Energy consumption: fossil fuels and the growth issue

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Energy consumption: fossil fuels and the growth issue"

Transcription

1 Energy consumption: fossil fuels and the growth issue 1

2 Daily energy consumption per capita in 2005 WORLD United Arab Emirates Kuwait Canada USA Australia Netherlands Sweden Saudi Arabia Russian Federation France Japan Germany Switzerland United Kingdom Spain Denmark Venezuela Poland Mexico China Brazil India Philippines Megajoules per capita per day 2

3 Exajoules per year Annual world energy consumption Year 3

4 Average annual growth rates Country Group Annual Growth Rates (%) Population Energy consumption North America Latin America Western Europe Eastern Europe Africa Middle East and South Asia South-East Asia and the Pacific Far East

5 Exponential growth Let energy consumption be N at some time t It started as N 0 at time zero (t=0) Its growth rate is dn/dt (eg barrels of oil per year) Suppose its growth rate is always proportional to its present value Then dn/dt = constant.n = kn or dn/n = k.dt Integrate this: ln(n) = kt + constant So ln(n 0 ) = 0 +constant Hence the constant is just ln(n 0 ) 5

6 Ctd.. Therefore ln(n) = ln(n 0 ) + kt or ln (N/N 0 ) = kt 25 Or N = N 0 e kt k is called the growth constant N N t 6

7 Ctd.. If the percent growth rate is R then each year the multiplier is (1+R/100) and so N = N 0 (1+R/100) t But we have already N = N 0 e kt So k = ln (1+R/100) See example 2-1 in text 7

8 More doubling time How long to double the consumption if the growth constant is k? We call this the doubling time T D Set N = 2N 0 and so 2N 0 = N 0 e kt D Therefore e kt D = 2 or kt D = ln2 = or T D = 0.693/k (sometimes called T 2 ) 8

9 Semilog graphs ln N = ln N o + kt is same as y = const + gradient.x ie it is a rising straight line. Plot N versus t on on semilog paper and you get a straight line its slope tells you the k value Rn N Rn N 0 0 slope = k t 9

10 Exajoules per year Semi-log plot of world energy consumption Year This is a pretty good fit to a straight line with k = 0.03 yr -1 10

11 How long will a resource last (eg oil)? There are 2 extreme models: Constant production model (stupid model) Exponential growth model (unrealistic model in the long run) [Later we will look at a more sophisticated model due to M.K. Hubbert] Distinguish between RESERVES (known stuff, price OK) and RESOURCES (includes inferred and expected stuff, with some optimism about technology and price) 11

12 Constant production model This model just divides the resource by the present annual use to deduce the lifetime, ie it assumes there is no increase in use simple but wrong gives the most optimistic scenario Look at some examples : A signifies reserves B signifies resources 12

13 Fossil fuel reserves and resources (EJ) Region Oil reserves Oil resource N-gas reserves N-gas resource Coal reserves Coal resource World Canada USA production EJ/y Region Oil N-gas Coal World Canada USA

14 Fossil fuel lifetimes (in years) assuming constant production at 2005 level and based on Resource estimates Oil N-gas Coal World Canada USA

15 See textbook re: New fossil fuels 1 Tar sands and associated limestone deposits Oil shales Hydrates CANADIAN TAR SANDS - Bitumen is extracted from sandstone and dirt mostly by surface mining. 90% of deposits need in situ extraction eg drilling wells and injecting steam under pressure. Extraction has moved in 2 decades from a risky new technology to a major oil supply industry. Future direction includes adding solvents to the steam to decrease energy use and increase output. Huge energy and water inputs are needed; there are very large greenhouse gas emissions. 15

16 New fossil fuels 2 LIMESTONE DEPOSITS can t be mined and they dissolve in water. Very little progress to date. New interest in electrical heating methods in COLORADO OIL SHALES are hard rock containing more than 8 trillion barrels of oil. US gov t owns 70% of formations. Shell can produce fluid oil by deep-underground heating at 370 o C for 6 months: process is energyintensive. Chevron-LANL have gov t contract starting Sept 2006 to develop green chemical methods. US DOE 2004 report states that industry could start in 2010 and by 2020 would replace 35% of US crude oil imports 16

17 Liquefied natural gas (LNG) Despite expected export of northern Canadian resource, US expects supply-demand gap Several LNG terminals on ocean shore under construction or planning: new pipelines will radiate from them, especially in NE USA A US market share of 1% in 2002 could be 10% in 2020 By 2020 Europe will have to import 80% of its natural gas: reliance on Russia is troubling: Germany gets 30% of its energy from Russia, expects 70% by 2025 Hence European discussion of move to LNG imports from Qatar, Trinidad, Nigeria, Iran, Indonesia 17

18 Extensive resource data - see BPAmoco website Many useful charts one example follows The corresponding numerical data can be downloaded into an Excel spreadsheet. Regional data are broken down by country. There are charts and data for oil, gas, coal, nuclear, hydro and total energy. This appears to be an excellent resource but like all such data it should be treated cautiously. 18

