Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence"

Transcription

1 Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence & Frank Laczko Head of Research International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. Marseille June 15th

2 Outline Overview of current research, concepts, data, climate change, the environment and migration nexus. Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence, IOM Delineation of research, data and policy challenges; current and expected migration trends. Suggestions for enhancing the evidence base 2

3 4 key research questions 1. How has the relationship between migration and the environment been conceptualized? 2. To what extent has it been possible to measure the scale of environmental migration? 3. What evidence is available regarding the impact of environmental migration? 4. What research has been conducted to assess policy responses?. 3

4 Contested area of research Literature tends to fall into two categories: (A) work done by minimalists who suggest that the environment is only a contextual factor in migration decisions (B) maximalists, who claim that the environment directly causes people to be forced to leave their homes (Fraser, et. al 2008). Overwhelming focus on potential negative impact of environmental migration/displacement; less emphasis on migration as a possible adaptation/coping strategy. 4

5 Conceptual framework Climate change, in itself, does not directly displace people or cause them to move but it produces environmental effects that make it difficult for people to survive where they are. Population mobility is probably best viewed as being arranged along a continuum ranging from totally voluntary migration, to totally forced migration, very few decisions are entirely forced or voluntary (Hugo, 1996) In some situations, such as natural disasters, people have little choice but to move. In other situations of gradual environmental change movement likely to be more voluntary. 5

6 No internationally accepted definition term for people moving due to environmental reasons to date Environmental refugees, climate refugees misnomer; no legal basis Concepts/definition: IOM working definition Lack of an agreed definition due to the difficulty of isolating environmental factors from other drivers; debates over forced versus voluntary migration; disputes over estimated numbers A Working Definition Environmental migrants are persons or groups of persons who, for compelling reasons of sudden or progressive change in the environment that adversely affects their lives or living conditions, are obliged to leave their habitual homes, or choose to do so, either temporarily or permanently, and who move either within their country or abroad. (IOM 2007) 6

7 Can migration be a form of adaptation? Migration can be a form of adaptation, when migration is a voluntary coping strategy that allows people time to weigh alternatives and use migration as a way to reduce household risk. Leaving environmentally degraded and agriculturally unsustainable regions can be seen as a legitimate coping strategy for affected populations. Migration could potentially help slow the process of environmental degradation Migration and its link to adaptation is recognized in some of the National Adaptation Programmes for Action (NAPAs) 7

8 Current and expected environmental migration trends Most reliable data related to «natural disasters» Recorded natural disasters have doubled from approx. 200 to over 400 a year over the past two decades. Latest research indicates approx. 20 million persons displaced in 2008 due to climate-related disasters (OCHA/IDMC, 2009). But no global data on migratory movements prompted by natural disasters; displacement may be short-distance and temporary. Slow-onset disasters, such as droughts and floods, appear to affect far greater numbers than do sudden events: earthquakes 134 million; droughts 1.6 billion; floods 2.8 billion; volcanoes 4.2 million; storms 718 million Source: EM DAT (Emergency Disasters Database) 8

9 Data challenges Lack of data is largely due to the absence of an adequate definition to cover migrants affected climate and environmental change challenge for statistics gathering Terminology challenges as well for disasters, adaptation, vulnerability, etc. Multi-casual nature of migration multi-directional linkages; perception and behaviour of migrants Lack of migration data in censuses and/or surveys for many key parts of the world Lack of data collection capacity on a national and international level, more pronounced in developing regions 9

10 Current and expected environmental migration trends Potential future hotspots are countries, which have high emigration rates face enormous socio-economic challenges experience significant slow-onset climate-related disasters impact on food security for instance Amongst other countries, especially Afghanistan, Bangladesh, most of Central America, several West African and South East Asian countries are affected 10

11 Lack of research on impacts There are many good studies on the impacts of migrants on environments, on land use, deforestation etc. But there is almost no reliable evidence on the effects of environmental factors, controlling for other influences, on out-migration, particularly from rural areas (Bilsborrow, 2009). In a review of literature over the past 50 years, of 321 publications, including 153 articles in peer reviewed journals and 29 books, only two articles found, which investigate the effects of environmental factors on out-migration based on quantitative multivariate methods (Morinière, 2009). 11

