Recent Support Mechanism and Targets for Biomass and Biogas in Thailand

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1 Recent Support Mechanism and Targets for Biomass and Biogas in Thailand Miss. Jariya Budnard 12 th February 2014 PEP-Information Workshop Energy from Biomass and Biogas-Market Opportunities in Thailand and Philippines, Berlin Germany By Engineer Biogas Group, Energy Research Bureau

2 Content 1 Thailand s Energy situation in Related Energy Policies 3 Alternative Energy Development Plan 4 Biomass and Biogas Development in Thailand 2

3 1. Thailand s Energy Situation in

4 Thailand s Final energy consumption in Total final energy consumption was 73,316 ktoe, an increase of 3.9% from Increase 3.9% Q1-Q3 (2013) 4,224 ktoe 27,164 ktoe 3,990 ktoe 11,097 ktoe 3,873 ktoe 5,840 ktoe Total 56,188 ktoe 4

5 Thailand s Energy import value in 2012 Million baht Energy Import value NG+LNG 10% Coal 3% Electricity 1% Petroleum product 9% 2012 Energy import value in ,441,790 million baht p Elec. Coal Natural gas+lng Petroleum Crude oil Crude oil 77% Increased 16.7% from 2011 P : Preliminary Source : Ministry of Energy Crude oil Petroleum product NG+LNG Coal Electricity Total Import value(million baht) 1,115, , ,952 46,770 18,069 1,441,790 Growth (%)

6 2. Related Energy Policies 6

7 2.Related Energy Policies THE ELEVENTH NATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN ( ) Development Strategies 1 Creating the just society 2 Developing a lifelong learning society 3 Strengthening of the agricultural sector and security of food and energy Source : 4 Restructuring the economy toward quality growth and sustainability 5 Creating regional connectivity for social and economic stability 6 Managing natural resources and the environment toward sustainability. 7

8 2.Related Energy Policies Country Strategy Green Economy Growth & Competitive ness People/Quality of life /Knowledge/Justice Balance & Develop Public management Infrastructure/ Production/R&D Economic Growth Sustainable Development Environmental Friendly Inclusive Growth Green Growth Laws & Regulations Fostering economic growth and development in environmental friendly way 8

9 2.Related Energy Policies Thailand s Energy Policies Enhance Energy-related Industries & Business to be next generation value creator Secure Thailand Energy supply Energy Pricing Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra Target Energy Intensity reduction by 25% within 20 years (based on 2010 level) Up-scaling renewable energy mix to 25% in 10 years 9

10 3. Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) ( ) 10

11 Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) Rev 1 (16 July 2013) Committed to the development of low-carbon society Government Funding On R & D Activities Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP : ) Encouraging Private-Led Investment Target 25 % of RE in Total Energy Consumption By 2021 Solar 3,000 MW 100 ktoe (Heat) Wind 1,800 MW Small + Mini Hydro 324 MW Bio Energy Biomass Biogas MSW 4,800 MW 3,600 MW 400 MW 8,500 ktoe (Heat) 1,000 ktoe (Heat) From Napier grass 3,000 MW 200 ktoe (Heat) Biofuels Ethanol 9 Million l/d Biodiesel 7.2 Million l/d 2nd Gen. Biofuels 3 Million l/d CBG 1,200 tons/d Others Tidal wave 2 MW Geothermal 1 MW 11

12 Strategies for AEDP Promote RE on the Community scale Encouraging Private Investment Improve Relevant Infrastructure Promote R&D as a tool for RE industry Promote better understanding Modifying outdated rules and regulations 12

13 RE Promotion Mechanism Offices giving licenses BOI- Investment Incentives ONEP EIA ERC Local Admin Depart. Of Industrial DEDE 1 Renewable energy maps Info from demonstration site One-Stop Service Renewable energy potential info Technical support Promotion requesting Licenses Support from the Ministry of Energy DEDE & EPPO DEDE DEDE EPPO Subsidy, i.e. Biogas, Solar hot water Energy Soft Loan Revolving funds for RE and energy conservation Projects ESCO Venture Capital Fund Adder : Feed-in Premiums Policy, Feed-in Tariff Banks To raise a loan Capital requesting Registration for intent expression as per the time specified Adder/ FIT Negotiation for electricity selling & buying Private Investor - Firm - Non Firm Electricity authorities Carbon credit sale CDM Consumers 13