19 19

20 Exponential growth model Does not seem realistic to expect continued exp growth right up to a complete crash - but it does show a worst case scenario Consider a resource that has amount Q T remaining now - set time now as t = 0 Set lifetime as T Then Q T will be equal to integrated area of production curve from t=0 to t=t 20

21 Annual Production Exponential growth model N (t ) )t time 21

22 Annual Production Area = Q T time T 22

23 Integrate the entire curve from 0 to T Q T = 0 T N0 e kt dt Q T = [ (N 0 /k) e kt ] T 0 = (N 0 /k) (e kt 1) Re-arrange: e kt = (kq T /N 0 ) + 1 And so kt = ln [ (kq T /N 0 ) + 1] Finally T = (1/k) ln [ (kq T /N 0 ) + 1] 23

24 T = (1/k) ln [ (kq T /N 0 ) + 1] Given the remaining resource Q T and the present production rate N 0, this equation provides the lifetime of the resource on the assumption of exponential growth right to the crash 24

25 Resource lifetimes with exponential growth 0% 2% 5% 10% Actual World oil % Canada oil % USA oil % World gas % Canada gas % USA gas % World coal % Can coal % USA coal % 25

26 Ctd. The above formalism was applied to our total RESOURCE estimates (see text). Try applying it yourself to the reserve data found in the BPAmoco website. And take a look at the data for other fossil fuels. 26

Sources of Global CO 2 Emissions ( , Direct Emissions by Sector Only) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Sources of Global CO 2 Emissions ( , Direct Emissions by Sector Only) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) "World energy consumption" by Construct - BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015 Sources of Global CO 2 Emissions (1970-2004, Direct Emissions by Sector Only) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

More information

Annex 5A Trends in international carbon dioxide emissions

Annex 5A Trends in international carbon dioxide emissions Annex 5A Trends in international carbon dioxide emissions 5A.1 A global effort will be needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to arrest climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

More information

Annex 5A Trends in international carbon dioxide emissions

Annex 5A Trends in international carbon dioxide emissions Annex 5A Trends in international carbon dioxide emissions 5A.1 A global effort will be needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to arrest climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

More information

Energy. Environmental Science 101. Fall 2012. Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment: Energy

Energy. Environmental Science 101. Fall 2012. Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment: Energy Environmental Science 101 Energy Fall 2012 1 Lecture Outline: 7. NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES A. Energy Sources and Uses in USA B. Current Consumption, Uses and Costs 1. Consumption 2. Energy Costs C.

More information

THE WORLD OIL MARKET. Mohan G. Francis

THE WORLD OIL MARKET. Mohan G. Francis THE WORLD OIL MARKET Mohan G. Francis With the Bush administration busily moving military forces to the Gulf region, the sense of an impending war has begun to make an impact on the world petroleum markets.

More information

statistics Key Natural Gas Trends Excerpt from : Natural Gas information

statistics Key Natural Gas Trends Excerpt from : Natural Gas information statistics Key Natural Gas Trends Excerpt from : Natural Gas information Please note that this PDF is subject to specific restrictions that limit its use and distribution. The terms and conditions are

More information

World Energy Outlook 2013. Dr. Fatih Birol Chief Economist, International Energy Agency

World Energy Outlook 2013. Dr. Fatih Birol Chief Economist, International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 2013 Dr. Fatih Birol Chief Economist, International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 2013 Dr. Fatih Birol IEA Chief Economist Copenhagen, November 26th The world energy scene today

More information

2015 Growth in data center employment continues but the workforce is changing

2015 Growth in data center employment continues but the workforce is changing Published in Conjunction with MARKET BRIEFING GLOBAL DATA CENTER EMPLOYMENT 2015 2015 Growth in data center employment continues but the workforce is changing Globally, the number of people working in

More information

Sulfuric Acid 2013 World Market Outlook and Forecast up to 2017

Sulfuric Acid 2013 World Market Outlook and Forecast up to 2017 Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2547547/ Sulfuric Acid 2013 World Market Outlook and Forecast up to 2017 Description: Sulfuric Acid 2013 World Market Outlook and

More information

THE UK FILM MARKET AS A WHOLE. BFI Research and Statistics PUBLISHED DECEMBER Image: The Lady in the Van courtesy of Sony Pictures

THE UK FILM MARKET AS A WHOLE. BFI Research and Statistics PUBLISHED DECEMBER Image: The Lady in the Van courtesy of Sony Pictures THE UK FILM MARKET AS A WHOLE BFI Research and Statistics PUBLISHED DECEMBER 2015 Image: The Lady in the Van courtesy of Sony Pictures THE UK FILM MARKET AS A WHOLE THE UK WAS THE SECOND LARGEST FILM MARKET

More information

Announcements. Homework 5 due today Homework 6 due Thursday, October 25th (posted online tomorrow)

Announcements. Homework 5 due today Homework 6 due Thursday, October 25th (posted online tomorrow) Thursday, October 18th. Announcements. Homework 5 due today Homework 6 due Thursday, October 25th (posted online tomorrow) Lecture #13-1 Crude oil prices have risen almost 50% in the past year. Lecture

More information

Biomass Pellet Prices Drivers and Outlook What is the worst that can happen?

