1 Countries and Continents of the World By STF Members at The Crossroads School
2 Africa Second largest continent on earth (30,065,000 Sq. Km) Most countries of any other continent Home to The Sahara, the largest desert in the world and The Nile, the longest river in the world The Sahara: covers 4,619,260 km 2 The Nile: 6695 kilometers long There are over 1000 languages spoken in Africa
3 North America Third largest continent on earth (24,256,000 Sq. Km) Composed of 23 countries Most North Americans speak French, Spanish, and English Only continent that has every kind of climate
4 Asia Largest continent in size and population (44,579,000 Sq. Km) Contains 47 countries Contains the world s largest country, Russia, and the most populous country, China The Great Wall of China is the only man made structure that can be seen from space Home to Mt. Everest (on the border of Tibet and Nepal), the highest point on earth Mt. Everest is 29,028 ft. (8,848 m) tall
5 Europe Second smallest continent in the world (9,938,000 Sq. Km) Home to the smallest country (Vatican City State) There are no deserts in Europe Contains mineral resources: coal, petroleum, natural gas, copper, lead, and tin
6 Oceania/Australia Smallest continent on earth (7,687,000 Sq. Km) Australia is known for it s vast wildlife home to rare species of animals including kangaroos The Great Barrier Reef is the world s largest coral reef and is located off the coast of Australia
7 Antarctica Third smallest continent on earth (13,209,000 Sq. Km) The lowest point on Earth is on Antarctica located 8,327 ft (2,538 m) below sea level There are no countries in Antarctica. The U.S. and many other countries operate science stations there, but no nation owns the land Antarctica is a desert due to its cold climate Coldest, windiest, and driest continent
8 South America Fourth smallest continent on earth (17,819,000 Sq. Km) Home to The Andes: world s second largest mountain range The second largest river- The Amazon also runs through South America The largest forest area in the world is seen in South America
9 The following countries are just a sampling of the many countries in the world. They were handpicked by Crossroads students to demonstrate diversity.
10 United States Capital: Washington D.C. Population: 313,232,044 Official Language(s): English Notable Facts: Gained independence from Britain in 1776 Mauna Kea in the state of Hawaii is the world s tallest mountain if measured from where it starts at the bottom of the ocean Holds the world s largest coal supplies
11 Canada Capital: Ottawa Population: 34,030,589 Official Language(s): English and French Notable Facts: 90% of the population lives within 160 kilometers of the southern border Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories Led by Queen Elizabeth Scott of England and Governor General David Johnston
12 Namibia Capital: Windhoek Population: 2,147,585 Languages: Afrikaans, German, English It was the first country to officially protect the environment.
13 Chad Capital: N Djamena Population: 10,329,208 Official Languages: French, Arabic Chad s Independence Day is August 11th
14 Madagascar Capital: Antananarivo Population: 21,926,221 Official Languages: Malagasy, French The island of Madagascar is the fourthlargest island in the world
15 MOROCCO Capital: Rabat Population: 31,951,412 people Official Language: Arabic Notable Facts: Many Moroccans speak both Arabic and French
16 Zimbabwe Capital: Harare Population:12,084,30 4 Languages: English, Shona and Sinadebele. Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe is the largest curtain of falling water
17 Sudan Capital: Khartoum Population: 45,047,502 Official Language(s): English and Arabic Notable Facts: Sudan was split up recently and South Sudan became its own country. Land originally part of the United Kingdom until 1956 Sudan has 15 states
18 South Sudan Capital: Juba Population: 8,260,490 Official Language(s): English and Arabic Notable Facts: South Sudan s independence was granted on July 9, South Sudan is covered in tropical forest, swamps, and grassland. South Sudan is split up into 10 states.
19 Libya Capital: Tripoli Population: 6,597,960 Official Language(s): Arabic Notable Facts: In northern Africa Recently overthrew former ruler, Qadafi 22 districts Only country whose flag is completely one color: green
20 Country: Togo Continent: Africa Population: 6,771,993 Capital: Lome Official language: French Fun Fact: Togo gained its independence from France in 1960
21 Egypt The capital of Egypt is Cairo; Egypt s largest city. There are about 81,015,887 people living in Egypt. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East Egyptians speak Arabic.
22 Russia The capital of Russia is Moscow, and it is Russia s largest city. There are about 142,905,208 people living in Russia. The official language of Russia is Russian. Russia is the largest country in the world.
23 Indonesia The capital city of Indonesia is Jakarta. 237,424,363 people live in Indonesia. The official language of Indonesia is Indonesian. Indonesia holds the world s second highest level of biodiversity.
24 Turkey The capital city of Turkey is Ankara The population of Turkey is 73,722,988 A vast majority of the population of Turkey is Muslim. The official language of Turkey is Turkish.
25 Continent: Europe Luxembourg Population: 503,302 Capital: Luxembourg Official Language: Luxembourgish Fun Fact: Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in the world
26 INDIA Capital: New Delhi Population: 1,170,938,000 people Official Languages/com mon languages: Hindi, English Notable Facts: Has the 2 nd Largest Population
27 IRAN Capital: Tehran Population: 73,973,630 Official Language: Persian Notable Facts: Persian has characters that are read from right to left!
28 IRAQ Capital: Baghdad Population: 32,030,823 Official Language: Arabic and Kurdish Notable Facts: The largest ethnic groups are Arabs.
29 Spain Capital: Population: 46,754,784 Languages: Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque Spain has many beautiful coasts with a nice climate.
30 -Includes England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland Capital: London -Population: 62,262,000 -Official Language: English -Other Languages: Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Scots, Welsh, Cornish United Kingdom
31 New Zealand Capital: Wellington Population: 4,393,500 Official Languages: English, Maori, NZ Sign Language The Kiwi bird is the national bird of New Zealand!
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