# Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa Benchmark and SLC#: SLC 12: A. Students will classify rocks by their characteristics. Objectives: Students will classify rocks by their characteristics; learn different types of rocks, and how rocks and minerals are used in everyday items. Materials: Rocks and Minerals Packet for each student Box of rocks for each group/table One rock for each student Magnifying glass Vinegar Pennies Butter Knives (dull) Steel Nails Glass Crystalline minerals Magnets Day 1 Initial Observation: Break the class up into groups. Give each group a box of rocks each. Using the Rock n Rule! worksheet, the groups are to sort the rocks into two categories, labeling each circle and writing the total number of rocks in each circle. Students then create three categories with the Rock n Rule II! worksheet. Target Observations: Rocks can be sorted into two groups by shape or size (i.e. round vs. square, small vs. big) Rocks can be sorted into two groups by color, texture, or hardness Target Model: -Rocks can be sorted by shape, size, color, texture, or hardness. Procedure: Pass out the How are Rocks different? worksheet. Ask each student to pick three rocks to use as A, B, and C. Have the students fill out the worksheet. Target Observations: The rocks have different colors, textures, stripes, and shininess. Procedure: Show the students the crystalline minerals. What is different about these crystals from regular rocks? If you look really close, what are rocks made of? Think of sandstone it is just a

2 bunch of sand stuck together. But what does sand look like up close? The crystals don t have to be the same in a rock they can change. The crystals are called minerals. Target Observations: The minerals are big crystals Rocks are not big crystals, but are made up of really small crystals Sand is a bunch of small crystals; sandstone is a bunch of small crystals stuck together Target Model: -Rocks can be sorted by shape, size, color, texture, or hardness. -Minerals can be rocks, and rocks are made of minerals. Not every rock is only one mineral. Some rocks have lots of different types of minerals in them. Discussion: This would also be a good opportunity to talk about if rocks are alive, plants or animals. Ask the students why we study the earth and its life, especially as recorded in rocks. Day 2: Discussion: Review with the students the different ways they sorted their rocks. Discuss with them that scientists have three main categories they classify their rocks in to. Read through the sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic sheets discussing how they are made and how long they take to be made. Look at the rock cycle to see how all the rocks are tied together and without one element, it would throw the whole cycle off. Target Model: -Rocks can be sorted by shape, size, color, texture, or hardness. -Minerals can be rocks, and rocks are made of minerals. Not every rock is only one mineral. Some rocks have lots of different types of minerals in them. -Scientists sort rocks into sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks because of the different ways the rocks are made. Discussion: Discuss with students how a rock key works. Do at least one example of keying a rock and review the three types of rocks they could have. Explain to students the importance of a hardness test, how to do it, and what it tells us. Students then are given their own rock to perform tests 1 through 6 in Like A Rock. Discuss different characteristics of everyone s rocks and how scientists use these tests for history of land (looking at aging and fossils) and for creating things we use everyday. Day 3: Discussion:

3 Do we need rocks and minerals in our everyday life? Where are these rocks and minerals? In what types of objects? Review Rocks and Minerals in Everyday Things sheet with the students. Where are some minerals in the classroom? Target Model: -Rocks can be sorted by shape, size, color, texture, or hardness. -Minerals can be rocks, and rocks are made of minerals. Not every rock is only one mineral. Some rocks have lots of different types of minerals in them. -Scientists sort rocks into sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks because of the different ways the rocks are made. -Rocks and minerals are in many of the things we use everyday.

4 Rock n Rule! Choose you own rules and sort your rocks. Label both circles.

5 Rock n Rule Part 2! Choose 3 rules and sort your rocks. Label your circles.

6 How are Rocks Different? -Pick out 3 rocks from your collection. Make sure they come from 3 different sections on your Rock n Rule Venn diagram. Place one rock on each letter. Describe each rock by filling in the chart. Rock Color Color and shape of minerals How does it feel? Does it have stripes? Is it dull or shiny? A B C Now, complete these sentences about your rocks. Describe each rock in 2 ways. I like Rock A because The prettiest thing about Rock B is I chose Rock C because My favorite rock is Rock because

7 Like a Rock! Test 1: Identification Use the rock identification key to figure out if your rock is igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary. Rock Type:

