Grammar and Punctuation Parent Workshop

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1 Grammar and Punctuation Parent Workshop Learning and Teaching Adviser Peter Burrows Babcock 4S Limited

2 Aims and outcomes To develop your knowledge of the key text types taught in Primary Schools key grammatical terms how to support your child with grammar and punctuation

3

4 The mood game Nodrog went down the path. At the end he saw a house. He went to the door and rang the bell. A woman opened the door. She had eyes, a nose and a mouth. Add to or change words so that the text becomes either a horror story or a romance. 4 4

5 Helping your child with grammar and punctuation Grammar is best taught in context within children s: everyday talk; everyday reading; everyday writing.

6 Standard English Singular subjects need singular verbs. Plural subjects need plural verbs. I am He is They are Typical errors They was, They done it, There were loads of, I play on the swings when I went to the park. I was We were They were I have been I might go

7 Types of non-fiction Recounting to tell in order Reporting to carry back Explaining how it works or why? Instructing to build to teach how to do something Persuading to urge and advise Discussing to make clear - examine by argument

8 ) Reporting (non-chronological) General nouns Factual description Technical words Formal language

9

10 Chinese Cook Book The wok is easily the most versatile single cooking implement ever devised. Chinese noodles are foul when overcooked. Not least, this dish will convince the most dedicated salad-maker, that cooked cucumber is delicious. Not a set of rigid rules but rather: Fit the style to the purpose

11 What always matters - Writing Purpose Context Audience Style (Language) (Grammar - Talk and reading)

12 What about the basics? What is a sentence? Hide and seek said the dog and Jessie, Hollie, Pearl, then Pearl said I will aske my mum if the dog Jessie and Hollie can sleep round my house and we can have a midnight snack and in the morning my mum can take you lot to school and we can then play in the park and play it this time

13 Proof reading and editing Talk for writing Rehearsal of sentences Presentation/ handwriting Content

14 Sentence Making sat, ran, climbed, barked, sang, played, swam, am, was, went, to, at man, pig, cat, dog, Sam, everyone, boy, thieves, football, teacher the, a, an grey, huge, pretty, ferocious, hopeful, brilliant, old, my he, it, they, mine, who, this, his, I on, in, under, over, through, across and, because, as, if, so, until, therefore, however, even though sadly, madly, carefully, cautiously, sleepily, loudly, suddenly, horribly

15 Improve the Sentence Add an adjective Change the verb Add an adverb Use a connective Drop in a clause Reorder the words Use a comma Add a simile

16 Varying sentences Statement Question? Command Exclamation! Long, short Simple - Single clause sentence Compound sentence Complex sentence

17 The dog barked loudly. The cat stood its ground. A cat strolled. It didn t have a care. It strolled onto the football pitch. This happened before the match on Sunday afternoon. Sentence Combining She was our teacher. We were in Year 5. She was great. She had bright green eyes. Her eyes were sparkling. She told the most marvellous stories.

18 Varying sentence starters Start with a time word (First Start with an adverb (Suddenly ) Start with a verb (Running ) Start with a conjunction (Although ) Start with a phrase When: Last Friday Where: In the middle of the park How: Struggling under the wait

19 The Rainbow Fish A long way out, in the deep blue sea, there lived a fish

20 Subordinate and main clauses When he killed the dragon, the knight felt strangely sad. main clause: expresses one idea or event makes sense on its own could be a simple sentence. subordinate clause: expresses one idea or event but does not make sense on its own needs a main clause to complete the sense. The main and subordinate clauses go together to make a There are several sorts of subordinate clause.

21 Text Deconstruction

22 Complex sentence game Change 1 st word Change main clause Change the subject Change subordinate clause Change a verb Move the subordinate clause As Jub walked through the busy streets, the mist closed in around her. Write the complex sentence. A child in group 1 picks a card and reads the instruction. He suggests an answer and then checks with the group. Meanwhile the other group consider an answer in case the first group is wrong.

23 As Jub hauled her sack through the busy streets, she noticed the dense fog swirling round the lampposts. Jub noticed, as she hauled her sack through the busy streets, the dense fog swirling round the lampposts. Jub noticed the dense fog swirling round the lampposts, as she hauled her sack through the busy streets.

24 To add to a point And Also Furthermore In addition Too Again What is more Moreover As well as To emphasise In particular Notably More importantly Indeed In fact Notably specifically To Persuade Surely Obviously Naturally Clearly Certainly evidently Examples of Connectives To express Cause and Effect Consequently Thus Hence As a result Because/as Accordingly Since Until Whenever As long as So To Express Time Subsequently Firstly / secondly Next / then Once At length Eventually Meanwhile So far

25 Connective Game Once upon a time.. First Next Then Finally One day Fortunately After a while A moment later Meanwhile Unfortunately..

26 Jane was bored The spider scurried along the web although so while as well as

27 They were very poor. He took it to it and he swapped it for them. She was very angry with him. She said it was worth much more than them. She threw them out of it and sent him to it. Anna woke up and Anna neuw it was her Berthday. So Anna had her brekfast. Mum and Anna got the patye food 27 27

28 Improving sentences I am called Natasha. I am six years old. I am in Class 3. I like to write a lot. I like animals. Think of 5 sentences that give the same information as the first sentence but do not begin with I When I was at the park I tripped over a branch and I hit my head and ended up with a large bump like an egg and had to have a plaster. There should be at least two sentences, please add the full stop. The boy sprinted for the finish line. Change this to a complex sentence. Try using Whilst, However, Although

29 Where to now? STOP START DO MORE KEEP DOING DO LESS

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