From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires

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1 From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? P R E V I E W As your class analyzes the image of the map your teacher is projecting, record responses to the questions below. 1. How is the area on the map divided? 2. What religions are represented in the different quarters? 3. What important landmarks do you see? With which religion is each affiliated? 4. What do you think makes this an important or special city? 5. Why might people fight over this city? Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 1

2 R E A D I N G N O T E S Key Content Terms As you complete the Reading Notes, use these terms in your answers. Crusades Inquisition shah sultan Holy Land anti-semitism segregation Section 2 1. After reading Section 2, list below at least three causes of the Crusades. 2. List one reason why Jerusalem is holy to Christians. 3. List one reason why Jerusalem is holy to Muslims. 4. List one reason why Jerusalem is holy to Jews. Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 2

3 Section 3 Complete the flow chart below by writing a brief summary of the main phases of the Crusades. Within each phase are a list of key terms to include in your summary. Terms: Constantinople, Pope Urban II Causes First Crusade Terms: Antioch, Jerusalem, Crusader kingdoms Second Crusade Terms: Anatolia, Damascus Third Crusade Terms: Salah al-din, Richard I, Acre, Jerusalem, Palestine Later Crusades Terms: Children s Crusade, Reconquista, Isabella and Ferdinand, Inquisition Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 3

4 Sections 4 to 6 Complete the T-charts below by listing the positive and negative impacts of the Crusades on Christians and Muslims and the negative impacts on Jews. Impact of the Crusades on Christians Positive Negative Impact of the Crusades on Muslims Positive Negative Impact of the Crusades on Jews Negative Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 4

5 Section 7 1. Who were the Mongols, and what did they do under their leader Genghis Khan and his successors? 2. How did the Mongol empire change after converting to Islam? 3. What led to the decline of the Mongol Empire? Section 8 Write a two- or three-sentence description of each Muslim empire on the map. Consider including its location, religious affiliation, leadership style, and effects of its rule on non-muslims or other empires. Ottoman Empire Major Muslim Empires, ,000 2,000 miles EUROPE 0 1,000 2,000 kilometers Eckert III Projection Constantinople Safavid Empire Cairo Makkah (Mecca) Delhi ASIA P AFRICA Ottoman Empire Savafid Empire INDIAN OCEAN N Sumatra Java Mughal Empire Mughal Empire W E City S MW_ISN_10_RN-1 Major Muslim Empires, About 1600 Third Proof TCI20 Teachers 18 Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 5

6 P R O C E S S I N G Suppose that you are a medieval journalist who has been given an opportunity to interview three people a Muslim, a Jew, and a Christian to learn more about how each was affected by the Crusades. If necessary, on a separate sheet of paper, write three interview questions that you would ask these people. Make sure that each question can be answered by all three people. Then write a response to the question from each person s perspective. You might set up your interview as shown below. You may use the sample question in your interview. Question 1: Question 2: Question 3: In your opinion, what caused the Crusades? Muslim Response to Question 1: Response to Question 2: Response to Question 3: Jew Response to Question 1: Response to Question 2: Response to Question 3: Christian Response to Question 1: Response to Question 2: Response to Question 3: Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 6

7 T I M E L I N E C H A L L E N G E Timeline Skills Analyze the timeline in your book. Also think about what you have learned. Then answer the following questions. 1. According to Islamic teachings, what significant event happened to Muhammad in about 610 C.E.? 2. How many years did Muhammad preach his new religion in Makkah before he moved to Madinah? 3. Why did Muhammad and his followers move to Madinah? 4. What two things did Muhammad do shortly before his death? 5. To what lands did Islam expand in the 120 years after Muhammad s death? 6. When was an official version of the Qur an created, and what was its impact? 7. What happened to Islamic civilization from 750 to 1250? 8. How long did the Crusades last? 9. Why did Christians launch the Crusades? 10. What was the purpose of the Spanish Inquisition? Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 7

8 T I M E L I N E C H A L L E N G E Critical Thinking Use the timeline and the lessons to answer the following questions. 11. What group Christians, Muslims, or Jews gained the most from the Crusades? Which group lost the most? Why? 12. Which Muslim innovation or adaptation do you think was most significant, and why? 13. If you could add three more events to this timeline, which would they be? List each event, and explain why you think it is important enough to add to the timeline. a. b. c. Teachers Curriculum Institute From the Crusades to New Muslim Empires 8

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