Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment"

Transcription

1 Severn Trent use of UKCP09 joint probability plots for climate change risk assessment As part of our climate change risk assessment, we have used joint probability plots from the UKCP09 tool to help us understand the in-combination effects of climate change on Water Service activities. Individual climate driver projections from UKCP09 show that future summers are expected to be warmer and drier, and winters are expected to be colder and wetter (relative to the baseline period). But it is difficult to assess exactly how much the individual weather variables impact on our activities, and it has not been possible to define simple trigger levels. Instead. it is the incombination effects of the climate change variables that pose the most significant impact on our water supply capability. In the absence of simple thresholds for the individual variables, we have used past events to understand the implications of the climate change scenarios for future water supply. For example, high domestic demand, is driven by both low rainfall and high temperatures, which combine to produce high Soil Moisture Deficit levels. Dry soils and warm weather trigger higher demand as water consumers begin watering their gardens. Under extreme summer temperature conditions customers demand can dramatically increase, and at the same time our water resources can be under stress due to low rainfall. Figure 1 shows the record of total demand for water across our region since 1989, while figure 2 shows a record of summer rainfall and temperature over that period from a weather station in our region. The long term trend in annual average demand for water is a declining one, but with periods of high demand during years with extreme hot and dry summers. For example, we recorded a record high demand for water during , which was a year of high summer temperatures and extremely low rainfall. We also experienced a significant peak week demand for water in summer 2003 and summer 2006, which were both years with a high summer peak temperature. Our experience of managing water supply operations during years with extreme weather conditions gives us a strong foundation for planning to minimise the impacts that climate change would have on water supply.

2 Figure 1: Severn Trent Water total water into supply since 1989 Figure 2: April to August cumulative rainfall and maximum average daily temperature at Sutton Bonnington, Leicestershire.

3 We have analysed the data for the in-combination effects of the climate change variable for summer by the 2050s and 2080s, looking specifically at the likelihood of increasing daily maximum summer temperatures alongside the likelihood of decreasing mean summer rainfall. As described, we identified that 2003 and 2006 are examples of two recent years when high summer temperatures and low rainfall led to very extreme peak demand for water. We have plotted how the temperature and rainfall conditions in those years compare with the climate change projections on the joint probability plots. We have also included data for 1995, as this was the last drought year in our region. The rainfall data shown in Table 1 is taken from the weekly updates we receive from the Environment Agency of areal rainfall across the Severn Trent Region. The long term average figures were provided by the EA and cover the 1961 to 1990 Met Office standard period. Table 1: Three-month average rainfall against long term average in the Severn Trent Region Year Jun to Aug monthly average (mm) 3 month average against LTA (%) The temperature data, as shown in Table 2, covers the Central England area and is taken from the Hadley website. The long term average is the 1961 to 1990 Met Office standard period. Table 2: Three-month average temperature against long term average in Central England Year Jun to Aug monthly average ( C) 3 month average against LTA ( C) These data have been plotted on joint probability plots (Figure 3 and 4) to provide an indication of how past conditions which were known to put a stress on our water supply system compare to projections of what the future climate. The conditions experienced during our last drought year in 1995 are too severe to be plotted within the axis of the joint probability plots. We have also identified key months which might be useful for comparison. The months with the greatest difference between monthly average and the LTA are shown in Table 3. However, the change in precipitation in these key months against the long term average

4 does not fit the scale of the probability plots, implying that the actual conditions experienced during these months are still extreme when compared to the UKCP09 projections. Table 3: Difference between key month actual and long term average in the Severn Trent region Year Key Month Month average temperature against LTA ( C) Month average rainfall against LTA (%) 1995 August August July It should be noted that during July 2006 we experienced our highest peak monthly demand. Figure 3: 2050s Medium emissions summer temperature vs summer precipitation

5 Figure 4: 2080s Medium emissions summer temperature vs summer precipitation The conditions experienced during 2003 are closest to the most likely projection of temperature and rainfall under the 2050s medium emissions scenario. This implies that the extreme operating conditions experienced during 2003 could become the normal operating conditions by the 2050s. The levels of rainfall in 2006 are close to UKCP09 s most likely projections for both the 2050s and 2080s, however, temperatures are likely to increase across the summer to a level higher than experienced that year. This in-combination effect of hotter, drier summers would cause significant stress to our water supply and distribution infrastructure.

