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1 Response to Literature expressing reactions to a literary work...

2 Key Standard W2.2 Write responses to literature in which interpretations show careful reading and understanding of the text, as well as the effect on the reader; the interpretation should be supported with evidence from the selection.

3 Learning Targets Write Students will respond to literature Exhibit Students will exhibit careful reading and insight in their interpretations Connect Students will connect their own response to specific textual references and to personal knowledge Support Students will support judgments through references to the text

4 What is Response to Literature? Response to Literature is an essay where you demonstrate your understanding of a story, the lesson, or theme as learned by the character(s), and how it connects to your own life. Which pieces of literature did you respond to most strongly? What emotions were stirred by certain characters and situations because they remind you of real things you have experienced?

5 What is the Purpose of a Response to Literature? In a Response to Literature essay, you refer to specific events and examples from the story to support your ideas and statements.

6 What are the Elements of a Response to Literature 1. Introduction: title, author, setting, genre, and thesis statement, and a short summary 2. Body: explains why you think what you think or why you have the feelings you have, quotes and examples to support your response, and describes how the story relates to you personally 3. Conclusion: lesson learned from the story based on evidence from the text and a restatement of the thesis statement

7 What are tips for writing a Response to Literature? Show your understanding of the story Determine a specific idea of what you will say in your response about the story Give examples from the story to support your ideas Write an introduction that identifies the title, author, genre, thesis statement, and short summary

8 What are tips for writing a Response to Literature? Write a body that provides examples from the story Write a conclusion that summarizes your thoughts Proofread to make sure you did not leave out or misspell words

9 Guided Practice We will read the story, The Rainbow Fish, by Marcus Pfister As you listen to the story, think about the character s personality (fishonality) from beginning to end, the theme (lesson), events that occur, and your reaction or connection to the story.

10 Response to Literature Prompt We will write together a Response to Literature in which we will describe the personality and emotions of Rainbow Fish, explain how these characteristics add to the events in the story, use details, examples, and quotes from the story to support our ideas, use details to explain the lesson Rainbow Fish learns and how he learns it, and explain how the theme connects to events in our life.

11 Paragraph 1 State the title, author and genre (TAG) of the story: Example: In the picture book, The Rainbow Fish, by Marcus Pfister, What is the focus of your essay? Thesis statement? Rainbow Fish learns the secret to happiness. State the theme of the story Example: The theme of "The Rainbow Fish is possessions alone cannot make one happy.

12 Paragraph 1 (6-8 sentences) Name the title and author, and clearly state the focus of the analysis in the introduction Genre Author Title In the picture book, The Rainbow Fish by Marcus Pfister, Rainbow Fish learns the secret to happiness. Through the experience Rainbow Fish has, we learn that possessions alone can not make one happy, but sharing and friendship with others is a more valuable thing to possess. Thesis Statement Theme

13 Paragraph 1 (continued) Provide a brief summary of the work so that readers unfamiliar with it can understand the interpretation The story The Rainbow Fish is about a beautiful little fish who is proud of his shiny scales. Over time, his pride and arrogance make him lose his friends, and he has to learn that sharing his possessions is more important than keeping them and being alone.

14 Paragraph 2 (6-8 sentences) RDF Fact # 1, Evidence (quote), Explanation RDF Fact # 2, Evidence (quote), Explanation Concluding Sentence In the beginning, Rainbow Fish is selfish and greedy. When a little fish asks Rainbow Fish for one of his shiny scales, Rainbow Fish refuses asking, Who do you think you are? This shows how selfish Rainbow Fish is, and how little he considers the feelings of others. Over time he finds himself alone wondering, Why doesn t anyone like me? It is only then that Rainbow Fish realizes he has to make a change in his behavior. I think that people are similar when we get focused on our personal appearance and think that we are better than others just because of what things we possess.

15 Paragraph 3 (6-8 sentences) RDF Fact # 1, Evidence (quote), Explanation RDF Fact # 2, Evidence (quote), Explanation Concluding Sentence The suspense grows in the story as Rainbow Fish becomes sad and lonely. Rainbow Fish asks other fish for advice, but no one wants to help him or be his friend. Rainbow Fish is the loneliest fish in the sea. I felt sad for Rainbow Fish because he did not understand why no one liked him, but I also felt he deserved to be ignored by others because he was being mean.

16 Paragraph 4 (6-8 sentences) RDF Fact # 1, Evidence (quote), Explanation RDF Fact # 2, Evidence (quote), Explanation Concluding Sentence Rainbow Fish eventually finds happiness. He seeks advice from the octopus, who lives in a dark cave. Give a glittering scale to each of the other fish, the octopus tells him. You will discover how to be happy. In return, Rainbow Fish gets his friends back. I think this means that we have to share with others in order to gain true friendship and joy. Material things cannot replace friendship.

17 Paragraph 5 (6-8 sentences) Summarize the interpretation in the conclusion. How are you similar or different from the character? Why is this important? Ultimately, Rainbow Fish accepts the octopus s advice and shares his scales with the other little fish. The lesson Rainbow Fish learns is one should not be selfish. His act of selflessness is a good example to us, because it shows that sharing is caring and friendship is more important than material things. This is an important lesson for us because it teaches us that sharing is a good way to make friends.

18 Response to Literature Assignment Writing Prompt: Write a personal response to a short story you have read in class Purpose: To connect your responses to specifics in the text Audience Others who have read the story

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