Lecture Notes Chemistry E1. Chapter 3


 Geoffrey Pope
 9 months ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Lecture Notes Chemistry E1 Chapter 3
2 The Mole A mole is a certain number of particles of any chemical substance. (The exact number is called Avogadro's Number, and it is very large: or: 602,000,000,000,000,000,000,000) Let's look at a mole of some common substances, and find the mass of each: A mole of lead (Pb): How many atoms of lead does this sample contain? What is the mass of this sample? A mole of mercury (Hg): How many atoms of mercury does this sample contain? What is the mass of this sample? A mole of water (H 2 O): How many molecules of water does this sample contain? How many atoms of oxygen? How many atoms of hydrogen? What is the mass of this sample? Is there another, more convenient, definition of a mole?
3 Using Moles in Dimensional Analysis What "conversion factors" can you derive from the formula for carbon dioxide, CO 2? Knowing that Avogadro's Number is , are there any additional conversion factors you can come up with?
4 Using Moles in Dimensional Analysis Now calculate the molar mass of CO 2. Are there still more conversion factors you can derive?
5 Molar Mass SelfQuiz 1. Using a periodic table, calculate the molar mass of propane, C 3 H If I have 25.0 grams of C 3 H 8, how many moles of propane do I have? 3. If I have 25.0 grams of C 3 H 8, how many molecules of propane do I have? How many atoms of carbon? How many atoms of hydrogen?
6 Chemical Formulas and Percent Composi4on The empirical formula represents the smallest wholenumber ratio of the various types of atoms in a compound. The molecular formula is the exact formula of the molecule involved. Percent composition Percent composition (by mass) = Mass of element Molar mass! 100% Bees release the pheromone isopentyl acetate (C 7 H 14 O 2 ) when they sting in order to attract other bees to join the attack. An analysis of a pure substance extracted from a banana found that it contained 64.6% C, 10.9% H and 24.6 % O. Is this substance from the banana the same one released by the bees?
7
8 Empirical and Molecular Formulas An organic compound isolated from a plant was found to contain 40.92% C, 4.58% H, and 54.50% O by mass and have a molar mass of Is this substance Shikimic Acid (C 7 H 16 O 5 ) Determine the empirical formula and the molecular formula of the compound to see if it is Shikimic Acid?
9
10 Combustion Analysis When any compound containing carbon and hydrogen is completely combusted, carbon dioxide and water are produced as products. (see propane from before) If the mass of CO 2 and H 2 O produced are measured, the empirical formula can be determined. Compound X contains only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. When a gram sample of Compound X is subjected to combustion analysis, grams of CO 2 and grams of H 2 O are produced. Determine the empirical formula of Compound X.
11 Combustion Analysis
12 Combustion Analysis Compound X has a molar mass of approximately 475 g/mol. Determine the molecular formula of Compound X. Mass Spectrometer is used to determine molar mass
13 "Stoichiometry": The Quantitative Study of Chemical Reactions In the lab this week, you will study the combination reaction of copper and oxygen to form copper (II) oxide. Write a complete, balanced chemical equation for this reaction. If you start with grams of copper metal, and all of it is able to react with excess oxygen, what mass of copper (II) oxide will be produced? What mass of oxygen was consumed in this reaction? Note the general pattern: mass of reactant moles of reactant coefficients from balanced equation moles of product mass of product
14 Percent Yield Often, chemical reactions will not give as much product as is theoretically possible. You will find this to be the case in the lab when you react copper with oxygen. Suppose you heat grams of copper in oxygen but rather than producing grams of CuO you actually make g of copper (II) oxide. What is the percent yield of this reaction? What mass of copper remains unreacted?
15 Percent Yield Given that there is still unreacted copper metal in the reaction mixture, what will be the total mass of the reaction mixture after 13% of the copper has reacted with oxygen?
16
17 Limiting Reactants: Analogy Let's consider a reaction between a person (Pe) and two gloves (Gl): Pe + 2 Gl PeGl 2 (a "gloved person") Suppose we have 4 people and 6 gloves. How many "gloved people" can we produce? Concept of a "limiting reactant" Easiest way to calculate: 4 people reacting with an unlimited number of gloves: An unlimited number of people reacting with 6 gloves: Which result gives the correct answer?
