1 Resume Writing Workshop Cal State L.A. Career Development Center
2 The Resume and Its Purpose A resume is a short descriptive document. It is an account of work experience, education, qualifications, objectives, personal qualities and special skills. It is usually the first item a potential employer sees about you and therefore is very important! The resume s main purpose is to get you an interview!
3 The resume is used in the job search process in the following ways: To network with others, including at job fairs To respond to job ads online and in newspapers, often teamed with a cover letter To be submitted along with an employer job application form To be taken to a job interview
4 Standard Resume Formats Chronological Functional Combination
5 1. Chronological resume This resume type focuses on your work experience, listing your current job first and going back in time chronologically. This resume highlights steady employment and progression in job responsibility.
6 Sample- Chronological Resume
7 2. Functional Resume This resume concentrates on general and specialized skills and abilities, rather than lengthy descriptions of each individual job. This resume can hide gaps between jobs (because dates can be deleted). Job candidates who are entering new fields or have experience unrelated to their career goals might want to choose this format.
8 Sample Functional Resume
9 3. Combination Resume The combination resume brings together features of the reverse chronological and the functional resumes.
10 Sample Combination Resume
11 Resume Writing Guidelines
12 Resume Reference Sources Resume Writing flyer samples WinWay Resume Online advice Books at libraries (including our Career Center!) and bookstores This workshop!
13 Formatting Tips, Part I Length for most, one page is best Use one font throughout Use BOLD to emphasize only the most important features of your resume Acceptable type sizes are 10, 11 and 12 pt. Be consistent with tabs, dates and other formatting features
14 Formatting Tips, Part 2 Decide on an overall design scheme bullets or paragraphs? Aim for neatness and readability Is the resume professional-looking and inviting to read?
15 Resume Sections Personal Info Objective Summary Education Work Experience Special Skills Memberships/Honors/ Awards Volunteer Experience References
16 Personal Information Name should stand out. Can vary the placement of name, address, phone number, address. List only one phone number. Professional-sounding voice message Professional address In certain cases, U.S. Citizen is appropriate here.
17 Objective Short and sweet is preferred. Example: Seeking position as elementary school teacher. Specific vs. general objective Objectives for career fairs should be general or eliminated. Can be phrase or sentence.
18 Summary Could also be called: Profile, Qualifications, Highlights Should be tailored to the job in question via the job description Example: Extensive knowledge of computer hardware, computer communications, and systems engineering. Strong team-building, multitasking and communication skills due to four years sales experience. Quick learner and effective decision-maker.
19 Education Most recent degree or current study first List expected date of graduation. List options, minors and certificates. Spell out college name: California State University, Los Angeles AA or AS drops off when you get bachelor s. No high school List graduation with honors or high GPA
20 Education-Related Headings Senior or Special Project/Thesis topics/ Papers presented/ Professional Development Special certifications Test completion (CSET, FE, etc.) important to certain professions
21 Work Experience/Work History Part I Current or most recent job experience first Not all jobs need to be listed - - why? List job title first. Include employer s name and city. Use bullets or paragraphs to detail job duties. Each descriptive phrase should begin with an action verb. If using bullet format, no more than 5 bullets items per job.
22 Work Experience/Work History Part 2 Prioritize the order in which you describe job duties, with the most impressive-sounding ones listed first. Consider dividing your work experience into Related Experience and Other Experience. Remember to list internships if they are related to your field. It doesn t matter if you were paid or not good experience is good experience!
23 Special Skills Skills could be featured in the Summary section, or in a separate section that highlights special areas, most usually Language skills Example: Bilingual: English/Korean and/or Computer skills, listing known computer programs
24 Memberships/Honors/Awards Include memberships in campus and community organizations. Make special note if you held an office. Dates are not required. If listing a scholarship, indicate its name and who awarded it to you. Don t forget to list national associations. No high school stuff, please!
25 Volunteer Experience Volunteer experience can be listed if it is meaningful and appropriate. Social Work, Psychology, Sociology and credential students will find this an especially important part of their resumes. No dates are required here.
26 References available upon request You should have at least 3 people agree to be your reference. Do not ask family or friends, but consider employers, professors, scout leaders, clergy who know you well enough to address your talents and attributes as an employee, student or good citizen. Give your references a copy of your resume and keep them updated on your job hunt. Employers may ask for your reference list. (Never list your references on the resume). The list should include: reference name, job title, place of employment, phone number and address.
27 Special Considerations
28 Tailor your resume Your resume should be targeted to the specific job you are applying for. The job description helps you customize your resume to the employer s needs. Make sure the employer doesn t miss out on your most marketable assets: put them in priority order in the top half or top twothirds of the resume.
