Centralised Biogas plants. a contribution to sustainable agriculture

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Centralised Biogas plants. a contribution to sustainable agriculture"

Transcription

1 Centralised Biogas plants a contribution to sustainable agriculture

2 Preface Contents Biogas production is a good idea. Not only because of the energy produced, but also because: The farmer retrieves more nutrients from the manure The obnoxious smells are reduced The environment is protected against unnecessary CO 2 Organic waste is adequately recycled Animal anure storage and transport can be optimised. This pamphlet aims at going through the principles of biogas production at a centralised biogas plant in a simple way. In particular the advantages have been emphasised of farmers that deliver raw slurry to and receives digested slurry from the centralised plant. The pamphlet is written by Adviser Torkild Birkmose, The Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre, The National Department of Crop Production, in cooperation with the Danish Energy Authority s Biogas Group, a group of specialists within biogas production. The publication of this pamphlet is subsidised by the Danish Energy Authority. Centralised biogas plants in Denmark How does a centralised biogas plant work? Energy from the plant The economy of centralised biogas plants What is digested slurry? Increased risk of ammonia evaporation Different effect of digested slurry Digested slurry smells less Reduction of germs in slurry Storage and transport optimisation Relevant addresses For additional copies of the pamphlet please contact: The Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre The National Department of Crop Production Udkaersvej 15, Skejby DK-8200 Aarhus N Phone: January 2000 Layout: Vagn Brostrup Photo: Torben Skøtt, BioPress Translation: Gitte G. Graversen 2

3 Centralised biogas plants in Denmark A centralised biogas plant receives animal manure from several farms. In 1984 the first centralised biogas plant was taken into use in Denmark. Today 20 plants are in operation. Biogas is CO 2 -neutral energy, because fossil-bound carbon is not released unlike e.g. coal, oil and natural gas when burning off biogas. Thus biogas is a renewable type of energy like e.g. wind power, straw and solar cells. Lemvig Sinding Blaabjerg Vegger V. Hjermitslev Thorsø Hodsager Studsgård Blåhøj Filskov Lintrup Ribe Vaarst- Fjellerad Århus Revninge Fangel Davinde Snertinge Hashøj Nysted The production of these energy types is subsidised by society, as we wish to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses, e.g. CO 2. In the Danish government s action plan for energy, Energi 21, biogas production has been stressed in particular. Thus Danish biogas production is expected to increase by approx. eightfold over the next 30 years. The bulk of this rise is expected to originate from manurebased biogas plants. Therefore future political support can also be expected in connection with new biogas projects. The 20 Danish biogas plants manage about 1.1 mill. tons animal manure per year. This corresponds to approx. 3 per cent of the total amount of animal manure in Denmark. By far most animal manure applied is slurry. Moreover, about 200,000 tons organic waste from industries, sewage disposal plants and private households are processed. If the government s goal of an eightfold increase is reached within 30 years, more than half of all animal manure must be used for biogas production. In these years the Danish government tries to expedite its aim by means of subsidies. Thus financial support is provided for the initial design activities as well as the plant establishment and operation (subsidies for electricity production). Moreover, application of biogas for heat supply is tax exempted. 3

4 How does a centralised biogas plant work? The dry matter in animal manure consists among others of carbon. The biogas process transforms the carbon into a compound of methane (CH 4 ) and CO 2 whereas the nutrients remain in the manure. The compound of methane and CO 2 is called biogas. All centralised biogas plants receive animal manure as well as industrial organic waste. Manure and waste are mixed in the plant pretank before they are heated to a temperature at between C and are pumped into the anaerobic digestion tank (the reactor), in which the actual biogas production takes place. Thus the mixture of manure and waste must be so liquid that it can be pumped. The liquid mixture is transported through the plant in a closed piping system by means of pumps. The biomass is kept in the reactor for 2-3 weeks after which approx. half of the dry matter has been transformed into biogas. The rest of the dry matter is so difficult to metabolise that it is uneconomical to prolong the retention time in the reactor any further. Biogas applications: Own combined self-supply heat and power station, in which the biogas is transformed to per cent electricity and per cent district heating Own gas-fired furnace, where the biogas is transformed into district heating Sale of gas by means of pipeline to combined heat and power stations or district heating power plants However, even after the slurry compound has left the reactor a certain production of biogas still takes place. A considerable part of this post-production is collected in a covered slurry storage tank before the slurry is returned to the farmer. This means that the biogas is collected both from the reactor and the slurry tank. The gas is applicable in several different ways. The application depends on the possibilities and needs of the local area. The wide extension of combined heat and power stations in Denmark facilitates the utilisation of biogas. Animal manure from cattle, pigs, poultry and minks Digested slurry for the fields Centralised biogas plant: compounding, digestion, sanitation and declaration Organic waste from industry, sewage treatment plants and private households Energy in the form of biogas 4

5 Energy from the plant It is a principal rule that the higher dry matter percentage in slurry and waste the more gas can be extracted. Thus e.g. chicken manure contains more gas than slurry. It is also possible to extract much gas from most types of organic waste. It is best to apply slurry with a high dry matter percentage to the biogas plant to ensure a high gas yield. Thus the following rules must be complied with: The slurry must be as fresh as possible The waste of water on the farm must be reduced as much as possible The slurry must not be mixed with rainwater. The farmer is also interested in keeping the water content of the slurry low as this reduces the amount of slurry that must be stored and spread. From the listed facts it e.g. appears that energy equivalent to 13 litres of heating oil can be extracted from only one ton of cattle slurry. Since one cow produces approx. 22 tons of slurry per year, one cow has a capacity to produce energy equivalent to about 300 litres of heating oil per year that is if all the slurry is collected and used for biogas production! Energy for extraction process and transport The energy mentioned in the fact table is gross energy. This means that at calculation of the real energy production of the plant, the gross energy should be deducted from the diesel oil consumption for transporting the slurry as well as the electricity and heat consumption for the extraction process. Fortunately, this consumption is rather modest in relation to the production. Energy for extraction process and transport Amount of gas per ton manure and org. waste, m 3 = litre heating oil Net energy 84% Pig slurry Cattle slurry Poultry manure Abattoir gastrointestinal waste Abattoir fatty waste >100 >65 Transport 3% Process 13% 5