Biomass Pellet Prices Drivers and Outlook What is the worst that can happen? Biomass Pellet Prices Drivers and Outlook What is the worst that can happen? European Biomass Power Generation 1st October 2012 Cormac O Carroll Director, London Office Pöyry Management Consulting (UK)

More information

World Tourism Trends. 7th UNWTO/PATA Forum on Tourism Trends and Outlook. Guilin, China October 2013 day 1

World Tourism Trends. 7th UNWTO/PATA Forum on Tourism Trends and Outlook. Guilin, China October 2013 day 1 World Tourism Trends 7th UNWTO/PATA Forum on Tourism Trends and Outlook Guilin, China 21-23 October 213 day 1 Shuo Wang UNWTO Regional Programme for Asia and the Pacific The World Tourism Organization

More information

Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings

Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Below please find the complete rankings of all 75 markets considered in the analysis. Rankings are broken into overall rankings and subsector rankings. Overall Renewable

More information

The Global Chemical Industry: US, China and Global Status and Opportunities, 2015

The Global Chemical Industry: US, China and Global Status and Opportunities, 2015 The Global Chemical Industry: US, China and Global Status and Opportunities, 2015 August 28, 2005 American Chemical Society Martha Gilchrist Moore Moore Economics mmoore@mooreeconomics.com Opportunities

More information

Canada s Energy Future

Canada s Energy Future Canada s Energy Future Canadian Responsible Investment Conference Victoria June 20, 2011 Dave Collyer, President The Global Energy Context Significant energy demand growth: Population, standards of living

More information

Korn Ferry Hay Group 2016 Salary Forecast: Wages Expected to Rise Globally, With a Modest Outlook for the Middle East

Korn Ferry Hay Group 2016 Salary Forecast: Wages Expected to Rise Globally, With a Modest Outlook for the Middle East MEDIA CONTACT Megan Willis +971(0)563 694 003 Under embargo until Tuesday 08 December 2015 Korn Ferry Hay Group 2016 : Wages Expected to Rise Globally, With a Modest Outlook for the Middle East Global

More information

China s International Oil and Gas Strategies Philip Andrews-Speed

China s International Oil and Gas Strategies Philip Andrews-Speed China s International Oil and Gas Strategies Philip Andrews-Speed Philip Andrews-Speed and Roland Dannreuther, China, Oil and Global Politics, London: Routledge, May 2011 1 Quad BTU Energy production and

More information

Diversity of supply for oil and oil products in OECD countries

Diversity of supply for oil and oil products in OECD countries of supply for oil and oil products in OECD countries Introduction and summary Countries meet their oil needs through a combination of indigenous production and trade. This article is a comparative assessment

More information

Foreign Taxes Paid and Foreign Source Income INTECH Global Income Managed Volatility Fund

Foreign Taxes Paid and Foreign Source Income INTECH Global Income Managed Volatility Fund Income INTECH Global Income Managed Volatility Fund Australia 0.0066 0.0375 Austria 0.0045 0.0014 Belgium 0.0461 0.0138 Bermuda 0.0000 0.0059 Canada 0.0919 0.0275 Cayman Islands 0.0000 0.0044 China 0.0000

More information

U.S. Trade Overview, 2013

U.S. Trade Overview, 2013 U.S. Trade Overview, 213 Stephanie Han & Natalie Soroka Trade and Economic Analysis Industry and Analysis Department of Commerce International Trade Administration October 214 Trade: A Vital Part of the

More information

Buxton School MA. International Student Diversity at TABS Member Schools

Buxton School MA. International Student Diversity at TABS Member Schools Buxton School MA #1 International Student Diversity at TABS Member Schools TA B S R E P O RT S 1 The numbers of international students interested and enrolling in TABS member boarding schools have grown

More information

Monthly Gas Statistics

Monthly Gas Statistics 42491 With data up to: May 2016 Monthly Gas Statistics Next Release: 13 September 2016 Next Release: 13 September 2016 Date of publication: 11 August 2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS Charts 1 Gross consumption of

More information

Global growth rates Macroeconomic indicators CEDIGAZ Reference Scenario

Global growth rates Macroeconomic indicators CEDIGAZ Reference Scenario Medium and Long Term Natural Gas Outlook CEDIGAZ February 215 Global growth rates Macroeconomic indicators CEDIGAZ Reference Scenario 4 3 %/year 199-213 213-235 6 Main consuming markets - %/year (213-235)

More information

World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns

World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns 2014 14th edi tion Euromonitor International Ltd. 60-61 Britton Street, EC1M 5UX TableTypeID: 30010; ITtableID: 22914 Income Algeria Income Algeria Income