29 Resume too skimpy? Use generous margins. Use 12 pt. Consider a heading called Major Coursework or Related Coursework a listing of various classes you have taken that may impress the reader.
30 Resume too lengthy? Consider narrower margins. Go down to 10 pt. Personal information need be no longer than 2 or 3 lines. Edit: delete items that are of little importance (such as other duties as assigned ).
31 It s all in the details Do not use personal pronouns Double check your spelling, grammar and punctuation Print your resume on a good printer and use heavy (18 to 24 pound) neutral-colored paper
32 The whole truth, and nothing but the truth... Never ever include false information on your resume. With the technology that is available today, employers can easily check on your background.
33 How to Submit Your Resume It can be mailed. (Send it flat, unfolded, with no staples, in large envelope). It can be faxed. It can be given to someone in person. It can be ed as an attachment. It can be copied into the body of an .
34 Electronic Resumes
35 Plain Text ( able) Resumes Every job candidate needs a separate plain text document version of his/her resume ready to to those employers requiring them. Why not just the traditional resume? Because the employer s computer may not be able to fully translate it and it could look like a muddled mess when opened.
36 Things to Know about able Resumes This resume is left-justified with no enhancements no bold, bullets or tabbing. This version of your resume will probably be longer than a page but that s OK the reader just scrolls down. When ing this resume, always remember to put something specific on the subject line (such as, Resume from Sue Scott for Museum Curator Opening ) or it might not be opened.
37 Other Resume Options Your resume as a pdf file. HTML or web resumes. Can include photos, links, streaming video.
38 Scannable Resumes and Keywords Part 1 Large companies may scan your resume, looking for what they call keywords. You can identify keywords for your profession by reviewing job postings for your target jobs and noting qualifications, technical expertise, industry jargon and personality traits that are being sought after.
39 Scannable Resumes and Keywords Part 2 Here is an example of a keyword-laden summary statement for a Sales Representative: Achievement-oriented sales professional with five years of success in personal and commercial insurance. Skilled in developing marketing strategies and providing excellent customer service.bilingual Spanish team player special projects increased sales. Keywords can be written in text or can be part of a list.
40 Sample Plain Text ( able) Resume GEORGE A. STEIN 211 Sierra Vista Avenue Sierra Madre, CA (626) OBJECTIVE Entry level audit position within a public accounting firm. EDUCATION BS BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, Option: Accounting June 2006 California State University, Los Angeles GPA: 3.75 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CPA review course (June 2006) Scheduled for CPA exam (November 2006) MAJOR COURSEWORK Advanced Accounting; Cost Accounting; Auditing Principles Financial Budgeting; Business Law; Tax Accounting WORK EXPERIENCE ACCOUNTANT, Pasadena Honda, Pasadena, CA 2003 to 2006 * Examined inventory level and cost. * Supervised accounts payable and receivable staff. * Managed company s cash flow by governing surplus and deficit. * Issued all checks for company s expenses. * Posted entries into journals, including sales, purchases, cash disbursement, insurance, payroll, parts and accessories. * Processed all stages of payroll for hourly and salaried employees, and commissions to salespersons. HONORS AND ACTIVITIES Dean s List, Member - Beta Alpha Psi (CSULA chapter) Member CSULA Accounting Society. Treasurer 2004/05 REFERENCES available upon request.
41 Cover Letters
42 The Cover Letter Part I The cover letter covers your resume and is an additional opportunity to sell yourself. DON T merely repeat what is on the resume. The cover letter must be tailored to the employer and the job opening for which you are applying. Realize that the employer may view this letter as a writing sample, so your grammar, spelling, punctuation and style must be perfect!
43 The Cover Letter Part 2 1 st paragraph: Indicate the job title in question, and you might add how you found out about the job opening. 2 nd paragraph: Write about how you would be able to fit the job in question and bring special value to the workplace. Show your knowledge of the employer, and be enthusiastic about your career field and the job for which you are applying. Sell yourself!
44 The Cover Letter Part 3 3 rd paragraph: Sum yourself up, thank the reader, and let them know you will contact them directly if you don t hear anything within a prescribed time period. Use the same higher-quality paper you are using for your resume, and remember to submit it with your resume with no folds or staples.
45 Sample Cover Letter
46 Summary of the most important points Main purpose of the resume to get an interview Choose a resume format there are basically 3 types Required resume elements personal info, objective, education, work experience Tailor your resume to the particular job you are applying for! Know how an able resume differs from the traditional formats Use the cover letter to sell yourself and add value to your resume You can view this Power Point at:
47 Need further resume advice? Call the Career Center to schedule an appointment with a counselor for a resume critique. (323) Remember a good resume gets you the interview! GOOD LUCK!
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