1 TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2012 Data DOT HS Revised May 2014 In 2012, there were 3,921 people killed and 104,000 people injured in crashes involving large trucks (gross vehicle weight rating greater than 10,000 pounds) (Table 1). In the United States, 333,000 large trucks were involved in traffic crashes during Fatalities in crashes involving large trucks showed a 4-percent increase from 3,781 in 2011 to 3,921 in Of these fatalities in 2012, 73 percent were occupants of other vehicles, 10 percent were nonoccupants, and 18 percent were occupants of large trucks. Between 2011 and 2012, fatalities in these crashes showed a 5-percent increase in the number of occupants of other vehicles killed and a 9-percent increase in the number of large-truck occupants killed. The number of nonoccupants killed decreased by 11 percent (Table 1). In 2012, fatalities in crashes involving large trucks increased by 4 percent from In 2012, there were 104,000 people injured in crashes involving large trucks an increase of 18 percent from 88,000 in Of these people injured in 2012, 73 percent were occupants of other vehicles, 3 percent were nonoccupants, and 24 percent were occupants of large trucks. The 2012 percentages show non-significant change when compared to There was a 1-percentage-point increase in occupants of other vehicles injured and a 2-percentage-point decrease in largetruck occupants injured. The percentage of nonoccupants injured increased by 1 percentage point (Table 1). Table 1 People Killed or Injured in Crashes Involving, People Killed Number of Total Number of Total Occupants of % % Single- Crashes % % Multiple- Crashes 232 6% 273 7% Occupants of Other s in Crashes Involving 2,713 72% 2,843 73% Nonoccupants (Pedestrians, Pedalcyclists, etc.) % % Total 3, % 3, % People Injured Number of Total Number of Total Occupants of 23,000 26% 25,000 24% Single- Crashes 7,000 8% 9,000 9% Multiple- Crashes 15,000 17% 17,000 16% Occupants of Other s in Crashes Involving 64,000 72% 76,000 73% Nonoccupants (Pedestrians, Pedalcyclists, etc.) 2,000 2% 3,000 3% Total 88, % 104, % Note: Injury totals may not equal the sum of components due to independent rounding.
2 2 In 2012, large trucks accounted for 4 percent of all registered vehicles and 9 percent of the total vehicle miles traveled. In 2012, these large trucks accounted for 8 percent of all vehicles involved in fatal crashes and 3 percent of all vehicles involved in injury and property-damage-only crashes (Table 2). Table 2 Large-Truck in Fatal and Injury Crashes and Rates, Number of Large Trucks Involved in Fatal Crashes Number of Registered Rate* Miles Traveled (millions) Rate** Year ,721 7,756, , ,902 8,171, , ,951 8,481, , ,766 8,819, , ,633 10,752, , ,089 10,873, , ,211 10,973, , ,494 10,770, , ,633 10,270, , ,802 10,659, , Number of Large Trucks Involved in Injury Crashes Number of Registered Rate* Miles Traveled (millions) Rate** Year ,000 7,756,888 1, , ,000 8,171,364 1, , ,000 8,481, , ,000 8,819, , ,000 10,752, , ,000 10,873, , ,000 10,973, , ,000 10,770, , ,000 10,270, , ,000 10,659, , *Rate per 100,000 registered vehicles. **Rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled. Note: In 2012, the Federal Highway Administration implemented an enhanced methodology for estimating registered vehicles and vehicle miles traveled by vehicle type. These revisions were applied to data from 2007 through In some cases the changes were significant and should be taken into account when comparing registered vehicle counts and/or vehicle miles traveled for 2006 and earlier years with the numbers for 2007 and later years. Source: miles traveled and registered vehicles Federal Highway Administration. Crash Characteristics In 2012, large trucks were more likely to be involved in a fatal multiple-vehicle crash as opposed to a fatal single-vehicle crash than were passenger vehicles (81% of fatal crashes involving large trucks are multiple-vehicle crashes, compared with 58% for fatal crashes involving passenger vehicles). In 46 percent of the two-vehicle fatal crashes, both the large truck and the other vehicle were proceeding straight at the time of the crash. In 9 percent of the crashes, the other vehicle was turning. In 12 percent, either the truck or the other vehicle was negotiating a curve. In 7 percent of fatal crashes, either the truck or the other vehicle was stopped or parked in a traffic lane (5% and 2%, respectively). In 31 percent of the two-vehicle fatal crashes involving a large truck and another type of vehicle, both vehicles were struck in the front. The truck was struck in the rear more than three times as often as the other vehicle (20% and 6%, respectively; Table 3).