8 Test 2: Hardness Here are the minerals Moh used to determine his hardness scale: Diamond 10 Corundum 9 Topaz 8 Quartz 7 Orthoclase (Feldspar) 6 Aptite 5 Fluorite 4 Calcite 3 Gypsum 2 Talc 1 Find out how hard your rock is by trying these tests and seeing where it falls on the scale. If your rock Give it a hardness number Can be rubbed off on the fingers 1 Can be scratched with a fingernail 2 Can be scratched with a penny 3 Can be scratched easily with a butter knife 4 Is hard to scratch with a butter knife 5 Can be scratched with a nail 6 Can easily be used to scratch glass 7 Can be scratched with a steel file 8 Scale Number: Which mineral from Moh s scale does your rock match up with? Test 3: Description Look at your rock carefully. Look at the color, the crystals, and any other features. Draw your rock as detailed as you can below.

9 Test 4: Magnification Use the hand lenses to look at your rock. Draw a detailed view of your rock under magnification. Test 5: The vinegar test Put your rock in a cup of vinegar. Let is sit for a while. Describe what happened. Test 6: The Magnet Test Use the magnet to test if your rock contains magnetic material. Describe what happened.

10 Rocks & Minerals in Everyday Things Here is a list of everyday items, and some of the rocks and minerals that make them up! Battery: antimony, cadmium, lead, zinc Bicycle: aluminum, clay, diatomite, mica, sulfur, selenium, wollastonite, zinc Book: clay, limestone, sodium sulfate, feldspar Brick: bauxite, chromite, zircon, silica, graphite, kyanite, andalusite, sillimanite, clays Car: platinum, iron, aluminum, lead, coal, barite, boron, calcium carbonate, bentonite, silica, chromium, perlite, wollastonite, mica, industrial diamonds, zeolite, clays Carpet: limestone, selenium, lime, soda ash, zeolites, bentonite, titanium, sulfur, diatomite, petroleum Caulking: limestone, gypsum Cement: limestone, gypsum, iron, clays, diatomite, feldspar Chalk: limestone Clothing: boron, halite, molybdenum, sulfur

11 How Metamorphic Rock Is Formed Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have "morphed" into another kind of rock. These rocks were once igneous or sedimentary rocks. How do sedimentary and igneous rocks change? The rocks are under tons and tons of pressure, which fosters heat build up, and this causes them to change. If you exam metamorphic rock samples closely, you'll discover how flattened some of the grains in the rock are. Schist Rocks Gneiss Rocks Schist rocks are metamorphic. These rocks can be formed from basalt, an igneous rock; shale, a sedimentary rock; or slate, a metamorphic rock. Through tremendous heat and pressure, these rocks were transformed into this new kind of rock. Gneiss rocks are metamorphic. These rocks may have been granite, which is an igneous rock, but heat and pressure changed it. You can see how the mineral grains in the rock were flattened through tremendous heat and pressure and are arranged in alternating patterns.

12 How Igneous Rock Is Formed Igneous rocks are called fire rocks and are formed either underground or aboveground. Underground, they are formed when the melted rock, called magma, deep within the earth becomes trapped in small pockets. As these pockets of magma cool slowly underground, the magma becomes igneous rocks. Igneous rocks are also formed when volcanoes erupt, causing the magma to rise above the earth's surface. When magma appears above the earth, it is called lava. Igneous rocks are formed as the lava cools above ground. Granite Rocks Granite rocks are igneous rocks which were formed by slowly cooling pockets of magma that were trapped beneath the earth's surface. Granite is used for long lasting monuments and for trim and decoration on buildings. Pumice Rocks Pumice rocks are igneous rocks, which were formed when lava cooled quickly above ground. You can see where little pockets of air had been. This rock is so light, that many pumice rocks will actually float in water. Pumice is actually a kind of glass and not a mixture of minerals. Because this rock is so light, it is used quite often as a decorative landscape stone. Ground to a powder, it is used as an abrasive in polish compounds and in Lava soap.

13 How Sedimentary Rock Is Formed For thousands, even millions of years, little pieces of our earth have been eroded--broken down and worn away by wind and water. These little bits of our earth are washed downstream where they settle to the bottom of the rivers, lakes, and oceans. Layer after layer of eroded earth is deposited on top of each. These layers are pressed down more and more through time, until the bottom layers slowly turn into rock. Limestone Rocks Limestone rocks are sedimentary rocks that are made from the mineral calcite which came from the beds of evaporated seas and lakes and from sea animal shells. This rock is used in concrete and is an excellent building stone for humid regions. Shale Rocks Shale rock is a type of sedimentary rock formed from clay that is compacted together by pressure. They are used to make bricks and other material that is fired in a kiln.