More information

Issue. September 2012

Issue. September 2012 September 2012 Issue In a future world of 8.5 billion people in 2035, the Energy Information Administration s (EIA) projected 50% increase in energy consumption will require true all of the above energy

More information

GLOBAL DATA CENTER INVESTMENT 2013

GLOBAL DATA CENTER INVESTMENT 2013 2013 CENSUS REPORT: Global Data Center Investment 2013 GLOBAL DATA CENTER INVESTMENT 2013 2013 - Healthy Growth in Data Center Investment Globally Globally, the data center industry has continued to maintain

More information

The Management Education Landscape and Collaborations

The Management Education Landscape and Collaborations The Management Education Landscape and Collaborations Eileen Peacock, SVP & Chief Officer Asia Robert Reid, EVP & Chief Accreditation Officer AACSB International October 2012 Topics Management education

More information

List of tables. I. World Trade Developments

List of tables. I. World Trade Developments List of tables I. World Trade Developments 1. Overview Table I.1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2010-2014 39 Table I.2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade

More information

Global Effective Tax Rates

Global Effective Tax Rates www.pwc.com/us/nes Global s Global s April 14, 2011 This document has been prepared pursuant to an engagement between PwC and its Client. As to all other parties, it is for general information purposes

More information

What s inside? BP Statistical Review of World Energy June Introduction 1 Group chief executive s introduction in review

What s inside? BP Statistical Review of World Energy June Introduction 1 Group chief executive s introduction in review BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009 bp.com/statisticalreview What s inside? 1 Introduction 1 Group chief executive s introduction 2 2008 in review 6 Oil 6 Reserves 8 Production 11 Consumption

More information

Global Dynamism Index (GDI) 2013 summary report. Model developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)

Global Dynamism Index (GDI) 2013 summary report. Model developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) Global Dynamism Index (GDI) 2013 summary report Model developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) What is the Global Dynamism Index (GDI)? the GDI assesses the dynamism of 60 of the world's largest

More information

Energy Briefing: Global Crude Oil Demand & Supply

Energy Briefing: Global Crude Oil Demand & Supply Energy Briefing: Global Crude Oil Demand & Supply November 6, 215 Dr. Edward Yardeni 516-972-7683 eyardeni@ Debbie Johnson 48-664-1333 djohnson@ Please visit our sites at www. blog. thinking outside the

More information

KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA NATION RELIGION KING 3

KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA NATION RELIGION KING 3 KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA NATION RELIGION KING 3 TOURISM STATISTICS REPORT February 2016 MINISTRY OF TOURISM Statistics and Tourism Information Department No. A3, Street 169, Sangkat Veal Vong, Khan 7 Makara,

More information

MERCER S COMPENSATION ANALYSIS AND REVIEW SYSTEM AN ONLINE TOOL DESIGNED TO TAKE THE WORK OUT OF YOUR COMPENSATION REVIEW PROCESS

MERCER S COMPENSATION ANALYSIS AND REVIEW SYSTEM AN ONLINE TOOL DESIGNED TO TAKE THE WORK OUT OF YOUR COMPENSATION REVIEW PROCESS MERCER S COMPENSATION ANALYSIS AND REVIEW SYSTEM AN ONLINE TOOL DESIGNED TO TAKE THE WORK OUT OF YOUR COMPENSATION REVIEW PROCESS MERCER S COMPENSATION ANALYSIS AND REVIEW SYSTEM www.imercer.com/cars Mercer

More information

World Energy Outlook Series

World Energy Outlook Series WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK 22 and Global Electricity Investment Challenges World Energy Outlook Series World Energy Outlook 1998 World Energy Outlook 1999 Insights: Looking at Energy Subsidies: Getting the Prices

More information

Working Paper Research Unit Global Issues Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs.

Working Paper Research Unit Global Issues Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs. Working Paper Research Unit Global Issues Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs Friedemann Müller Paper presented at KAS CFIE CFISAE AHK International

More information

THE GROWING GLOBAL MARKET OF LNG

THE GROWING GLOBAL MARKET OF LNG THE GROWING GLOBAL MARKET OF LNG ISSUES & CHALLENGES Dr Naji Abi-Aad April 2013 The Growing Global Market of LNG Outline Characteristics of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) & its Trade Increasing Volumes of

More information

The big pay turnaround: Eurozone recovering, emerging markets falter in 2015

The big pay turnaround: Eurozone recovering, emerging markets falter in 2015 The big pay turnaround: Eurozone recovering, emerging markets falter in 2015 Global salary rises up compared to last year But workers in key emerging markets will experience real wage cuts Increase in

More information

GLOBAL DATA CENTER SPACE 2013

GLOBAL DATA CENTER SPACE 2013 2013 CENSUS REPORT: Global Data Center Space 2013 GLOBAL DATA CENTER SPACE 2013 Top 3 data center markets account for almost half of all global data center space. In spite of a slowdown in the amount of

More information

How many students study abroad and where do they go?

