The American Pageant, David M. Kennedy, Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas A Bailey, 13th ed.

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1 Granada Hills Charter High School A.P. United States History 2016 Summer Assignment DUE: Day 1 of Fall 2016 semester Instructors: Ms. Bacon Ms. Soto Mr. Yamazaki Classroom Textbook The American Pageant, David M. Kennedy, Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas A Bailey, 13th ed. PDF Version can be found in the APUSH Google Classroom using CLASS CODE: hic3glg Summer Assignment 1. Join APUSH Summer Assignment Google Class Page. CLASS CODE: hic3glg 2. Complete the Study Guides DOWNLOAD PDFs for CH1, CH2, and CH3 and complete study guides. Study Guides must be hand written and not typed. Answers must be from the PDF classroom textbook(found in APUSH google classroom as noted above. Answers from Wikipedia will not be accepted. Study Guide packet will be due the first day of school. A Test will be given the first day of school on chapters 1 and Complete the 16 th and 17 th Century European Colonizing Efforts chart a. Use the PDFs for Chapters 1, 2, Complete the Colonial American Scrapbook Project After reading chapters 1 and 2 in the textbook, create a scrapbook that addresses all required components of part one, part two, and part three. *(See directions on the last page of this packet)* 1

2 CH 1 STUDYGUIDE New World Beginnings, 33,000 B.C. A.D Before studying Chapter 1, read over these Themes : Theme: The first discoverers of America, the ancestors of the American Indians, were small bands of hunters who crossed a temporary land bridge from Siberia and spread across both North and South America. They evolved a great variety of cultures, which ranged from the sophisticated urban civilizations in Mexico and Central and South America to the largely seminomadic societies of North America. Theme: Europe's growing demand for Eastern luxuries prompted exploration in the hopes of reducing the expense of those goods with new trade routes. Exploration occurred incrementally, beginning with the Portuguese moving around the coast of Africa and establishing trading posts. Awareness of the New World and its wealth pushed exploration across the Atlantic. Spanish exploration continued in the same fashion, first in the Caribbean islands then expanding into South and North America. Theme: Portuguese and Spanish explorers encountered and then conquered much of the Americas and their Indian inhabitants. This collision of worlds deeply affected all the Atlantic societies - Europe, the Americas, and Africa - as the effects of disease, conquest, slavery, and intermarriage began to create a truly new world in Latin America, including the borderlands of Florida, New Mexico, and California, all of which later became part of the United States. After studying Chapter 1 in the online textbook, answer the following questions: 1. Describe the origin and development of the major native Indian cultures of the Americas. 2. Explain the developments in Europe and Africa that led to Columbus s voyage to America. 3. Explain what two countries led the way in early exploration and why they were able to do so. 4. Explain the changes and conflicts that occurred when the diverse worlds of Europe, Africa, and the Americas collided after Describe the Spanish conquest of Mexico and South America and identify the major features of Spanish colonization and expansion in North America. Identify the following people and terms. Include the historical significance of each term or person. Also note the dates of the event if that is pertinent. A. People Marco Polo Christopher Columbus Francisco Pizarro Juan Ponce de León Hernando de Soto Moctezuma B. Terms: capitalism Renaissance mestizos Treaty of Tordesillas three sister farming Great Ice Age Canadian Shield Mound Builders the black legend Hernán Cortés Francisco Coronado Father Junipero Serra conquistadores Aztecs Popés Rebellion Pueblo Indians Spanish Armada spice islands encomienda Iroquois Confederacy 2

3 C. Short Answer Questions: Using what you have learned by reading Chapter 1, answer the following: 1. What fundamental factors drew the Europeans to the exploration, conquest, and settlement of the New World? Explain. 2. In what ways might the European encounter with the Americas be seen as a disaster or tragedy, and in what ways might it be seen as an inevitable development in the history of humanity with long-run positive results? 3. What was the impact on the Indians, Europeans, and Africans when each of their previously separate worlds collided with one another? 4. What were the common characteristics of all Indian cultures in the New World, and what were the important differences among them? 5. How did the geographic setting of North America including its relation to Asia, Europe, and Africa affect its subsequent history? D. Map Work: Using the numbers and letters on the map, identify the places listed below: A B A C A B C. 3