18 Limiting Reactants: Application Nitrogen monoxide will react with oxygen to produce nitrogen dioxide. Write and balance the equation for this process. (All species are gases.) If we have 100 grams of nitrogen monoxide and 50 grams of oxygen, what is the maximum mass of nitrogen dioxide we can produce?
19 Stoichiometry of Mixtures You have a mixture of Cu and CuO which weighs a total of grams. You reduce this mixture to obtain pure Cu; the mass of pure Cu is grams. What was the mass of Cu and the mass of CuO in the original mixture?
20
21 Chemical Reactions How can we describe the reaction between sodium and chlorine to form sodium chloride? Describe in words: Describe using chemical symbols: Balanced chemical equation: This is an example of a combination reaction. Why does this name make sense Now observe the decomposition of nitrogen triiodide to form nitrogen and iodine. What do you observe in this decomposition reaction? Does this name make sense? How can we describe the decomposition of nitrogen triiodide to form nitrogen and iodine? Describe in words: Describe using chemical symbols: Balanced chemical equation:
22 Combustion Reactions Combustion reactions usually involve reaction with oxygen in the air. Let's examine the combustion of magnesium, Mg: Write an equation for the reaction of magnesium to form magnesium oxide. Then balance the equation. Watch the reaction take place. What evidence is there that a chemical reaction has occurred? Now let's examine the combustion of propane, C 3 H 8 : Propane is an example of a hydrocarbon, that is, a compound which contains hydrogen and carbon. When a hydrocarbon is burned completely in air, the products are carbon dioxide and water. Write and balance the equation for the complete combustion of propane. Watch the reaction take place. What evidence is there that a chemical reaction has occurred?
23 Displacement Reactions Sodium metal will react with water to produce sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas. Write an equation for this reaction. Make sure that the equation is balanced. Can you predict anything about what might happen when this reaction is carried out This is an example of a "single displacement" or "single replacement" reaction. Why is this an apt description of this type of reaction? Silver nitrate reacts with sodium chloride to give the solid, silver chloride, and soluble sodium nitrate.
7.1 Stoichiometry and Percent Yield
score /10 pts. Name Class Date 7.1 Stoichiometry and Percent Yield Mole Ratios An example: The combustion of propane is used to heat many rural homes in winter. Balance the equation below for the combustion
More informationOther Stoich Calculations A. mole mass (mass mole) calculations. GIVEN mol A x CE mol B. PT g A CE mol A MOLE MASS :
Chem. I Notes Ch. 12, part 2 Using Moles NOTE: Vocabulary terms are in boldface and underlined. Supporting details are in italics. 1 MOLE = 6.02 x 10 23 representative particles (representative particles
More informationChapter Three: STOICHIOMETRY
p70 Chapter Three: STOICHIOMETRY Contents p76 Stoichiometry  The study of quantities of materials consumed and produced in chemical reactions. p70 31 Counting by Weighing 32 Atomic Masses p78 Mass Mass
More informationChemical calculations
Chemical calculations Stoichiometry refers to the quantities of material which react according to a balanced chemical equation. Compounds are formed when atoms combine in fixed proportions. E.g. 2Mg +
More informationChem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses
Chem 1100 Chapter Three Study Guide Answers Outline I. Molar Mass and Moles A. Calculations of Molar Masses B. Calculations of moles C. Calculations of number of atoms from moles/molar masses 1. Avagadro
More informationChemistry Stoichiometry. 45 points. Do not turn page until told to do so.
Chemistry 2010 Stoichiometry 45 points Do not turn page until told to do so. Stoichiometry Multiple Choice (Each worth 2 points) Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or
More informationMass and Moles of a Substance
Chapter Three Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Mass and Moles of a Substance Chemistry requires a method for determining the numbers of molecules in a given mass of a substance. This allows
More informationFormulas, Equations, and Moles. + "reacts with" "to produce" Equations must be balanced. Equal amounts of each element on each side of the equation.
Chapter 3 Formulas, Equations, and Moles Chemical Equations 2 2 + 2 2 2 reactants products + "reacts with" "to produce" coefficients  indicate amount of substance Equations must be balanced. Equal amounts
More information1. How many hydrogen atoms are in 1.00 g of hydrogen?