12 Policy research is in its infancy Little analysis of what standards, policies or programmes are appropriate for managing environmental migration. Few specific policy measures targeted at environmental migrants. Policies ad hoc temporary right to stay when disasters occur. Little coherence between environment, development and migration policies; most focus on emergency responses. Major migration countries, China, India, Mexico barely mention migration in their CC adaptation plans. 12

13 Recommendations for policy-oriented research Shift migration research agenda: stronger focus on internal migration, and South-South migration Key issues: future research needs to include slow-onset environmental changes explore how migration can contribute to efforts to adapt to climate change Broader and larger-scale inter-disciplinary work to improve data collection and research methodologies Better data and methods through establishing a Commission on Migration and Environment Data (CMED) 13

14 Recommendations for policy-oriented research CMED can develop different definitions of population movement linked to environmental and climate change investigate how the link can be added to existing databases promote systematic sharing of existing data (online clearinghouse) New large-scale specialized research, i.e. more specialized household surveys complement the EACH- FOR project by more nationally representative studies 14

15 Recommendations for policy-oriented research Document, monitor and analyse policy responses to environmental migration: (1) analysis of appropriate legal and policy frameworks (2) identification of adaptation strategies (also voluntary coping strategies) (3) identification of resettlement strategies through systematic evaluation of past resettlement experiences and lessons learned (4) analysis of the response mechanisms of humanitarian organizations with regard to disaster New research prgrammes should include a capacity-building component and invest in new data collection systems explore how far governments and civil society have the capacity to implement protection policies and adaptation strategies 15

16 Conclusions Likely impact of climate change/environmental degradation on migration highly uncertain Unhelpful to frame the climate change and migration research agenda solely in terms of the potential negative impacts Climate change and migration policies should be closely linked to development cooperation efforts; not viewed as separate fields A more informed policy debate requires much greater investment in data collection, new studies, and research capacitybuilding. 16

17 THANK YOU Migration & the Environment 17

Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE

Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE The opinions expressed in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization

More information

Population mobility and environment: from knowledge to policy

Population mobility and environment: from knowledge to policy Workshop on MIGRATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE In Preparation for the United Nations Summit on Refugees and Migrants Population mobility and environment: from knowledge to policy Susana B. Adamo CIESIN, Columbia

More information

Environmental Migration: How much is water to be blamed? Prof Dr.-Ing. Janos Bogardi Executive Officer Global Water System Project University of Bonn

Environmental Migration: How much is water to be blamed? Prof Dr.-Ing. Janos Bogardi Executive Officer Global Water System Project University of Bonn Environmental Migration: How much is water to be blamed? Prof Dr.-Ing. Janos Bogardi Executive Officer Global Water System Project University of Bonn The migration, climate change, water nexus 2 issues

More information

Slow-onset hazards and population displacement in the context of climate change

Slow-onset hazards and population displacement in the context of climate change Center for International Human Rights, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY New York Liaison Office, UNHCR April 27, 2011 Protection Gaps and Responses: Challenges and Opportunities Slow-onset hazards

More information

Migration, Displacement and Climate Change

Migration, Displacement and Climate Change UNDERSTANDING LARGE MOVEMENTS OF REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS GMG multi-stakeholder interactive panel in preparation for the GA Summit to address large movements of refugees and migrants Migration, Displacement

More information

YOUTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND MIGRATION * C h a p t e r 16 1. UN Photo/ Tim McKulka

YOUTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND MIGRATION * C h a p t e r 16 1. UN Photo/ Tim McKulka YOUTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND MIGRATION * C h a p t e r 16 1 UN Photo/ Tim McKulka T oday s young people are feeling the effects of environmental change, and today s leaders must design policies aimed

More information

AND MIGRATION March 2011 BACKGROUND PAPER

AND MIGRATION March 2011 BACKGROUND PAPER INTERNATIONAL DIALOGUE ON MIGRATION INTERSESSIONAL WORKSHOP ON CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND MIGRATION 1 29-30 March 2011 BACKGROUND PAPER Introduction The consequences of climate change

More information

Climate Change and Human Migration in the Developing World. Clark Gray UNC-CH Geography

Climate Change and Human Migration in the Developing World. Clark Gray UNC-CH Geography Climate Change and Human Migration in the Developing World Clark Gray UNC-CH Geography Outline Demographic approaches to migration Definitions Global and local patterns Climate and migration in the developing

