1 Chem2A_Ch3_PT MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The smallest amount of an element that retains that elementʹs characteristics is the A) proton. B) electron. C) atom. D) neutron. E) molecule. 1) 2) Another name for atomic mass unit (amu) is the A) mendeleev. B) dalton. C) avogadro. D) kekule E) kelvin. 2) 3) Which characteristics correctly describe a proton? A) approximate mass 1 amu; charge 0; inside nucleus B) approximate mass amu; charge -1; outside nucleus C) approximate mass 1 amu; charge +1; inside nucleus D) approximate mass amu; charge +1; inside nucleus E) approximate mass 1 amu; charge +1; outside nucleus 3) 4) Which particle has a mass approximately equal to the mass of a proton? A) nucleus B) electron C) atom D) quark E) neutron 4) 5) Protons possess a charge, and neutrons possess a charge. A) negative, negative B) negative, positive C) positive, zero D) zero, positive E) positive, negative 5) 6) Protons possess a charge, and electrons possess a charge. A) positive, negative B) zero, positive C) negative, negative D) negative, positive E) positive, zero 6) 1
2 7) Which characteristics correctly describe a neutron? A) approximate mass amu; charge 0; inside nucleus B) approximate mass 1 amu; charge -1; inside nucleus C) approximate mass 1 amu; charge +1; inside nucleus D) approximate mass 1 amu; charge 0; inside nucleus E) approximate mass amu; charge -1; outside nucleus 7) 8) Which characteristics correctly describe an electron? A) approximate mass 1 amu; charge -1; inside nucleus B) approximate mass amu; charge 0; inside nucleus C) approximate mass 1 amu; charge 0; inside nucleus D) approximate mass amu; charge -1; outside nucleus E) approximate mass 1 amu; charge +1; inside nucleus 8) 9) In a neutral atom the number of is equal to the number of. A) neutrons, electrons B) protons, neutrons C) protons, electrons D) protons + electrons, neutrons 9) 10) Which statement is incorrect according to modern atomic theory? A) An example of a chemical reaction is CaCO3 CaO + CO2. 10) B) Some sugars have the formula C3.5H7O3.5. C) An atom of 14N behaves differently in chemical reactions than an atom of 14C. D) C2H6 and C3H8 are both possible compounds of carbon and hydrogen. E) An atom of 14N has the same approximate mass as an atom of 14C. 11) Where is most of the mass of an atom concentrated? A) electrons B) nucleus C) protons D) orbitals E) neutrons 11) 12) An atom with Z = 26 and A = 58 contains protons and neutrons. A) 26; 32 B) 26; 58 C) 26; 84 D) 58; 26 E) 32; 26 12) 13) An atom with Z = 26 and A = 58 contains protons, electrons, and neutrons. 13) A) 26; 26; 58 B) 32; 26; 32 C) 26; 32; 84 D) 58; 26; 26 E) 26; 26; 32 2
3 14) An atom containing 29 protons, 29 electrons, and 34 neutrons has a mass number of A) 5. B) 29. C) 34. D) 63. E) ) 15) The atomic number of an atom containing 29 protons, 29 electrons, and 34 neutrons is A) 34. B) 63. C) 29. D) 5. E) ) 16) An atom containing 47 protons, 47 electrons, and 60 neutrons has a mass number of A) 47. B) 107. C) 154. D) 60. E) ) 17) The atomic number of an atom containing 47 protons, 47 electrons, and 60 neutrons is A) 13. B) 47. C) 154. D) 60. E) ) 18) The value for Z for an atom containing 47 protons, 47 electrons, and 60 neutrons is A) 13. B) 60. C) 107. D) 47. E) ) 19) The value of Z for the element 37Ar is A) 37 B) C) 19 D) E) 18 19) 20) For the isotope 71Ga, Z = and A =. A) 31; 40 B) 71; 40 C) 31; 71 D) 71; 31 E) 31; ) 21) The mass number of Br-81 is A) 81 B) 46 C) 35 D) E) 79 21) 22) How many neutrons does an atom of 46 Ti have? 22 22) A) 22 B) 46 C) 68 D) 0 E) 24 23) Atoms of 35 Cl contain protons and electrons ) A) 17,17 B) 35,18 C) 35,17 D) 18,17 E) 17,18 24) An atom with a mass number of 58 and with 32 neutrons will have protons. A) 58 B) 90 C) 26 D) 32 E) 16 24) 3