6 The economy of centralised biogas plants Today most centralised biogas plants operate satisfactorily and they have an acceptable economy. The below-mentioned general numbers are based on what is expected from a plant that is built today. The numbers in the example show that the main income source of centralised biogas plants is energy sales. Moreover, most plants earn a considerable amount of money in the form of gate fees when they rid the food processing industry of fatty or other organic waste products. In the below example the economy breaks even. Through a number of years the Danish State has granted subsidies for the building and operation of centralised biogas plants. A grant of approx. 13,500 is extended for feasibility studies. Normally, a plant subsidy of 20 per cent of the total investment is granted. The plants are encouraged by means of duty free heat sales and electricity production subsidies Income per m 3 treated biomass Sale of gas 6.90 Gate fees for waste 0.70 Value of plant subsidies 0.80 Total 8.40 Costs Slurry transport, etc Gas production 5.80 Total 8.40 Profit 0 Source: Danish Research Institute of Food Economics How do farmers involved benefit? Most plants are established as limited liability cooperatives on the initiative of a group of farmers. Thus the owners financial risk is very limited. On the other hand the profit is not paid directly to the cooperative members. Farmers have first and foremost been interested in the indirect economic benefits, which they obtain by being cooperative members of a biogas plant. The economic benefits derived e.g. from the optimisation of storage and transport are in some cases calculated at per ton slurry treated. 6

7 What is digested slurry? Digested slurry must be transported, stored and spread in the same way as slurry that has not been used for biogas production. However, there are some important differences. The distinctive features of digested slurry are: that several types of slurry and waste are mixed that the organic matter of slurry is partly metabolised that the ph factor of slurry increases during the extraction process. The below table shows some typical analytic numbers for untreated slurry and for a digested compound of equal parts cattle and pig slurry. Dry matter, Total N, NH 4 -N, P, K, ph per cent kg/ton kg/ton kg/ton kg/ton factor Cattle slurry Pig slurry Digested slurry It is important to notice that: the dry matter is reduced considerably in the biogas plant, which makes the slurry thinner the ammonium (NH 4 -N) content rises the ph factor rises the total N content remains unchanged the P and K contents correspond to the compound i.e. remain unchanged. 7

8 Increased risk of ammonia evaporation The degassing process results in two changes in the slurry, which effect that the risk of nitrogen loss in the form of ammonia evaporation is larger than before the slurry treatment. Approx. half of the organic matter is decomposed. Thus the tendency to form a floating cover is reduced. Often digested slurry does not have a natural floating cover at all The rise in the ph factor increases the transformation of ammonium (NH 4 ) into ammonia (NH 3 ). Ammonia evaporation is prevented by providing a constant barrier between slurry and atmosphere. If the floating cover on the surface of the slurry in the slurry storage tank is permanent, and if the slurry is applied or harrowed quickly into the soil the loss is modest. Ammonia is a volatile gas and evaporates rapidly if slurry is in direct contact with the atmosphere. Ammonia evaporation from digested slurry with and without floating cover Nitrogen loss, per cent No floating cover Cut straw Leca nuts Source: The Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences 8

9 According to the legislation on animal manure storage the slurry storage tank must always either be provided with a cover or a floating cover. Moreover, it is economically rational to establish an artificial floating cover, if it is not formed naturally. The nitrogen evaporation saved and hence the possibility of a higher harvest yield will pay the floating cover expenses and more! Nitrogen loss, per cent of slurry applied Nitrogen loss after spreading of digested slurry Even after the digested slurry has been spread it is sensible to reduce its contact with the atmosphere if possible. This will reduce the ammonia evaporation. 0 No incorporation Harrowing into soil after 1 hour Source: The Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences Injection into soil 9

10 Different effect of digested slurry The physical and chemical changes in the slurry at the biogas plant result in a changed manure effect on the field. This must be taken into account both when planning the spreading and when handling and spreading the digested slurry. When planning the manure spreading the farmer must be aware of the fact that the ammonium content is high. This is an advantage as it is primarily ammonium nitrogen, which is absorbed by plants. Thus by applying digested slurry it is often possible to cut down the amount of nitrogen in fertiliser. Nitrogen utilisation, per cent Digested slurry Nitrogen utilisation in field trials (per cent) Pig slurry Cattle slurry The ratio of phosphorus to potassium in digested slurry is often approx. 1:3 (please see the table at page 7). This ratio lends itself pre-eminently to a crop rotation with e.g. grain and rape, which often requires about 20 kg phosphorus and about 60 kg potassium. If, on the other hand, the crop rotation is dominated by roughage extra fertiliser with potassium must be applied. The thin and fluid digested slurry percolates relatively fast into the ground. This contributes to reducing the usually large ammonia evaporation risk. Digested slurry field trials have shown a nitrogen effect at the level of pig slurry. As regards appearance, composition and nitrogen effect digested slurry is to a higher extent similar to pig than cattle slurry. Source: The Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre, the National Department of Crop Production 6 pieces of useful advice on nitrogen effect 1. There must always be a floating cover on the slurry tank 2. Be aware of the nitrogen content (analysis) and the exact amount of slurry 3. When planning to which crops digested slurry should be applied, the succession should be as such: spring-sown crops, winter crops, grass 4. Slurry must be injected or harrowed into the soil/ploughed in immediately after it has been spread onto the bare soil. 5. Slurry must be spread evenly onto the field 6. Avoid spreading slurry onto the ground in warm, sunny, windy or dry weather. 10

11 Digested slurry smells less All countryside residents know the unpleasant and acrid smell of slurry. Especially during and after the spreading of slurry the obnoxious smell is often very strong. When degassing slurry many odorants in unprocessed slurry are decomposed. Experiences of many farmers and neighbours of farmers who use digested slurry show that the obnoxious smells have been reduced considerably after the farmer has started to use digested slurry. Thus the risk of neighbour complaints is far less when using digested slurry instead of untreated slurry. The farmer obtains both a larger freedom of action when spreading slurry and a better reputation in the local community, if he chooses to use digested instead of untreated slurry. The figure illustrates how, dependent on whether the slurry is untreated or digested, the obnoxious smells spread after the slurry has been spread on a field in north-western wind. After 12 hours the smell has almost disappeared, if digested slurry is used. It is easier to plan the spreading of digested slurry because: The slurry smell is less pungent The smell diminishes rapidly after the spreading. Wind direction Untreated slurry Digested slurry 5 minutes 12 hours 11