Climate Change Adaptation in London. Alex Nickson, Policy & Programmes Manager Climate Change Adaptation & Water, Greater London Authority

Climate Change Adaptation in London. Alex Nickson, Policy & Programmes Manager Climate Change Adaptation & Water, Greater London Authority Climate Change Adaptation in London Alex Nickson, Policy & Programmes Manager Climate Change Adaptation & Water, Greater London Authority Why adapt? We are not very well adapted to our existing climate

More information

UKCP09 Case Study on Land Use Capability. Iain Brown, Macaulay Institute

UKCP09 Case Study on Land Use Capability. Iain Brown, Macaulay Institute Overall aim of the work: UKCP09 Case Study on Land Use Capability Iain Brown, Macaulay Institute The Land Capability for Agriculture (LCA) system classifies land in Scotland on the basis of climate, soils

More information

DESCRIBE CLIMATE? HOW DO WE

DESCRIBE CLIMATE? HOW DO WE HOW DO WE DESCRIBE CLIMATE? To describe climate, geographers start by gathering data about weather. Meteorologists, the scientists who study weather, supply the data by measuring weather conditions like

More information

Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change

Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change 2 nd Ed. 1 st Rev. (Galashiels) for Climate Change Opportunity or Threat? event in St Boswells, 4 th May 27 LADSS Research Project (www.macaulay.ac.uk/ladss),

More information

Climate Change and Leisure and Tourism in Snowdonia

Climate Change and Leisure and Tourism in Snowdonia Climate Change and Leisure and Tourism in Snowdonia Introduction Over the last decade the subject of climate change has become far more apparent as not a day goes by without the topic being mentioned in

More information

Seasonal Climate Watch August to December 2016

Seasonal Climate Watch August to December 2016 Seasonal Climate Watch August to December 2016 Date: Jul 20, 2016 1. Advisory Current observations show a neutral ENSO (El-Niño Southern Oscillation) state. Despite the fact that during the previous month,

More information

Climate Change Projection for South Eastern Europe

Climate Change Projection for South Eastern Europe First Session of South-Eastern Europe Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF-1) Climate Change Projection for South Eastern Europe Eglantina Bruci Institute for Energy, Water and Environment, University of Polytechnics

More information

Indonesia. General Climate. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. A. Karmalkar 1, C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1

Indonesia. General Climate. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. A. Karmalkar 1, C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles Indonesia A. Karmalkar 1, C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 1. School of Geography and Environment, University of Oxford. 2. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change

More information

Water Demand Forecast Approach

Water Demand Forecast Approach CHAPTER 6 2009 REGIONAL WATER SUPPLY OUTLOOK Water Demand Forecast Approach 6.1 Introduction Long-range water demand forecasting is a fundamental tool that water utilities use to assure that they can meet

More information

Scotch Whisky industry

Scotch Whisky industry Scotch Whisky industry Scotch Whisky Association (SWA) & Scotch Whisky Research Institute (SWRI) SUMMARY INTRODUCTION The SWA commissioned SWRI to deliver a scoping study to assess the risks of climate

More information

Seasonal Weather Forecast Talk Show on Motsweding FM and Thobela FM

Seasonal Weather Forecast Talk Show on Motsweding FM and Thobela FM Seasonal Weather Forecast Talk Show on Motsweding FM and Thobela FM March rainfall conditions in North West and Limpopo provinces Figure 1: Total rainfall for March 2015 Figure 1 indicates that North West

More information

Climate Means, Trends And Extremes In The Everglades: Historical Data And Future Projections

Climate Means, Trends And Extremes In The Everglades: Historical Data And Future Projections Climate Means, Trends And Extremes In The Everglades: Historical Data And Future Projections Lydia Stefanova 1, Vasu Misra 1,2, T. J. Smith III 3 1 Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, FSU

More information

Development of Australian Climate Futures

Development of Australian Climate Futures Development of Australian Climate Futures John Clarke, Tim Erwin, Leanne Webb, Kevin Hennessy, David Kent and Penny Whetton GREENHOUSE 2013 Adelaide, October 8-11 Summary The Climate Futures framework

More information

Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons

Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons Kenneth Kunkel NOAA Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites North Carolina State University and National Climatic Data Center h#p://assessment.globalchange.gov

More information

Local Communities: Planning for Climate Change

Local Communities: Planning for Climate Change Local Communities: Planning for Climate Change Minister s foreword Climate change is a reality. It s up to all New Zealanders to help reduce the effects of climate change and keep our communities safe.