4 25) The symbol of the element with 23 protons is A) V. B) B. C) Mg. D) Na. 25) 26) An atom with Z = 31 and A = 69 contains protons and neutrons. A) 31; 100 B) 69; 31 C) 38; 31 D) 31; 38 E) 31; 69 26) 27) The value of A for an atom containing 29 protons, 29 electrons, and 34 neutrons is A) 63. B) 5. C) 29. D) 58. E) ) 28) The value of Z for an atom containing 29 protons, 29 electrons, and 34 neutrons, is A) 29. B) 63. C) 5. D) 58. E) ) 29) The value for A for an atom containing 47 protons, 47 electrons, and 60 neutrons is A) 60. B) 13. C) 154. D) 107. E) ) 30) An atom that contains 47 protons, 47 electrons, and 60 neutrons is an isotope of A) Ag. B) Nd. C) Bh. D) Al. E) cannot be determined from the information given 30) 31) Atoms of 35 Cl contain protons and neutrons ) A) 18, 17 B) 35, 17 C) 17, 18 D) 35, 18 E) 17, 17 32) An isotope with 15 protons and 17 neutrons will have which symbol? A) Cl B) P C) P D) P E) Cl 32) 33) Consider the isotope 79 Br. The atomic number is, and the mass number is ) A) 35, 79 B) 79, 35 C) 35, 114 D) 44, 35 E) 35, 44 4
5 34) Hydrogen exists as three isotopes. These isotopes differ by the number of contained in the atom. 34) A) electrons B) charges C) protons D) neutrons 35) An imaginary element Xq consists of two isotopes having masses of amu and amu. A 35) sample of Xq was found to contain 20.0% of the 100 Xq isotope and 80.0% of the 102 Xq. Calculate the atomic weight of Xq. A) amu B) amu C) amu D) amu E) amu 36) An imaginary element Xz consists of two isotopes having masses of amu and amu. A sample of Xz was found to contain 75.0% of the 100Xz isotope and 25.0% of the 102Xz. Calculate the atomic weight of Xz. A) amu B) amu C) amu D) amu E) amu 36) 37) Which elements all belong in the same group? A) Fe, Cu, Ni B) B, Si, As C) C, N, O D) F, Cl, Br E) Al, Ge, Sb 37) 38) Elements in the Periodic Table are arranged according to A) number of neutrons. B) date of discovery. C) alphabetical order. D) atomic weight. E) atomic number. 38) 39) Which element is most likely to have chemical properties similar to those of potassium (atomic number 19)? 39) A) Sc (atomic number 21) B) Sr (atomic number 38) C) Ca (atomic number 20) D) Rb (atomic number 37) E) Ar (atomic number 18) 40) Which element is not a semimetal? A) As B) Ge C) Al D) Si 40) 5
6 41) Which group of elements contains only non-metals? A) Cl, Ar, K B) P, As, Se C) C, S, I D) V, Cr, Mn E) Mg, Ca, Sr 41) 42) Which of the following is an alkali metal? A) Al B) O C) Cl D) He E) Na 42) 43) Magnesium is an example of a(an) A) noble gas. B) transition metal. C) alkaline earth. D) halogen. E) alkali metal. 43) 44) Which of the following elements is a noble gas? A) Cl B) H C) Ne D) O E) N 44) 45) Which group contains only metalloids? A) Si, Ge, As B) Ce, Pr, Nd C) Kr, Xe, Rn D) Po, Fr, Ac E) Ni, Pd, Pt 45) 46) Which group contains only noble gases? A) Ce, Pr, Nd B) Ni, Pd, Pt C) Si, Ge, As D) Kr, Xe, Rn E) Po, Fr, Ac 46) 47) Which column of the periodic table contains only nonmetals? A) 7A B) 4A C) 6A D) 5A 47) 48) Which element is most likely to have chemical properties similar to those of bromine (atomic number 35)? 48) A) Te (atomic number 52) B) Se (atomic number 34) C) Kr (atomic number 36) D) S (atomic number 16) E) I (atomic number 53) 49) The maximum number of electrons in any orbital is. A) 1 B) 4 C) 3 D) 5 E) 2 49) 50) How many electrons can occupy the shell having n = 2? A) 8 B) 32 C) 18 D) 6 E) 2 50) 6