12 Reduction of germs in slurry Most centralised biogas plants guarantee that their digested slurry is sanitised. In reality this means that the slurry does not contain any germs and weed seeds capable of germinating. Sanitation means that the slurry has been heated to a temperature of at least 70 C for an hour, or that the guaranteed reactor retention time (the time between pumpings) is minimum 10 hours at a temperature of 52 C. This is observed by most biogas plants today. When farmers transport slurry between properties there is always a risk that infection is spread from one farm to another. The infection can be carried with the slurry and with the vehicles that transport the slurry. If digested slurry is used, the risk of spreading infection is very modest. Firstly because of the sanitation and secondly because requisite cleaning of the transport vehicles is always carried out. 12

13 In order to monitor that the sanitation process is efficient enough, many centralised biogas plants effect laboratory control of the slurry germ content. Among other things the so-called FS method (faecal streptococci) is applied. The content of innocuous faecal streptococci is always very high in untreated slurry. The reduction of these germs indicates that the amount of other germs has also been brought down. The table shows the test results from Ribe Biogas Plant over a period of time. Even though the content of streptococci may be very high before the slurry is degassed, the amount is always less than 5 germs per gramme slurry after the slurry is degassed. Number of faecal streptococci per gramme slurry Date Before degassing After degassing 18/03/98 1,300,000 <5 13/05/98 140,000 <5 15/07/98 690,000 <5 09/09/98 9,000,000 <5 11/11/98 62,000 <5 13

14 Storage and transport optimisation Most farmers which handle animal manure know that the slurry storage and transport expenses may be very high indeed. The establishment of centralised biogas plants brings about an exceptional opportunity of gaining total storage and transport cost savings. The organisation of the biogas plant can also contribute to these savings. The prerequisite for these savings is that the slurry transport is coordinated carefully. The usual transport procedure is that the transport vehicle arrives at the farm with a load of digested slurry, which is pumped into the storage tank. Subsequently a load of fresh raw slurry is extracted from the pretank and the transport vehicle returns to the biogas plant where the raw slurry is exchanged with a new load of digested slurry. In this way the transport vehicle never drives with an empty tank. Normally, it is the farmer who must transport the slurry to his fields. However, if the transport route is long the farmer may ask the biogas plant to deliver the digested slurry at another location than where the raw slurry is collected. Thus the digested slurry may e.g. be delivered to a storage tank that is built closer to his fields. Similarly several farmers may jointly own a slurry storage tank either located on one of the farms or centrally in relation to the respective fields. 14

15 Sale of slurry The many advantages of digested slurry facilitate the sale of slurry to e.g. plant growers. Especially, large plant growers prefer to buy slurry from a biogas plant rather than directly from farmers, as they can buy a big, homogeneous amount of slurry, which is declared at delivery. Mediated by the biogas plant this reallocation can be made flexible and more efficient if a sort of intermediary body for the management of the slurry surplus is established at the centralised biogas plant. In this way the production manager can assist livestock farmers in creating contact with plant growers and vice versa. The transport vehicles carry out the transport even though the distance between livestock farmer and plant grower is long at times. Decentralised tanks Many centralised biogas plants own a number of slurry storage tanks, which they have located in the total supplying area. Thus it is possible for receivers of digested slurry to rent tank storage capacity at a competitive price. This is especially a great advantage, if a farmer only needs storage capacity for a small amount of slurry and it therefore would have been excessively expensive for him to establish the lacking capacity on his own. 15

16 Relevant addresses The Danish Energy Authority The Biomass Section Amaliegade 44 DK-1256 Copenhagen Tel Offers guidance and financial support for biogas projects. Danish Research Institute of Food Economics Rolighedsvej 25 DK-1958 Frederiksberg Tel Has financial expertise within biogas production. Biogas Association of Denmark Axelborg Axeltorv 3 DK-1609 Copenhagen Tel A trade association that aims at improving the conditions of biogas plants in Denmark. The Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre The National Department of Crop Production Disseminates knowledge on Udkaersvej 15, Skejby the nutrient utilisation of e.g. DK-8200 Aarhus N digested slurry. Tel The Danish Biogas Association Chairman Andreas L. Andreasen Vester Bjergevej 2 DK-6760 Ribe Tel An organisation for biogas plant owners in Denmark. Provides among others new biogas plants with experience from previous projects. The Danish Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries The Danish Plant Directorate Skovbrynet 20 Dk-2800 Lyngby Tel Administers rules on manure use in connection with biogas plants. Bioenergy Group University of Southern Denmark Niels Bohrsvej 9 DK-6700 Esbjerg Tel The Bioenergy Group has technical and organisational knowhow within biogas production. BioPress Vestre Skovvej 8 Dk-8240 Risskov Tel Publishes a periodical (Dansk BioEnergi) about all the varieties of bioenergy including biogas. ISBN

Harvesting energy with fertilizers

Harvesting energy with fertilizers Harvesting energy with fertilizers Sustainable agriculture in Europe 1 Harvesting energy with fertilizers The reason for agriculture s existence is to supply energy to mankind. Agriculture converts solar

More information

Irini Angelidaki, Kanokwan Boe and Lars Ellegaard. Environment & Resources Technical University of Denmark

Irini Angelidaki, Kanokwan Boe and Lars Ellegaard. Environment & Resources Technical University of Denmark Irini Angelidaki, Kanokwan Boe and Lars Ellegaard Presentation content Biogas in Denmark: A typical Centralized Biogas Plant Main Results of the investigation Conclusions Location of Centralized biogas

More information

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System european fertilizer manufacturers association Global trends in population growth (Population 1000 million),

More information

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug)

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Farming at dairy (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Process description The present data refer to production on eight typical Danish Dairy in 2000, which combines dairy and (cash) crop production in a mixed

More information

Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste

Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste Sustainable production of biogas and bioethanol from waste Waste - Resources on the wrong way Jens Ejbye Schmidt Head of programme NRG Biomass & Bioenergy Biosystem Division Risø The Technical University

More information

Consider How can you collect solar energy for use in your school? What are other alternatives?