More information

AGENDA FOR THE PROTECTION OF CROSS-BORDER DISPLACED PERSONS IN THE CONTEXT OF DISASTERS AND CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUME I

AGENDA FOR THE PROTECTION OF CROSS-BORDER DISPLACED PERSONS IN THE CONTEXT OF DISASTERS AND CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUME I AGENDA FOR THE PROTECTION OF CROSS-BORDER DISPLACED PERSONS IN THE CONTEXT OF DISASTERS AND CLIMATE CHANGE VOLUME I This document is for general distribution. All rights reserved. Reproductions and translations

More information

Rethinking Migration: Climate, Resource Conflicts and Migration in Europe

Rethinking Migration: Climate, Resource Conflicts and Migration in Europe Rethinking Migration: Climate, Resource Conflicts and Migration in Europe Dr. Andrea Schmelz, Dr. Anne von Oswald, Network Migration in Europe e. V. Prof. Dr. Felicitas Hillmann, University of Bremen Introduction

More information

Addressing Conceptual Legal Gaps in the Context of Environmental Displacement

Addressing Conceptual Legal Gaps in the Context of Environmental Displacement Caux Dialogue on Land and Security (4th annual) Addressing Conceptual Legal Gaps in the Context of Environmental Displacement [C]limate change will become the biggest driver of population displacements,

More information

Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability International Conference, 9 11 October 2008, Bonn, Germany

Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability International Conference, 9 11 October 2008, Bonn, Germany Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability International Conference, 9 11 October 2008, Bonn, Germany Keynote Address: Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability: Identifying Problems

More information

High Commissioner s Dialogue on Protection Challenges Protection Gaps and Responses (8-9 December 2010)

High Commissioner s Dialogue on Protection Challenges Protection Gaps and Responses (8-9 December 2010) High Commissioner s Dialogue on Protection Challenges Protection Gaps and Responses (8-9 December 2010) Breakout Session 1: Gaps in the International Protection Framework and in Its Implementation Report

More information

International Organization for Migration (IOM)

International Organization for Migration (IOM) CONTRIBUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION TO THE SEVENTH COORDINATION MEETING International Organization for Migration (IOM) This paper builds on the submissions of the International

More information

Climate Change and Migration in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs)

Climate Change and Migration in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) Climate Change and Migration in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) Ximena Flores-Palacios PhD Candidate Faculty of Culture and Society (AUT) Refugee Research Symposium 3 December, 2015

More information

Protecting Environmental Migrants: Recent Findings from the UNU-EHS Summer Academy

Protecting Environmental Migrants: Recent Findings from the UNU-EHS Summer Academy Protecting Environmental Migrants: Recent Findings from the UNU-EHS Summer Academy Michèle Morel Paper prepared for the Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change 8-9 October

More information

EnvironmentallyInduced Migration (EIM) and Sustainable development

EnvironmentallyInduced Migration (EIM) and Sustainable development EnvironmentallyInduced Migration (EIM) and Sustainable development By Sami Areikat, DSD/DESA/ United Nations Andrea Milan, University of Ferrara, Italy Contribution to: Climate Induced Migration in Middle

More information

Migration and climate Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten. adaptation theoretical framework and evidence from Pakistan.

Migration and climate Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten. adaptation theoretical framework and evidence from Pakistan. Migration and climate Titelmasterformat durch Klicken bearbeiten adaptation theoretical framework and evidence from Pakistan Lisa-Michéle Bott 18 th of July 2013 U.S. military, public domain license Research

More information

19 September High-level Meeting on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants. Core Messages related to the UN Secretary General s Report:

19 September High-level Meeting on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants. Core Messages related to the UN Secretary General s Report: 19 September High-level Meeting on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants Core Messages related to the UN Secretary General s Report: In Safety and Dignity: Addressing Large Movements of Refugees

More information

International Conference. Millions of People without Protection: Climate Change Induced Displacement in Developing Countries

International Conference. Millions of People without Protection: Climate Change Induced Displacement in Developing Countries International Conference Millions of People without Protection: Climate Change Induced Displacement in Developing Countries (Berlin, 29 January 2013) Challenges relating to climate change induced displacement