7 51) How many electrons can occupy the shell having n = 4? A) 18 B) 32 C) 8 D) 2 E) 10 51) 52) How many electrons can occupy the 4s subshell? A) 1 B) 8 C) 2 D) 6 E) 10 52) 53) How many electrons can occupy the 4p subshell? A) 1 B) 6 C) 2 D) 8 E) 10 53) 54) How many electrons can occupy the 4d subshell? A) 2 B) 1 C) 10 D) 8 E) 6 54) 55) What is the maximum number of electrons that can occupy the 4p orbitals? A) 10 B) 6 C) 14 D) 2 E) 8 55) 56) What is the maximum number of electrons that can occupy the 4d orbitals? A) 6 B) 2 C) 14 D) 8 E) 10 56) 57) The electron capacity of the third shell is. A) 32 B) 8 C) 10 D) 18 E) 24 57) 58) Which of the following subshells consists of three orbitals? A) 4f B) 4p C) 4d D) 4s 58) 59) Which of the following subshells consists of five orbitals? A) 4f B) 4d C) 4p D) 4s 59) 7
8 60) The shell having n = 2 contains subshells, orbitals, and up to electrons. 60) A) 1, 2, 4 B) 4, 8, 16 C) 2, 4, 8 D) 3, 6, 12 61) The shell having n = 3 contains subshells, orbitals, and up to electrons. 61) A) 2, 4, 8 B) 3, 6, 18 C) 3, 12, 36 D) 3, 6, 12 E) 3, 9, 18 SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 62) Explain the term ʺquantizedʺ as it applies to the energy of electrons. (Optional: Be sure to include an example that has not been previously mentioned of something that is quantized.) 62) MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 63) What is the electron configuration of S? A) 1s22s22p63s23p4 B) 1s22s22p2 C) 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d1 D) 1s22s22p63s23p6 E) 1s22s22p63s23p2 63) 64) What is the electron configuration of Mg? A) 1s22s22p8 B) 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d5 C) 1s22s22p63s13p3 D) 1s22s22p63s2 64) 65) The element with the electron configuration 1s22s22p4 is. A) Si B) O C) S D) C E) Be 65) 8
9 66) What is the electron configuration of Fe? A) 1s22s22p63s23p64s23d6 B) 1s22s22p63s23p64s2 C) 1s22s22p63s23p64s24p6 D) 1s22s22p63s23p63d8 E) 1s22s22p63s23p63d6 66) 67) The element with the electron configuration 1s22s22p63s23p5 is A) potassium. B) carbon. C) sulfur. D) fluorine. E) chlorine. 67) 68) An element with the same number of valence electrons as the element with the electron configuration 1s22s22p63s23p5 is A) chlorine. B) potassium. C) argon. D) iodine. E) sulfur. 68) 69) The element with the electron configuration 1s22s22p63s23p6 4s1 is A) Rb. B) Ar. C) Ca. D) Mg. E) K. 69) 70) The number of valence electrons in an element with electron configuration 1s22s22p63s23p4 is. A) 2 B) 6 C) 16 D) 4 E) 8 70) 71) The correct order for filling orbitals with electrons is. A) 1s2s2p3s3d4s3p B) 1s2s3d2p3p3s4s C) 1s2s3s4s2p3p3d D) 1s2s2p3s3p4s3d 72) The electron configuration for phosphorus is A) 1s22s22p63s43p1. B) 1s22s22p63p5. C) 1s22s22p63s23p3. D) 2s22p63s23p5. E) 1s21p62s22p5. 71) 72) 9