MOLES AND CALCULATIONS USING THE MOLE CONCEPT INTRODUCTORY TERMS A. What is an amu? 1.66 x 1024 g B. We need a conversion to the macroscopic world. 1. How many hydrogen atoms are in 1.00 g of hydrogen?
More informationChapter 3. Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination. Insert picture from First page of chapter. Copyright McGrawHill 2009 1
Chapter 3 Insert picture from First page of chapter Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination Copyright McGrawHill 2009 1 3.1 Molecular and Formula Masses Molecular mass  (molecular weight) The mass in amu
More informationThe Mole Concept. The Mole. Masses of molecules
The Mole Concept Ron Robertson r2 c:\files\courses\111020\2010 final slides for web\mole concept.docx The Mole The mole is a unit of measurement equal to 6.022 x 10 23 things (to 4 sf) just like there
More informationChapter 3 Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry. 許富銀 ( Hsu FuYin)
Chapter 3 Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry 許富銀 ( Hsu FuYin) 1 Stoichiometry The study of the numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a chemical reaction is called stoichiometry.
More informationChemical Equations & Stoichiometry
Chemical Equations & Stoichiometry Chapter Goals Balance equations for simple chemical reactions. Perform stoichiometry calculations using balanced chemical equations. Understand the meaning of the term
More informationChapter 3: Stoichiometry
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry Key Skills: Balance chemical equations Predict the products of simple combination, decomposition, and combustion reactions. Calculate formula weights Convert grams to moles and
More informationPart One: Mass and Moles of Substance. Molecular Mass = sum of the Atomic Masses in a molecule
CHAPTER THREE: CALCULATIONS WITH CHEMICAL FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS Part One: Mass and Moles of Substance A. Molecular Mass and Formula Mass. (Section 3.1) 1. Just as we can talk about mass of one atom of
More informationMole Notes.notebook. October 29, 2014
1 2 How do chemists count atoms/formula units/molecules? How do we go from the atomic scale to the scale of everyday measurements (macroscopic scale)? The gateway is the mole! But before we get to the
More informationChapter 3. Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry. Lecture Presentation. James F. Kirby Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT
Lecture Presentation Chapter 3 Chemical Reactions and Reaction James F. Kirby Quinnipiac University Hamden, CT The study of the mass relationships in chemistry Based on the Law of Conservation of Mass
More informationStoichiometry (greek): Stoicheion element, metry to measure
Stoichiometry Stoichiometry (greek): Stoicheion element, metry to measure Balanced Chemical equation: Skills Tells Ex. formula writing balancing equations substances involved in the chemical rxn relationship
More informationCalculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles
TEKS REVIEW 8B Calculating Atoms, Ions, or Molecules Using Moles TEKS 8B READINESS Use the mole concept to calculate the number of atoms, ions, or molecules in a sample TEKS_TXT of material. Vocabulary
More informationMolecular Formula: Example
Molecular Formula: Example A compound is found to contain 85.63% C and 14.37% H by mass. In another experiment its molar mass is found to be 56.1 g/mol. What is its molecular formula? 1 CHAPTER 3 Chemical
More informationMOLES AND MOLE CALCULATIONS
35 MOLES ND MOLE CLCULTIONS INTRODUCTION The purpose of this section is to present some methods for calculating both how much of each reactant is used in a chemical reaction, and how much of each product
More informationMetals Topic Test. Part 1: Multiple Choice Choose the best alternative and indicate your response on the answer sheet
Metals Topic Test Part 1: Multiple Choice Choose the best alternative and indicate your response on the answer sheet 1. The chemical equation for the reaction between aluminium and oxygen is: 4Al (s) +
More informationUnit 2: Quantities in Chemistry
Mass, Moles, & Molar Mass Relative quantities of isotopes in a natural occurring element (%) E.g. Carbon has 2 isotopes C12 and C13. Of Carbon s two isotopes, there is 98.9% C12 and 11.1% C13. Find
More information21 st Century Chemistry Multiple Choice Question in Topic 3 Metals Unit 11
21 st Century Chemistry Multiple Choice Question in Topic 3 Metals Unit 11 1. Consider the equation: 2Ca(s) + O 2 (g) 2CaO(s) Which of the following statements are correct? (1) Calcium and oxygen are reactants.