More information

Seventh African Development Forum. Climate Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Africa

Seventh African Development Forum. Climate Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Africa Seventh African Development Forum Acting on Climate Change for Sustainable Development in Africa Climate Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Africa Issues Paper #12 ADF VII 10-15 October

More information

MIGRATION PROFILES: ADDRESSING KEY CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE

MIGRATION PROFILES: ADDRESSING KEY CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE MIGRATION PROFILES: ADDRESSING KEY CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE Introduction The European Commission (EC) in its Communication on Migration and Development in 2005, first outlined the case for the preparation

More information

IUCN Commission on Education and Communication (CEC) Component Programme Plan 2013 16

IUCN Commission on Education and Communication (CEC) Component Programme Plan 2013 16 IUCN Commission on Education and Communication (CEC) Component Programme Plan 2013 16 CEC Situation Analysis Overview The Conference of the Parties 10 of the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted

More information

International Organization for Migration (IOM) A. INTRODUCTION

International Organization for Migration (IOM) A. INTRODUCTION INPUT TO THE EIGHTH COORDINATION MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION International Organization for Migration (IOM) A. INTRODUCTION With the Eighth Coordination Meeting focusing on international migration

More information

Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts

Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts Luna Abu-Swaireh (abu-swaireh@un.org) May 2015 United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) Droughts Floods Storms

More information

SUBMISSION. to the SBI Work Program on Loss and Damage 19 October 2012

SUBMISSION. to the SBI Work Program on Loss and Damage 19 October 2012 SUBMISSION Human mobility in the context of loss and damage from climate change: Needs, gaps, and roles of the Convention in addressing loss and damage Joint submission by United Nations High Commissioner

More information

2013 United Nations General Assembly High Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development. IOM Position Paper

2013 United Nations General Assembly High Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development. IOM Position Paper International Organization for Migration (IOM) Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM) Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM) 2013 United Nations General Assembly High Level

More information

NINETY-FOURTH SESSION

NINETY-FOURTH SESSION Original: English 1 November 2007 NINETY-FOURTH SESSION DISCUSSION NOTE: MIGRATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT Page 1 DISCUSSION NOTE: MIGRATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 1 INTRODUCTION 1. Environmental degradation

More information

Building capacity on international migration data

Building capacity on international migration data Building capacity on international migration data The experience of IOM s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC) UN World Data Forum, Cape Town, 16 January 2017 Global Migration Data Analysis Centre

More information

Global Environmental Change and Environmental-Induce Migration

Global Environmental Change and Environmental-Induce Migration ISA 53rd Annual Convention San Diego, USA, 1-4 April 2012 Global Environmental Change and Environmental-Induce Migration Prof. Dr. Úrsula Oswald Spring CRIM-UNAM, RETAC-CONACYT CONACYT Content 1.Research

More information

CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES ON MIGRATION, ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE

CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES ON MIGRATION, ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE Alessandro Grassani. CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES ON MIGRATION, ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society. As an intergovernmental

More information

encourages social and economic develop ment through migration upholds the human dignity and well-being of migrants

encourages social and economic develop ment through migration upholds the human dignity and well-being of migrants the international organization for migration is committed to the principle that humane No. 18 and orderly international migration dialogue benefits migrants and on migration society iom assists in meeting

More information

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) UNESCO S ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF MIGRATION IN 2009-2011 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) A. THE IMPACT OF THE ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS ON INTERNATIONAL

More information

Standing Committee on Finance

Standing Committee on Finance 6 7 April 2016 Twelfth meeting of the Standing Committee on Finance Bonn, Germany, 6 7 April 2016 Background paper on the 2016 forum of the SCF Proposed actions by the Standing Committee on Finance The

More information

European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction. Roadmap for the Implementation of the Sendai Framework

European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction. Roadmap for the Implementation of the Sendai Framework Introduction European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction Roadmap for the Implementation of the Sendai Framework The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, adopted at the 3rd UN World Conference

More information

EVIDENCE DIALOGUE STRATEGIES

EVIDENCE DIALOGUE STRATEGIES Environment, Climate Change & Migration in Bangladesh : Environment, Climate Change and Migration in Bangladesh EVIDENCE DIALOGUE STRATEGIES International Organization for Migration (IOM) Regional Office