Consider How can you collect solar energy for use in your school? What are other alternatives? 5 a 5 Energy Sources a - Energy from the sun Purpose To explore sourcing our energy from the sun Key concepts Solar energy is a natural and renewable resource Heat energy from the sun can be used to heat

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 The Fremont School District uses oil to heat school buildings. Go Green! is a new project the district will implement. The superintendent has

More information

Energy Offices Meeting

Energy Offices Meeting NASEO 2014 Mid Atlantic Regional State 25x 25: Progressing Towards the Goal Ernie Shea Project Coordinator May 1, 2014 Valley Forge, PA Energy Offices Meeting 25x 25: A National Alliance Formed through

More information

Farm Animal Manure is an Important Sustainable Renewable Energy Resource

Farm Animal Manure is an Important Sustainable Renewable Energy Resource Farm Animal Manure is an Important Sustainable Renewable Energy Resource Dr. John Sheffield. Director for Energy Technology Programs, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6248.

More information

DEVELOPMENT AND STATUS OF THE USE OF AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES FOR ENERGY IN DENMARK HISTORY AND POLICY DRIVERS

DEVELOPMENT AND STATUS OF THE USE OF AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES FOR ENERGY IN DENMARK HISTORY AND POLICY DRIVERS Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management DEVELOPMENT AND STATUS OF THE USE OF AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES FOR ENERGY IN DENMARK HISTORY AND POLICY DRIVERS Inge Stupak IEA Bioenergy Task 43 IEA

More information

Risø-R-1512(EN) Green Technological Foresight on Environmental Friendly Agriculture: Executive Summary

Risø-R-1512(EN) Green Technological Foresight on Environmental Friendly Agriculture: Executive Summary Risø-R-1512(EN) Green Technological Foresight on Environmental Friendly Agriculture: Executive Summary Risø National Laboratory Roskilde Denmark December 2004 Authors: Kristian Borch 1, Svend Christensen

More information

Why Insurance Cost are Rising for Biogas Power Generation Plants

Why Insurance Cost are Rising for Biogas Power Generation Plants Why Insurance Cost are Rising for Biogas Power Generation Plants The United Kingdom has approximately 7,000 dairy farmers producing over 90 million tonnes of slurry per year. Traditionally this slurry

More information

SEQ-CURE III EOG MEETING

SEQ-CURE III EOG MEETING SEQ-CURE III EOG MEETING 25-26/05/2010 ANALYSIS PROCEDURE TO DEFINE A MANAGEMENT STRATEGY PREVIOUS ANALYSIS Definition of system border of the management area Study of the area Geography Livestock Agriculture

More information

Frank Mitloehner, PhD Air Quality CE Specialist Animal Science, UC Davis

Frank Mitloehner, PhD Air Quality CE Specialist Animal Science, UC Davis Mitigation Solutions for Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Animal Waste International Symposium on Near-Term Solutions for Climate Change Mitigation in California March 5-7, 2007 Frank Mitloehner, PhD Air Quality

More information

Jenbacher gas engines. Barbara Marschik

Jenbacher gas engines. Barbara Marschik Jenbacher gas engines Barbara Marschik Separator sheet Jenbacher gas engines Use this range of background colors to introduce new sections 2 Jenbacher gas engines Jenbach- Austria GE Energy s Jenbacher

More information

Rural and Agricultural Advisory Systems: Best Practices and Experience in the Eastern Partnership. Riga, 15 16 April 2015

Rural and Agricultural Advisory Systems: Best Practices and Experience in the Eastern Partnership. Riga, 15 16 April 2015 Rural and Agricultural Advisory Systems: Best Practices and Experience in the Eastern Partnership Riga, 15 16 April 2015 Riga 15 April 2015 Henry Joergensen, Senior Consultant THE SUSTAINABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Agricultural Advisory Service in Denmark International Adviser Henry Joergensen, Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre

Agricultural Advisory Service in Denmark International Adviser Henry Joergensen, Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre Agricultural Advisory Service in Denmark International Adviser Henry Joergensen, Danish Agricultural Advisory Centre This paper gives an overview of the unique agricultural advisory service in Denmark.

More information

with global applications Higher national employment Lower emissions of greenhouse gases More efficient use of resources

with global applications Higher national employment Lower emissions of greenhouse gases More efficient use of resources Successful Swedish biogas with global applications Higher national employment Lower emissions of greenhouse gases More efficient use of resources A comprehensive solution with great potential Biogas can

More information

Bachelor s Programme in Agricultural and Environmental Management Study line: Environmental Management. Total Study description 2011-2013

Bachelor s Programme in Agricultural and Environmental Management Study line: Environmental Management. Total Study description 2011-2013 Bachelor s Programme in Agricultural and Environmental Management Study line: Environmental Management Total Study description 2011-2013 Table of contents: 1. The Programme... 3 2. Total study overview...

More information

Biogas - Trends in Germany Biogas as a key in future energy systems

Biogas - Trends in Germany Biogas as a key in future energy systems Biogas - Trends in Germany Biogas as a key in future energy systems Clemens Findeisen Consultant Development Cooperation German Biogas Association 14 th of October 2013, Berlin Outline German Biogas Association

More information

Renewable Energy Development in Uzbekistan

Renewable Energy Development in Uzbekistan Conference Integration of Central Asia into the World economy: Role of Energy and Infrastructure 22 October 2007, Washington D.C. Renewable Energy Development in Uzbekistan Technology Transfer Agency is

More information

Lesson 6. BioMara gratefully acknowledges the following funders: Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel.

Lesson 6. BioMara gratefully acknowledges the following funders: Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel. Lesson 6 Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel. From lesson 5 you have discovered that there are many uses for algae. You also have discovered that algae can be used to produce biofuels.

