# MCQ S OF MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY

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1 MCQ S OF MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY MCQ No 3.1 Any measure indicating the centre of a set of data, arranged in an increasing or decreasing order of magnitude, is called a measure of: (a) Skewness (b) Symmetry (c) Central tendency (d) Dispersion MCQ No 3.2 Scores that differ greatly from the measures of central tendency are called: (a) Raw scores (b) The best scores (c) Extreme scores (d) Z-scores MCQ No 3.3 The measure of central tendency listed below is: (a) The raw score (b) The mean (c) The range (d) Standard deviation MCQ No 3.4 The total of all the observations divided by the number of observations is called: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Median (d) Harmonic mean MCQ No 3.5 While computing the arithmetic mean of a frequency distribution, the each value of a class is considered equal to: (a) Class mark (b) Lower limit (c) Upper limit (d) Lower class boundary MCQ No 3.6 Change of origin and scale is used for calculation of the: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Weighted mean (d) Lower and upper quartiles MCQ No 3.7 The sample mean is a: (a) Parameter (b) Statistic (c) Variable (d) Constant MCQ No 3.8 The population mean µ is called: (a) Discrete variable (b) Continuous variable (c) Parameter (d) Sampling unit MCQ No 3.9 The arithmetic mean is highly affected by: (a) Moderate values (b) Extremely small values (c) Odd values (d) Extremely large values MCQ No 3.10 The sample mean is calculated by the formula:

2 MCQ No 3.11 If a constant value is added to every observation of data, then arithmetic mean is obtained by: (a) Subtracting the constant (b) Adding the constant (c) Multiplying the constant (d) Dividing the constant MCQ No 3.12 Which of the following statements is always true? (a) The mean has an effect on extreme scores (b) The median has an effect on extreme scores (c) Extreme scores have an effect on the mean (d) Extreme scores have an effect on the median MCQ No 3.13 The elimination of extreme scores at the bottom of the set has the effect of: (a) Lowering the mean (b) Raising the mean (c) No effect (d) None of the above MCQ No 3.14 The elimination of extreme scores at the top of the set has the effect of: (a) Lowering the mean (b) Raising the mean (c) No effect (d) Difficult to tell MCQ No 3.15 The sum of deviations taken from mean is: (a) Always equal to zero (b) Some times equal to zero (c) Never equal to zero (d) Less than zero MCQ No 3.16 If = 25, which of the following will be minimum: (a) (X 27) 2 (b) (X 25) 2 (c) (X 22) 2 (d) (X + 25) 2 MCQ No 3.17 The sum of the squares fo the deviations about mean is: (a) Zero (b) Maximum (c) Minimum (d) All of the above MCQ No 3.18 (a) 10 (b) 50 (c) 60 (d) 100 MCQ No 3.19 For a certain distribution, if (X -20) = 25, (X- 25) =0, and (X-35) = -25, then equal to: (a) 20 (b) 25 (c) -25 (d) 35 is MCQ No 3.20 The sum of the squares of the deviations of the values of a variable is least when the deviations are measured from: (a) Harmonic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Median (d) Arithmetic mean MCQ No 3.21 If X 1, X 2, X 3,... X n, be n observations having arithmetic mean and if Y =4X ± 2, then is equal to: (a) 4X (b) 4 (c) 4 ± 2 (d) 4 ± 2

3 MCQ No 3.22 If =100 and Y=2X 200, then mean of Y values will be: (a) 0 (b) 2 (c) 100 (d) 200 MCQ No 3.23 Step deviation method or coding method is used for computation of the: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Weighted mean (d) Harmonic mean MCQ No 3.24 If the arithmetic mean of 20 values is 10, then sum of these 20 values is: (a) 10 (b) 20 (c) 200 (d) MCQ No 3.25 Ten families have an average of 2 boys. How many boys do they have together? (a) 2 (b) 10 (c) 12 (d) 20 MCQ No 3.26 If the arithmetic mean of the two numbers X 1 and X 2 is 5 if X 1 =3, then X 2 is: (a) 3 (b) 5 (c) 7 (d) 10 MCQ No 3.27 Given X 1 =20 and X 2 = -20. The arithmetic mean will be: (a) Zero (b) Infinity (c) Impossible (d) Difficult to tell MCQ No 3.28 The mean of 10 observations is 10. All the observations are increased by 10%. The mean of increased observations will be: (a) 10 (b) 1.1 (c) 10.1 (d) 11 MCQ No 3.29 The frequency distribution of the hourly wage rate of 60 employees of a paper mill is as follows: Wage rate (Rs.) Number of workers The mean wage rate is: (a) Rs (b) Rs (c) Rs (d) Rs MCQ No 3.30 The sample mean of first n natural numbers is: (a) n(n+ 1) / 2 (b) (n+ 1) / 2 (c) n/2 (d) (n+ 1) / 2 MCQ No 3.31 The mean of first 2n natural numbers is: MCQ No 3.32 The sum of deviations is zero when deviations are taken from: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Mode (d) Geometric mean