More information

Drought History. for the Trans Pecos of Texas. Prepared by the South Central Climate Science Center in Norman, Oklahoma

Drought History. for the Trans Pecos of Texas. Prepared by the South Central Climate Science Center in Norman, Oklahoma Drought History for the Trans Pecos of Texas Prepared by the South Central Climate Science Center in Norman, Oklahoma May 28, 2013 http://southcentralclimate.org/ info@southcentralclimate.org (This page

More information

LONDON INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN 2050 BUILDING A BIGGER AND BETTER LONDON

LONDON INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN 2050 BUILDING A BIGGER AND BETTER LONDON LONDON INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN 2050 BUILDING A BIGGER AND BETTER LONDON GROWTH We estimate that London s population became bigger than ever in February 2015. We reached a population of 8.6 million people,

More information

Managing Extreme Weather at Transport for London. ARCC Assembly - 12 June 2014 Helen Woolston, Transport for London Sustainability Coordinator

Managing Extreme Weather at Transport for London. ARCC Assembly - 12 June 2014 Helen Woolston, Transport for London Sustainability Coordinator Managing Extreme Weather at Transport for London ARCC Assembly - 12 June 2014 Helen Woolston, Transport for London Sustainability Coordinator Slide list (wont show) Long Term Climate Change 1. What TfL

More information

Weather and Climate 1-2 KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS KEY VOCABULARY ACTIVITY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LVI N G E-37

Weather and Climate 1-2 KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS KEY VOCABULARY ACTIVITY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LVI N G E-37 Weather and Climate 53 40- to 1-2 50-minute sessions ACTIVITY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LVI N G Students use a literacy strategy known as a DART (directed activity related to text) to organize the information

More information

6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B.

6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B. 1. Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface? 1) the distance from the Equator 2) the extent of vegetative cover 3) the degrees of longitude

More information

Climate Futures Evaluation and Synthesis Tool

Climate Futures Evaluation and Synthesis Tool Climate Futures Evaluation and Synthesis Tool September 2015 Alexander Epstein, Ben Rasmussen, and Chris Cutler The National Transportation Systems Center Advancing transportation innovation for the public

More information

Standardized Runoff Index (SRI)

Standardized Runoff Index (SRI) Standardized Runoff Index (SRI) Adolfo Mérida Abril Javier Gras Treviño Contents 1. About the SRI SRI in the world Methodology 2. Comments made in Athens on SRI factsheet 3. Last modifications of the factsheet

More information

Climate Change on the Prairie:

Climate Change on the Prairie: Climate Change on the Prairie: A Basic Guide to Climate Change in the High Plains Region - UPDATE Global Climate Change Why does the climate change? The Earth s climate has changed throughout history and

More information

Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate

Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate 1.1 What physical factors lead to variations in climate in different regions of the world Weather Climate The day to day changes in the atmosphere. It is constantly changing.

More information

SAMPLE. Topic: Drainage basins as open systems Runoff, hydrographs & changes in the water cycle over time

SAMPLE. Topic: Drainage basins as open systems Runoff, hydrographs & changes in the water cycle over time Topic: Drainage basins as open systems 3.1.1.2 Runoff, hydrographs & changes in the water cycle over time What you need to know How runoff varies within the water cycle. How to analyse a flood hydrograph

More information

Economic Impacts of Climate Change for South Africa: An Economy-Wide Perspective to November 2014

Economic Impacts of Climate Change for South Africa: An Economy-Wide Perspective to November 2014 Economic Impacts of Climate Change for South Africa: An Economy-Wide Perspective to 2050 November 2014 Introduction Understanding the economic impacts of climate change is necessary for informing long

More information

New Zealand Climate: Patterns of Drought and Future Projections Dr Jim Salinger, NIWA, New Zealand

New Zealand Climate: Patterns of Drought and Future Projections Dr Jim Salinger, NIWA, New Zealand New Zealand Climate: Patterns of Drought and Future Projections Dr Jim Salinger, NIWA, New Zealand Outline New Zealand drought risk Drought index: Potential Evapotranspiration Deficit (PED) Pattern analysis:

More information

Weather and climate. in rainforests every day in Scotland in winter in rainforests once a month in Scotland in summer (c) Frontal rainfall occurs.