How many students study abroad and where do they go? From: Education at a Glance 2012 Highlights Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag_highlights-2012-en How many students study abroad and where do they go? Please cite this chapter

More information

Oil Price Spike: Result of Speculation or of Overall Concern about future supply?

Oil Price Spike: Result of Speculation or of Overall Concern about future supply? ICAO AND THE WORLD BANK DEVELOPMENT FORUM Maximizing Civil Aviation s Contribution to Global Development Charles E. Schlumberger Principal Air Transport Specialist The World Bank 1 Speculation or Supply

More information

NO MATH = A GEOLOGIST = A REAL JOB? Understanding Energy Flow and Policy Issues: The Pacific Rim. The World at Night. Global Population Distribution

NO MATH = A GEOLOGIST = A REAL JOB? Understanding Energy Flow and Policy Issues: The Pacific Rim. The World at Night. Global Population Distribution NO MATH = A GEOLOGIST = A REAL JOB? Understanding Energy Flow and Policy Issues: The Pacific Rim Stanford University Global Distribution Of Oil, Gas and Coal Dr. Nahum Schneidermann ChevronTexaco Overseas

More information

The economic and energy scenarios for Latin America & the Caribbean from the perspective of the KPMG

The economic and energy scenarios for Latin America & the Caribbean from the perspective of the KPMG The economic and energy scenarios for Latin America & the Caribbean from the perspective of the KPMG Martiniano Lopes KPMG Partner Latin America Energy and Natural Resource Leader ARPEL Conference - Uruguay

More information

Generating Heat. Part 1: Breathing Earth. Part 2: The Growth of Carbon Emitters. Introduction: Materials:

Generating Heat. Part 1: Breathing Earth. Part 2: The Growth of Carbon Emitters. Introduction: Materials: Generating Heat Introduction: Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is the primary greenhouse gas contributing to global climate change. A greenhouse gas is a gas that absorbs the sunlight being reflected back towards

More information

Energy Prices. Presented by: John Heffernan

Energy Prices. Presented by: John Heffernan Global Wholesale Energy Prices Presented by: John Heffernan Energy in 2012 In 2012, the growth in Energy consumption slowed in 2012 90% of this growth came from China & India Consumption & production of

More information

Global AML Resource Map Over 2000 AML professionals

Global AML Resource Map Over 2000 AML professionals www.pwc.co.uk Global AML Resource Map Over 2000 AML professionals January 2016 Global AML Resources: Europe France Italy Jersey / Guernsey 8 Ireland 1 Portugal 7 Luxembourg 5 United Kingdom 1 50 11 Spain

More information

Fall 2015 International Student Enrollment

Fall 2015 International Student Enrollment Fall 2015 International Student Enrollment Prepared by The Office of International Affairs Nova Southeastern University Nova Southeastern University International Student Statistics Fall 2015 International

More information

Developmental Trend of the World Crude Oil Trade Spatial Pattern

Developmental Trend of the World Crude Oil Trade Spatial Pattern International Business and Management Vol. 10, No. 3, 2015, pp. 30-34 DOI:10.3968/6921 ISSN 1923-841X [Print] ISSN 1923-8428 [Online] www.cscanada.net www.cscanada.org Developmental Trend of the World

More information

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013

BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013 BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013 bp.com/statisticalreview 1 Introduction 6 Oil 1 Group chief executive s introduction 2 2012 in review 6 Reserves 8 Production and consumption 15 Prices 16

More information

2015 Country RepTrak The World s Most Reputable Countries

2015 Country RepTrak The World s Most Reputable Countries 2015 Country RepTrak The World s Most Reputable Countries July 2015 The World s View on Countries: An Online Study of the Reputation of 55 Countries RepTrak is a registered trademark of Reputation Institute.

More information

Executive Summary International Trade Report. October 2016

Executive Summary International Trade Report. October 2016 Publication date: 22 December 2016 1 OCTOBER 2016 In October 2016, Spain s exports decreased by 1.6% year-on-year in nominal terms to 21,806.8 million euros, whereas imports declined by 1.7% to 23,640.4

More information

Der europäische Energiemarkt im Einfluss globaler Entwicklungen Auswirkungen unkoordinierter, regionaler Energiestrategien

Der europäische Energiemarkt im Einfluss globaler Entwicklungen Auswirkungen unkoordinierter, regionaler Energiestrategien Der europäische Energiemarkt im Einfluss globaler Entwicklungen Auswirkungen unkoordinierter, regionaler Energiestrategien DI Dr.techn. Christian Panzer Wien Energie Unternehmensentwicklung Web: http://wienenergie.at

More information

Carnegie Mellon University Office of International Education Admissions Statistics for Summer and Fall 2013

Carnegie Mellon University Office of International Education Admissions Statistics for Summer and Fall 2013 Carnegie Mellon University Admissions Statistics for and Fall 2013 New International Students and Fall 2012 Undergraduate 270 14.3% Master's 1301 68.7% Doctorate 192 10.1% Exchange 99 5.2% 31 1.6% Total

