Unit Test - Byzantine Empire and Islam

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1 Unit Test - Byzantine Empire and Islam Multiple Choice. Write the letter representing the best answer in the space provided. 1. The capital of the Byzantine Empire was Constantinople. What is it known as today? a. Ankara b. Nicea c. Adrianople d. Istanbul 2. The waterway separating Asia from Europe at Constantinople is: a. the Black Sea b. the Bosporus c. the Adriatic Sea d. the Dniepr River 3. The greatest Byzantine Emperor was: a. Alexius I b. Valens c. Ivan III d. Justinian 4. He had a huge church built in his capital, that still stands today. It is known as (the): a. Pantheon b. Parthenon c. Hagia Sophia d. St. Peters' 5. Which of the following leaders collected Roman laws together and made them into a code that is the basis of many legal systems in the world today? a. Justinian b. Constantine c. Methodius d. Mohammad 6. The most remarkable feature of this building is: a. that its pendentives solved the problem of putting a dome on top of a square base. b. that it is the largest domed structure ever built. c. its use of flying buttresses. d. all of the above. 7. Which of the following most accurately describes the power of the Byzantine emperors? a. They had strong control over both economic and religious affairs. b. They were weak rulers, controlled by the religious authorities. c. They had strong political power, but lacked influence over the economy. d. They had little real power, with most authority in the hands of aristocrats. 8. The Byzantine Empire generally had poor relations with Western Europe. This was because: a. each followed a different kind of Christianity. b. trade rivalries kept them apart. c. both the Patriarch of Constantinople and the Pope in Rome claimed authority over all Christians. d. all of the above. e. none of the above. 9. The first Slavic King to accept Eastern Orthodox Christianity was: a. Vladimir b. Cyril c. Ivan Grozny d. Nicholas II 10. Legend claims that he rejected several other religions because: a. He did not want to have to fast. b. He did not want to be circumcised. c. He rejected Islam s ban on drinking alcohol. d. All of the above. e. None of the above. 11. The final end of the Byzantine Empire came in what year?

2 a. 476 AD b AD c AD d. 1795AD 12. This occurred when which of the following conquered the city? a. the Arabs b. the Sassanid Persians d. the Ottoman Turks. the Mongols 13. The alphabet used by many Slavic people of Eastern Europe was called Cyrillic and was introduced by two Byzantine missionaries, Cyril and Methodius. These letters come mainly from what languages? a. Latin & Aramaic b. Greek & Arabic c. Armenian and Russian d. Greek and Hebrew 14. This city became the capital of Russia after the country was freed from Mongol rule: a. St. Petersburg b. Kiev c. Moscow d. Archangelsk 15. Rule by these Asiatic conquerors isolated Russia from Western contact for several centuries. They were the: a. Huns b. Mongols c. Sythians d. Hsia Hsia 16. The birthplace of Islam was: a. Mesopotamia b. Arabia c. Asia Minor d. North Africa 17. According to the Five Pillars of Islam, the first duty of all Muslims is: a. Belief in an afterlife. b. Belief in one God. c. Pilgrimage to Mecca d. Loyalty to Mohammad 18. In the early days, Islam changed the status of women by: a. permitting them to enter convents. b. forbidding them the right to an education. c. giving them some legal and economic rights. d. making them equal to men. 19. Islam spread rapidly after Mohammad s death because: a. women fought in Muslim armies. b. Mecca was the capital of the Islamic Empire. c. the Koran was translated into many languages. d. neighbouring empires were weakened by a century of conflict. 20. People of the Book are: a. Jews b. Christians c. Zoroastrians d. all of these e. none of these 21. Which of the following is not a feature of a Mosque: a. minaret b. ablution fountain c. qiblah wall d. Kaaba 22. Ramadan is: a. a month when Muslims fast in daylight hours. b. a place where Mohammad studied. c. the Muslim word for God. d. none of the above 23. Which of the following are considered prophets in Islam? a. Abraham b. Moses c. Jesus d. all of these b. none of these

3 24. Muslims consider the Koran the greatest work written in Arabic because: a. It tells of the life of Mohammad, their greatest leader. b. It established a system of law for the Arabs. c. It is believed to be the exact words of God. d. None of the above. 25. The spread of Islam into Europe in the West was halted in: a. Southern France b. Northern France c. Portugal d. Germany 26. Which of the following countries is not mainly Muslim today? a. Iran b. Turkey c. China d. Indonesia 27. How many times a day are Muslims expected to pray? a. once b. three times c. five times d. nine times 28. Why is calligraphy an important element in Islamic art? a. Images of people and animals are usually forbidden. b. Arabic writing lends itself to artistic presentation. c. The words of God are considered the most beautiful things that can be presented. d. All of the above e. None of the above 29. Why was Islamic civilization a vital contributor to the knowledge of the West? a. It transmitted the decimal system and our present system of numerals from India. b. It preserved ancient Greek and Roman learning at a time when Western Christianity did not value them. c. Muslim scientists greatly developed astronomy and chemistry. d. All of the above. e. None of the above. 30. Avicenna was: a. a brilliant Muslim scholar and physician. b. the first Caliph. c. A Persian writer and author of the Rubaiyat. d. a Spanish philosopher. Part 2. Definitions. (2 marks each). In a sentence or three, write definitions of each of the following terms or, in the case of a name, explain why the person is important in History. 1. Icon

4 2. Justinian the Great 3. Kievan Rus 4. Hagia Sophia 5. Koran 6. Haj 7. Kaaba 8. Mohammad 9. minaret 10. People of the Book Part 3. Paragraph Answer. (6 marks each) Answer three of the following paragraphs. Be sure to write in complete sentences. Write your answer on the foolscap provided. 1. How did the survival of the Byzantine Empire into fairly recent times help to preserve the Greco- Roman heritage? Give examples to support your points. 2. Why did Russian rulers prefer Byzantine Christianity to other forms of Christianity or other religions of the time? 3. Ivan Grozny, a ruler of Russia, is known by another nick-name. What is that name and is the reputation it has given him in history well-deserved? Explain. 4. What are the basic beliefs and social practices of Muslims? 5. Why was Islam able to spread quickly in the 6 th to 8 th centuries. Name: Unit Test - The Byzantine Empire & Islam Part 1. Multiple Choice ,

5 Part 2. Matching Part 3. Paragraph Answer. Write your paragraph on the back of this sheet. Be sure to identify clearly which question you are answering.

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