Title: World Religions Grade and Subject: 9 th grade Modern World History Time Allotted: 1hr 30min

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1 Title: World Religions Grade and Subject: 9 th grade Modern World History Time Allotted: 1hr 30min SOL #: WHII.14 a, b NCSS Theme: I. Cultures What is the guiding question for this lesson? How will student understanding be assessed? How do beliefs affect the way people and countries behave? The students will have to write five Haikus dealing with the five main religions of the world. The Haikus will be turned in for a grade. Key Concept (no definition necessary): Beliefs Religion SWBAT: 1.Identify the five major religions and the locations where they are practiced around the world. 2.Explain the main beliefs of the five major world religions. 3.Identify the symbols and historical figures of the five major world religions. Materials (List primary sources and additional materials): Daily Agenda Religious Symbols, Figures, & Beliefs handout Blank World map Just Do It: The students will answer the following questions to review for their SOL test:

2 1. The Cold War was A a series of military skirmishes between the United States and Germany. B a technological war between the United States and Japan. C a conflict between the United States and Iraq. D a philosophical war between the United States and the Soviet Union. 2. One outcome of the Yalta Conference was A the division of Germany into four sectors, controlled by Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. B an agreement from the Soviet Union to allow free travel across their borders with Germany. C an agreement between the United States and Japan to share occupation of Korea. D a commitment between the United States and Great Britain to end communism and the Soviet Union. 4. Truman s policy of preventing the expansion of communism was A called the Manhattan Project. B known as containment. C the Warsaw Pact. D known as brinkmanship 5. Vietnam, divided during the Cold War, became a controversial conflict for the United States. Currently, Vietnam is A B C D a democratic country with free elections. an area where the United States has stationed troops to patrol the demilitarized zone. a wealthy country due to technological innovations that are exported to the United States. a country that has been reunited under a communist government. Tearing down the Berlin Wall Breakup of the Soviet Union Soviet economic collapse 3. The events in the box above were the result of A a worldwide depression following World War II. B an invasion of Moscow by Poland with support from NATO. C the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. D free democratic elections in the Soviet Union. (5 min) Obj # Description of Lesson Procedure Check for Evidence of Understanding The class will participate in a concept attainment activity on what the word Religion means and what some examples are. (10 min) The answers the students along with the amount of participation in the discussion will allow me to check for evidence of 1, 2, 3 Using the religions listed during the concept attainment activity the students will be asked to explain what understanding. The amount of discussion and participation of the class as well as the accuracy of

3 they know about each of the five major world religions. (10 min) 1, 2, 3 After the prior knowledge discussion the class will participate in a PowerPoint based lecture/discussion on the five major religions. They will be given the Religious Symbols, Figures, & Beliefs handout at the beginning of class that they will have to fill out during the lecture/discussion. (50 min) 1, 2, 3 The students will be asked complete five Haikus on the religions, one about each religion. They will be shown an example Haiku (included in the materials sections) to give them an idea of what is being asked of them. The Haikus will be for homework if they are not completed by the end of class. (15 min) (This part is optional depending of the amount of time left in class after the above sections have been completed) After the lecture/discussion on the five major religions the students will be introduced to a paper, by Daniel Quinn, that introduces different religions and their beliefs to the students. Selections from the paper will be read to the class to entice the discussion about what the religions of animism and paganism are. This is to broaden the cultural exposure of the students to more than the five major world religions. their prior knowledge of the practices and beliefs of the world religions. The students will be filling out the Religious Symbols, Figures, & Beliefs handout and I will walk around the classroom to make sure they are on task. The students will also be asked clarifying and probing questions during the lecture/discussion to gage where they are in their understanding of the religions. The Haikus will be graded for their content accuracy and completion. The understanding will be checked through the discussion and questions the students have about the material. They will also be asked clarifying questions after the paper is read to make sure they have an accurate idea of the information that was being given.

4 Closure: (Ties the lesson together and relates it to the lesson s guiding question) The Haiku poems will act as the closure for the lesson to reiterate the information and to bring together the main points discussed in class.

5 Friday April 14, 2006 Let s Get Started Daily Agenda 1. The Cold War was A a series of military skirmishes between the United States and Germany. B a technological war between the United States and Japan. C a conflict between the United States and Iraq. D a philosophical war between the United States and the Soviet Union. 2. One outcome of the Yalta Conference was A the division of Germany into four sectors, controlled by Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. B an agreement from the Soviet Union to allow free travel across their borders with Germany. C an agreement between the United States and Japan to share occupation of Korea. D a commitment between the United States and Great Britain to end communism and the Soviet Union. 4. Truman s policy of preventing the expansion of communism was A called the Manhattan Project. B known as containment. C the Warsaw Pact. D known as brinkmanship 5. Vietnam, divided during the Cold War, became a controversial conflict for the United States. Currently, Vietnam is A a democratic country with free elections. B an area where the United States has stationed troops to patrol the demilitarized zone. C a wealthy country due to technological innovations that are exported to the United States. D a country that has been reunited under a communist government. Tearing down the Berlin Wall Breakup of the Soviet Union Soviet economic collapse 3. The events in the box above were the result of A a worldwide depression following World War II. B an invasion of Moscow by Poland with support from NATO. C the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. D free democratic elections in the Soviet Union. What does Religion mean? What do you know about Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, & Christianity? PowerPoint on Religions Haiku for You Homework Finish your Haikus on religion Finish your Cold War research projects DUE THURSDAY APRIL 27