Weather and climate. in rainforests every day in Scotland in winter in rainforests once a month in Scotland in summer (c) Frontal rainfall occurs. Weather and climate Which option best completes each of the following sentences? (a) Relief rainfall occurs. () in mountainous areas in desert areas in the east of England in rainforests (b) Convectional

More information

World Geography 3202 Practice Multiple Choice Unit 2 World Climate Patterns. Outcomes:

World Geography 3202 Practice Multiple Choice Unit 2 World Climate Patterns. Outcomes: Outcomes: SCO 2.1: The student will be expected to demonstrate an understanding of how the earth s movement in space causes the occurrence of and the conditions related to day and night and the seasons,

More information

Climate Change Scenarios for the Prairies

Climate Change Scenarios for the Prairies Climate Change Scenarios for the Prairies David Sauchyn and Suzan Lapp Prairie Adaptation Research Collaborative, University of Regina, 150-10 Research Drive, Regina, SK S4S 7J7; Email: sauchyn@uregina.ca

More information

Climate Change Impacts and Grassland

Climate Change Impacts and Grassland Climate Change Impacts and Grassland Alan Hopkins Effects on grassland production 49 Experimental approach 49 Modelling 50 Knowledge Transfer 51 Alan Hopkins Climate change is becoming a major environmental

More information

Weather Risk Management. A challenge for the energy industry. Contents:

Weather Risk Management. A challenge for the energy industry. Contents: Weather Risk Management A challenge for the energy industry Contents: Executive Summary Climate trends in Europe Weather risks in the energy industry Transparency of weather risks for investors Weather

More information

UNCERTAINTIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS

UNCERTAINTIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS OECD Workshop on the benefits of climate policy. Paris, 12/13 December 2002 UNCERTAINTIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE PREDICTIONS Geoff Jenkins Hadley Centre MetOffice,UK 1 CLIMATE CHANGE DEPENDS UPON: How man-made

More information

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe 58 The Causes of Climate R E A D I N G Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe weather, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. You now know that oceans have an important effect

More information

Climates Climate Zones

Climates Climate Zones Climates Climate Zones Climates Climate Zones The Earth s surface is made up of many different climates. To help them organize it all, climatologists (scientists who study climates) have grouped climates

More information

The Climate of Caddo County

The Climate of Caddo County The Climate of Caddo County Caddo County is part of the Central Great Plains, encompassing some of the best agricultural land in Oklahoma. Average annual precipitation ranges from about 30 inches in western

More information

SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION

SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION Ulster County Climate Data A preliminary analysis of the Preserve s weather data shows that the average temperature has risen about two degrees over the past 114 years.

More information

Impact of Altered Precipitation Distribution and Warming on Tree and Grass Life Forms in Oak Savanna

Impact of Altered Precipitation Distribution and Warming on Tree and Grass Life Forms in Oak Savanna Impact of Altered Precipitation Distribution and Warming on Tree and rass Life Forms in ak Savanna David D. Briske Rangeland Ecology & Management Texas A&M University Mark. Tjoelker Department of Forest

More information

Climate and Weather. This document explains where we obtain weather and climate data and how we incorporate it into metrics:

Climate and Weather. This document explains where we obtain weather and climate data and how we incorporate it into metrics: OVERVIEW Climate and Weather The climate of the area where your property is located and the annual fluctuations you experience in weather conditions can affect how much energy you need to operate your

More information

Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India

Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India Modeling Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology of the Brahmani River Basin, India Alok Kumar Sikka National Rainfed Area Authority, Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi, India Adlul Islam

More information

Projections, Predictions, or Trends?