More informationChapter 3: Stoichiometry
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry Goal is to understand and become proficient at working with: 1. Avogadro's Number, molar mass and converting between mass and moles (REVIEW). 2. empirical formulas from analysis.
More informationSubscripts and Coefficients Give Different Information
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry Goal is to understand and become proficient at working with: 1. Chemical equations (Balancing REVIEW) 2. Some simple patterns of reactivity 3. Formula weights (REVIEW) 4. Avogadro's
More informationLecture 5, The Mole. What is a mole?
Lecture 5, The Mole What is a mole? Moles Atomic mass unit and the mole amu definition: 12 C = 12 amu. The atomic mass unit is defined this way. 1 amu = 1.6605 x 1024 g How many 12 C atoms weigh 12 g?
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter 6. Substances that cannot be decomposed into two or more simpler substances by chemical means are called a. pure substances. b. compounds. c. molecules. d. elements.
More informationUnit 7A  The Mole. We Need to Count atoms. The Mole and Molar Mass
Unit 7A  The Mole The Mole and Molar Mass We Need to Count atoms Airbags are inflated by a chemical reaction: electrical 2 NaN 3 (s) 3 N 2 (g) + 2 Na(s) decomposition Each airbag needs the right amount
More informationChapter 4 Chemical Equations & Stoichiometry
Chapter 4 Chemical Equations & Stoichiometry Chemical reactions are best described using equations which tells us what compounds we started with (reactants), what we did to them (reaction conditions) and
More informationCHEMICAL EQUATIONS and REACTION TYPES
31 CHEMICAL EQUATIONS and REACTION TYPES The purpose of this laboratory exercise is to develop skills in writing and balancing chemical equations. The relevance of this exercise is illustrated by a series
More informationSTOICHOMETRY UNIT Determine the mass of carbon present in a sample of glucose weighing 5.4 g.
PERCENTAGE COMPOSITION STOICHOMETRY UNIT 3 1. A sample of magnesium weighing 2.246 g burns in oxygen to form 3.724 g of magnesium oxide. What are the percentages of magnesium and oxygen in magnesium oxide?
More informationIB Chemistry 1 Mole. One atom of C12 has a mass of 12 amu. One mole of C12 has a mass of 12 g. Grams we can use more easily.
The Mole Atomic mass units and atoms are not convenient units to work with. The concept of the mole was invented. This was the number of atoms of carbon12 that were needed to make 12 g of carbon. 1 mole
More informationThe mass of the formula unit is called the formula mass Formula masses are calculated the same way as molecular masses
Chapter 4: The Mole Atomic mass provides a means to count atoms by measuring the mass of a sample The periodic table on the inside cover of the text gives atomic masses of the elements The mass of an atom
More informationHonors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1. A chemical equation. (C4.4)
Honors Chemistry: Unit 6 Test Stoichiometry PRACTICE TEST ANSWER KEY Page 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Question What is a symbolic representation of a chemical reaction? What 3 things (values) is a mole of a chemical
More information4. Magnesium has three natural isotopes with the following masses and natural abundances:
Exercise #1 Atomic Masses 1. The average mass of pennies minted after 1982 is 2.50 g and the average mass of pennies minted before 1982 is 3.00 g. In a sample that contains 90.0% new and 10.0% old pennies,
More informationChemical Calculations: The Mole Concept and Chemical Formulas. AW Atomic weight (mass of the atom of an element) was determined by relative weights.
1 Introduction to Chemistry Atomic Weights (Definitions) Chemical Calculations: The Mole Concept and Chemical Formulas AW Atomic weight (mass of the atom of an element) was determined by relative weights.
More informationIB Chemistry. DP Chemistry Review
DP Chemistry Review Topic 1: Quantitative chemistry 1.1 The mole concept and Avogadro s constant Assessment statement Apply the mole concept to substances. Determine the number of particles and the amount
More informationPERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS. 4/23/14 Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions 1
PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS 4/23/14 Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions 1 CHAPTER 7: CHEMICAL REACTIONS 7.1 Describing Reactions 7.2 Types of Reactions 7.3 Energy Changes in Reactions 7.4 Reaction Rates 7.5 Equilibrium
More informationChemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations
Chemical Calculations: Formula Masses, Moles, and Chemical Equations Atomic Mass & Formula Mass Recall from Chapter Three that the average mass of an atom of a given element can be found on the periodic
More informationSample Problem: Find the percentage composition of MgCO 3.