More information

Recent trends in world CO 2 emissions from fuel combustion

Recent trends in world CO 2 emissions from fuel combustion Recent trends in world CO 2 emissions from fuel combustion The importance of energy emissions Among the many human activities that produce greenhouse gases (GHGs), the energy sector represents nearly two-thirds

More information

Rush hour in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India. Between 1990 and 2000, the number of motor vehicles per capita more than doubled in four

Rush hour in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India. Between 1990 and 2000, the number of motor vehicles per capita more than doubled in four Rush hour in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), India. Between 1990 and 2000, the number of motor vehicles per capita more than doubled in four Asia-Pacific nations: South Korea, the Philippines, India, and

More information

The Role of Banks in Global Mergers and Acquisitions by James R. Barth, Triphon Phumiwasana, and Keven Yost *

The Role of Banks in Global Mergers and Acquisitions by James R. Barth, Triphon Phumiwasana, and Keven Yost * The Role of Banks in Global Mergers and Acquisitions by James R. Barth, Triphon Phumiwasana, and Keven Yost * There has been substantial consolidation among firms in many industries in countries around

More information

EUROPEAN MOBILE INSIGHTS 2012 NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT APRIL 2013

EUROPEAN MOBILE INSIGHTS 2012 NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT APRIL 2013 EUROPEAN MOBILE INSIGHTS 2012 NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT APRIL 2013 EUROPEAN MOBILE INSIGHTS: 2012 NORTON CYBERCRIME REPORT 9 COUNTRIES DENMARK, FRANCE, GERMANY, ITALY, NETHERLANDS, POLAND, RUSSIA, SWEDEN,

More information

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/middle_east_pol_2003.pdf Kuwait Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis - Oil, Gas, Electricity, Coal file://z:\newcabs\v6\kuwait\full.html Page 1 of 12

More information

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50.

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50. Overall Results Climate Change Performance Index 2012 Table 1 Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 1* Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 21 - Egypt***

More information

Updated development of global greenhouse gas emissions 2013

Updated development of global greenhouse gas emissions 2013 Updated development of global greenhouse gas emissions 2013 Hans-Joachim Ziesing Low Carbon Markets and the Legacy of Nuclear Power 19 th REFORM Group Meeting, Schloss Leopoldskron, Salzburg September

More information

Bio Coal Market Perspectives in Europe

Bio Coal Market Perspectives in Europe Bio Coal Market Perspectives in Europe Wood Torrefaction Workshop, International and national progress Tekes Biorefine programme and VTT,Hanasaari Cultural Center, Espoo Thursday 29 November 2012 Antti

More information

Energy Efficiency Indicators for Public Electricity Production from Fossil Fuels

Energy Efficiency Indicators for Public Electricity Production from Fossil Fuels international energy agency agence internationale de l energie Energy Efficiency Indicators for Public Electricity Production from Fossil Fuels IEA Information paper In Support of the G8 Plan of Action

More information

NET INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

NET INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION II. NET INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION A. GLOBAL TRENDS During the period 195-21, the developed regions experienced population gains from positive net international migration while the developing regions were

More information

HAS BRAZIL REALLY TAKEN OFF? BRAZIL LONG-RUN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CONVERGENCE

HAS BRAZIL REALLY TAKEN OFF? BRAZIL LONG-RUN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CONVERGENCE HAS BRAZIL REALLY TAKEN OFF? BRAZIL LONG-RUN ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CONVERGENCE COUNTRY PROFILE: A COUNTRY IN TRANSFORMATION POLICY RECOMENDATIONS COUNTRY PROFILE Brazilian Equivalent Population in The World

More information

BT Premium Event Call and Web Rate Card

BT Premium Event Call and Web Rate Card BT Managed Event and BT Self-Managed Event (also referred to as Express, Plus and Premium) Conference Bridge and Call for Booked Audio Conferencing Services will comprise the following for each phone-conference:

More information

World oil market: development tendency and pricing features

World oil market: development tendency and pricing features 64 World oil market: development tendency and pricing features S.M. Javadov OSC Commercial Bank Deka bank, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic e_mamedzade@mail.ru DOI: 10.12731/2227-930X-2013-1-5 Development tendency

More information

2014 BP Madrid forum on energy & sustainability BP 2014

2014 BP Madrid forum on energy & sustainability BP 2014 14 BP Madrid forum on energy & sustainability BP 14 Contents Global energy trends Liquid fuels Refining implications European focus Energy Outlook 35 BP 14 Primary energy consumption growth slows and the

More information

Cisco Global Cloud Index Supplement: Cloud Readiness Regional Details

Cisco Global Cloud Index Supplement: Cloud Readiness Regional Details White Paper Cisco Global Cloud Index Supplement: Cloud Readiness Regional Details What You Will Learn The Cisco Global Cloud Index is an ongoing effort to forecast the growth of global data center and