14 The Rock Cycle Above is a rock cycle. It is similar to the water cycle, but uses rocks. When reading this chart the arrows are read like turns in to. For example: Igneous rock turns in to sediment (because of weathering and erosion). Once we have figured out what kind of rock it is, we date the rock. This lets us know what the land was made up of when that rock was formed. This time chart to the right shows how many years ago different rocks were formed (in millions of year!!!).

15 Birthstones (Minerals or gemstones you might know!) January Rose Quartz July Ruby February Amethyst August -Peridot March Aquamarine September -Sapphire April Diamond October -Opal May Emerald November -Topaz June Alexandrite December -Turquoise

16 Rocks and Minerals!!! Name:

### What are Rocks??? Rocks are the most common material on Earth. They are a naturally occurring collection of one or more minerals.

The Rock Cycle What are Rocks??? Rocks are the most common material on Earth. They are a naturally occurring collection of one or more minerals. The Rock Cycle a cycle that continuously forms and changes

### Earth s Rocky Surface

Earth s Rocky Surface You have learned that Earth s surface is not permanent and is constantly changing. Some changes take place very slowly over millions of years, such as crustal plates moving and creating

### Earth s Rocky Surface

Earth s Rocky Surface Earth s surface is not permanent and is constantly changing. Some changes take place very slowly over millions of years, such as crustal plates moving and creating mountains or valleys.

### WHITE PAPER January 2002

Many types of naturally occurring materials such as granite, marble, rocks, etc. are used for both interior and exterior surfacing applications. Some are used in the raw form (granite/marble), while others

### On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon.

The Earth is made up of rocks and minerals. The core of the Earth is molten rock. On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon. Sometimes

### Section: The Rock Cycle

Skills Worksheet Chapter 2 section 1 Inside the Restless Earth /29 Section: The Rock Cycle 1. A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter is called a. an element. b. a

### Minerals and Rocks C) D)

Minerals and Rocks Name 1. Base your answer to the following question on the map and cross section below. The shaded areas on the map represent regions of the United States that have evaporite rock layers

### How can you tell rocks apart?

How can you tell rocks apart? Grade Range: 4-7 G.L.E Focus: 1.1.5 Time Budget: 1 1.5 hours WASL Vocabulary: Overview: Different rocks have different characteristics because of their minerals, the ways

### Rocks and Minerals What is right under your feet?

Rocks and Minerals What is right under your feet? Name: 1 Before you start What do you already know? What is the difference between a rock and a mineral? What are the three categories of rocks? 1. 2. 3.

chapter 3 Rocks section 2 Igneous Rocks What You ll Learn how igneous rocks form how igneous rocks are grouped Before You Read Think about an erupting volcano you may have seen on TV or in the movies.

### How are rocks the same & how are they different?

How are rocks the same & how are they different? Grade Range: K - 4 G.L.E Focus: 1.1.5 Time Budget: 1 1.5 hours WASL Vocabulary: Overview: Different rocks have different characteristics because of their

### Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Name: KEY Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a naturally occurring, inorganic substance which has a definite chemical composition What would be the opposite of this? man-made,

### Minerals & Rocks. Naturally occurring Formed from elements or compounds

Minerals & Rocks Minerals 5 Characteristics: Naturally occurring Formed from elements or compounds Inorganic Found as a solid in nature Definite chemical make up and regular atomic structure A. Minerals

### Name Rock and Mineral Review E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department

Name Rock and Mineral Review E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department 1 Base your answer to the following question on the drawings of six sedimentary rocks labeled A through F. Most of the rocks

### Chapter 6 Lab Activity. Rock Identification. Chapter 6 Lab Activity. Laboratory Manual LAB SKILLS AND OBJECTIVES. Procedure. Part A: Igneous Rocks

Rock Identification In this lab you will examine, classify, and identify several rock specimens. Igneous rocks you will observe include basalt, gabbro, granite, obsidian, pumice, rhyolite, and scoria.

### What is a rock? How are rocks classified? What does the texture of a rock reveal about how it was formed?

CHAPTER 4 1 The Rock Cycle SECTION Rocks: Mineral Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a rock? How are rocks classified? What does

### Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Class: Date: Minerals Study Guide Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.

