BR #5. What part of the cell controls whether or not a virus or nutrient enters? a) Mitochondria b) Nucleus c) Plasma membrane d) Chloroplast

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1 BR #5 What part of the cell controls whether or not a virus or nutrient enters? a) Mitochondria b) Nucleus c) Plasma membrane d) Chloroplast

2 Schedule: Notes: Membrane physiology Microscope Lab

3 Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues Slides Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook

4 Cellular Physiology: Membrane Transport Membrane Transport movement of substance into and out of the cell Transport is by two basic methods Passive transport No energy is required Active transport The cell must provide metabolic energy Slide 3.20

5 Solutions and Transport Solution homogeneous mixture of two or more components Solvent dissolving medium Solutes components in smaller quantities within a solution Intracellular fluid nucleoplasm and cytosol Interstitial fluid fluid on the exterior of the cell Slide 3.21

6

7 Selective Permeability The plasma membrane allows some materials to pass while excluding others This permeability includes movement into and out of the cell Slide 3.22

8 Passive Transport Processes Diffusion Particles tend to distribute themselves evenly within a solution Movement is from high concentration to low concentration, or down a concentration gradient Figure 3.8 Slide 3.23

9 Passive Transport Processes Types of diffusion Simple diffusion Unassisted process Solutes are lipid-soluble materials or small enough to pass through membrane pores Slide 3.24a

10 Passive Transport Processes Types of diffusion Osmosis simple diffusion of water Highly polar water easily crosses the plasma membrane Facilitated diffusion Substances require a protein carrier for passive transport Slide 3.24b

11 Diffusion through the Plasma Membrane Figure 3.9 Slide 3.25

12 Passive Transport Processes Filtration Water and solutes are forced through a membrane by fluid, or hydrostatic pressure A pressure gradient must exist Solute-containing fluid is pushed from a high pressure area to a lower pressure area Slide 3.26

13 Active Transport Processes Transport substances that are unable to pass by diffusion They may be too large They may not be able to dissolve in the fat core of the membrane They may have to move against a concentration gradient Two common forms of active transport Solute pumping Bulk transport Slide 3.27

14 Active Transport Processes Solute pumping Amino acids, some sugars and ions are transported by solute pumps ATP energizes protein carriers, and in most cases, moves substances against concentration gradients Slide 3.28a

15 Active Transport Processes Figure 3.10 Slide 3.28b

16 Active Transport Processes Bulk transport Exocytosis Moves materials out of the cell Material is carried in a membranous vesicle Vesicle migrates to plasma membrane Vesicle combines with plasma membrane Material is emptied to the outside Slide 3.29a

17 Active Transport Processes Figure 3.11 Slide 3.29b

18 Active Transport Processes Bulk transport Endocytosis Extracellular substances are engulfed by being enclosed in a membranous vescicle Types of endocytosis Phagocytosis cell eating Pinocytosis cell drinking Slide 3.30a

19 Active Transport Processes Figure 3.12 Slide 3.30b

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