More information

Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts

Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts Julian Chow United Nations Statistics Division 1 st Sub-Regional Course on SEEA 23-27 September 2013 Malaysia SEEA Conceptual Framework Outside territory

More information

INTERIM TECHNICAL REPORT FIRST 18 MONTH PERFORMANCE SUMMARY FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF DAIRY COW SLURRY AT AFBI HILLSBOROUGH

INTERIM TECHNICAL REPORT FIRST 18 MONTH PERFORMANCE SUMMARY FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF DAIRY COW SLURRY AT AFBI HILLSBOROUGH INTERIM TECHNICAL REPORT FIRST 8 MONTH PERFORMANCE SUMMARY FOR ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF DAIRY COW SLURRY AT AFBI HILLSBOROUGH Figure : Photograph of AD plant at AFBI (digester tank left of centre) Peter

More information

Looking to the Future: 4 Danish scenarios for future farming

Looking to the Future: 4 Danish scenarios for future farming Looking to the Future: 4 Danish scenarios for future farming Christian Ege, Danish Ecological Council Tommy Dalgaard, Aarhus University Alex Dubgaard, University of Copenhagen 1 A Danish project: Future

More information

ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS 2020. The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012

ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS 2020. The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012 ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012 The most ambitious energy plan of the world In March 2012 a historic new Energy Agreement was reached in Denmark. The Agreement

More information

Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management

Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management Extension Bulletin E-3137 New February 2011 Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management Managing Soils Soil organic matter (SOM) is the foundation for productive soil. It promotes healthy crops, supplies resources

More information

Introduction to Waste Treatment Technologies. Contents. Household waste

Introduction to Waste Treatment Technologies. Contents. Household waste Contents Introduction to waste treatment technologies 3 Section 1: The treatment of recyclable waste 4 Bulking facilities 5 Materials Reclamation Facility (MRF) 6 Reuse and recycling centres 8 Composting

More information

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 Technological and Environmental Impacts Evaluation of Biomass and Biofuels Supply Chain Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 1 Optimisation of Production Systems Lab 2 Soft Energy Applications

More information

Ksawery Kuligowski Pomeranian Center for Environmental Research and Technology POMCERT University of Gdansk Poland

Ksawery Kuligowski Pomeranian Center for Environmental Research and Technology POMCERT University of Gdansk Poland Alternative manure energy solutions: Incineration and thermal gasification A greener agriculture for a bluer Baltic Sea Conference 2011 Seminar C Ksawery Kuligowski Pomeranian Center for Environmental

More information

Examples for financing of biogas projects in Italy

Examples for financing of biogas projects in Italy IEE Project BiogasIN Examples for financing of biogas projects in Italy D.3.2., WP3 - Henning Hahn, Dominik Rutz, Erik Ferber, Franz Kirchmayer - November 2010 Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. Basics of

More information

An Introduction to Solar Energy. Applications for Agriculture. State of New York. George E. Pataki, Governor

An Introduction to Solar Energy. Applications for Agriculture. State of New York. George E. Pataki, Governor An Introduction to Solar Energy Applications for Agriculture State of New York George E. Pataki, Governor NEW YORK STATE ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Vincent A. DeIorio, Esq., Chairman George

More information

Green Gases Practical concepts for reliable sustainable energy supply

Green Gases Practical concepts for reliable sustainable energy supply Green Gases Practical concepts for reliable sustainable energy supply Ulrike Daniel, International Project Leader and Head of Consultancy EnD-I AG www.end-i.ag Your green energy supplier Landfill Gas Solar

More information

Towards climate-smart agriculture

Towards climate-smart agriculture Towards climate-smart agriculture Background notes for the informal meeting of the Ministers of Agriculture Luxembourg, 15 September 2015 Table of contents Agricultural impact on climate change Climate

More information

LIvestock manure to energy. Status, Technologies and Innovation in Denmark

LIvestock manure to energy. Status, Technologies and Innovation in Denmark LIvestock manure to energy Status, Technologies and Innovation in Denmark Livestock Manure to Energy Status, Technologies and Innovation in Denmark Published by Agro Business Park A/S, Niels Pedersens

More information

Updated Guidance for Farmers on Requirements for the Storage and Spreading of Poultry Litter to 31 December 2014

Updated Guidance for Farmers on Requirements for the Storage and Spreading of Poultry Litter to 31 December 2014 Updated Guidance for Farmers on Requirements for the Storage and Spreading of Poultry Litter to 31 December 2014 This publication can be made available in alternative formats. To request it in an alternative

More information

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROGRAM REPORT

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROGRAM REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROGRAM REPORT January through December 2008 Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity Bureau of Energy and Recycling Renewable Energy Resources Program 620 East

More information

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Farmer attitudes and potential barriers to the use of new organic fertilisers (Danish survey)

Farmer attitudes and potential barriers to the use of new organic fertilisers (Danish survey) Farmer attitudes and potential barriers to the use of new organic fertilisers (Danish survey) Sean Case Myles Oelofse, Yong Hou, Oene Oenema, Lars Stoumann Jensen Overview 1. Context 2. Farmer survey design

More information

Biomass Supply Chains in South Hampshire

Biomass Supply Chains in South Hampshire Biomass Supply Chains in South Hampshire 1 Executive Summary This report provides an analysis of how biomass supply chains could be developed within the area covered by the Partnership for Urban South

More information

SSE s criteria used for GHG emissions reporting

SSE s criteria used for GHG emissions reporting SSE s criteria used for reporting 1 Introduction This document details the annual greenhouse gas emissions reporting approach used by SSE Plc to report the tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) during

More information

CRS Report Summaries WORKING DRAFT

CRS Report Summaries WORKING DRAFT CRS Report Summaries R40147 Green Buildings This is a definition and analysis of the cost and benefits of green buildings. It also cites agencies and laws that encourage the building of environmentally

More information

Natural Gas and the U.S. Fertilizer Industry

Natural Gas and the U.S. Fertilizer Industry Natural Gas and the U.S. Fertilizer Industry Harry Vroomen Vice President, Economic Services The Fertilizer Institute July 15, 2010 www.tfi.org Outline of Presentation Brief Intro on Fertilizer Focus on

More information

Brief Analysis of Characteristics and Further Research Orientation of Bioenergy Supply Chain

Brief Analysis of Characteristics and Further Research Orientation of Bioenergy Supply Chain Natural Resources, 2013, 4, 105-109 http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/nr.2013.41012 Published Online March 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/nr) 105 Brief Analysis of Characteristics and Further Research Orientation

More information

Mobilizing agricultural crop residues for energy and higher value bio-products

Mobilizing agricultural crop residues for energy and higher value bio-products Mobilizing agricultural crop residues for energy and higher value bio-products Niclas Scott Bentsen 1, Patrick Lamers 2, Charles Lalonde 3, Maria Wellisch 4, Virginia H. Dale 5, Ian Bonner 2, Jacob Jacobson

More information

The key tools of farm business analyses

The key tools of farm business analyses 10 The key tools of farm business analyses This chapter explains the benefits of accurately documenting farm assets and liabilities, as well as farm costs and income, to monitor the business performance

