# AEROSPACE PROPULSION & AERODYNAMICS SI MODULE CODE CREDITS 20 LEVEL 5 JACS CODE. Total Hours HOURS BY TYPE

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1 MODULE DESCRIPTOR TITLE AEROSPACE PROPULSIO & AERODAMICS SI MODULE CODE CREDITS 20 LEVEL 5 JACS CODE H450 SUBJECT GROUP Mechanical engineering DEPARTMET Engineering and Mathematics MODULE LEADER Dr. O. A. Bég OTIOAL STUD Tutor-led Tutordirectedirected Self- Total Hours HOURS B TPE MODULE AIM(S) This module is designed to provide students with a fundamental understanding of modern propulsion systems and aircraft/helicopter aerodynamics. The aims are: (i) (ii) To provide students with an understanding of the basic engineering principles that underpin the design of propulsion systems for the aerospace industry. To introduce students to the principles of gas turbine theory and thermodynamics and also hybrid propulsion including electromagnetic thrusters. (iii) To introduce the principles of rocket propulsion and space flight. (iv) To analyse the principles of aerodynamics for a range of flight conditions MODULE LEARIG OUTCOMES By engaging successfully with this module a student will be able to: (i) Describe the various forms of propulsion systems in aerospace applications and appreciate the modern hybrid propulsion systems e.g. ion thrusters. (ii) Apply engineering principles and simple equations to calculate key parameters relating to propulsion systems e.g. jet engines, RAMJETS,SCRAMJETS.. (iii) Apply engineering principles and simple equations to calculate key parameters relating to the aerodynamics of aircraft in various regimes of flight. (iv) Describe the nature of various forms of aircraft manoeuvre and associated forces. (v) Describe the basic principles and technology relating to space flight and perform simple calculations relating to the mechanics or rocket propulsion, rocket design and spacecraft/satellite trajectories (astrodynamics). IDICATIVE COTET SEMESTER 1 1] Speed regimes

2 Subsonic, transonic, supersonic, hypersonic, Mach number 2] Fundamentals of thrust- for Propulsion ewtonian mechanics, work, power, thrust, efficiency, propeller blade thrust. 3] Forms of Propulsion Propeller, gas turbine, ramjet, scramjet, Case Studies e.g. SR-71 (Blackbird) Gas Turbine Engines Types (turbojet, turboprop, turbofan, afterburner) Parts (inlet, compressor, combustion chamber, turbine, shaft, nozzle) Analysis/Calculations cycles, efficiency, thrust, pressure, power, temperature distribution, specific fuel consumption etc Hybrid Propulsion: EM, uclear, Solar sails etc. 4] Thermodynamics and Flow in Aero-Engines Basic principles, design criteria, typical combustion systems, first and second Law of thermodynamics, compressible nozzle flow, choking, nozzle design. 5] Combustion and Rocket Propulsion Propellants, thrust analysis. SEMESTER 1/2 6] Space Flight (Astronautics) The atmosphere Escape from the earth gravity, escape velocity Projectiles and satellites Elliptical orbits (Going to the moon and beyond). Analysis of flight trajectories. Rocket booster calculations and burn out. SEMESTER 2 7] Aerodynamics Reynolds number Boundary Layers Transonic, Supersonic and Hypersonic Flow - wing and body shapes, lifting bodies, Mach numbers, Knudsen number, rarified flows shock waves and flutter physics for modern aircraft Helicopter vortex aerodynamics LEARIG AD TEACHIG METHODS Students will be supported in their learning, to achieve the above outcomes, in the following ways Students will be supported by lectures, tutorials and laboratory sessions. The complete lecture notes will be available via Blackboard. Further directed study will be supported by printed notes and guided readings. The laboratory sessions will involve experiments on two vitally important aspects of aerodynamics. There will be relevant soft wares available on campus networks and students will be encouraged to use them freely. The typical balance of contact time will be: Lectures/Tutorials : 80% Laboratories :20%