6 Religions of the World Buddhism: The teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom, and meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth. Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) in 563 BCE Wheel of Law (Eightfold Path) Suffering is apart of everyone s life and cannot be avoided. Get rid of desire, through the four noble truths, and get rid of suffering You are reborn till you have completely followed the Eightfold Path. Once you completely follow the Eightfold Path you will enter a state of Nirvana when you die. There are Four Noble Truths of suffering. Four Noble Truths 1.Truth of Suffering: life is full of suffering 2.Truth of the Cause of Suffering: suffering happens cause people desire things money, love, etc.and desire is never satisfied. 3.Truth of the End of Suffering: One must put an end to their own desires 4.Truth of the Path: if one puts their desires aside they can practice the Middle Way which is done by following the Eightfold Path The Eightfold Path is followed to end continuous rebirth and suffering. If it is followed you enter a state of Nirvana. 1. Right Understanding 2. Right Thought 3. Right Speech 4. Right Action 5. Right Work 6. Right Effort 7. Right Mindfulness 8. Right Concentration Nirvana: The ultimate enlightenment that one reaches, instead of being reborn, when they have ultimately followed the Eightfold Path and live the right life. Hinduism: A religion native to India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils. One God that shows itself in many forms People are born into a Caste, or class, where their life is predetermined Karma People experience the effects of their own actions; What goes around comes around. Reincarnation People are reborn many times in order to achieve balance (karma) for their previous lives. An Afterlife in Moksha (Heaven) Caste System: Society is divided into four classes, or castes, based on occupation. 1. Priests 2. Warriors and Rulers 3. Skilled Workers and Farmers 4. Servants Hinduism is mainly found in India

7 Christianity: a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior. Founder: Jesus of Nazareth (and his 12 disciples) around CE One God Yahweh (Jehovah) Son of God (Jesus of Nazareth) came to earth and died on a cross Trinity of God, Jesus, and Holy Ghost Ten Commandments An afterlife in Heaven World s largest religion with 2.1 billion followers, practiced all over the world. Holy Book: Bible divided into two sections Old Ten Commandments Testament and New Testament New Testament documents the 1. You shall not worship any other god but YHWH. life and teachings of Jesus 2. You shall not make a graven image. 3. You shall not take the name of YHWH in vain. 4. You shall not break the Sabbath. 5. You shall not dishonor your parents. 6. You shall not murder. 7. You shall not commit adultery 8. You shall not steal. 9. You shall not commit perjury. 10. You shall not covet. Judaism: The monotheistic religion of the Jews, tracing its origins to Abraham and having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud. Founder: Abraham around BCE One God Yahweh (Jehovah) same as Christians God s chosen people Their savior hasn t come yet Holy Books: Torah Jewish law declared by God. Includes the first five books of the Bible s Old Testament Talmud A written discussion by Rabbis on the Torah and all Jewish customs The beginning form of Christianity Primarily practiced in Israel. 14 million followers in 2005

8 Islam: A monotheistic religion characterized by the acceptance of the doctrine of submission to God and to Muhammad as the chief and last prophet of God. Founder: Muhammad Allah around the early 600 s One God name Allah (same God of the Judaism and Christianity) Allah has sent five major prophets Islam is an extension of Judaism and Christianity An afterlife in Heaven Holy Book: Koran given directly to Muhammad by the Archangel Gabriel. Holy Cities: Mecca The holiest city in Islam. Where Allah reveled his message to Muhammad. It also contains the Ka bah (a holy shrine that contains a stone given to Abraham by an angel) Medina The second holiest city in Islam. Where Muhammad fled from assassination in Mecca and marks the birth of a united Islamic community. All Muslims (followers of Allah) have to complete the Five Pillars of Islam during their lifetime. Five Pillars of Islam 1. Declare faith in Allah have to pronounce the Shahada prayer: There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. 2. Prayer must pray 5 times a day (sunrise, noon, afternoon, evening, sunset) while facing Mecca 3. Almsgiving must give money to the poor and needy 4. Fasting during the holy month of Ramadan no food or drink from sunrise to sunset (after sunset only light snacks are allowed) 5. Pilgrimage must make a trip to Mecca to visit the Ka bah (this can be skipped if it causes too much hardship)

9 Religions of the World Buddhism Judaism Hinduism Christianity Islam

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