More information

ENERGY SECTOR JOBS TO 2030: A GLOBAL ANALYSIS

ENERGY SECTOR JOBS TO 2030: A GLOBAL ANALYSIS ENERGY SECTOR JOBS TO : A GLOBAL ANALYSIS Final report For Greenpeace International Authors Jay Rutovitz, Alison Atherton Institute for Sustainable Futures UTS 2009 Disclaimer While all due care and attention

More information

Facts about German foreign trade in 2012*

Facts about German foreign trade in 2012* Facts about German foreign trade in 2012* Foreign trade figures in 2012 Exports Imports Net foreign demand Total Goods Services Total Goods Services Total memorandum items billion EUR In relation to EU

More information

London, 10 November 2015

London, 10 November 2015 London, 10 November 2015 The start of a new energy era? 2015 has seen lower prices for all fossil fuels Oil & gas could face second year of falling upstream investment in 2016 Coal prices remain at rock-bottom

More information

Hitting your numbers in Oil and Gas. The future of world energy: adapting to meet the challenges.

Hitting your numbers in Oil and Gas. The future of world energy: adapting to meet the challenges. Hitting your numbers in Oil and Gas The future of world energy: adapting to meet the challenges. Hitting your numbers in Oil and Gas The future of world energy: adapting to meet the challenges. According

More information

Chart 1: Zambia's Major Trading Partners (Exports + Imports) Q4 2008 - Q4 2009. Switzernd RSA Congo DR China UAE Kuwait UK Zimbabwe India Egypt Other

Chart 1: Zambia's Major Trading Partners (Exports + Imports) Q4 2008 - Q4 2009. Switzernd RSA Congo DR China UAE Kuwait UK Zimbabwe India Egypt Other Bank of Zambia us $ Million 1. INTRODUCTION This report shows Zambia s direction of merchandise trade for the fourth quarter of 2009 compared with the corresponding quarter in 2008. Revised 1 statistics,

More information

China s growing energy demand: some international implications

China s growing energy demand: some international implications China s growing energy demand: some international implications Dr David Robinson Senior Research Fellow OIES 17 October 2013 NOG Stockholm 1 Outline Introduction China s energy demand v. policy objectives

More information

I. World trade developments

I. World trade developments I. World trade developments The value of world merchandise exports increased by 20 per cent in 2011 while exports of commercial services grew by 11 per cent. Key developments in 2011: a snapshot Trade

More information

U.S. Salary Increase Survey Highlights

U.S. Salary Increase Survey Highlights Consulting Performance, Reward & Talent 2012 2013 U.S. Salary Increase Survey Highlights We ask each participating company to treat these survey findings with the greatest confidence. The findings are

More information

Tble Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team. Open Qualification Group A. 1st Round 2nd Round 3rd Round

Tble Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team. Open Qualification Group A. 1st Round 2nd Round 3rd Round Open Qualification Group A 14th WORLD BRIDGE GAMES OPEN SERIES Group A 1 Netherlands Mexico Chile Netherlands Netherlands Denmark 2 Saudi Arabia Bosnia & Hrzna Switzerland Jordan Spain Germany 3 Korea

More information

Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1339929/

Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1339929/ Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1339929/ The 2011 World Forecasts of Machine Tools That Remove Material by Laser or Light, Photon, Ultrasonic, Electro-Discharge,

More information

heat transfer solutions Turflow heat exchanger high efficiency heat transfer solution

heat transfer solutions Turflow heat exchanger high efficiency heat transfer solution heat transfer solutions Turflow heat exchanger high efficiency heat transfer solution E X P E R T I S E S O L U T I O N S S U S T A I N A B I L I T Y T u r f l o w h e a t e x c h a n g e r Turflow heat

More information

Consolidated International Banking Statistics in Japan

Consolidated International Banking Statistics in Japan Total (Transfer Consolidated cross-border claims in all currencies and local claims in non-local currencies Up to and including one year Maturities Over one year up to two years Over two years Public Sector

More information

Composition of Premium in Life and Non-life Insurance Segments

Composition of Premium in Life and Non-life Insurance Segments 2012 2nd International Conference on Computer and Software Modeling (ICCSM 2012) IPCSIT vol. 54 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore DOI: 10.7763/IPCSIT.2012.V54.16 Composition of Premium in Life and

More information

Global Media Report. Global Industry Overview

Global Media Report. Global Industry Overview Global Media Report 203 Global Industry Overview McKinsey & Company Global Media Report 203 McKinsey & Company s Global Media and Entertainment Practice Never before has an integrated view across the media

More information

YTD 2015-27 CS AWARDS IN AMERICAS

YTD 2015-27 CS AWARDS IN AMERICAS YTD 2015-27 CS AWARDS IN AMERICAS Argentina Bolivia Brazil Frontline Customer Service Team of the Year, All Industries (Bronze) Customer Service Department of the Year, Airlines, Distribution & Transportation

More information

Global Education Office University of New Mexico MSC06 3850, Mesa Vista Hall, Rm. 2120 Tel. 505 277 4032, Fax 505 277 1867, geo@unm.