Chemistry H: Form TR4.5A TEST 4 REVIEW Name Date Period Test Review # 4 Formula Mass. The masses of ionic and covalent compounds are found the same way from the formula. The atomic masses of the elements
More informationChapter 5. Quantities in Chemistry
Chapter 5 Quantities in Chemistry REMEMBER: You are required to use dimensional analysis whenever possible, which is almost all of the time in chemistry! If you choose not to use dimensional analysis,
More informationChapter 3. Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations
Chapter 3 Stoichiometry of Formulas and Equations Chapter 3 Outline: Mole  Mass Relationships in Chemical Systems 3.1 The Mole 3.2 Determining the Formula of an Unknown Compound 3.3 Writing and Balancing
More information0.786 mol carbon dioxide to grams g lithium carbonate to mol
1 2 Convert: 2.54 x 10 22 atoms of Cr to mol 4.32 mol NaCl to grams 0.786 mol carbon dioxide to grams 2.67 g lithium carbonate to mol 1.000 atom of C 12 to grams 3 Convert: 2.54 x 10 22 atoms of Cr to
More informationEMPIRICAL AND MOLECULAR FORMULA
EMPIRICAL AND MOLECULAR FORMULA Percent Composition: law of constant composition states that any sample of a pure compound always consists of the same elements combined in the same proportions by mass
More informationPractice questions for Ch. 3
Name: Class: Date: ID: A Practice questions for Ch. 3 1. A hypothetical element consists of two isotopes of masses 69.95 amu and 71.95 amu with abundances of 25.7% and 74.3%, respectively. What is the
More informationINTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY Concepts and Critical Thinking
INTRODUCTORY CHEMISTRY Concepts and Critical Thinking Sixth Edition by Charles H. Corwin Chapter 9 The Mole Concept by Christopher Hamaker 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 9 1 Avogadro s Number Avogadro
More informationSolution. Practice Exercise. Concept Exercise
Example Exercise 9.1 Atomic Mass and Avogadro s Number Refer to the atomic masses in the periodic table inside the front cover of this textbook. State the mass of Avogadro s number of atoms for each of
More information3.4 Molar Mass. Mass of 1 mole C g Mass of 4 mole H g Mass of 1 mole CH g
3.4 Molar Mass A chemical compound is a collection of atoms. The mass of 1 mole of methane can be found by summing the masses of carbon and hydrogen present: Mass of 1 mole C 12.01 g Mass of 4 mole H 4
More informationChapter 3 Mass Relations in Chemistry; Stoichiometry
Chapter 3 Mass Relations in Chemistry; Stoichiometry MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. An atomic mass unit (amu) is defined as a. 1.60 1019 C. b. the mass of 1 mole of hydrogens. c. the mass of 1 hydrogen. d. the
More informationChapter 1: Moles and equations. Learning outcomes. you should be able to:
Chapter 1: Moles and equations 1 Learning outcomes you should be able to: define and use the terms: relative atomic mass, isotopic mass and formula mass based on the 12 C scale perform calculations, including
More informationStoichiometry. Lecture Examples Answer Key
Stoichiometry Lecture Examples Answer Key Ex. 1 Balance the following chemical equations: 3 NaBr + 1 H 3 PO 4 3 HBr + 1 Na 3 PO 4 2 C 3 H 5 N 3 O 9 6 CO 2 + 3 N 2 + 5 H 2 O + 9 O 2 2 Ca(OH) 2 + 2 SO 2
More informationAP Chemistry. Unit #3. Chapter 3 Zumdahl
AP Chemistry Unit #3 Chapter 3 Zumdahl Stoichiometry C6H12O6 + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O Students should be able to: Calculate the atomic weight (average atomic mass) of an element from the relative abundances
More informationChapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter: Selected Answersc for Practice Exam.