### EARTH SCIENCE 110 INTRODUCTION to GEOLOGY MINERALS & ROCKS LABORATORY

EARTH SCIENCE 110 INTRODUCTION to GEOLOGY DR. WOLTEMADE NAME: SECTION: MINERALS & ROCKS LABORATORY INTRODUCTION The identification of minerals and rocks is an integral part of understanding our physical

### Page 1. Name:

Name: 1) According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, which sedimentary rock would be formed by the compaction and cementation of particles 1.5 centimeters in diameter? A) shale B) conglomerate C)

### Rocks, Crystals, Gems, Minerals & Meteorites Teleclass Webinar!

Welcome to the Supercharged Science Rocks, Crystals, Gems, Minerals & Meteorites Teleclass Webinar! You can fill out this worksheet as we go along to get the most out of time together, or you can use it

### Identifying Rocks. Teacher Instructions. Overview: Objectives: Materials: Answers to Student Worksheet:

Teacher Instructions Overview: In this activity, students learn the characteristics of some common igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Students also learn to use a dichotomous key for identification

### Three Main Types of Rocks Igneous Rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks. Made by Liesl at The Homeschool Den

Three Main Types of Rocks Igneous Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Igneous Rocks Above and below: Basalt Above: Gabbro Above: Pumice Above: Basalt, Giant Causeway in Ireland Above: Obsidian Above:

### Lab: ROCK IDENTIFICATION

Name: Date: Lab: ROCK IDENTIFICATION Background: As you observed in the previous investigation, minerals are the building blocks that form rocks. Rocks are classified as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic

### Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used.

Assessment Chapter Test B Rocks: Mineral Mixtures USING KEY TERMS Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. stratification

### Our Changing Landforms. Wind, Water, Ice, and Gravity Form Sand Dunes, Canyons, and Deltas

Our Changing Landforms Wind, Water, Ice, and Gravity Form Sand Dunes, Canyons, and Deltas Landforms Change Over Time Two main ways landforms change are Uplifting is due to changes inside the Earth Uplifting

### Rocks & Minerals. 10. Which rock type is most likely to be monomineralic? 1) rock salt 3) basalt 2) rhyolite 4) conglomerate

1. Of the Earth's more than 2,000 identified minerals, only a small number are commonly found in rocks. This fact indicates that most 1) minerals weather before they can be identified 2) minerals have

### Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS. extrusive igneous rock texture. and positions of the minerals the rock contains. arranged in plates or bands. is.

Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS 1. In your own words, write a definition for the term rock cycle. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

### Rocks: Mineral Mixtures

Rocks: Mineral Mixtures The Value of a Rock Rock is a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals, or organic matter. Rocks are classified by how they are formed, their composition, and texture.

### Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth 75 percent of the rocks exposed at the surface are sedimentary rocks.

Sedimentary Rocks Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth, but because most of them exist below the surface you might not have seen too many of them. 75 percent of the rocks exposed at the surface

### Round and Round the Rock Cycle

Round and Round the Rock Cycle Objectives The student will identify the processes that cause the three different types of rocks to form and identify rock samples from each type. Suggested Grade Level Fifth

### Rocks and Minerals Scavenger Hunt Activity

Activity Materials: minerals questions worksheet(pages 2-3), 18 rocks and minerals fact cards (pages 4-8), scissors and scotch tape Preparation Print the fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies of the

### Chapter 4 Practice Test

Chapter 4 Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat break down rock is

### Hello. Here are the instructions to complete your second blizzard bag lesson: 1. Read the nonfiction text on the rock cycle

Hello Here are the instructions to complete your second blizzard bag lesson: 1. Read the nonfiction text on the rock cycle 2. Watch the two videos listed here (just click on the link): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jpge74vltdc

### Metamorphic rocks. The term metamorphic is derived from the Latin term meaning, "change of form".

Metamorphic rocks The term metamorphic is derived from the Latin term meaning, "change of form". These rocks have been altered while in their solid state as a response to the environment. 1 Extreme circumstances

### Getting to Know Rocks and Soil

Science Benchmark: 04:03 Earth materials include rocks, soils, water, and gases. Rock is composed of minerals. Earth materials change over time from one form to another. These changes require energy. Erosion

### The rock cycle. Introduction. What are rocks?

The rock cycle This Revision looks at the three types of rock: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic. It looks at how they are formed, the weathering of rocks and the way one form of rock turns into another,

### Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

### World Beneath Our Feet

World Beneath Our Feet Lesson Plan 2: Rock Identification Learning Objective Time required Learning Outcomes Materials (provided) Materials (Teacher supplied) background Suggested Procedure Students will

### Rocks and Minerals Multiple Choice

Rocks and Minerals Multiple Choice 1. The basaltic bedrock of the oceanic crust is classified as (1) felsic, with a density of 2.7 g/cm3 (2) felsic, with a density of 3.0 g/cm3 (3) mafic, with a density

### Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

### Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid

### Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

### SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS

Date Period Name SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS SECTION.1 Formation of Sedimentary Rocks In your textbook, read about the processes that form sedimentary rocks. Use each of the terms below to complete

### Rock Type Identification Flow Chart

Rock Type Identification Flow Chart SEDIMENTARY AMORPHOUS No Crystals or Clasts fairly hard very soft hard & cherty vague crystals SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS - VOLCANIC CLASTS Broken pieces of rocks or minerals

### What is a Mineral? Naturally-formed solid substance with a crystal structure. Pyromorphite

What is a Mineral? Naturally-formed solid substance with a crystal structure Pyromorphite What do all minerals have in All: common? 1. Are formed by natural processes. 2. Are NOT alive and NEVER were alive

### Pre Trip information for teachers

1 A Blandy Experimental Farm Program Pre Trip information for teachers Before your students come to Blandy, they should be familiar with the following vocabulary: Rocks are naturally formed aggregates

### Global Building Blocks: Rocks and Mineral Identification

Cave of the Winds Activity Eleven: Global Building Blocks Lesson for Grades 9-12 One lab of about 50 minutes Satisfies Colorado Model Content Standard for Science, Standard 4, Benchmark #1 for grades 9-12:

### Ch 11 rocks and minerals Practice Ques

1. Base your answer to the following question on s Which process is necessary for the formation of igneous rocks? A) erosion B) deposition C) solidification D) metamorphism 2. Which mineral has a hardness

### 3. Practice describing and classifying rocks as sedimentary, metamorphic or igneous.

Science Unit: Lesson 3: Renewable & Non-renewable Resources Mining in BC School Year: 2009/20010 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Notes: Dr. R. E. McKechnie Elementary School,

### Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a, substance which has a What would be the opposite of this? KEY CONCEPT #2: What causes minerals to have different physical properties?

### Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth

Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth Presentation modified from: Instructor Resource Center on CD-ROM, Foundations of Earth Science, 4 th Edition, Lutgens/Tarbuck, Rock Cycle Shows the interrelationships

### FIRST GRADE ROCKS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE ROCKS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing solids, gases, liquids, and plasma. LAB: Exploring how states of matter can change.

### Exploring How Rocks Are Formed

Exploring How Rocks Are Formed Grade Level: 3-4 Purpose and Goals: In this lesson, students are introduced to the three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. After receiving background

### Kit #15 Rocks & Minerals Student Journal

Kit #15 Rocks & Minerals Student Journal Rock Hound s Name: (graphics, formatting modifications) Concept Map: Fill in the concepts as you do the Rocks and Minerals Kit. 1. Activity 1: What are rocks? Identifying

### CHAPTER 7: ROCKS AND MINERALS. Self-Reflection Survey: Section 7.1, p. 175 Answers will vary

CHAPTER 7: ROCKS AND MINERALS Self-Reflection Survey: Section 7.1, p. 175 Answers will vary Checkpoint 7.1, p. 177 Examine the atomic models below and answer the question that follows. The filled black

### Unit 3 Lesson 3 Three Classes of Rock. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

A Rocky World How are rocks classified? A combination of one or more minerals or organic matter is called rock. Scientists divide rock into three classes: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Each class

### Types of Rocks By Cindy Sherwood

Mount Rushmore is an amazing sight, with the faces of four presidents carved into a giant rock mountain. But even a small rock you find in your yard is pretty amazing. After all, most rocks have been around

### Minerals & Rocks Review Qs

Base your answers to questions 1 through 3 on the drawings of six sedimentary rocks labeled A through F. 1. Most of the rocks shown were formed by (1) compaction and/or cementation (3) heat and pressure

### Identifying Minerals

Identifying Minerals All rocks are made up of minerals. Rocks have different colors, textures, and shapes. Some rocks or minerals are very hard. Some are soft. A gemstone is a mineral that is rare and

### 1. Choose a mineral colour that you like. Record the name of a mineral of this colour and its chemical name in Table 1. My chosen colour is:

Geology Trail Stages 4-5 Student Activity Sheets Minerals are the building blocks of rocks and are made up of elements. They come in many different forms with some forming crystals with distinctive shapes.