Global Education Office University of New Mexico MSC06 3850, Mesa Vista Hall, Rm. 2120 Tel. 505 277 4032, Fax 505 277 1867, geo@unm. Global Education Office University of New Mexico MSC06 3850, Mesa Vista Hall, Rm. 220 Tel. 505 277 4032, Fax 505 277 867, geo@unm.edu Report on International Students, Scholars and Study Abroad Programs

More information

The Global Economic Impacts of Oil Price Shocks

The Global Economic Impacts of Oil Price Shocks The Global Economic Impacts of Oil Price Shocks Presented to: Project LINK, United Nations New York, NY November 22, 2004 Presented by: Sara Johnson Managing Director, Global Macroeconomics Group 781-301-9115

More information

Comparing Levels of Development

Comparing Levels of Development 2 Comparing Levels of Development Countries are unequally endowed with natural capital. For example, some benefit from fertile agricultural soils, while others have to put a lot of effort into artificial

More information

Accuracy counts! SENSORS WITH ANALOG OUTPUT

Accuracy counts! SENSORS WITH ANALOG OUTPUT Accuracy counts! SENSORS WITH ANALOG OUTPUT OTHER APPLICATIONS: KEY ADVANTAGES: Distance measurement Positioning Profile detection Deformation monitoring Vibration monitoring Process monitoring Detection

More information

Number of retail outlets Number of retail outlets

Number of retail outlets Number of retail outlets Number 65708 of retail outlets Number of retail outlets Number of retail outlets Trends in total number of retail outlets 2002-2007 number / as stated number per million Table 2.3 % growth inhabitants

More information

World Energy Outlook Maria van der Hoeven Executive Director International Energy Agency Tokyo, 28 November

World Energy Outlook Maria van der Hoeven Executive Director International Energy Agency Tokyo, 28 November World Energy Outlook 2013 Maria van der Hoeven Executive Director International Energy Agency Tokyo, 28 November The world energy scene today Some long held tenets of the energy sector are being rewritten

More information

The Future Demographic

The Future Demographic The Future Demographic Global Population Trends and Forecasts to 2030 3rd edition Euromonitor In ter na tional Ltd, 60-61 Britton Street, Lon don EC1M 5UX Euromonitor International 2012 www.euromonitor.com

More information

The Global Market for Liquefied Natural Gas

The Global Market for Liquefied Natural Gas The Global Market for Liquefied Natural Gas David Jacobs* Liquefied natural gas (LNG) provides an economic means to transport natural gas over long distances, bringing production from remote gas reserves

More information

Foreign Exchange Awards 2017

Foreign Exchange Awards 2017 Including the All-New Corporate FX Awards In January 2017, Global Finance will publish its annual selections for the World s Best Foreign Exchange Providers. Global Finance will name the best foreign exchange

More information

Global Statistical Review

Global Statistical Review www.nutfruit.org Global Statistical Review 2014-2015 Carrer de la Fruita Seca 4, Polígon Tecnoparc, 43204 REUS, Spain T +34 977 331 416 - F +34 977 315 028 inc@nutfruit.org - www.nutfruit.org 3 Table

More information

THE SUPPORTING NETWORK: TECHNOLOGIES AND PEOPLE TOWARD NEW PARADIGMS

THE SUPPORTING NETWORK: TECHNOLOGIES AND PEOPLE TOWARD NEW PARADIGMS THE SUPPORTING NETWORK: TECHNOLOGIES AND PEOPLE TOWARD NEW PARADIGMS DOWNLOAD FULL-TEXT @ WWW.MUSEOSCIENZA.ORG/2013 POPULATION 01 POPULATION, 1950-2050 Source: UN-DESA (United Nation - Department of Economic

More information

Contact Centre Integration Assessment

Contact Centre Integration Assessment Contact Centre Integration Assessment How well are your business objectives aligned with the right contact centre technologies? Knowing how the technology in your contact centre supports service delivery

More information

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States. Organization for International Investment

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States. Organization for International Investment Foreign Direct Investment in the United States Organization for International Investment March 18, 2009 Key Findings FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN THE UNITED STATES Foreign Direct Investment in the United

More information

A Bird s Eye View of Global Real Estate Markets: 2012 Update

A Bird s Eye View of Global Real Estate Markets: 2012 Update A Bird s Eye View of Global Real Estate Markets: 2012 Update FEBRUARY 2012 US Research Paul Fiorilla Vice President paul.fiorilla@prudential.com Manidipa Kapas, CFA Director manidipa.kapas@prudential.com

More information

Countries Clustering with Respect to Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Using the IEA Database

Countries Clustering with Respect to Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Using the IEA Database Countries Clustering with Respect to Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Using the IEA Database Miltiadis Chalikias 1, Stamatis Ntanos 2 1 Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Department of Business

More information

The Economic Cost of Global Fuel Subsidies

The Economic Cost of Global Fuel Subsidies The Economic Cost of Global Fuel Subsidies Lucas W. Davis December 2013 By 2015, global oil consumption will reach 90 million barrels per day. 1 In part, this high level of consumption reflects the fact

More information