10 73) Which group contains only f-block elements? A) Po, Fr, Ac B) Ce, Pr, Nd C) Kr, Xe, Rn D) Ni, Pd, Pt E) Si, Ge, As 73) 74) Which group contains only d-block elements? A) Kr, Xe, Rn B) Ni, Pd, Pt C) Ce, Pr, Nd D) Po, Fr, Ac E) Si, Ge, As 74) 75) Transition metals can also be called A) precious metals. B) s-block elements. C) p-block elements. D) d-block elements. E) f-block elements. 75) 76) The number of valence electrons in a main group element is given by. A) the elements atomic weight B) the elements atomic number C) the elements group number D) none of the above 76) 77) Valence electrons in the main group elements are contained in which type(s) of orbitals? A) s and p B) s C) d D) p 77) 78) An s-block element in the 5th Period is A) As. B) Sr. C) Mo. D) Y. E) Ag. 78) 79) The element which has four valence electrons is. A) H B) S C) Si D) Na E) Mg 79) 80) In terms of atomic structure, the common characteristic of elements in the same group is A) number of electrons in the outermost shell. B) number of protons. C) number of electrons. D) number of neutrons. 80) SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. 81) Explain how the term ʺvalence electronsʺ is related to electron configurations. Use the elements in group VI, Periods, 3, 4, and 5, as examples. 81) 10
11 Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED2 1) C 2) B 3) C 4) E 5) C 6) A 7) D 8) D 9) C 10) B 11) B 12) A 13) E 14) D 15) C 16) B 17) B 18) D 19) E 20) C 21) A 22) E 23) A 24) C 25) A 26) D 27) A 28) A 29) D 30) A 31) C 32) C 33) A 34) D 35) B 36) E 37) D 38) E 39) D 40) C 41) C 42) E 43) C 44) C 45) A 46) D 47) A 48) E 49) E 50) A 11
12 Answer Key Testname: UNTITLED2 51) B 52) C 53) B 54) C 55) B 56) E 57) D 58) B 59) B 60) C 61) E 62) The term ʺquantizedʺ means that their electrons can only have certain values of energy. This leads to the idea of definite orbitals, instead of allowing the electrons to be at any location within the atom. Examples can be things that are counted, but cannot be split into smaller parts. The price of a candy bar is quantized it cannot be cents it is either 39 cents or 40 cents. 63) A 64) D 65) B 66) A 67) E 68) D 69) E 70) B 71) D 72) C 73) B 74) B 75) D 76) C 77) A 78) B 79) C 80) A 81) The electron configuration allows us to determine the number of valence electrons by identifying the orbitals in the outermost shell so their electrons can be counted. The electron configuration of S is 1s22s22p63s23p4; in the outermost orbitals, which are identified by a coefficient of 3, there are 6 electrons. Sulfur has six valence electrons. For Se, the electron configuration is [Ar]4s23d104p4, and the orbitals with the largest coefficient (4) contain a total of six electrons, the valence electrons. Likewise, for Te, the electron configuration is [Kr] 5s24d105p4, and the orbitals with the largest coefficient (5) contain a total of six electrons, the valence electrons. 12
Atoms and Elements 2 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems 2.1 a. Cu b. Si c. K d. N e. Fe f. Ba g. Pb h. Sr 2.2 a. O b. Li c. S d. Al e. H f. Ne g. Sn h. Au 2.3 a. carbon b. chlorine c. iodine d. mercury
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AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1 Atomic Structure 1. a) For the ion 39 K +, state how many electrons, how many protons, and how many 19 neutrons are present? b) Which of these particles has the smallest
Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) Periodic Classification of Elements 1. Early chemists classified elements as metals and non-metals on the basis of a set of physical and chemical properties. 2.
CHEMISTRY TEST: THE PERIODIC TABLE Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet. 1. Which of the following
The Periodic Table Organizing the Elements A few elements, such as gold and copper, have been known for thousands of years - since ancient times Yet, only about 13 had been identified by the year 1700.