More information

Prioritizing biomass in the sustainable Smart Society. Henrik Wenzel University of Southern Denmark

Prioritizing biomass in the sustainable Smart Society. Henrik Wenzel University of Southern Denmark Prioritizing biomass in the sustainable Smart Society Henrik Wenzel University of Southern Denmark 4th Generation District Heating Second Annual Conference Aalborg University, Copenhagen 21 August 2013

More information

Indonesia Biogas Asia Pacific Forum Developing A Biogas Hub In Commercialising Biogas For Asia. Opportunities for Biogas as a Vehicular Fuel

Indonesia Biogas Asia Pacific Forum Developing A Biogas Hub In Commercialising Biogas For Asia. Opportunities for Biogas as a Vehicular Fuel Indonesia Biogas Asia Pacific Forum Developing A Biogas Hub In Commercialising Biogas For Asia 28 th February 2014 Jakarta, Indonesia Opportunities for Biogas as a Vehicular Fuel by Lee Giok Seng Executive

More information

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion AALTO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY KE-40.4120 Introduction to biorefineries and biofuels Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion Aino Siirala 309141 Assignment submitted

More information

Conclusions. Towards a green economy

Conclusions. Towards a green economy Conclusions Towards a green economy Conclusions Moving towards a green economy has the potential to achieve sustainable development and eradicate poverty on an unprecedented scale, with speed and effectiveness.

More information

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY Introduction Canadians are among the highest energy consumers in the world. Why? (list 3 possible reasons) Northern climate/very cold temperatures

More information

Zhangbei Green Data Center

Zhangbei Green Data Center Zhangbei Green Data Center Solar energy and biomass power generation projects NANRI,Yunlian Zhang Hongge Mobil:18611187300 1 2 3 4 5 6 Data center energy development Zhangbei DC Project Background New

More information

Green Energy in Europe - Potentials and Prospects

Green Energy in Europe - Potentials and Prospects Green Energy in Europe - Potentials and Prospects Gerfried Jungmeier, JOANNEUM RESEARCH, Austria Tel: +43 (0) 316 876 1313 Fax: +43 (0) 316 876 1320 e-mail: gerfried.jungmeier@joanneum.at www.joanneum.at

More information

Energy and Carbon Management

Energy and Carbon Management Energy and Carbon Management Andrew Gardner General Manager Energy and Carbon Management Severn Trent Water Andrew.Gardner@severntrent.co.uk 30th March 2010 Agenda Why we are investing in Low Carbon Future

More information

Waste to Energy. Patrick Grange. Copyright CIBSE MNW Region 1. Rural, Business and Renewable Energy Consultants

Waste to Energy. Patrick Grange. Copyright CIBSE MNW Region 1. Rural, Business and Renewable Energy Consultants Waste to Energy CIBSE Presentation Patrick Grange Rural, Business and Renewable Energy Consultants Copyright CIBSE MNW Region 1 Agenda CMS UK Background to Renewables Energy from Waste CHP Units How we

More information

IGW S.r.l. Sofia 9 giugno 2015 PIÙ MODERNI, PIÙ COMPETITIVI, PIÙ FORTI AMBIENTE ED EFFICIENZA ENERGETICA IN BULGARIA. Organizzazione a cura di

IGW S.r.l. Sofia 9 giugno 2015 PIÙ MODERNI, PIÙ COMPETITIVI, PIÙ FORTI AMBIENTE ED EFFICIENZA ENERGETICA IN BULGARIA. Organizzazione a cura di IGW S.r.l. Sofia 9 giugno 2015 PIÙ MODERNI, PIÙ COMPETITIVI, PIÙ FORTI AMBIENTE ED EFFICIENZA ENERGETICA IN BULGARIA Organizzazione a cura di IGW Srl is a service company that deals with the production

More information

Energy from digester gas. Optimised biogas utilisation

Energy from digester gas. Optimised biogas utilisation Energy from digester gas Optimised biogas utilisation The complete solution The complete solution Our company ENER-G designs, installs and operates biogas combined heat and power (CHP) systems for a variety

More information

Agricultural Income Tax Issues - An Educational Module Offered by the University of Wyoming

Agricultural Income Tax Issues - An Educational Module Offered by the University of Wyoming Agricultural Income Tax Issues - An Educational Module Offered by the University of Wyoming Important Aspects of Financial Records Prepared by Jeffrey E. Tranel John P. Hewlett Rodney L. Sharp Keeping

More information

Dr. István ZÁDOR PhD: Rita MARKOVITS-SOMOGYI: Dr. Ádám TÖRÖK PhD: PhD, MSc in Transportation Engineering, KOGÁT Ltd. istvan.zador@kogat.

Dr. István ZÁDOR PhD: Rita MARKOVITS-SOMOGYI: Dr. Ádám TÖRÖK PhD: PhD, MSc in Transportation Engineering, KOGÁT Ltd. istvan.zador@kogat. Dr. István ZÁDOR PhD: PhD, MSc in Transportation Engineering, KOGÁT Ltd. istvan.zador@kogat.hu Rita MARKOVITS-SOMOGYI: MSc in Transport Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics Department

More information

A Digester for the 125 Cow Dairy: Fact or Fiction?

A Digester for the 125 Cow Dairy: Fact or Fiction? A Digester for the 125 Cow Dairy: Fact or Fiction? M. Charles Gould Extension Educator-Bioproducts and Bioenergy Agriculture and Agribusiness Institute Michigan State University Midwest Manure Summit Green

More information

Natural Resources. Air and Water Resources

Natural Resources. Air and Water Resources Natural Resources Key Concepts Why is it important to manage air and water resources wisely? How can individuals help manage air and water resources wisely? Air and Water Resources What do you think? Read

More information

Thermal & Biogas Production In Egypt. By Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abd El-Ati Ahmed Egypt - GBEP Focal Point

Thermal & Biogas Production In Egypt. By Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abd El-Ati Ahmed Egypt - GBEP Focal Point Thermal & Biogas Production In Egypt By Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abd El-Ati Ahmed Egypt - GBEP Focal Point Some Related Socioeconomic indicators : The total land area is 1 Million Km 2. 97 % of the total area is