Chapter 1 The Atomic Nature of Matter: Selected Answersc for Practice Exam. MULTIPLE CHOICE 50. 5.80 g of dioxane (C 4 H 8 O 2 ) is how many moles of dioxane? 0.0658 mol 0.0707 mol 0.0725 mol d. 0.0804
More informationCh. 6 Chemical Composition and Stoichiometry
Ch. 6 Chemical Composition and Stoichiometry The Mole Concept [6.2, 6.3] Conversions between g mol atoms [6.3, 6.4, 6.5] Mass Percent [6.6, 6.7] Empirical and Molecular Formula [6.8, 6.9] Bring your calculators!
More informationMOLECULAR MASS AND FORMULA MASS
1 MOLECULAR MASS AND FORMULA MASS Molecular mass = sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in the molecule. Formula mass = sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in the formula unit. 2 MOLECULAR MASS AND
More informationChapter 3! Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. Stoichiometry
Chapter 3! : Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Anatomy of a Chemical Equation CH 4 (g) + 2O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2 H 2 O (g) Anatomy of a Chemical Equation CH 4 (g) + 2 O 2 (g) CO 2 (g) + 2
More informationWe know from the information given that we have an equal mass of each compound, but no real numbers to plug in and find moles. So what can we do?
How do we figure this out? We know that: 1) the number of oxygen atoms can be found by using Avogadro s number, if we know the moles of oxygen atoms; 2) the number of moles of oxygen atoms can be found
More informationA. Equations are recipes: It tells the chemists what amounts of reactants to mix and what amounts of products to expect. B. What is Stoichiometry?
Chapter 9 Stoichiometry NAME 9.1 The Arithmetic of Equations A. Equations are recipes: It tells the chemists what amounts of reactants to mix and what amounts of products to expect. B. What is Stoichiometry?
More informationMASS RELATIONS IN CHEMISTRY; STOICHIOMETRY
MASS RELATIONS IN CHEMISTRY; STOICHIOMETRY [MH5; Ch. 3] Each element has its own unique mass. The mass of each element is found on the Periodic Table under the chemical symbol for the element (it is usually
More informationUnit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test
Unit 3 Notepack Chapter 7 Chemical Quantities Qualifier for Test NAME Section 7.1 The Mole: A Measurement of Matter A. What is a mole? 1. Chemistry is a quantitative science. What does this term mean?
More informationConcept 1. The meaning and usefulness of the mole. The mole (or mol) represents a certain number of objects.
Chapter 3. Stoichiometry: MoleMass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Concept 1. The meaning and usefulness of the mole The mole (or mol) represents a certain number of objects. SI def.: the amount of
More informationAT Chapter 3 Notes 15.notebook. September 29, Measuring Atomic Masses
Measuring Atomic Masses Mass Spectrometer used to isolate isotopes of an element and determine their mass. 1 An element sample is heated to vaporize it and the gaseous atoms are zapped with an electron
More informationChapter 5, Calculations and the Chemical Equation
1. How many iron atoms are present in one mole of iron? Ans. 6.02 1023 atoms 2. How many grams of sulfur are found in 0.150 mol of sulfur? [Use atomic weight: S, 32.06 amu] Ans. 4.81 g 3. How many moles
More informationChapter 3 Calculation with Chemical Formulas and Equations
Chapter 3 Calculation with Chemical Formulas and Equations Practical Applications of Chemistry Determining chemical formula of a substance Predicting the amount of substances consumed during a reaction
More informationMolar Mass. Counting Atoms
Page 1 Counting Atoms Mg burns in air (O 2 ) to produce white magnesium oxide, MgO. How can we figure out how much oxide is produced from a given mass of Mg? Molar Mass Reminder: The molar mass (also called
More informationChapter 7: Chemical Reactions: An Introduction. Chemical Reactions, Equations and Balancing
Chapter 7: Chemical Reactions: An Introduction Chemical Reactions, Equations and Balancing Learning Target Chapter 7 Vocabulary 4 words 1. Chemical reaction 2. Reactant 3. Product 4. Coefficients balanced
More informationChemical Reactions. Chemical Reaction. Chemical Reaction (continued) Reactants yield Products Or Reactants Products. Chemical Reactions 2014.