Projections, Predictions, or Trends? Projections, Predictions, or Trends? The challenges of projecting changes to fire regimes under climate change Bec Harris 9-11 th October, 2013 What are we looking for? Aims differ, and are more or less

More information

Temporal variation in snow cover over sea ice in Antarctica using AMSR-E data product

Temporal variation in snow cover over sea ice in Antarctica using AMSR-E data product Temporal variation in snow cover over sea ice in Antarctica using AMSR-E data product Michael J. Lewis Ph.D. Student, Department of Earth and Environmental Science University of Texas at San Antonio ABSTRACT

More information

Unit 2: Weather. ways to keep track of common trends in weather patterns. some have scientific facts, while others are more about coincidence

Unit 2: Weather. ways to keep track of common trends in weather patterns. some have scientific facts, while others are more about coincidence Unit 2: Weather Weather Lore: ways to keep track of common trends in weather patterns some have scientific facts, while others are more about coincidence weather lore may vary from place to place as different

More information

Cities and Climate Change: Adaptation in London, UK

Cities and Climate Change: Adaptation in London, UK Adaptation in London, UK Alex Nickson Case study prepared for Global Report on Human Settlements 2011 Available from http://www.unhabitat.org/grhs/2011 Alex Nickson is Strategy Manager for Climate Change

More information

Climate Projections for Transportation Infrastructure Planning, Operations & Maintenance, and Design

Climate Projections for Transportation Infrastructure Planning, Operations & Maintenance, and Design Climate Projections for Transportation Infrastructure Planning, Operations & Maintenance, and Design KATHARINE HAYHOE, ANNE STONER, JO DANIEL, JENNIFER JACOBS and PAUL KIRSHEN THE INFRASTRUCTURE CLIMATE

More information

What are cows worth? What are values? Other thoughts on building a herd

What are cows worth? What are values? Other thoughts on building a herd What are cows worth? What are values? Other thoughts on building a herd Ted McCollum III, PhD, PAS-ACAN Extension Beef Cattle Specialist Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Amarillo Nationally How much will we

More information

ASSESSING OVERHEATING RISK LEAFLET

ASSESSING OVERHEATING RISK LEAFLET ASSESSING OVERHEATING RISK LEAFLET OVERHEATING IN HOMES EVIDENCE REVIEWS As part of the Overheating in Homes project, a series of Evidence Reviews were commissioned from experts on key themes related to

More information

Climate Change Adaptation for London s Transport System

Climate Change Adaptation for London s Transport System Climate Change Adaptation for London s Transport System Helen Woolston London Climate Change Partnership, 1 Contents This presentation will cover: London Climate Change Partnership Climate Change Adaptation

More information

chapter 9 conduct a climate change

chapter 9 conduct a climate change CONDUCT A CLIMATE RESILIENCY STUDY The following chapters recommend how to reach CRC Milestone Two, Conduct a Climate Resiliency Study. 2 MILESTONE Chapter 8: Conduct a Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

More information

Climate Change and Biomes

Climate Change and Biomes Climate Change and Biomes Key Concepts: Greenhouse Gas WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Biome Climate zone Greenhouse gases 1. You will learn the difference between weather and climate. 2. You will analyze the effect

More information

HAY MOISTURE & WEATHER:

HAY MOISTURE & WEATHER: HAY MOISTURE & WEATHER: IMPLICATIONS FOR HAY HARVEST Paul Brown Extension Specialist, Biometeorlogy University of Arizona Harvest Losses vs. Moisture From Collins & Owens, 1995 Losses During Haymaking

More information

Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan Executive Summary

Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan Executive Summary Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan Executive Summary CNTR- 08 8507 DFID CNTR 08 8507 Executive Summary Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan A Report to the Department

More information

Managing California rangelands: implications of weather patterns on plant composition

Managing California rangelands: implications of weather patterns on plant composition Managing California rangelands: implications of weather patterns on plant composition Joan Dudney, Loralee Larios, Lauren Hallett, Erica Spotswood and Katharine Suding University of California, Berkeley

More information

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science.

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. A SHORT GUIDE TO climate science This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. For more information and to view the full report, visit royalsociety.org/policy/climate-change

More information

Cotton Water Requirements in Humid Areas

Cotton Water Requirements in Humid Areas Cotton Water Requirements in Humid Areas Daniel K. Fisher USDA Agricultural Research Service, Stoneville, Mississippi In the humid Mid-South U.S., cotton irrigation is a challenge because of the variations

More information

IGAD CLIMATE PREDICTION AND APPLICATION CENTRE

IGAD CLIMATE PREDICTION AND APPLICATION CENTRE IGAD CLIMATE PREDICTION AND APPLICATION CENTRE CLIMATE WATCH REF: ICPAC/CW/No.32 May 2016 EL NIÑO STATUS OVER EASTERN EQUATORIAL OCEAN REGION AND POTENTIAL IMPACTS OVER THE GREATER HORN OF FRICA DURING