3 ASSESSMET STRATEG AD METHODS Task o. TASK DESCRIPTIO SI Code % Weighting of overall module mark Word Count / Duration Inmodule retrieval available 1 Coursework CW 50% % 2 Coursework CW 50% 3000 n 40% Percentage Pass Mark or Pass/Fail ASSESSMET CRITERIA In order to achieve a pass in the laboratory based assignments students will need to demonstrate their ability to work effectively in a group, to perform basic experiments in a safe manner and be aware of risks associated with the experiment. They must also produce a formal written report of the laboratory activity, outlining the suitability or otherwise of theory in practice and showing an awareness of the sources of experimental error, and drawing appropriate conclusions from the results. The assessments are designed to consolidate understanding of key aspects of propulsion and aerodynamics science and design RELEVAT to the 21 st century aerospace industry.. Aerodynamic analysis and design - this will involve identifying key physical mechanisms of operation and factors governing performance of wing components (winglets, slats, flaps, vortex generators etc) and aircraft body modification features e.g. nose cones, systems. Aspects of viscous flow, boundary layer theory, vortex models and drag/lift factors will be assessed to develop student learning of practical aerodynamic design. Students will also be expected to make recommendations for enhancement and innovation and quantify aerodynamic performance of different flight vehicles and its relationship to design and operating parameters, determine performance limiting factors with a focus on design regimes e.g. subsonic, supersonic etc. Propulsion analysis and design- students will be expected to comprehend, various types of propulsion system design e.g. jets, rockets, and will be assessed on integrating design formula, judgement and new recommendations for improvement of existing propulsion systems. This will also include cost factors, feasibility of combined designs e.g. hybrid bypass hypersonic systems (AJAX flight vehicle). Furthermore they will be expected to apply critical analysis to their new suggested designs and clearly show their conclusions based on quantitative and qualitative data, using a range of formats and media. The assessment will possibly also include alternative flight vehicles e.g. V-22 Osprey and new suggestions for improving helicopter propulsion. Students will be expected to identify sources of error and uncertainty for the investigation, develop and implement strategies for their reduction and validation, and be encouraged to use comparative. Presentations and reports for both areas discussed above will be coordinated by the module leader. For a pass (40%-60%) in the assessments, students will be expected to demonstrate a good ability to solve fundamental problems in aerodynamic/propulsion science, appreciate the applications and draw reasonable conclusions from their efforts. They

4 must also produce reasonably coherent laboratory reports on the Merlin Flight Simulator and Wind Tunnel. For a good pass (60%+) students are expected to demonstrate a much higher level of competence in calculations, incorporate critical analysis, make intelligent recommendations and also suggestions for improvements to particular aerodynamic/propulsion systems. The quality of written reports and research in assignments will also be expected to be very high and illustrative of the efforts of the student in developing an understanding beyond the basics. A separate reassessment package will be provided for students who are referred at first attempt. FEEDBACK Students will receive feedback on their performance in the following ways Feedback will be given during tutorial/seminar sessions where the students will have the opportunity to work through example problems, ask questions and will be encouraged to reflect on their experience. Feedback on assignments will be given in written format normally within 3 weeks of an assignment being submitted. LEARIG RESOURCES (ICLUDIG READIG LISTS) Lecture and tutorial notes, supported by Blackboard site. Laboratory equipped to carry out the experiments, relevant softwares on computer networks. SUGGESTED READIG: 1. J.D. Anderson Introduction to Flight Mechanics, McGraw-Hill, (2004) 2. R. Jahn- Physics of Electrical Propulsion (1968), Dover Petersen- Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion (1990) 4. Selected papers from American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) 5. J.D. Anderson, Fundamentals of Aerodynamics, Zukoski, E.E., Rocket Propulsion- AIAA Course 1995 REVISIOS Date ov 2012 Reason Confirmed in EDT Re/approval

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