History Controlled Assessment Task. Nazi Treatment of the Jewish Community

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1 General Certificate of Secondary Education History Controlled Assessment Task Unit 3: Investigative Study Nazi Treatment of the Jewish Community [GHY31] VALID FROM SEPTEMBER 2014 MAY 2015 INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Answer both questions. The candidate should show evidence of having studied and evaluated between 10 and 15 sources in their Investigative Study. The sources which accompany the tasks must be used as part of the Investigative Study. The time allocation of 3 hours for the formal write-up of the task must not be exceeded. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES Controlled Assessment is marked out of 50. Question 1 is worth 15 marks and Question 2 is worth 35 marks. Quality of written communication will be assessed in both questions. You should aim to write approximately 2000 words in total. Candidates work to be submitted May 2015 Controlled Assessment Tasks must comply with the Regulations as detailed in the Subject Specification. NB: Some Controlled Assessment Tasks instructions may constitute more than 1 page. Please check you have all the information you need to complete the task if printing from a computer. 1 [Turn over

2 Controlled Assessment Task: Nazi Treatment of the Jewish Community Answer both questions. You should use the source material provided and other evidence gathered during your investigative research to complete your answers. Source A From an article in The Guardian, 17 February The German people did know about the terror of Hitler s Holocaust. They knew that Adolf Hitler had forecast the extermination of every Jew on German soil. They knew that concentration camps were full of Jewish people waiting to be killed. They knew because the camps had been proudly reported in thousands of news articles and posters. Source B From Heinrich Himmler s speech to SS officers in Posen, 4 October I want to talk to you about a very grave matter. We can talk quite openly among ourselves but we must never speak of it in public. I refer to the Jewish evacuation programme and the extermination of the Jewish people. This is a glorious page in our history but one that can never be written about. Source C From an article by Joseph Goebbels in Das Reich a Nazi newspaper, 16 November The Jews wanted their war, and now they have it. Their fate is being realised and is deserved. Feelings of sympathy or pity are entirely inappropriate. Hitler foretold the destruction of the Jewish race; now it is dying. Source D From Hitler s Willing Executioners by Daniel Goldhagen, published in Hundreds of thousands of Germans played a part in the murder of the Jews. Millions knew of the mass slaughters. Hitler had said many times that the Jews would be exterminated. The killings were met with understanding and approval. The policy was carried out with persistence and zeal. 2 [Turn over

3 Source E From an interview with Alfons Heck in the American documentary, Heil Hitler: Confessions of a Hitler Youth, broadcast in I was captured in March 1945 by Allied soldiers. During my captivity, I was forced to look at film footage of concentration camps and death camps. I did not believe what I saw. I said to my friend: What do they take us for? This stuff is staged. Anybody can pile up bodies. And one of us began to snigger. Our captors yelled: Do you think this is a comedy? This is what you have done. It was not until after the Nuremberg Trials one year later that I accepted the truth. Source F From the testimony of Hermann Göring at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, 16 March I must say this clearly. I did not know anything about what took place in the concentration camps or the methods used there. These things were kept secret from me. Even the Fϋhrer did not know the extent of what was happening. Source G From an anti-nazi leaflet by the White Rose, published in Since the beginning of the war, Jews have been cruelly murdered. But why do we tell you this? You already know. No one wants to be blamed for these deaths, but everyone is guilty, guilty, guilty. Source H From an Internet website, on the Final Solution. It was common knowledge in Germany that the Jews had disappeared after being sent to the East. There were thousands upon thousands of Germans who participated in or witnessed the implementation of the Final Solution members of the SS, the Einsatzgruppen, camp guards, police or soldiers with the Wehrmacht. 3 [Turn over

4 Source I A photograph showing a German woman, forced by American soldiers to walk among the corpses of prisoners removed from a mass grave near Nammering in Bavaria, 6 May Source J From the Internet website, on a Red Cross visit to a concentration camp in The Nazis allowed the Red Cross to visit Theresienstadt concentration camp in There the Nazis had built fake cafes and shops. They pretended that the Jews lived in freshly painted rooms, not more than three people in one room. The hoax was so successful that the Nazis had a propaganda film made there. When the film was completed, the SS sent most of the cast members to Auschwitz where they were gassed upon arrival. 4 [Turn over

5 Questions available marks 1 Explain how the Nazi persecution of the Jewish community increased after the outbreak of the Second World War in September [15] 15 2 Source A claims that the German people did know about the terror of Hitler s Holocaust. Using all the evidence you have studied (including representations and interpretations), how far would you agree with this interpretation that the ordinary German people knew about the Nazi policy of extermination of the Jews? [35] 35 Total 50 5 [Turn over

History Controlled Assessment Task. Nazi Treatment of the Jewish Community

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