More information

"Climate Change, Water and the Policy Making Process in the Levant and North Africa"

Climate Change, Water and the Policy Making Process in the Levant and North Africa The Research and Policy Forum on Climate Change and Environment in the Arab World at the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs, AUB presents "Climate Change, Water and the Policy

More information

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON LONDON S TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON LONDON S TRANSPORT SYSTEMS IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON LONDON S TRANSPORT SYSTEMS B.P. Arkell G.J.C. Darch Atkins Ltd., Design and Engineering Solutions - Water and Environment ABSTRACT There is much discussion about the contribution

More information

WHAT DOES CLIMATE CHANGE MEAN FOR YOUR LOCAL AREA?

WHAT DOES CLIMATE CHANGE MEAN FOR YOUR LOCAL AREA? WHAT DOES CLIMATE CHANGE MEAN FOR YOUR LOCAL AREA? THE FEDERAL ELECTORATE OF MARIBYRNONG The Climate Council is an independent, crowd-funded organisation providing quality information on climate change

More information

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4 Multiple Choice Directions: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why does precipitation occur more often near the equator than near the poles? A. Colder air

More information

OBSERVED CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE CARIBBEAN:

OBSERVED CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE CARIBBEAN: OBSERVED CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE CARIBBEAN: CURRENT STATUS AND PAST STUDIES Climate Studies Group, Mona Department of Physics University of the West Indies, Mona Climate change is an issue of our times one

More information

HOW WILL CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECT THE COMPETITIVENESS OF EUROPEAN BEACH AND SKI TOURISM?

HOW WILL CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECT THE COMPETITIVENESS OF EUROPEAN BEACH AND SKI TOURISM? HOW WILL CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECT THE COMPETITIVENESS OF EUROPEAN BEACH AND SKI TOURISM? Assessing the impact of adaptation on the number of overnight stays Executive summary With climate change, mean temperatures

More information

LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16

LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16 LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16 Design Challenge Resilient working environments: carving the city for small businesses in London Submitted by: University of Westminster MSc Architecture

More information

Living with Climate Change Helping People Adapt to the New ILWS

Living with Climate Change Helping People Adapt to the New ILWS Living with Climate Change Helping People Adapt to the New Normal Kevin Parton ILWS Overview 1. Climate Change and Climate Variability 2. Three Projects 3. Conclusions 1. Climate Change and Climate Variability

More information

New Zealand Seasonal Fire Danger Outlook

New Zealand Seasonal Fire Danger Outlook New Zealand Seasonal Fire Danger Outlook ISSUE: South Island, December 2015 Summary The intention of these monthly outlooks is to provide a heads up on current and potential fire danger for the North and

More information

A simple scaling approach to produce climate scenarios of local precipitation extremes for the Netherlands

A simple scaling approach to produce climate scenarios of local precipitation extremes for the Netherlands Supplementary Material to A simple scaling approach to produce climate scenarios of local precipitation extremes for the Netherlands G. Lenderink and J. Attema Extreme precipitation during 26/27 th August

More information

ENA Gas Environment Group. Combined Climate Change Adaptation Reporting. Joint Second Round Response

ENA Gas Environment Group. Combined Climate Change Adaptation Reporting. Joint Second Round Response ENA Gas Environment Group Combined Climate Change Adaptation Reporting Joint Second Round Response 2015 Contents 1 Introduction... 3 2 UK Gas Distribution Network Operators... 4 3 Individual Companies...

More information

Impacts of Climate Change on Wine Production: A Global Overview and Regional Assessment in the Douro Valley of Portugal

Impacts of Climate Change on Wine Production: A Global Overview and Regional Assessment in the Douro Valley of Portugal Impacts of Climate Change on Wine Production: A Global Overview and Regional Assessment in the Douro Valley of Portugal Gregory V. Jones Department of Environmental Studies Fernando Alves Association for

More information

Predicting Soil Moisture in Arable Land under Climate Change in Japan

Predicting Soil Moisture in Arable Land under Climate Change in Japan Predicting Soil Moisture in Arable Land under Climate Change in Japan 214/11/3 Chihiro Kato *1 and Taku Nishimura *2 *1 Faculty of Agriculture and Life Science, Hirosaki University *2 Graduate School of

More information

Assessment of the seasonal forecast for the winter season 2010/11 in Bulgaria

Assessment of the seasonal forecast for the winter season 2010/11 in Bulgaria Assessment of the seasonal forecast for the winter season 2010/11 in Bulgaria Ilian Gospodinov National institute of meteorology and hydrology, Bulgaria ilian.gospodinov@meteo.bg 27 April 2011, Sofia 1.

