Sold For Sex: Recent Human

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1 Sold For Sex: Recent Human Trafficking Trends in North Carolina Brooke Jordan

2 About The Salvation Army s Anti-Human Trafficking Program

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10 Objectives Understand the legal definition of sex trafficking Learn what types of sex trafficking is occurring in North Carolina Understand the societal causes of sex trafficking Learn the immediate and long term needs of sex trafficking survivors Learn how to report a suspected case of sex trafficking

11 SexTrafficking: Definition Sex Trafficking: Commercial sex act induced by force, fraud or coercion, ORin which person induced to perform such an act has not obtained 18 years of age*. Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC): Commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion where the person is under the age of 18 years old. North Carolina is ranked as the #8 state in the country where human trafficking occurs.** Why is the commercial aspect key?

12 Sex Trafficking cont d. Examples of sex trafficking: Massage parlors, brothels, strip clubs, escort services, prostitution, mail-order brides Children are especially exploited through prostitution, pornography, and erotic entertainment Who are the traffickers? Pimps, intimate partners/family members, gangs/criminal networks, brothel and massage owners/managers Children are most often exploited by boyfriends/intimate partners, strangers who befriend minor and start to dominate the relationship

13 Internet Solicitation When one person uses the internet to contact another person for the purpose of engaging in commercial sex. Instant messaging Chat rooms Facebook Classified advertisements Escort services Craigslist is the single largest source of prostitution in the nation missing children, runaways, abused women, and women trafficked in from foreign countries are routinely forced to have sex with strangers because they re being pimped on Craigslist. Thomas J. Dart, Sheriff, Cook County, IL. 2010*

14 Internet Solicitation cont d. You can t buy a child at Wal-Mart, can you? No, but you can go to Backpageand buy me on Backpage. For a Web site like Backpageto make $22 million off our backs, it s like going back to slave times. --Victim who was trafficked on Backpage, New York Times*

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17 Gangs Often thought of as individual crimes The national crackdown on drug trafficking has turned gang members to sex trafficking* What gangs are known for sex trafficking in NC MS-13 Sur-13 Bloods

18 Gangs cont d. MS-13 SUR-13 Bloods

19 Gangs Cont d. Gang affiliation in NC by gender*

20 Gangs Cont d. Gang affiliation in NC by age*

21 School Systems Shauna s Story Sex Trafficking and school systems in North Carolina Recruitment Boyfriends/intimate partners Being picked up after school Pictures sent through text messaging, or Facebook Schools system not asking enough questions

22 The Intersection of Sex Trafficking on the Internet, within Gangs, and in Schools

23 Truck Stops If you see a young person at a truck stop, think twice. Children generally don t go to truck stops, and if it seems wrong, it probably is. Don t be afraid to speak up about what you see. -- Sex trafficking victim who had been trafficked at truck stops* Sex trafficking at truck stops often occurs in two forms Pimp controlled prostitution Fake massage businesses Why truck stops? How is this advertised?

24 Truck Stops cont d

25 Foreign Nationals Under what pretense are foreign nationals trafficked? Promise of visas Promise of work Relationships or marriage agreements Earn money or children or family back in home country What does immigration play into victim identification?

26 Foreign Nationals cont d.

27 Societal Causes for Sex Trafficking Growth of organized crime High demand for commercial sex and high profit potential Poverty Sexualization of girls

28 Needs of Sex Trafficking Survivors Immediate Safe housing Interpreter Knowledge that law enforcement is here to help Health care Legal representation (especially if they are foreign born) Long-term Long-term housing Case management Health screenings Trauma based therapy Detox/substance abuse program Employment Reunification with family/children Legal status in the United States

29 Reporting a suspected case of human trafficking 911 Polaris Hotline For all community members and suspected trafficking tips The Salvation Army s Google Number

30 Brooke Jordan The Salvation Army of Wake County

31 References Slide 11: *Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 **Polaris Project Slide 13: *Sex Trafficking Via the Internet: How International Agreements Address the Problem and Fail to Go Far Enough Slide 14: *New York Times article: pimps-peddle-their-goods.html?_r=0 Slide 17: Gang Awareness Guide for North Carolina Communities Slide 18: Gang Awareness Guide for North Carolina Communities Slide 19: gangfreenc.org Slide 20: gangfreenc.org Slide 23: Polaris Project Slide 24: Google Maps Slide 26: UN Office on Drugs and Crime

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