3 3 Table 3 of Two- Crashes Involving, by Initial Impact Point of the Large Truck and Other, 2012 Impact Point on Large Truck Initial Impact Point on Other Front Left Side Right Side Rear Total Front 31% 14% 11% 6% 62% Left Side 9% 1% 1% 0% 11% Right Side 6% 1% 0% 0% 7% Rear 19% 1% 0% 0% 20% Total 65% 17% 12% 6% 100% Note: Totals may not equal the sum of components due to independent rounding. Seventy-eight percent of the fatal crashes involving large trucks occurred on weekdays. Of those weekday large-truck fatal crashes, 72 percent occurred during the daytime hours of 6 a.m. to 5:59 p.m. (Figure 1). Figure 1 of Fatal Crashes Involving, by Land Use, Day of Week, Time of Day, Time of Day (Weekday), and Time of Day (Weekend), 2012 In 2012, large trucks were more than three times more likely than other vehicles to be struck in the rear in two-vehicle fatal crashes % 63% Urban Rural Land Use 22% Weekend 78% Weekday 36% 64% Nighttime Daytime 28% 72% Nighttime Daytime 65% 35% Nighttime Daytime Day of Week Time of Day Weekday Weekend Note: Unknown within various categories are not shown. Weekday: 6 a.m. Monday to 5:59 p.m. Friday Weekend: 6 p.m. Friday to 5:59 a.m. Monday Daytime: 6 a.m. to 5:59 p.m. Nighttime: 6 p.m. to 5:59 a.m. Large-Truck Drivers The percentage of large-truck drivers involved in fatal crashes who had blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) of.08 grams per deciliter (g/dl) or higher was 2 percent in For drivers of other types of vehicles involved in fatal crashes in 2012, the percentages of drivers with BAC levels.08 g/dl or higher were 23 percent for passenger cars, 22 percent for light trucks, and 27 percent for motorcycles (Figure 2).
4 4 Figure 2 Estimated Proportions of Drivers in Fatal Crashes With BACs.08 g/dl or Greater, Motorcycles Drivers of large trucks were less likely to have a previous license suspension or revocation than were passenger car drivers Passenger Cars Light Trucks Drivers of large trucks in fatal crashes were less likely to have a previous license suspension or revocation than were passenger car drivers (8.2% and 14.9%, respectively; Figure 3). Nearly 18 percent of all large-truck drivers involved in fatal crashes in 2012 had at least one prior speeding conviction, compared to almost 17 percent of passenger car drivers involved in fatal crashes (Figure 3). Figure 3 Previous Driving Records of Drivers Involved in Fatal Traffic Crashes, by Type, 2012 Recorded Crashes DWI Convictions 3.9% 2.6% 2.9% 0.5% 11.9% 12.6% 11.9% 12.9% Type: Motorcycles Passenger Cars Light Trucks Speeding Convictions Recorded Suspensions or Revocations 8.2% 14.9% 14.0% 16.7% 16.1% 17.7% 18.2% 20.9% Note: Excludes all drivers with previous records that were unknown.
5 5 Table 4 shows large-truck involvement in fatal crashes by State for The percentage of involvement ranged from 3.1 percent in Massachusetts to 20.2 percent in North Dakota. In 12 of the States, large-truck involvement was higher than 10 percent. The national average for large-truck involvement was 8.3 percent in For more information Information on traffic fatalities is available from the National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA), NVS-424, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC NCSA can be contacted at or via the following address: General information on highway traffic safety can be accessed by Internet users at NCSA. To report a safety-related problem or to inquire about motor vehicle safety information, contact the Safety Hotline at Other fact sheets available from the National Center for Statistics and Analysis are Alcohol-Impaired Driving, Bicyclists and Other Cyclists, Children, Motorcycles, Occupant Protection, Older Population, Overview, Passenger s, Pedestrians, Race and Ethnicity, Rural/Urban Comparisons, School Transportation- Related Crashes, Speeding, State Alcohol Estimates, State Traffic Data, and Young Drivers. Detailed data on motor vehicle traffic crashes are published annually in Traffic Safety Facts: A Compilation of Motor Crash Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the General Estimates System. The fact sheets and annual Traffic Safety Facts report can be accessed online at www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/index.aspx.
6 6 Table 4 Large-Truck in Fatal Crashes, by State, 2012 Total s Involved in Involved in Fatal Crashes State Fatal Crashes Number of Total s of U.S. Total for Alabama 1, % 2.9% Alaska % 0.1% Arizona 1, % 1.9% Arkansas % 2.2% California 3, % 6.4% Colorado % 1.3% Connecticut % 0.4% Delaware % 0.3% Dist of Columbia % 0.0% Florida 3, % 5.1% Georgia 1, % 3.9% Hawaii % 0.2% Idaho % 0.4% Illinois 1, % 3.0% Indiana 1, % 3.0% Iowa % 1.7% Kansas % 1.6% Kentucky 1, % 2.3% Louisiana % 2.7% Maine % 0.3% Maryland % 1.5% Massachusetts % 0.4% Michigan 1, % 1.8% Minnesota % 1.4% Mississippi % 1.2% Missouri 1, % 2.3% Montana % 0.3% Nebraska % 1.1% Nevada % 0.5% New Hampshire % 0.2% New Jersey % 1.6% New Mexico % 1.0% New York 1, % 2.6% North Carolina 1, % 3.5% North Dakota % 1.2% Ohio 1, % 3.8% Oklahoma % 3.3% Oregon % 0.7% Pennsylvania 1, % 4.6% Rhode Island % 0.1% South Carolina 1, % 2.1% South Dakota % 0.4% Tennessee 1, % 2.8% Texas 4, % 14.3% Utah % 0.4% Vermont % 0.2% Virginia 1, % 2.3% Washington % 1.2% West Virginia % 1.2% Wisconsin % 1.6% Wyoming % 0.7% U.S. Total 45,637 3, % 100% Puerto Rico % 100% Note: of U.S. total for large trucks may not equal the sum of components due to independent rounding v4