More information

Seasonal Weather Forecast Talk Show on Capricorn FM and North West FM

Seasonal Weather Forecast Talk Show on Capricorn FM and North West FM Seasonal Weather Forecast Talk Show on Capricorn FM and North West FM How accurate was the Seasonal Forecast issued last month (October)? Accuracy is an important part of forecasting. Firstly, let me remind

More information

SUBTROPICAL ANTICYCLONES & ASSOCIATED WEATHER CONDITIONS 20 FEBRUARY 2014

SUBTROPICAL ANTICYCLONES & ASSOCIATED WEATHER CONDITIONS 20 FEBRUARY 2014 SUBTROPICAL ANTICYCLONES & ASSOCIATED WEATHER CONDITIONS 20 FEBRUARY 2014 In this lesson we: Lesson Description Discuss the THREE high pressure cells that affect South Africa: Location, identification,

More information

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report WWDR4 Background Information Brief Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report As demand for water

More information

Monitoring and evaluating the National Adaptation Programme Infrastructure theme:

Monitoring and evaluating the National Adaptation Programme Infrastructure theme: Title Monitoring and evaluating the National Adaptation Programme Infrastructure theme: Design and location of new infrastructure Resilience of infrastructure services a. Energy b. Public water supply

More information

FLOOD RISK RECENT TRENDS AND POLICY RESPONSES

FLOOD RISK RECENT TRENDS AND POLICY RESPONSES FLOOD RISK RECENT TRENDS AND POLICY RESPONSES DEVELOPING WESTMINSTER S LOCAL PLAN Booklet No. 2 LDF Consultation - CMP Revision November 2013 INTRODUCTION CLLR ROBERT DAVIS Westminster is at risk of flooding

More information

S5: Seasonal Change on Land and Water

S5: Seasonal Change on Land and Water S5: Seasonal Change on Land and Water Purpose To further students understanding of the causes of seasonal change using visualizations to compare effects of incoming solar energy in the two hemispheres

More information

Robert R. Gillies R. Douglas Ramsey

Robert R. Gillies R. Douglas Ramsey Climate of Utah Robert R. Gillies R. Douglas Ramsey Climate in Utah is greatly influenced by its location within the North American Continent with significant local modifications due to topography. Northern,

More information

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Summer 2013 Outlook for Residential Electric Bills June 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report

More information

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited 11 Africa Can Help Feed Africa Africa has considerable variation in its climatic conditions

More information

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Overview A significant amount of existing research indicates that the world s climate is changing. Emergency

More information

Peter Sexton and Neysa Farris. Abstract

Peter Sexton and Neysa Farris. Abstract SOME HISTORICAL WEATHER DATA FROM MADRAS, PRINEVILLE, AND POWELL BUTTE: AIR AND SOIL TEMPERATURES, RAINFALL, AND EVAPOTRANSPIRATION Peter Sexton and Neysa Farris Abstract Weather data from Madras, Prineville,

More information

Climate Application Group Climate Division, Office of ADGM(R), India Meteorological Department, Pune

Climate Application Group Climate Division, Office of ADGM(R), India Meteorological Department, Pune Climate Application Group Climate Division, Office of ADGM(R), India Meteorological Department, Pune Standardized Precipitation Index Performances during SW monsoon 2015 Hydromet Section, IMD, Pune has

More information

Overview. Civil Engineering Crossroads. Sizing Green Roofs and Cisterns For Stormwater Management. ! Introduction

Overview. Civil Engineering Crossroads. Sizing Green Roofs and Cisterns For Stormwater Management. ! Introduction Sizing Green Roofs and Cisterns For Stormwater Management Brian L. Taylor www.mka.com Overview! Introduction! Why are civil engineers evaluating green roofs and cisterns?! Green Roof Stormwater Potential/Performance!