More information

Samsoe, Denmarks Renewable Energy Island - Goals, Status and Examples

Samsoe, Denmarks Renewable Energy Island - Goals, Status and Examples I ' Samsoe, Denmarks Renewable Energy Island - Goals, Status and Examples By: Aage Johnsen, Samsoe Energy Company and Soeren Hermansen, Samsoe Energy- and Environmental Office. In 1997 Samsoe was chosen

More information

The Danish regions. 2 www.regionmidtjylland.dk

The Danish regions. 2 www.regionmidtjylland.dk Renewable Energy and Environmental development The effort of Central Denmark Region Henning Gjellerod Member of the region-council www.regionmidtjylland.dk The Danish regions 2 www.regionmidtjylland.dk

More information

Electrical infrastructure serving the city of London CITY OF LONDON. 2012 Corporate Energy Consumption Report

Electrical infrastructure serving the city of London CITY OF LONDON. 2012 Corporate Energy Consumption Report Electrical infrastructure serving the city of London CITY OF LONDON 2012 Corporate Energy Consumption Report September 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS CORPORATE ENERGY MANAGEMENT - UPDATE... 3 1 CORPORATE ENERGY

More information

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to creating

More information

ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION S PROPOSED TAX INCENTIVES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND THE ENVIRONMENT

ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION S PROPOSED TAX INCENTIVES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND THE ENVIRONMENT June 28, 1999 ANALYSIS OF THE ADMINISTRATION S PROPOSED TAX INCENTIVES FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND THE ENVIRONMENT INTRODUCTION A few months ago in the FY 2000 budget the President proposed a $3.6 billion

More information

Consultation response: PPC Technical Guidance Note 35 Anaerobic Digestion

Consultation response: PPC Technical Guidance Note 35 Anaerobic Digestion Consultation response: PPC Technical Guidance Note 35 Anaerobic Digestion The Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association ( ADBA ) is the trade association that represents the range of interests and matters

More information

IDEAS Energy Innovation Contest 2012 Winners

IDEAS Energy Innovation Contest 2012 Winners IDEAS Energy Innovation Contest 2012 Winners Echos Consulting, Jamaica The Family Garden, Jamaica Caribbean ESCO Ltd., Jamaica N.V. VSH Foods, Suriname N.V. Guguplex Technologies, SAC, Suriname B2D, Haiti

More information

COMBUSTION. In order to operate a heat engine we need a hot source together with a cold sink

COMBUSTION. In order to operate a heat engine we need a hot source together with a cold sink COMBUSTION In order to operate a heat engine we need a hot source together with a cold sink Occasionally these occur together in nature eg:- geothermal sites or solar powered engines, but usually the heat

More information

Section 9006. Renewable Energy/Energy Efficiency Grants and Loans. Molly Hammond Business Cooperative Specialist

Section 9006. Renewable Energy/Energy Efficiency Grants and Loans. Molly Hammond Business Cooperative Specialist Section 9006 Renewable Energy/Energy Efficiency Grants and Loans Molly Hammond Business Cooperative Specialist Outline History of the program Definitions Highlights of the program Who is eligible? What

More information

Balancing chemical reaction equations (stoichiometry)

Balancing chemical reaction equations (stoichiometry) Balancing chemical reaction equations (stoichiometry) This worksheet and all related files are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, version 1.0. To view a copy of this license, visit

More information

HOW TO SELECT GREEN TECHNOLOGIES IN A HARBOUR SETUP

HOW TO SELECT GREEN TECHNOLOGIES IN A HARBOUR SETUP HOW TO SELECT GREEN TECHNOLOGIES IN A HARBOUR SETUP E-Harbours towards sustainable, clean and energetic innovative harbour cities in the rth Sea Region ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This report has been realised with

More information

IS ENERGY IN ESTONIA CHEAP OR EXPENSIVE?

IS ENERGY IN ESTONIA CHEAP OR EXPENSIVE? IS ENERGY IN ESTONIA CHEAP OR EXPENSIVE? Rita Raudjärv, Ljudmilla Kuskova Energy is a resource without which it is hard to imagine life in today's world. People seem to take it for granted that energy

More information

Biogas plants with decentralized bioenergy centres

Biogas plants with decentralized bioenergy centres CO 2 BIO-FER Biogáz és Fermentációs Termékklaszter Biogas plants with decentralized bioenergy centres Tibor Enyingi Biological engineer Cluster director The managing company of the cluster: Sokoró Naturzóna

More information

MINAS the Dutch MINeral Accounting System

MINAS the Dutch MINeral Accounting System MINAS the Dutch MINeral Accounting System For the California Department of Food and Agriculture August 2013, Krijn J. Poppe LEI Wageningen UR Content of the presentation A short introduction to Dutch agriculture

More information

The UK anaerobic digestion market. A market report by the UK Green Investment Bank

The UK anaerobic digestion market. A market report by the UK Green Investment Bank The UK anaerobic digestion market A market report by the UK Green Investment Bank Contents 3 Introduction 4 Key findings 5 Scope of this report 6 Sector development 7 Operational performance 10 Feedstock

More information

Subsidising Biomass Electricity - Contracts for Difference and what they mean for dedicated and converted biomass power stations

Subsidising Biomass Electricity - Contracts for Difference and what they mean for dedicated and converted biomass power stations January 2014 Subsidising Biomass Electricity - Contracts for Difference and what they mean for dedicated and converted biomass power stations New Government support for renewable electricity, and hence

More information

USDA Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Grants for Rural Energy Projects

USDA Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Grants for Rural Energy Projects August 20, 2009 USDA Loans, Loan Guarantees, and Grants for Rural Energy Projects Opportunities for Renewable Energy Companies and Suppliers The U.S. Department of Agriculture ( USDA ) has established

More information

Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities

Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities FACULTY OF SCIENCE Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities Henning Jørgensen Department of Geosciences and Nature Ressource Management Faculty

More information

Drainage. Information for those with problem drains

Drainage. Information for those with problem drains Drainage Information for those with problem drains Contents 1 Purpose 2 Introduction 2 Explanations: what is a drain and what is a sewer 3 Explanation of the responsibilities for public and private sewers

More information

FAS Training Course on Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy

FAS Training Course on Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy Among the Implemented to date include: Waterford Renewable Energy Cooperative Society Ltd WEB coordinated the formation of Waterford Renewable Energy Cooperative Society Ltd, which is an energy cooperative,

More information

2015 -- S 0417 S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D

2015 -- S 0417 S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D LC001 01 -- S 01 S T A T E O F R H O D E I S L A N D IN GENERAL ASSEMBLY JANUARY SESSION, A.D. 01 A N A C T RELATING TO TAXATION -- CARBON PRICING AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT ACT OF 01 Introduced

More information

USDA is an equal opportunity provider, lender, and employer.