Chemical Reactions D. Knauss RRHS Chemical Reaction When one or more substances change into one or more new substances with different chemical and physical properties. Chemical Reaction (continued) Reactants
More informationAtomic Masses. Chapter 3. Stoichiometry. Chemical Stoichiometry. Mass and Moles of a Substance. Average Atomic Mass
Atomic Masses Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 1 atomic mass unit (amu) = 1/12 of the mass of a 12 C atom so one 12 C atom has a mass of 12 amu (exact number). From mass spectrometry: 13 C/ 12 C = 1.0836129 amu
More informationChemical Equations and Calculations
Chemical Equations and Calculations A chemical equation is a shorthand way of indicating what is going on in a chemical reaction. We could do it the long way Two molecules of Hydrogen gas react with one
More informationStoichiometry. What is the atomic mass for carbon? For zinc?
Stoichiometry Atomic Mass (atomic weight) Atoms are so small, it is difficult to discuss how much they weigh in grams We use atomic mass units an atomic mass unit (AMU) is one twelfth the mass of the catbon12
More informationMOLAR MASS AND MOLECULAR WEIGHT Themolar mass of a molecule is the sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in the molecule. Molar Mass.
Counting Atoms Mg burns in air (O 2 ) to produce white magnesium oxide, MgO. How can we figure out how much oxide is produced from a given mass of Mg? PROBLEM: If If 0.200 g of Mg is is burned, how much
More informationFormulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept
3 Formulae, stoichiometry and the mole concept Content 3.1 Symbols, Formulae and Chemical equations 3.2 Concept of Relative Mass 3.3 Mole Concept and Stoichiometry Learning Outcomes Candidates should be
More informationChapter 7: Stoichiometry  Mass Relations in Chemical Reactions
Chapter 7: Stoichiometry  Mass Relations in Chemical Reactions How do we balance chemical equations? How can we used balanced chemical equations to relate the quantities of substances consumed and produced
More informationChemical Reactions. Chemistry 100. Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell. Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 4
Chemistry 100 Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell Ninth Edition Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 4 Chemical Reactions Chemical Reactions In a chemical reaction, one set of chemical
More informationCalculation of Molar Masses. Molar Mass. Solutions. Solutions
Molar Mass Molar mass = Mass in grams of one mole of any element, numerically equal to its atomic weight Molar mass of molecules can be determined from the chemical formula and molar masses of elements
More informationCHAPTER 3 STOICHIOMETRY OF FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS
CHAPTER 3 STOICHIOMETRY OF FORMULAS AND EQUATIONS FOLLOW UP PROBLEMS 3.1A Plan: The mass of carbon must be changed from mg to g. The molar mass of carbon can then be used to determine the number of moles.
More informationCP Chapter 12 Stoichiometry
CP Chapter 12 Stoichiometry What is Stoichiometry? ( STOYKEEAHMEHTREE) Stoichiometry is the part of chemistry that studies amounts of reactants and products that are involved in reactions. Chemists
More informationHow much does a single atom weigh? Different elements weigh different amounts related to what makes them unique.
How much does a single atom weigh? Different elements weigh different amounts related to what makes them unique. What units do we use to define the weight of an atom? amu units of atomic weight. (atomic
More informationProgramme in mole calculation
Programme in mole calculation Step 1 Start at the very beginning Atoms are very small indeed! If we draw a line 1 metre long, 6,000,000,000 (6 billion) atoms could be lined end to end. So a scientist cannot
More information2. In a double displacement reaction, 3. In the chemical equation, H 2 O 2 H 2 + O 2, the H 2 O 2 is a
What are the missing coefficients for the skeleton equation below? Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 + KOH Al(OH) 3 + K 2 SO 4 2. In a double displacement reaction, A. 1,6,2,3 B. 2,12,4,6 C. 1,3,2,3 D. 4,6,2,3 E. 2,3,1,1
More informationFormulas, Equations and Moles
Chapter 3 Formulas, Equations and Moles Interpreting Chemical Equations You can interpret a balanced chemical equation in many ways. On a microscopic level, two molecules of H 2 react with one molecule
More informationChem 115 POGIL Worksheet  Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry
Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet  Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry Why? Chemists are concerned with mass relationships in chemical reactions, usually run on a macroscopic scale (grams, kilograms, etc.). To deal with