### Colleen Fadden Renee Pollard Andrea Popolizio

Colleen Fadden Renee Pollard Andrea Popolizio Igneous rocks are the oldest type of rocks. Deep inside the earth where it is very hot, there is melted rock called magma. As the magma comes up to the surface,

### Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Review. Part 2. - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface.

Earth and Space Science Semester 2 Review Part 2 Cleavage Core sample Crystal shape Deposition Elements Compounds - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface. - A

### The Rock Cycle: Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous Rocks

The Rock Cycle: Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous Rocks Intended for Grade: 3 Subject: Science Description: This presentation teaches students about the properties and formation of each of the three

### Ch6&7 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Ch6&7 Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following does NOT change the form of existing rock? a. tremendous pressure c.

### Minerals. L3: Minerals and Rocks. Common Minerals to Learn. Crystallography

L3: Minerals and Rocks Identification Classification Formation } of common minerals & rocks Feedback on Lab 1: Rock Identification Minerals Definition: Highly-ordered crystalline atomic structure Definite

### Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 3 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 3 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

### 1. Base your answer to the following question on on the photographs and news article below. Old Man s Loss Felt in New Hampshire

UNIT 3 EXAM ROCKS AND MINERALS NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on on the photographs and news article below. Old Man s Loss Felt in New Hampshire FRANCONIA, N.H. Crowds

### This mineral is easily identified because of it s blue, green, gold, & purple colors.

STATION 1: Chalcopyrite This mineral is easily identified because of it s blue, green, gold, & purple colors. It is also known as Peacock Pyrite since those colors resemble a peacock. Chalcopyrite is the

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Earth Science Grade 6

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms

Atmosphere Biosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere Lithosphere is the branch of physical geography, shared with the fields of Geomorphology and Tectonics, that specifically examine the landforms, continents

### lithosphere granite basalt

The Earth s s Crust The Earth s s Crust The earth s crust is the outside layer of the earth. It is thickest at the continents at about 40 Km (up to 70 Km) deep. It is thinnest under the oceans at about

### Unit 8.3.1 Study Guide: Rocks, Minerals, and the Rock Cycle

Name Date Per Unit 8.3.1 Study Guide: Rocks, Minerals, and the Rock Cycle I Can Statements I Can Statements are the learning targets for each unit. By the time you take the test for this unit, you should

### Category: Construction Materials ROYALTY: \$0.55 per Tonne

Page 1 of 6 Extractive Minerals The Mining Act 1971 states that extractive minerals means sand, gravel, stone, shell, shale or clay, but does not include (a) any such materials that are mined for a prescribed

### 1. The building blocks of rocks are naturally occurring solid materials called A. granules B. grains C. minerals D. crystals

The Rock Cycle describes how rocks form and change over time What are Rocks and Minerals 1. The building blocks of rocks are naturally occurring solid materials called A. granules B. grains C. minerals

### 4 Metamorphic Rock. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify How did the bands in the rock in the figure form?

CHAPTER 4 4 Metamorphic Rock SECTION Rocks: Mineral Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do metamorphic rocks form? How do geologists

### Essentials of Geology

Essentials of Geology David Sallee Minerals: Building Blocks of Rocks Chapter 2 Matter-What is it and What Does it Consist of? Elements and Atoms Elements cannot be split into substances of different.

### Using specific examples, students will be able to explain how rocks change as they go through the rock cycle.

Title: Rock Cycle Comic Strip Author: Ashley Packard Subject Area: Geology Grade: 8 Description of Lesson: This lesson is designed to help the students understand how the rock cycle works. They will play

### Rock Star 101. Introduction to Rocks.

Rock Star 101 Introduction to Rocks www.mineralsed.ca Lesson 1: Rocks are made of minerals. Lesson 2: Rock formation is cyclic. Lesson 3: Igneous rocks crystallize from molten magma. Igneous Rock Type1:

### Sedimentary Rocks. Find and take out 11B-15B and #1 From Egg Carton

Sedimentary Rocks Find and take out 11B-15B and #1 From Egg Carton Erosion Erosion is a natural process where rocks and soil are Broken and Moved We will focus on 4 types of erosion; Wind, Rain, Ice and

### Exercise 1 Rock Review

Exercise 1 Rock Review The purpose of this lab exercise is to help refresh your memory of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. Rocks are the physical record of past events in Earth s history.