More information

The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 2 Willamette Valley

The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 2 Willamette Valley /05 E-55 No. ci oi Unbound issue e2_, Does not circulate Special Report 914 May 1993 The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 2 Property of OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY Library Serials Corvallis, OR 97331-4503 Agricultural

More information

London s Commercial Building Stock and Climate Change Adaptation Design, Finance and Legal Implications

London s Commercial Building Stock and Climate Change Adaptation Design, Finance and Legal Implications London s Commercial Building Stock and Climate Change Adaptation Design, Finance and Legal Implications September 2009 September 2009 London s Commercial Building Stock and Climate Change Adaptation:

More information

Climate change breakout group. Chris Lambert Water Policy & Strategy Manager

Climate change breakout group. Chris Lambert Water Policy & Strategy Manager Climate change breakout group Chris Lambert Water Policy & Strategy Manager UK Climate Projections 2009 (UKCP09) Projects changes over the century based on different levels of emissions 10 000 possible

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 4 NWS Call Sign: Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 1 Number of s (3) Jan 59.3 41.7 5.5 79 1962

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE WHY DOES IT MATTER?

WEATHER AND CLIMATE WHY DOES IT MATTER? WEATHER AND CLIMATE Rising global average temperature is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. Scientific studies indicate that extreme weather events such as heat waves and large storms

More information

Annual Environmental Performance Report

Annual Environmental Performance Report Annual Environmental Performance Report 2009 2010 Contents Foreword 3 Background 4-5 About Leicestershire County Council 4 Environmental Strategy and Policy 4 Governance 4 Staff Engagement 5 Our Environmental

More information

EVALUATION OF EVAPOTRANSPIRATION-BASED AND SOIL-MOISTURE- BASED IRRIGATION CONTROL IN TURF

EVALUATION OF EVAPOTRANSPIRATION-BASED AND SOIL-MOISTURE- BASED IRRIGATION CONTROL IN TURF EVALUATION OF EVAPOTRANSPIRATION-BASED AND SOIL-MOISTURE- BASED IRRIGATION CONTROL IN TURF Garry L.Grabow 1, Arjun Vasanth 1, Dan Bowman 2, Rodney L. Huffman 1, and Grady L. Miller 2 1 Department of Biological

More information

Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

More information

Research Background: Teacher Copy, Level 4

Research Background: Teacher Copy, Level 4 The Arctic is Melting So What? Featured scientists: James Screen from University of Exeter, Clara Deser from National Center for Atmospheric Research, and Lantao Sun from University of Colorado at Boulder.

More information

Vulnerability Assessment of New England Streams: Developing a Monitoring Network to Detect Climate Change Effects

Vulnerability Assessment of New England Streams: Developing a Monitoring Network to Detect Climate Change Effects Vulnerability Assessment of New England Streams: Developing a Monitoring Network to Detect Climate Change Effects National Water Quality Monitoring Council 2012 Meeting Britta Bierwagen, National Center

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 6 NWS Call Sign: SAN Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 100 Number of s (3) Jan 65.8 49.7 57.8

More information

Assessment of Vulnerability to the Health Impacts of Climate Change in Middlesex-London

Assessment of Vulnerability to the Health Impacts of Climate Change in Middlesex-London Assessment of Vulnerability to the Health Impacts of Climate Change in Middlesex-London Report Prepared for the Middlesex-London Health Unit Summary and Recommendations Summary and Recommendations Overview

More information

El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015

El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015 4 June 2015 GIEWS Update El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Possible impact on agricultural production during the second half of 2015 Highlights: In March 2015, the arrival of El Niño was officially declared

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 2 NWS Call Sign: SAC Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 100 Number of s (3) Jan 53.8 38.8 46.3

More information

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

More information

GEOGLAM Crop Monitor May 2014

GEOGLAM Crop Monitor May 2014 GEOGLAM Crop Monitor May 2014 No. 8 Prepared by members of the GEOGLAM Community of Practice Crop Conditions for AMIS Countries (As of April 28 th )*: Crop condition map synthesizing information for all

More information

CENTRAL PARK TEMPERATURE THREE RADICALLY DIFFERENT US GOVERNMENT VERSIONS O

CENTRAL PARK TEMPERATURE THREE RADICALLY DIFFERENT US GOVERNMENT VERSIONS O CENTRAL PARK TEMPERATURE THREE RADICALLY DIFFERENT US GOVERNMENT VERSIONS O ur national centers regard station data as critical to measure recent climate change. The raw observations are taken from the

More information