USDA is an equal opportunity provider, lender, and employer. All Rural Development Contacts and Funding Notices can be found on the website at: www.rurdev.usda.gov Select: Notice of Funds Availability on the right hand side of the screen. Select: Contact Us at the

More information

A Green Idea. Reclaiming Urban Wood Waste And Urban Forest Debris. For Fuel/Combustion & Renewable Energy

A Green Idea. Reclaiming Urban Wood Waste And Urban Forest Debris. For Fuel/Combustion & Renewable Energy A Green Idea Reclaiming Urban Wood Waste And Urban Forest Debris For Fuel/Combustion & Renewable Energy Presentation Edward Kalebich Chief Operating Officer Robbins Community Power Facility located Chicago

More information

Guidelines for stakeholders in bio-coal supply chain: Hypothesis based on market study in Finland and Latvia

Guidelines for stakeholders in bio-coal supply chain: Hypothesis based on market study in Finland and Latvia Baltic Bioenergy and Industrial Charcoal Guidelines for stakeholders in bio-coal supply chain: Hypothesis based on market study in Finland and Latvia Lei Wang, Jukka Hyytiäinen, Esko Mikkonen The Development

More information

Feed Management Plan Template (06. 21. 10) Address: Address: Town, State, Zip: Homer City. Farm Name: Phone: Fax: e-mail:

Feed Management Plan Template (06. 21. 10) Address: Address: Town, State, Zip: Homer City. Farm Name: Phone: Fax: e-mail: Feed Management Plan Template (06. 21. 10) Producer's Name: Address: LG Address: Town, State, Zip: Homer City Farm Name: Phone: Fax: e-mail: Consultant's Name: Cargill Animal Nutrition Address: Address:

More information

University of Copenhagen. Summary: Food price monitoring in Denmark Hansen, Henning Otte. Publication date: 2011

University of Copenhagen. Summary: Food price monitoring in Denmark Hansen, Henning Otte. Publication date: 2011 university of copenhagen University of Copenhagen Summary: Food price monitoring in Denmark Hansen, Henning Otte Publication date: 2011 Document Version Publisher's PDF, also known as Version of record

More information

TIPCHECK. Technical Insulation Performance Check INSULATION SYSTEM ENERGY EFFIENCY COST OPTIMISATION

TIPCHECK. Technical Insulation Performance Check INSULATION SYSTEM ENERGY EFFIENCY COST OPTIMISATION TIPCHECK Technical Insulation Performance Check INSULATION SYSTEM ENERGY EFFIENCY COST OPTIMISATION Contents 03 CONTENTS 04 Extract from EiiF study 06 Investing in the future 08 TIPCHECK engineers 10

More information

Estimated emissions and CO2 savings deriving from adoption of in-place recycling techniques for road pavements

Estimated emissions and CO2 savings deriving from adoption of in-place recycling techniques for road pavements Estimated emissions and CO2 savings deriving from adoption of in-place recycling techniques for road pavements Introduction Objective: to estimate the CO2 emissions produced by road surface construction

More information

A SOIL TESTING SERVICE FOR FARMERS IN THAILAND, USING MOBILE LABORATORIES

A SOIL TESTING SERVICE FOR FARMERS IN THAILAND, USING MOBILE LABORATORIES A SOIL TESTING SERVICE FOR FARMERS IN THAILAND, USING MOBILE LABORATORIES Narong Chinabut Office of Science for Land Development Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Bangkok

More information

Micro-Renewable Energies

Micro-Renewable Energies Micro-Renewable Energies Renewable technologies have a direct benefit in terms of climate change mitigation as they have the potential to generate significantly less greenhouse gas or acidifying substances

More information

Swallow Street recycling facts and figures in partnership with Bywaters

Swallow Street recycling facts and figures in partnership with Bywaters Regent Street Direct Swallow Street recycling facts and figures in partnership with Bywaters 2013 Swallow Street produced 76 tonnes of cardboard Mission Recycling Ltd: Paper and Cardboard Paper of all

More information

Biogas in the Nordic countries

Biogas in the Nordic countries Nordic Biogas Conference August 27 2014 Biogas in the Nordic countries Bruno Sander Nielsen / Danish Biogas Association Brief overview Production Origin Use Development Major challenges / drivers Figures

More information

Mercedes-Benz Biodiesel Brochure

Mercedes-Benz Biodiesel Brochure Mercedes-Benz Biodiesel Brochure Contents Definitions of Bio-Based Diesel Fuel Main Quality Characteristics of Straight Biodiesel Risks from the use of Diesel Fuel Containing Biodiesel Impacts of Biodiesel

More information

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed

More information

A TALE OF TWO BIOMASS BOILERS

A TALE OF TWO BIOMASS BOILERS A TALE OF TWO BIOMASS BOILERS What could be better than using energy grown locally to heat your facility? Two school districts in Pennsylvania are using biomass boilers to provide thermal energy: The Benton

More information

LOAN ANALYSIS. 1 This is drawn from the FAO-GTZ Aglend Toolkits 1 5 for the training purpose.

LOAN ANALYSIS. 1 This is drawn from the FAO-GTZ Aglend Toolkits 1 5 for the training purpose. LOAN ANALYSIS AGLEND1 is a financial institution that was founded in the early nineties as a microcredit NGO. In the beginning, its target clientele were micro- and small entrepreneurs in the urban area.

More information

LEGAL FRAMEWORK, POTENTIAL AND OUTLOOK FOR BIOENERGY SECTOR IN VIETNAM

LEGAL FRAMEWORK, POTENTIAL AND OUTLOOK FOR BIOENERGY SECTOR IN VIETNAM Conference on Bioenergy in Viet Nam October 6 th, 2014, HCM City LEGAL FRAMEWORK, POTENTIAL AND OUTLOOK FOR BIOENERGY SECTOR IN VIETNAM By Nguyen Duc Cuong Director of Center for Renewable Energy & CDM,

More information