Chapter 9: The Late Middle Ages Section 3: Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church. By Dallin F. Hardy

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1 Chapter 9: The Late Middle Ages Section 3: Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church By Dallin F. Hardy

2 Council of Lyons 1274 Union of Orthodox Church Catholic Church

3 The Thirteenth-Century Papacy Pope Innocent III Reigned Height of Papal power

4 Plenitude of Power Papacy Became Great secular power

5 Rota Romana Centralized Church s legal proceedings

6 Reservation of Benefices Appointments of Major and minor church offices

7 13 th Century Papacy Papal Centralization

8 12 th Century Heretical Movements Included Cathars Waldensians Sought Biblical simplicity

9 Saint Francis of Assisi Catholic Friar Founded Franciscans

10

11

12 Conclave Established by Pope Gregory X

13 Pope Celestine V Reigned 1294 Died Under suspicious circumstances

14 Pope Boniface VIII Reigned Skilled politician

15 Boniface VIII and Philip the Fair

16 Philip IV Reigned King of France

17 Clerical Taxation 1215 Pope Innocent III Clergy Not to pay taxes to rulers without Papal consent

18 Clericis Laicos 1296 Pope Boniface VIII Forbade Taxation without Papal approval

19 English Retaliation Edward I Denied Clergy Right to be heard in royal court

20 French Retaliation Philip IV Forbade Exportation of money from France to Rome Defied Pope Boniface VIII over Monarchial authority

21 Papal Scandal Pope Boniface VIII Accused of Murder of Celestine V

22 Jubilee Year 1300

23 Bernard Saisset Papal legate To Paris Arrested by Philip IV

24 Ausculta Fili 1301 Affirmed God has set popes over kings and kingdoms

25 Antipapal Campaign Launched by Philip IV

26 Unam Sanctam 1302 Issued by Pope Boniface VIII Temporal authority Was subject to Church

27 Capture of Pope Boniface 1303 Pope Boniface Died

28 Pope Clement V Reigned Withdrew Unam Sanctam

29 Knights Templar Templar Treasure

30

31

32 Arrest of the Knights Templar October 13, 1307 Clement V Condemned Philip IV Knights Templar Ordered Arrest of Knights Templar Seized Templar Treasure

33

34

35 Babylonian Captivity Center of Catholic Church Moved To Avignon

36 The Avignon Papacy ( ) Papal Income Annates First years revenue of Church office Indulgences Started by Pope Clement VI

37 Indulgences Paid money for sins Purgatory Place after death where Souls would pay for their sins

38 Pope vs. Emperor 1314 Pope John XXII Refused to recognize Louis IV Emperor Louis IV Set up another pope instead Nicholas V

39 Royalist Pamphleteers William of Ockham 1328 Excommunicated Criticized Catholic Church Marsilius of Padua 1324 Wrote Defender of Peace Pope Subordinate member of society

40 Palace of the Popes 1364 Built by Benedict XII

41 Church vs. State Now favored State Powerful monarchies controlled religion

42 Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges 1438 French church Elect its own clergy Without papal interference

43 John Wycliffe and John Huss

44 John Wycliffe 1320 s-1384 English Theologian Spokesman for Rights of royalty

45

46

47 Lollards Followers of John Wycliffe Successful at Criticizing medieval church

48

49

50

51 University of Prague 1348 Center of Czech nationalism Religious reform

52 John Huss Rector of University of Prague

53 Czech Reformers Influenced by John Wycliffe Supported Vernacular translations of Bible Communion for All followers

54 Hussites Followers of John Huss

55 Excommunication of John Huss 1410 Prague Placed under Papal interdict

56 Council of Constance 1414 John Huss Accused of heresy

57 Execution of John Huss 1415

58

59

60 Revolt in Bohemia Militant Hussites Set out to reform Bohemia by force

61 The Great Schism and the Conciliar Movement

62 Pope Gregory XI 1377 Reestablished Papacy in Rome

63 Babylonian Captivity Church in Avignon

64 Urban VI Wanted To reform Curia

65 Secret Conclave 1378 Elected their own Pope Clement VII

66 Great Schism Two-Three popes

67 Charles V King of France Supported Great Schism

68 Two Popes Urban VI Supported by England Holy Roman Empire Hungary Bohemia Poland Clement VII Supported by France Naples Scotland Castile Aragon

69

70 Conciliar Theory Representative council Regulate Actions of the pope More authority than Pope

71 Council of Pisa Deposed Both popes Elected New pope Alexander V

72 Council of Constance Three other popes would Resign Elected New Pope Martin V

73

74 Council of Basel Height of Conciliar movement

75 Four Articles of Prague 1432 Presented by Hussites

76 Collapse of the Council of Basel 1439 Pope Eugene IV Usurped Control of the Council 1449 Collapsed

77 Execrabilis 1460 Pope Pius II Condemned Church Councils

78 Conciliar Movement Kings Gained more control over Churches in their kingdoms

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