4 MCQ No 3.33 When the values in a series are not of equal importance, we calculate the: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Weighted mean (d) Mode MCQ No 3.34 When all the values in a series occur the equal number of times, then it is not possible to calculate the: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Harmonic mean (d) Weighted mean MCQ No 3.35 The mean for a set of data obtained by assigning each data value a weight that reflects its relative importance within the set, is called: (a) Geometric mean (b) Harmonic mean (c) Weighted mean (d) Combined mean MCQ No 3.36 If 1, 2, 3,..., k be the arithmetic means of k distributions with respective frequencies n 1, n 2, n3,..., n k, then the mean of the whole distribution c is given by: (a) / n (b) n / (c) n / n (d) (n+ ) / n MCQ No 3.37 The combined arithmetic mean is calculated by the formula: MCQ No 3.38 The arithmetic mean of 10 items is 4 and the arithmetic mean of 5 items is 10. The combined arithmetic mean is: (a) 4 (b) 5 (c) 6 (d) 90 MCQ No 3.39 The midpoint of the values after they have been ordered from the smallest to the largest or the largest to the smallest is called: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Lower quartile (d) Upper quartile MCQ No 3.40 The first step in calculating the median of a discrete variable is to determine the: (a) Cumulative frequencies (b) Relative weights (c) Relative frequencies (d) Array MCQ No 3.41 The suitable average for qualitative data is: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Mode (d) Geometric mean MCQ No 3.42 Extreme scores will have the following effect on the median of an examination: (a) They may have no effect on it (b) They may tend to raise it (c) They may tend to lower it (d) None of the above MCQ No 3.43 We must arrange the data before calculating: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Mode (d) Geometric mean

5 MCQ No 3.44 If the smallest observation in a data is decreased, the average which is not affected is: (a) Mode (b) Median (c) Mean (d) Harmonic mean MCQ No 3.45 If the data contains an extreme value, the suitable average is: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Weighted mean (d) Geometric mean MCQ No 3.46 Sum of absolute deviations of the values is least when deviations are taken from: (a) Mean (b) Mode (c) Median (d) Q 3 MCQ No 3.47 The frequency distribution of the hourly wages rate of 100 employees of a paper mill is as follows: Wage rate (Rs.) Number of workers The median wage rate is: (a) Rs.55 (b) Rs.57 (c) Rs.56 (d) Rs.59 MCQ No 3.48 The values of the variate that divide a set of data into four equal parts after arranging the observations in ascending order of magnitude are called: (a) Quartiles (b) Deciles (c) Percentiles (d) Difficult to tell MCQ No 3.49 The lower and upper quartiles of a symmetrical distribution are 40 and 60 respectively. The value of median is: (a) 40 (b) 50 (c) 60 (d) (60 40) / 2 MCQ No 3.50 If in a discrete series 75% values are less than 30, then: (a) Q 3 < 75 (b) Q 3 < 30 (c) Q 3 = 30 (d) Q 3 > 30 MCQ No 3.51 If in a discrete series 75% values are greater than 50, then: (a) Q 1 = 50 (b) Q 1 < 50 (c) Q 1 > 50 (d) Q 1 50 MCQ No 3.52 If in a discrete series 25% values are greater than 75, then: (a) Q 1 > 75 (b) Q 1 = 75 (c) Q 3 = 75 (d) Q 3 > 75 MCQ No 3.53 If in a discrete series 40% values are less than 40, then : (a) D 4 40 (b) D 4 < 40 (c) D 4 > 40 (d) D 4 = 40 MCQ No 3.54 If in a discrete series 15% values are greater than 40, then: (a) P 15 = 70 (b) P 85 = 15 (c) P 85 = 70 (d) P 70 = 70 MCQ No 3.55 The middle value of an ordered series is called: (a) Median (b) 5 th decile (c) 50 th percentile (d) All the above