### FAIRLY SIMPLE ROCK IDENTIFICATION. John J. Thomas

FAIRLY SIMPLE ROCK IDENTIFICATION John J. Thomas Purpose Much to our surprise, rocks fascinate many students. Everyone loves to bring us a rock and ask what kind it is and why they found it where they

### not to be republished NCERT UNIT III LANDFORMS This unit deals with

This unit deals with UNIT III LANDFORMS Rocks and minerals major types of rocks and their characteristics Landforms and their evolution Geomorphic processes weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition;

### Chapter 3 Rocks. The Rock Cycle

Chapter 3 Rocks Section 1 The Rock Cycle Key Concepts What is a rock? What are the three major types of rocks? How do igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks differ? What is the rock cycle? What powers

### METAMORPHIC ROCKS BEGIN

METAMORPHIC ROCKS BEGIN WHAT IS A METAMORPHIC ROCK? A metamorphic rock is a rock that has been changed by heat and/or pressure without completely melting. There are two types of metamorphism 1. Regional

### 03_2_SC_Earth_Science_T1 (03_2_SC_Earth_Science_T1)

Name: Date: 1. Use the table below to answer this question. Which soil is the most fertile? A. yellow soil B. pale brown soil C. yellow brown soil D. dark brown soil 2. Which soil makes the best garden?

### to change. Let s look at what happens to rocks that spend some time on the surface.

It s a Rock s Life I m what you would call a mutt-rock. Yep just like your dog I bet a regular Heinz-57 kind of rock. You see I am made of bits and pieces of a lot of different things. Let s see. I have

### UKRIGS Education Project: Earth Science On-Site Funded by Defra's Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund, administered by English Nature.

UKRIGS Education Project: Earth Science On-Site Funded by Defra's Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund, administered by English Nature. This website and all of its contents are the copyright of UKRIGS and

### Geology. Definition of a Mineral. Minerals: 7-1. To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance must pass 5 tests:

Geology Minerals: We will begin our study of the land with a study of the basic building blocks of rocks: Minerals. Definition of a Mineral To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance

### Earth Under The Microscope

Earth Under The Microscope Equipment list 10-12 stereo microscopes Small box of rocks Large bucket containing sandstone, granite, quartz and pumice and smaller buckets Large box containing crystal display

### 1. A student found a sample of a solid material that was gray, shiny and made of all the same material. What category does this sample best fit?

Grade 4 Standard 3 Unit Test A Earth Materials Multiple Choice 1. A student found a sample of a solid material that was gray, shiny and made of all the same material. What category does this sample best

### Vocabulary: Rock Cycle

Vocabulary Vocabulary: Rock Cycle Deposition the natural process of adding transported sediments to a landform. Erosion the transport of fragments of rock by water, wind, ice, or gravity. Extrusive igneous

### Classifying Rocks Using a Key

Classifying Rocks Using a Key Introduction Recall that a rock is a naturally occurring, solid mass of minerals or mineral-like matter. Geologists classify rocks into three major groups based on how the

### Metamorphic Rocks Transformation at Work

Learning Series: Basic Rockhound Knowledge Metamorphic Rocks Transformation at Work Metamorphic rocks are one of the three types of rock classifications, the other two being igneous and sedimentary. Rocks

### Science and Social Studies Standards Covered:

Science and Social Studies Standards Covered: SC (6)- 2. Describe factors that cause changes to Earth s surface over time. The Alabama Museum of Natural History (AMNH) is part of the University of Alabama

### Physical Geology 101 Lab #3 MINERALS Properties, Classification and Identification

Name: Grade: Physical Geology 101 Lab #3 MINERALS Properties, Classification and Identification INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this lab is to learn the characteristics of minerals, and to identify minerals

### Regents Earth Science Unit 10: Minerals and Rocks Minerals

A mineral is any: Regents Earth Science Unit 10: Minerals and Rocks Minerals 1. naturally occurring 2. inorganic 3. solid, with a 4. definite chemical composition, and a 5. crystal structure Minerals are

### Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Lesson 1: Layers of the Earth 1. Atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet 2. Clouds are in this layer 3. Atmosphere contains gases