More informationSTOICHIOMETRY Packet
STOICHIOMETRY Packet Name: Period: Date: I. = a quantitative study dealing with relationships between the amounts of reactants and products in a chemical reaction. Comes from the Greek words stoicheion,
More informationCalculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
Chapter 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations Concept Check 3.1 You have 1.5 moles of tricycles. a. How many moles of seats do you have? b. How many moles of tires do you have? c. How could
More informationMole  Mass Relationships in Chemical Systems
Chapter 3: Stoichiometry Mole  Mass Relationships in Chemical Systems 3.1 The Mole 3.2 Determining the Formula of an Unknown Compound 3.3 Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations 3.4 Calculating the Amounts
More informationCHEMICAL QUANTITIES. Chapter 10
CHEMICAL QUANTITIES Chapter 10 What is a mole? A unit of measurement in chemistry 1 mole of a substance = 6.02 x 10 23 (Avagadro s number) representative particles of a substance Representative particle
More informationEXPERIMENT 12: Empirical Formula of a Compound
EXPERIMENT 12: Empirical Formula of a Compound INTRODUCTION Chemical formulas indicate the composition of compounds. A formula that gives only the simplest ratio of the relative number of atoms in a compound
More information10/21/2013. Chemical REACTIONS you should know. Chemical Reactions. 1 st Write Reaction
Chapter 3: Chemical Stoichiometry Chemical Equations (Write, Balance, Interpret) Reactions You Should Know Formula Weights (Must know chemical formula Avogadro s number and the Mole Limiting Reactants
More informationMatter. Atomic weight, Molecular weight and Mole
Matter Atomic weight, Molecular weight and Mole Atomic Mass Unit Chemists of the nineteenth century realized that, in order to measure the mass of an atomic particle, it was useless to use the standard
More informationReview Topic 7: Stoichiometry
Name: Score: 24 / 24 points (100%) Review Topic 7: Stoichiometry Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. B 1. B 2. a. 0.125 gram c. 12.5 grams b.
More informationNotes: Formula Mass and Percent Composition
Notes: Formula Mass and Percent Composition Formula mass  the mass of one mole of a compound, atom or ion. also called: gram formula mass, molecular mass, gram molecular mass, formula weight, gram formula
More informationUnit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues)
Unit 9 Stoichiometry Notes (The Mole Continues) is a big word for a process that chemist s use to calculate amounts in reactions. It makes use of the coefficient ratio set up by balanced reaction equations
More informationCHAPTER 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations. atoms in a FORMULA UNIT
CHAPTER 3 Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations MOLECULAR WEIGHT (M. W.) Sum of the Atomic Weights of all atoms in a MOLECULE of a substance. FORMULA WEIGHT (F. W.) Sum of the atomic Weights
More informationAP Chemistry Prep  Summer Assignment 2013
AP Chemistry Prep  Summer Assignment 2013 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which value has only 4 significant digits? a. 6.930 c. 8450
More informationMore on ions (Chapters 2.1 and )
More on ions (Chapters 2.1 and 3.5 3.7) Ion: an atom or molecule that has a net electrical charge. Examples: Na + (sodium ion), Cl  (chloride), NH 4 + (ammonium). Anion: a negative ion, formed when electrons
More informationGetting the most from this book...4 About this book...5
Contents Getting the most from this book...4 About this book....5 Content Guidance Topic 1 Atomic structure and the periodic table...8 Topic 2 Bonding and structure...14 Topic 2A Bonding....14 Topic 2B
More informationSTOICHIOMETRY STOICHIOMETRY. Measurements in Chemical Reactions. MoleMole Relationships. MassMass Problem. MoleMole Relationships
STOICHIOMETRY STOICHIOMETRY The analysis of the quantities of substances in a chemical reaction. Stoichiometric calculations depend on the MOLE MOLE relationships of substances. Measurements in Chemical
More informationPractice questions for Chapter 8
Practice questions for Chapter 8 2) How many atoms of nickel equal a mass of 58.69 g? (Refer to the Periodic Table.) A) 1 B) 28 C) 58.69 D) 59 E) 6.02 x 1023 Answer: E Section: 8.1 Avogadro's Number 6)
More informationChapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions
Chapter 3 Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions Student: 1. An atom of bromine has a mass about four times greater than that of an atom of neon. Which choice makes the correct comparison of the relative
More information