14 Biomass - Installed capacity <= 1 MW - Installed capacity > 1 MW Fuel Biogas (all categories of production sources) - Installed capacity <= 1 MW - Installed capacity > 1 MW Waste (community waste, not hazardous industrial waste, and inorganic waste) - AD &b LFG - Thermal Process Wind power - Installed capacity <= 50 kw - Installed capacity > 50 kw Mini and micro hydropower - capacity kw - capacity < 50 kw Adder (Baht/kWh) VSPP Extra adder * (Baht/kWh) Note : Special Adders for - 3 Southern Provinces - Diesel-Gen. replacement on PEA system Supporting period (Year) Solar power Pilot project on green energy for community enterprise (biogas production from Napier grass) (1 MW) Solar PV Rooftop 0-10 kw > kw >250-1,000 kw Feed-in-Tariff Solar Community (1 MW) 9.75 (Year 1-3) 6.50 (Year 4-10) 4.50 (Year 11-25) 25

15 Biofuel Heat Electricity Performance on Alternative and Renewable Energy Policy Q1 Q3/2013 TYPES OF ENERGY Unit Target in Capacity(Q1-Q3,2013) Solar MW 3, Wind MW 1, Small Hydro MW Biomass MW 4,800 1,959 2, Biogas MW 3, MSW MW New Energy MW Total Electricity MW 13,927 2,786 3,465 ktoe 1, Solar Ktoe Biomass Ktoe 8,500 4,346 3,399 Biogas Ktoe 1, MSW Ktoe Total Heat Ktoe 9,800 4,886 3,873 Ethanol ML/Day Biodiesel ML/Day New Energy Replacing Diesel ML/Day Compressed Bio-methane Gas (CBG) ton 1, Total Biofuel ML/Day ktoe 1,270 1,169 RE Consumption : Energy Consumption 25% 9.9% 10.7% 15

16 16 Electricity Performance on Alternative and Renewable Energy Policy Q1 Q3/ Heat Biofuel

17 MAP OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THAILAND (2012) POWER PLANT HEAT CONSUMPTION BIOFUEL PLANTS 17

18 4. Biomass and Biogas Development in Thailand

19 4. Biomass Development in Thailand Item Electricity Generation (MW) Heat Generation (ktoe) AEDP target in , , Capacity(Q1-Q3,2013) 2, , Bagasse, rice husk, palm, etc. - Biomass Power plant -Community power plant - Industrial: sugar cane, palm oil, paper, etc) - Community (high-eff. stove) 19

20 Potential 4. Biomass Development in Thailand Sugar cane leaf and trash Tapioca rhizome Rice Straw Corn cob Woody Branch Palm Frond 20

21 4. Biomass Development in Thailand Opportunities 1. Promoting higher potential biomass Rice straw Sugarcane leaves Cassava rhizome Oil palm leaves and bunch Corncob & stalk Wood chips & Pellets 2. Promoting plantation of fast growing crops for power generation 21

22 4. Biogas Development in Thailand Item Electricity Generation (MW) Heat Generation (ktoe) CBG (tons/day) AEDP target in , , ,200 Capacity(Q1-Q3,2013) o Industrial waste water - Tapioca starch * - Palm oil - Ethanol - Food & Beverage o Livestock farm * Only tapioca starch factories with capacity over 300 ton/day o Industrial waste water - Tapioca starch * -Palm oil - Ethanol - Food & Beverage - Paper -Rubber o Livestock farm

23 Biogas Development in Thailand 4. Biogas Development in Thailand Target groups Livestock farm Energy crop Processed agriculture & industrial waste Opportunities large & medium size pig farms Chicken & Slaughter Palm oil extraction factories Sugar mills& ethanol factories Cassava starch factories Chicken & Slaughter 1. Future focus on biogas production by household and community 2. Implement pilot project Utilization of biogas in transport sector (bio-methane) technology)

24 Napeir grass project National Energy Policy committee resolution on July 16th,2013 => Joint project among 9 ministries (1) Energy (2) Social (3) Agriculture (4) Education (5) Sci & Tech (6) Industry (7) Interior (8) Natural resource and Envi (9) Commerce => Pilot project by Ministry of energy (Pilot project on green energy for community enterprise biogas production from Napier grass) Principle Encourage community enterprise for energy crop production Contract between community enterprise & biogas plant Secure income for farmers All stakeholders generate income from biogas utilization Energy security in Thailand Napeir grass => Biogas Objective 1. Power generation 3,000 MW 2. CBG for transportation 3. Replace LPG 24

25 Benefits of AEDP Economic Decrease import energy Increase income from CO 2 trading Environment Reduce CO2 emission Alleviate global worming Society Increase employment Healthier society 25

26 DEDE: Knowledge Base organisation and sustainable development Centre of RE and EE

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