6 MCQ No 3.56 If in a discrete series 50% values are less than 50, then: (a) Q 2 = 50 (b) D 5 = 50 (c) P 50 = 50 (d) All of the above MCQ No 3.57 The mode or model value of the distribution is that value of the variate for which frequency is: (a) Minimum (b) Maximum (c) Odd number (d) Even number MCQ No 3.58 Suitable average for averaging the shoe sizes for children is: (a) Mean (b) Mode (c) Median (d) Geometric mean MCQ No 3.59 Extreme scores on an examination have the following effect on the mode: (a) They tend to raise it (b) they tend to lower it (c) They have no effect on it (d) difficult to tell MCQ No 3.60 A measurement that corresponds to largest frequency in a set of data is called: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Mode (d) Percentile MCQ No 3.61 Which of the following average cannot be calculated for the observations 2, 2, 4, 4, 6, 6, 8, 8, 10, 10? (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Mode (d) All of the above MCQ No 3.62 Mode of the series 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 3, 3, 8, 10 is: (a) 0 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) No mode MCQ No 3.63 A distribution with two modes is called: (a) Unimodel (b) Bimodal (c) Multimodal (d) Normal MCQ No 3.64 The model letter of the word STATISTICS is: (a) S (b) T (c) Both S and I (d) Both S and T MCQ No 3.65 The mode for the following frequency distribution is: Weekly sales of burner units Over 3 Number of weeks (a) 0 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) No mode MCQ No 3.66 Which of the following statements is always correct? (a) Mean = Median = Mode (b) Arithmetic mean = Geometric mean = Harmonic mean (c) Median = Q 2 = D 5 = P 50 (d) Mode = 2Median - 3Mean MCQ No 3.67 In a moderately symmetrical series, the arithmetic mean, median and mode are related as: (a) Mean - Mode = 3(Mean - Median) (b) Mean - Median = 2(Median - Mode) (c) Median - Mode = (Mean - Median) / 2 (d) Mode Median = 2Mean 2Median

7 MCQ No 3.68 In a moderately skewed distribution, mean is equal to! (a) (3Median - Mode) / 2 (b) (2Mean + Mode) / 3 (c) 3Median 2Mean (d) 3Median - Mode MCQ No 3.69 In a moderately asymmetrical distribution, the value of median is given by: (a) 3Median + 2Mean (b) 2Mean + Mode (c) (2Mean + Mode) / 3 (d) (3Median - Mode) / 2 MCQ No 3.70 For moderately skewed distribution, the value of mode is calculated as: (a) 2Mean 3Median (b) 3Median 2Mean (c) 2Mean + Mode (d) 3Median - Mode MCQ No 3.71 In a moderately skewed distribution, Mean = 45 and Median = 30, then the value of mode is: (a) 0 (b) 30 (c) 45 (d) 180 MCQ No 3.72 If for any frequency distribution, the median is 10 and the mode is 30, then approximate value of mean is equal to: (a) 0 (b) 10 (c) 30 (d) 60 MCQ No 3.73 In a moderately asymmetrical distribution, the value of mean and mode is 15 and 18 respectively. The value of median will be: (a) 48 (b) 18 (c) 16 (d) 15 MCQ No 3.74 (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 1/2 (d) 1/3 MCQ No 3.75 Which of the following is correct in a positively skewed distribution? (a) Mean = Median = Mode (b) Mean < Median < Mode (c) Mean > Median > Mode (d) Mean + Median + Mode MCQ No 3.76 If the values of mean, median and mode coincide in a unimodel distribution, then the distribution will be: (a) Skewed to the left (b) Skewed to the right (c) Multimodal (d) Symmetrical MCQ No 3.77 A curve that tails off to the right end is called: (a) Positively skewed (b) Negatively skewed (c) Symmetrical (d) Both (b) and (c) MCQ No 3.78 The sum of the deviations taken from mean is: (a) Always equal to zero (c) Never equal to zero (b) Some times equal to zero (d) Less than zero

