTIVITIES Map of the Thirteen Colonies... pages 7 & 8 Students complete a map by labeling the thirteen original colonies and coloring the three colonial regions New England, Middle, and Southern. American Revolution Timeline... pages 9 & 10 Students learn about many important events of the American Revolution as they construct a timeline to use as a reference throughout the unit. Choosing Sides... pages Students read descriptions of seven types of people who participated in the American Revolution. Then they color illustrations of these people and match them with the correct description. 4 POCKET ı: INTRODUCTION

3 INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION INTRODUCTION TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION FAST FACTS The American Revolution, which lasted from 1775 to 1783, was also called the Revolutionary War and the War of Independence. During the American Revolution, only four American cities had over ten thousand people: Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston. Great Britain and the American colonies were separated by over three thousand miles. At the time of the American Revolution, Britain was the most powerful nation in the world. Over eighty percent of American colonists were British. They had been loyal to Great Britain for over one hundred years. Five Patriots of the war later became presidents of the United States: George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. In 1776, the Continental Congress officially declared the name of the new nation the United States of North America. Two years later, the congress decided to shorten the name to the United States of America. POCKET ı: INTRODUCTION 5

4 ABOUT THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION The Beginning of Discontent The thirteen colonies had been under British rule since the 1600s. Each colony elected its own law-making assembly and had its own governor. As long as the colonies dealt only with Great Britain, they were left alone to manage their own affairs. In the 1760s, the British Parliament placed a series of new taxes on the colonies. The colonists resisted these taxes, claiming they should not be taxed because they had no representation in Parliament. Patriots and Loyalists Many colonists began to think they should be independent of Great Britain. These colonists became known as Patriots. Some Patriots came from wealthy families. Others were ordinary farmers. All Patriots had one major goal. They wanted to end British rule and form their own independent country. Conflict Begins As the colonies disobedience toward the British laws and taxes increased, so did the anger of the British government. In 1775, British troops were ordered into Boston to take action against the rebellious colonists. On April 19, fighting broke out between British soldiers and colonial militia, known as minutemen, in Lexington and Concord, small settlements near Boston, Massachusetts. A small Continental army fought against the larger and better equipped British forces for eight years. On September 3, 1783, Great Britain signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the war. The colonies became an independent nation. Not all colonists wanted to break away from Great Britain. These colonists were called Loyalists. To Loyalists, a country without a king was unrealistic. Loyalists included people from all economic levels, too. Some Loyalists were wealthy merchants who wanted to continue their business connections with Great Britain. Other Loyalists had family and friends still living in Britain. About one-third of the population supported the British Crown. 6 POCKET ı: INTRODUCTION

5 MAP OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES At the beginning of the American Revolution, there were thirteen colonies along the Atlantic coast of North America. In 1783, these colonies became the first thirteen states of the United States. Students learn the location of the original thirteen colonies when they label and color a map. STEPS TO FOLLOW 1. As a class, discuss the fact that the original thirteen colonies were part of Great Britain before the American Revolution. 2. Distribute page 8 to students. Point out that Maine and Vermont were originally parts of other colonies. 3. Have students use the map legend and United States reference maps to fill in the map with the correct names of the thirteen colonies. (An answer key is provided on page 96.) 4. Then direct students to refer to the legend to color each of the groups of colonies New England, Middle, and Southern a different color. Have students indicate each region s color on the map key, as well. MATERIALS page 8, reproduced for each student pencil colored pencils U.S. maps for reference POCKET ı: INTRODUCTION 7

6 LEGEND New England Colonies Connecticut Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Middle Colonies Delaware New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Southern Colonies Georgia Maryland NorthCarolina SouthCarolina Virginia 8 POCKET ı: INTRODUCTION

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