Protection: Myths and Truths

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1 Class 9 - Knowing and Talking About Protection: Skills Integration I Teacher Key 9.1 Protection: Myths and Truths 1. The best way to use a condom is to pull it on tight. MYTH. The best way is to leave some space at the tip to catch has a reservoir tip, you can pull it on tighter. 2. Teenagers can get birth control pills from family planning clinics and doctors without permission from a parent. TRUTH. You do not need a parent's permission to get birth co needs to know that you are going to a clinic. 3. Girls can't get pregnant the first time they have sex. MYTH. A girl can get pregnant any time after she begins ovul 4. A woman can use an lud, even if she's never had a child. TRUTH. The lud is a very effective method of birth control for been pregnant. As with other methods that only protect agai must still use other protection against STD and HIV. 5. Using a latex condom correctly every time you have sexual intercourse is very effective in preventing HIV. TRUTH. Next to abstinence, this is the most effective protecti 6. It's OK to use Vaseline as a lubricant when using latex condoms. MYTH. Vaseline can cause latex condoms to break down, whi condom, use a lubricant that isn't petroleum based. Look for as KY Jelly 7. Girls can get pregnant if they have sex during their periods. TRUTH. Girls can get pregnant at any time during their cycles or irregular cycles, 8. Birth control pills used alone are effective in preventing sexually transmitted disease (STD). MYTH. Birth control pills do not prevent STD. 9. Douching after sex will Wash out the sperm and protect against pregnancy and STD. MYTH. Douching may even increase the risk of pregnancy by fallopian tubes more quickly. Douching does not kill or wash cause STD. Building Skills to Prevent Pregnancy, STD & HIV 143

2 Teacher Key 9.1 class 9 Knowing and Talking About Protection: Skills Integration I 10. When using a condom, it's important for the male to pull out right after ejaculation. TRUTH. Once the penis begins to lose its erection, ejaculate c can slip off. To avoid pregnancy and STD, the male should pu after ejaculating, while the penis is still hard. 11. A woman is protected from pregnancy the day she begins taking the pill. MYTH. Most physicians recommend that women abstain or us birth control for one complete cycle after she begins using th the woman is protected every day, including during her perio 12. Abstinence is the most effective method of avoiding HIV. TRUTH. Not having sexual intercourse is the safest, simplest, pregnancy, HIV and other STDs. 13. When condoms are used correctly, they're 100% effective in preventing pregnancy and STD. MYTH. Condoms are very effective at preventing pregnancy w every time a couple has sex. They are also good protection ag disease (STD), including HIV. But some STDs can be spread b areas are not covered by the condom. Herpes and HPV are tw 14. Sharing needles to inject drugs is one way to get HIV. TRUTH. Blood with HIV in it may be left in the needle and pass 15. luds provide very effective protection against pregnancy for up to 10 years. TRUTH. luds provide continuous protection against pregnanc lud used, they last from 5 to 12 years. 16. If a guy pulls his penis out of a girl in time (before he ejaculates), he can be sure to prevent pregnancy. MYTH. As soon as a male gets an erection, his penis produce which carries enough sperm to cause a pregnancy, even befo no control over the release of this fluid. Withdrawal does actu pregnancy somewhat, so it is better than nothing for couples protection. It's a big gamble, though, and the protection appro are more reliable. 144 Reducing the Risk

3 Name: Protection: Mytlis and Truths DIRrCl IONS: Write "niylh" or "imlh" next U) C;K1I sente 1. Tlic best way to use a condom is to i)ull it on lig 'rccna^crs can get birth control pills from family and doctors without permission I'rom a parent. 8. Girls can't get pregnant the first time they have 4. A woman can use an RID, even if she's never ha,'). Using a latex condom correctly every time you h intercourse is very effective in preventing HIV. (). h's OK to use Vaseline as a lubricant when usin 7. (iirls can get pregnant if they have sex during th 8. Birth control pills used alone are effective in j)re transmitted disease (STDs). 9. Douching after sex will wash out the sj)erm and pregnancy and STD. 0\er->

4 10. When using a condom, il\ important lor the right alter ejaculation. 11. A woman is })r()tected from i)regnancy the d taking the pill. 12. Abstinence is the most eliective method of a 18. When condoms are used correctly, they're preventing pregnancy and STD. 11. Sharing needles to inject drugs is one way t IlJDs ])r<)\'ide very eliective protection against up to 10 years. H). Ha guy pulls his j)enis out ol a girl in time (b ejaculates), he can be sure to {)revent pregnancy

5 Class 8 Getting and Using Protection II Homework 8.3 How Will You Avoid Pregnancy? Directions: This worlcsheet is for your own use and information. It is not for class discussion and will not be turned in to the teacher. 1. Which method(s) for preventing pregnancy would you like to know more about? 2. How will you find that out? 3. Which method seems most convenient? 4. Which method has the fewest side effects that worry you? 5. Which methods are effective enough for you? 6. Do you have a boyfriend or girlfriend? Which method do you think he or she would be most interested in using? 7. Of which method would your parent(s) be most likely to approve? 8. What are your conclusions? Circle the numbers that show which methods seem best for Best Choice OK Choice Worst Choice Abstinence Condoms Foam, Jelly. Cream Condoms + another method Birth Control Pill Birth Control Patch or Ring Depo Provera Implanon lud Building Skills to Prevent Pregnancy, STD & HIV 135

6 Class 8 Getting and Using ProtectionII Handout 8.4 How Is STD/HIV Prevented? Directions: The information below will be discussed in class. For your own use, assess how well you are protecting yourself from HIV and other STD. (Your personal answers will be discussed in class.) iviethod Withdrawal Douching Hoping Rhythm Abstinence Birth Control Pill, Birth Control Patch, Vaginal Ring Depo Provera Implanon Latex Condom Foam, Jelly, Cream iud Protect Yourself Effectiveness of iviethods for Protection Protects for STD, HIV & Pregnancy Protects for Pregnancy Only (Fair) Doesn't Protect for Either 1. Abstinence (not having sex) is the best way to prevent sexual transmission of HIV (and other STDs). If you do have sex: Make sure you do not come in contact with someone else's blood, semen or vaginal fluids. Use a new latex condom and a water-based lubricant every time you have sex. 2. Abstain from alcohol and other drugs, since they affect your judgment and using them may lead to unsafe sex or injection drug use. If you do inject drugs: Never share needles or works. Building Skills to Prevent Pregnancy, STD & HIV 137

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