More information

Climate change and migration The need for a cohesive global approach

Climate change and migration The need for a cohesive global approach Climate change and migration The need for a cohesive global approach Abstract This paper argues that, apart from some conceptual and methodological reflections (Black et al. 2011), a major global research

More information

European Commission (EC)

European Commission (EC) EUROPEAN COMMISSION POLICIES AND PRACTICES ON MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT European Commission (EC) A. THE IMPACT OF THE ECONOMIC CRISIS ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION During the current global economic crisis

More information

PROTECTION OF REFUGEES IN MASS INFLUX SITUATIONS: OVERALL PROTECTION FRAMEWORK I. INTRODUCTION

PROTECTION OF REFUGEES IN MASS INFLUX SITUATIONS: OVERALL PROTECTION FRAMEWORK I. INTRODUCTION GLOBAL CONSULTATIONS EC/GC/01/4 ON INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION 19 February 2001 1 st Meeting Original: ENGLISH PROTECTION OF REFUGEES IN MASS INFLUX SITUATIONS: OVERALL PROTECTION FRAMEWORK I. INTRODUCTION

More information

IOM s Activities on Migration Data: An Overview

IOM s Activities on Migration Data: An Overview IOM s Activities on Migration Data: An Overview IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society. As an intergovernmental body, IOM acts with its partners

More information

FCCC/SBI/2012/L.44. United Nations

FCCC/SBI/2012/L.44. United Nations United Nations FCCC/SBI/2012/L.44 Distr.: Limited 1 December 2012 Original: English Subsidiary Body for Implementation Thirty-seventh session Doha, 26 November to 1 December 2012 Agenda item 10 Approaches

More information

The importance of migration terminology

The importance of migration terminology The importance of migration terminology Course on International Migration Law jointly organized by UNITAR, IOM, UNFPA and the MacArthur Foundation 13-15 June 2012 1 Migration Terminology Importance of

More information

Policy on Mixed Migration. Adopted by the Council 2008 Revised may 2009 to include and refletc climate change concerns

Policy on Mixed Migration. Adopted by the Council 2008 Revised may 2009 to include and refletc climate change concerns Policy on Mixed Migration Adopted by the Council 2008 Revised may 2009 to include and refletc climate change concerns Policy on Mixed Migration 1. The growing complexity of migration in a globalized world

More information

Impacts highlighted by the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) include:

Impacts highlighted by the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) include: Fact sheet: The need for adaptation Fact sheet: The need for adaptation The world s climate is changing and will continue to change at rates unprecedented in recent human history. The impacts and risks

More information

Improving Data on International Migration and Development: Towards a Global Action Plan?

Improving Data on International Migration and Development: Towards a Global Action Plan? DISCUSSION PAPER Improving Data on International Migration and Development: Towards a Global Action Plan? Frank Laczko, IOM Global Migration Data Analysis Centre 1 Improving Data on International Migration

More information

Policy informing workshop Transnational Migration in Transition: Transformative Characteristics of Temporary Mobility of People (EURA-NET)

Policy informing workshop Transnational Migration in Transition: Transformative Characteristics of Temporary Mobility of People (EURA-NET) Policy informing workshop Transnational Migration in Transition: Transformative Characteristics of Temporary Mobility of People (EURA-NET) 13 June, 2014 Bielefeld University, Germany The policy-informing

More information

Migration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Migration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Migration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Workshop discussion paper Despite the evident linkages between migration and development, migration does not feature prominently in the Millennium

More information

1. Assessment of the policy context, economic circumstances and institutional/legal background in Bulgaria regarding migration

1. Assessment of the policy context, economic circumstances and institutional/legal background in Bulgaria regarding migration Bulgaria: migration flows problems and policies Statements and Comments Iskra Beleva Institute of Economics to the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences The globalisation and the intensive economic and social

More information

Keynote Speech on Disaster Reduction and Response Mr. Kenzo Oshima. United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and

Keynote Speech on Disaster Reduction and Response Mr. Kenzo Oshima. United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Keynote Speech on Disaster Reduction and Response Mr. Kenzo Oshima United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Distinguished participants, colleagues

More information

TERMS OF REFERENCE. 12 th June 2014

TERMS OF REFERENCE. 12 th June 2014 Disaster Risk Reduction Working Group Afghanistan TERMS OF REFERENCE 12 th June 2014 Context and Rationale Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is defined as the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks

More information

Who is an Internally Displaced Person?