4 [Is this map an accurate representation of the world? Why or why not? ] CH 2 STUDYGUIDE The Planting of English America: Before studying Chapter 2, read over these Themes : Theme: After a late start, a proud, nationalistic England joined the race for colonies and successfully established five colonies along the southeastern seacoast of North America. Although varying somewhat in origins and character, all these colonies exhibited plantation agriculture, indentured and slave labor, a tendency toward strong economic and social hierarchies, and a pattern of widely scattered, institutionally weak settlements. Theme: The English hoped to follow Spain's example of finding great wealth in the New World, and that influenced the financing and founding of the early southern colonies. The focus on making the southern colonies profitable shaped colonial decisions, including choice of crops and the use of indentured and slave labor. This same focus also helped create economic and cultural ties between the early southern colonies and English settlements in the West Indies. Theme: The early southern colonies encounters with Indians and African slaves established the patterns of race relations that would shape the North American experience; in particular, warfare and reservations for the Indians and lifelong slave codes for African Americans. After reading Chapter 2 in the online textbook, answer the following: 1. State the factors that led England to begin colonization. 2. Describe the development of Jamestown, from its disastrous beginnings to its later apparent prosperity. 3. Describe the cultural and social changes that Native American communities underwent in response to European colonization. 4. Describe the different ways the Spanish, British and French interacted with Native Americans. 5. Describe changes in the economy and labor system in Virginia and other southern colonies. 6. Indicate the similarities and differences among the southern colonies of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Identify the following people and terms. Include the historical significance of each term or person. Also note the dates of the event if that is pertinent. A. People Lord De La Ware Pocahontas John Smith Powhatan Handsome Lake John Rolfe Lord Baltimore Walter Raleigh James Oglethorpe Humphrey Gilbert Oliver Cromwell B. Terms: nationalism nation-state joint-stock company slavery slave codes House of Burgesses Royal colony Proprietary colony yeoman longhouse Spanish Armada primogeniture indentured servitude enclosure starving time squatter 1 st Anglo-Powhatan War 2 nd Anglo-Powhatan War Act of Toleration Barbados slave code Virginia Company Restoration Act of Toleration Savannah Indians Iroquois Confederacy Ireland 4

5 C. Map Work: Using the numbers on the map, identify the places listed below: D. Short Answer Questions: 1. Compare and contrast the early colonial empires of Portugal, Spain, and England in terms of motives, economic foundations, and relations with Africans and Indians (see Chapter 1). 2. Discuss the relations between the English settlers and the Indians of the southern Atlantic coast. 3. How did the search for a viable labor force affect the development of the southern colonies? What was the role of African-American slavery in the early colonial settlements? Why were two southern colonies initially resistant to slavery? 4. What features were common to all of England s southern colonies, and what features were peculiar to each one? 5. What factors contributed to England s establishment of colonies in North America? 5

6 16 th and 17 th Century European Colonizing Efforts Use Chapter 1, 2, and part of 3 to fill out this chart. European Nation Spain Location of Colonies within the Americas Motives/Purpose of Colonization (religious, economic, political factors) Relations with the Natives. Portugal The Netherlands/ Dutch France England 6

7 Colonial American Scrapbook Project Imagine you are an 18 th -century English journalist who has spent a year living in and learning about colonial America. While traveling through each colonial region, you kept a journal/scrapbook to record your thoughts and impressions of the places, its people, and their cultures. You want your journal/scrapbook to be published so that the people of England will better understand what life is like in colonial America. Directions: After reading chapters 1 and 2 in your textbook, create a journal/scrapbook with the following guidelines: a. Your journal should have an appropriate title. b. Your journal/scrapbook should be broken into 3 separate sections. One for each colonial region (New England, Middle, & Southern) c. Within each of the colonial regions, your journal should address each of the components listed and described below. * Parts 1, 2, and 3 below must be in each colonial section of the journal/scrapbook. d. You should include primary source maps, graphs, charts, pictures, newspaper articles, or diary entries when appropriate to help illustrate your findings of what life was like in each colonial region. e. Creativity, color, and detail count. Part One-answer the following questions for each colonial region. ** If there is an exception (a colony that is different than the others within its region, be sure to highlight its differences.) REASONS FOR MIGRATION Why did people in that colony come to America? What country are they from? For example: What economic factors encouraged individuals to leave Europe and settle in America? Make sure to cite specific examples. REASON FOR SETTLEMENT Why did they choose the area where they settled? What was the reason it was founded? LEADER(s) Who were the founders and leaders of the colony? Who were some of the most influential people in the colony and why? NATIVE AMERICANS What Native Americans were present in the colonial region? What was their relationship with the Native Americans in the area? RULES AND LAWS What rules and laws were specific to each colonial region? If a specific colony has a specific set of laws- be sure to mention that. HOME LIFE What was unique to the social structure with in each colonial region? Describe jobs, schools, living arrangements, food and entertainment. GEOGRAPHY Describe the land, climate and resources. RELIGIOUS LIFE What religion had the most influence within each colony? How was this evident? ECONOMICS How did they make their money? What did they produce/export/trade? MAJOR EVENTS What were some of the major events to take place within the colonial region from ? 7

8 Part Two: Map work Draw a map of the COLONIAL REGION. Label the colonies within the region. Include the following on your assigned colonial map. Label the major settlements Create a MAP KEY and include ALL IMPORTANT symbols used. Draw symbols that represent the types of food grown in the colony. Put symbols for the types of business/ industries they had. Label Rivers, mountains, or other important features. DO NOT label the colony as it is today! Label the colony, as it was when it was first settled. (This may require additional research to find a map of colonial America in the 17 th century.) Part Three: Analysis, write one detailed paragraph, about ½ page per region How do you see the political, social, and economic influence of each colonial region in contemporary American life? 8

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