Lesson 2.9: Physical Science Newton s Laws of Motion

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4 Differentiated Instruction/ELL Accommodation Suggestions If some student groups finish early, they can turn their paper over and summarize the reading passage. There may be a lot of new vocabulary and ideas for some students; be prepared to assist by circulating while they are reading. Activity Activity 2 Handout 2 Activity 1 & 2 Online Resources: Online Quiz of Newton s Laws of Motion If students are able to have access to the Internet, there are some online quizzes for them to check on their knowledge of Newton s Laws of Motion. The online component may help with digital literacy skills needed for GED American Physical Society - Suggested Teacher Readings: GED Testing Service GED Science Item Sample (to get an idea of what the test may be like) Assessment Guide for Educators: A guide to the 2014 assessment content from GED Testing Service: Minnesota is getting ready for the 2014 GED test! website with updated information on the professional development in Minnesota regarding the 2014 GED. The 2014 GED Classroom: ATLAS (ABE Teaching and Learning Advancement System) H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.4 GED Science Curriculum

5 Unit 2.9 Handout 1 ANSWER KEY 1. a. N (narrow) b. B (broad) c. M (main) 2. a 3. b 4. b 5. a 6. c H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.5 GED Science Curriculum

8 onto the ground placed him above the rest. He was one of the best overall athletes in the game, and his slam-dunking ability was an indication of his prowess. Still, Michael Jordan often tucked his legs beneath him when he jumped, to make it seem as if he was flying through the air. Even athletes with 48-inch vertical leaps, in other words, wish they could jump even higher. Comprehension Questions Choose the best answer for each question or statement. 1. What is Sir Isaac Newton s Third Law of Motion? A. Objects at rest and objects in motion will remain at rest or in motion, unless they are acted upon by an unbalanced force. B. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. C. When a force acts on a mass, acceleration is produced. D. When a force acts on a mass, the mass increases. 2. What does the author describe in the passage? A. Sir Isaac Newton s most famous book, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy B. how LeBron James developed his basketball dunking skills C. how Sir Isaac Newton came up with the three basic laws of motion D. how the way that LeBron James dunks a basketball illustrates Newton s Third Law of Motion 3. Read the following sentences from the passage: When LeBron James jumps, he is not unlike a rocket launching off the ground. The rocket uses its engines to push down on the surface of the Earth. This is the action that Newton mentions in his Third Law. Based on this information, LeBron James jumping and the rocket using its engine to push down on the surface of the Earth are examples of which part of Newton s Third Law? A. both the action and the equal and opposite reaction B. the equal and opposite reaction of an action C. the action which causes an equal and opposite reaction D. neither the action nor the equal and opposite reaction force? H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.8 GED Science Curriculum

9 4. The force created when the court pushes LeBron James upwards is equal to which force? A. the force LeBron James used to dunk the ball B. the force LeBron James drives into the court when he jumps C. the force LeBron James uses to throw the ball D. the force LeBron James drives into the court when he lands after jumping 5. What is the main idea of this passage? A. LeBron James and Michael Jordan are two of the best players in the history of professional basketball. B. Basketball players must have high vertical leaps in order to dunk basketballs. C. Newton s Third Law of Motion is related to the First and Second Laws of Motion. D. Newton s Third Law of Motion can be examined using the examples of basketball players jumping and rockets launching. 6. Read the following paragraph from the passage: LeBron James is a big man. He is 6 feet, 8 inches tall. He weighs 245 pounds. When he is standing upright, with his arms raised above his head, his reach extends to 8 feet and10 1/4 inches. How can the tone of the author best be described in this paragraph? A. humorous B. angry C. disinterested D. factual 7. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence below. LeBron James has an impressive vertical leap of 44 inches, Michael Jordan holds the record with a vertical leap of 48 inches. A. In contrast B. For example C. Although D. Initially H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.9 GED Science Curriculum

10 8. Describe how a rocket launches off the ground by using information from the passage. 9. When LeBron James jumps, he is driving force into the court. How is this force created? 10. How does the example of LeBron James jumping to dunk a basketball illustrate Newton s Third Law of Motion? Use information from the passage to support your answer. Reformatted from ReadWorks.org H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.10 GED Science Curriculum

11 Unit 2.9 Handout 2 (5 pages total) Sir Isaac Newton and LeBron James 1. B 2. D 3. C 4. B 5. D 6. D 7. C 8. Answers may vary, suggested answer: TEACHER ANSWER KEY The rocket uses its engines to push down on the surface of the Earth. Then the ground pushes the rocket upwards using an equal amount of force. 9. Answers may vary, suggested answer: This force is created by the energy stored inside his muscles 10. Answers may vary, suggested answer: When LeBron James jumps to dunk a basketball, he is using energy to drive force into the court. This force is the action that Newton mentioned in his third Law. The reaction comes from the group pushing LeBron James upwards with an opposite and equal amount of force. H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.11 GED Science Curriculum

12 Unit 2.9 Handout 3 H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.12 GED Science Curriculum

13 Unit 2.9 Handout 3 TEACHER ANSWER KEY 1. C 2. D 3. C 4. B Answers may vary: Suggested answer: The columns help to separate and organize the laws of motion into the three types determined by Sir Isaac Newton. H. Turngren, Minnesota Literacy Council, 2014 p.13 GED Science Curriculum

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