8th Social Studies Test B

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1 8th Social Studies B Practice Name: Instructions: Copyright Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved

2 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 1. Which is a correct statement about the Supreme Court s Dred Scott decision of 1857? A. The decision pleased both the North and South. B. Abolitionists considered the decision a great victory. C. Slaves were classified as property without legal rights. D. Expansion of slavery into new territories was declared illegal. 2. The Bourbon Triumvirate was an important group in Georgia after Reconstruction. Which best describes the members of this group? A. founders of the Ku Klux Klan B. members of the Republican Party C. citizens opposing Prohibition D. supporters of the New South movement 3. When Georgians voted to secede from the Union in 1861, the result of the vote was A. a narrow victory for secession. B. a victory for secession by large margins. C. undecided on secession. D. against secession. 4. Which term and definition are correctly matched? A. abolitionism a belief in slavery B. nullification terms that end a war C. emancipation the process of freeing a slave D. popular sovereignty the right of elected officials to select a president 2

3 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 5. What was the goal of the Ku Klux Klan after it was reorganized in 1915? A. to preserve segregation B. to increase immigration C. to promote industrialization D. to establish religious tolerance 6. What role did Austin Dabney, Peter Salem, and Cato Stedman play in the Revolutionary War? A. They were leaders of the group called the Minutemen. B. They were Georgians who signed the Declaration of Independence. C. They were African Americans who contributed to the war effort. D. They were Tories who supported the British in the Revolutionary War. 3

4 : 8th Social Studies B Practice Use the map of Alaska below to answer question Why do the meridians grow closer together as they proceed north? A. It is a result of map distortion. B. All lines of longitude meet at the North Pole. C. Northern land areas are not as heavily populated. D. The lines were designed to create political borders. 4

5 : 8th Social Studies B Practice Use the quotation below to answer question 8. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. 8. In which document can this quote be found? A. the Articles of Confederation B. Thomas Paine s Common Sense C. the Declaration of Independence D. Preamble to the United States Constitution 9. What was the name of the document by which Great Britain recognized the United States of America as an independent nation? A. the Townshend Act B. the Treaty of Alliance C. the Treaty of Paris (1783) D. the Declaration of Independence 10. What was the name of the 1765 law that placed a tax upon the sale of all printed items in the American colonies? A. Sugar Act B. Stamp Act C. Intolerable Acts D. Townshend Act 11. Which explorer is most associated with the exploration of Georgia? A. Ponce de León B. Amerigo Vespucci C. Hernando de Soto D. Christopher Columbus 5

6 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 12. The Forward Atlanta program of the 1960s was launched to help Georgia s capital city achieve A. host city status for the Olympic games. B. business and industrial growth. C. greater racial harmony. D. social and political change. 13. During the antebellum period, why was Georgia s economy largely dependent on slave labor? A. Slaves were needed to work in Southern industries. B. It provided a cheap source of labor for large farms. C. River transportation required a large number of slaves. D. Slaves easily adapted to the hot climate of the South. 14. White Southerners blamed the Republican Party for many economic and political abuses during Reconstruction. As a result, Georgia politics was dominated by the Democratic Party. What effect did this one-party system have on the development of Georgia? A. Industry developed. B. The number of jobs increased. C. The economy remained dependent on cotton. D. Segregation of the races resumed. 15. Hart County, Georgia, was named for Nancy Hart. What role did Nancy Hart play in Georgia history? A. She started the first public school in Georgia. B. She was the first female senator from Georgia. C. She was a legendary heroine of the Revolutionary War. D. She was the wife of the first elected governor of Georgia. 6

7 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 16. Which aspect of Georgia life was least affected by Reconstruction policies? A. politics B. religion C. economics D. agriculture 17. Which event that occurred during World War II marked a turning point in race relations in the United States? A. The United States Congress repealed the Jim Crow laws. B. Black and white soldiers fought and died for their country. C. Black and white leaders formed the first civil rights organizations. D. The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in the military was unconstitutional. 18. Which term best describes groups like the Liberty Boys, who were Georgians united to oppose the Stamp Act? A. Tories B. Patriots C. Loyalists D. Redcoats 19. Why were blockade runners important to Georgia during the Civil War? A. They were able to move troops efficiently. B. They brought needed supplies into the state. C. They were able to battle the Union navy successfully. D. They were vital to the protection of Savannah and other ports. 7

8 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 20. Which event in the early 1970s contributed to the decision of many northern business owners and citizens to move to the South? A. the Vietnam War B. the Arab oil embargo C. the stock market crash D. the drought in the Midwest 21. Which air currents helped travelers sailing from Savannah to London, England in the nineteenth century? A. jet stream B. trade winds C. Gulf Stream D. prevailing westerlies 22. Which event led to a special legislative session in Georgia to consider seceding from the Union? A. John Brown s Raid B. the Kansas-Nebraska Act C. the firing upon Fort Sumter D. Lincoln s presidential election 23. You are trying to locate Dooly and Crisp Counties in Georgia. Which kind of a map should you use? A. physical B. political C. thematic D. topographical 8

9 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 24. Federal tax dollars come into Georgia in many ways. These tax dollars support all of the following except the A. Okeefenokee National Wildlife Refuge. B. Jimmy Carter Presidential Library. C. Dr. Martin Luther King Home. D. Georgia Dome. 25. What is the main reason that the Blue Ridge Mountains have been important to the growth of Georgia? A. Their rich red clay soil is excellent for agriculture. B. Rainfall in the mountains provides water to much of the state. C. Natural passes through the mountains established trade routes to the midwest. D. They form a natural barrier between the coastal plain and the Piedmont region. 9

10 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 26. All of the events listed below played an important role in the history of colonial America. 1. the signing of the Mayflower Compact 2. the establishment of the Georgia colony 3. the signing of the Declaration of Independence 4. the establishment of a settlement at Jamestown Which answer places the events in chronological order? A. 3, 1, 4, 2 B. 4, 1, 2, 3 C. 2, 3, 1, 4 D. 1, 3, 4, At the beginning of the Civil War, Kentucky was a A. Union state. B. border state. C. Confederate state. D. independent territory. 28. Which of the following enabled Christopher Columbus to sail to the West Indies in 1492? A. trade winds B. Gulf Stream C. prevailing westerlies D. North Atlantic Current 10

11 : 8th Social Studies B Practice 29. During the late 1800s, a group of Georgians believed that the economy of a New South should depend on manufacturing rather than cotton. An important member of this group was the A. Progressive Party. B. Farmer s Alliance. C. Freedman s Bureau. D. Bourbon Triumvirate. 30. Betty Sue lives in Cairo, Georgia. She will be going to college at the University of Maine in the fall. Which of the following will she need that she may not already have? A. bathing suit B. designer jeans C. warm coat D. white sandals 11

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