8 MCQ No 3.79 If a set of data has one mode and its value is less than mean, then the distribution is called: (a) Positively skewed (b) Negatively skewed (c) Symmetrical (d) Normal MCQ No 3.80 Taking the relevant root of the product of all non-zero and positive values are called: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Harmonic mean (d) Combined mean MCQ No 3.81 The best average in percentage rates and ratios is: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Lower and upper quartiles (c) Geometric mean (d) Harmonic mean MCQ No 3.82 The suitable average for computing average percentage increase in population is: (a) Geometric mean (b) Harmonic mean (c) Combined mean (d) Population mean MCQ No 3.83 If 10% is added to each value of variable, the geometric mean of new variable is added by: (a) 10 (b) 1/100 (c) 10% (d) 1.1 MCQ No 3.84 If each observation of a variable X is increased by 20%, then geometric mean is also increased by: (a) 20 (b) 1/20 (c) 20% (d) 100% MCQ No 3.85 If any value in a series is negative, then we cannot calculate the: (a) Mean (d) Median (c) Geometric mean (d) Harmonic mean MCQ No 3.86 Geometric mean for X 1 andx 2 is: MCQ No 3.87 Geometric mean of 2, 4, 8 is: (a) 6 (b) 4 (c) 14/3 (d) 8 MCQ No 3.88 Geometric mean is suitable when the values are given as: (a) Proportions (b) Ratios (c) Percentage rates (d) All of the above MCQ No 3.89 If the geometric of the two numbers X 1 and X 2 is 9 if X 1 =3, then X 2 is equal to: (a) 3 (b) 9 (c) 27 (d) 81 MCQ No 3.90 If the two observations are a = 2 and b = -2, then their geometric mean will be: (a) Zero (b) Infinity (c) Impossible (d) Negative

9 MCQ No 3.91 Geometric mean of -4, -2 and 8 is: (a) 4 (b) 0 (c) -2 (d) Impossible MCQ No 3.92 The ratio among the number of items and the sum of reciprocals of items is called: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Harmonic mean (d) Mode MCQ No 3.93 Harmonic mean for X 1 and X 2 is: MCQ No 3.94 The appropriate average for calculating the average speed of a journey is: (a) Median (b) Arithmetic mean (c) Mode (d) Harmonic mean MCQ No 3.95 Harmonic mean gives less weightage to: (a) Small values (b) Large values (c) Positive values (d) Negative values MCQ No 3.96 The harmonic mean of the values 5, 9, 11, 0, 17, 13 is: (a) 9.5 (b) 6.2 (c) 0 (d) Impossible MCQ No 3.97 If the harmonic mean of the two numbers X1 and X2 is 6.4 if X2=16, then X1 is: (a) 4 (b) 10 (c) 16 (d) 20 MCQ No 3.98 If a = 5 and b = -5, then their harmonic mean is: (a) -5 (b) 5 (c) 0 (d) MCQ No 3.99 For an open-end frequency distribution, it is not possible to find: (a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean (c) Harmonic mean (d) All of the above MCQ No If all the items in a variable are non zero and non negative then: (a) A.M > G.M > H.M (b) G.M > A.M > H.M (c) H.M > G.M > A.M (d) A.M < G.M < H.M MCQ No The geometric mean of a set of positive numbers X 1, X 2, X 3,..., X n is less than or equal to their arithmetic mean but is greater than or equal to their: (a) Harmonic mean (b) Median (c) Mode (d) Lower and upper quartiles MCQ No Geometric mean and harmonic mean for the values 3, -11, 0, 63, -14, 100 are: (a) 0 and 3 (b) 3 and -3 (c) 0 and 0 (d) Impossible

10 MCQ No If the arithmetic mean and harmonic mean of two positive numbers are 4 and 16, then their geometric mean will be: (a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 16 (d) 64 MCQ No The arithmetic mean and geometric mean of two observations are 4 and 8 respectively, then harmonic mean of these two observations is: (a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 16 (d) 32 MCQ No The geometric mean and harmonic mean of two values are. 8 and 16 respectively, then arithmetic mean of values is: (a) 4 (b) 16 (c) 24 (d) 128 MCQ No Which pair of averages cannot be calculated when one of numbers in the series is zero? (a) Geometric mean and Median (b) Harmonic mean and Mode (c) Simple mean and Weighted mean (d) Geometric mean and Harmonic mean MCQ No In a given data the average which has the least value is: (a) Mean (b) Median (c) Harmonic mean (d) Geometric mean MCQ No If all the values in a series are same, then: (a) A.M = G.M = H.M (b) A.M G.M H.M (c) A.M > G.M > H.M (d) A.M < G.M < H.M MCQ No The averages are affected by change of: (a) Origin (b) Scale (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of the above

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