Who is an Internally Displaced Person? Training on the Protection of IDPs Who is an Internally Displaced Person? 1/5 Who is an Internally Displaced Person? The definition of an internally displaced person Internally displaced persons are "persons

More information

Australian Population & Migration Research Centre Policy Brief

Australian Population & Migration Research Centre Policy Brief Australian Population & Migration Research Centre Policy Brief Vol. 1, No. 9 September, 2013 DYNAMICS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA S POPULATION By Kelly McDougall & George Tan South Australia s population has experienced

More information

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change A Memorandum from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) June 2010 CSCAP Memorandum No. 15 The Security Implications

More information

Climate proofing homes in Rajasthan: Case-studies from Western India. Manu Gupta

Climate proofing homes in Rajasthan: Case-studies from Western India. Manu Gupta Climate proofing homes in Rajasthan: Case-studies from Western India Manu Gupta SEEDS SEEDS SEEDS experience : Responding to humanitarian situations on the ground in Asia and the region, participating

More information

2011 HIGH LEVEL MEETING ON YOUTH General Assembly United Nations New York July 2011

2011 HIGH LEVEL MEETING ON YOUTH General Assembly United Nations New York July 2011 2011 HIGH LEVEL MEETING ON YOUTH General Assembly United Nations New York 25-26 July 2011 Thematic panel 1: Strengthening international cooperation regarding youth and enhancing dialogue, mutual understanding

More information

Presented by Prosper P. D. Asima Assistant Director of Immigra7on/PPMEU

Presented by Prosper P. D. Asima Assistant Director of Immigra7on/PPMEU Data, Migration Profiles and How to Evaluate Migration s Impact on Development the case of Ghana 7 th -8 th May 2012, Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York Presented by Prosper P. D. Asima Assistant Director

More information

Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Compilation Report - Universal Periodic Review: TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO I. Background

More information

CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, HUMAN MIGRATION AND DISPLACEMENT: RECENT POLICY DEVELOPMENTS AND RESEARCH GAPS 1

CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, HUMAN MIGRATION AND DISPLACEMENT: RECENT POLICY DEVELOPMENTS AND RESEARCH GAPS 1 UN/POP/MIG-9CM/2011/10 12 February 2011 NINTH COORDINATION MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs United Nations Secretariat New York, 17-18 February

More information

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER S PROGRAMME LOCAL INTEGRATION AND SELF-RELIANCE I. BACKGROUND

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER S PROGRAMME LOCAL INTEGRATION AND SELF-RELIANCE I. BACKGROUND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER S PROGRAMME Dist. RESTRICTED EC/55/SC/CRP.15 2 June 2005 STANDING COMMITTEE 33rd meeting Original: ENGLISH LOCAL INTEGRATION AND SELF-RELIANCE I. BACKGROUND

More information

International Dialogue on Migration

International Dialogue on Migration International Dialogue on Migration Summary Report Migration and Human Resources for Health: From Awareness To Action May 2006 Introduction 2 The migration of health care workers is not a new phenomenon,

More information

Facts & Figures On Natural Disasters

Facts & Figures On Natural Disasters Facts & Figures On Natural Disasters From the authors of Hazards of Nature, Risks to Development, By the World Bank s Independent Evaluation Group The Cost of Disaster Damage is Rising 700 600 US $billions

More information

Post-Disaster Recovery: Guidelines and Good Practices

Post-Disaster Recovery: Guidelines and Good Practices Post-Disaster Recovery: Guidelines and Good Practices Objective The present document aims at providing guiding principles and approaches for the immediate post-disaster recovery phase, based on experiences

More information

Addressing Mixed Migration Flows

Addressing Mixed Migration Flows International Organization for Migration (IOM) International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) Addressing Mixed Migration Flows Migration: Myths and Reality Migration is increasing dramatically and globally

More information

Environmentally displaced persons how can they be protected by international law

Environmentally displaced persons how can they be protected by international law Environmentally displaced persons how can they be protected by international law Laura Wilson 10 April 2013 The dramatic consequences of a warming planet have captured the attention of scientists, scholars,

More information

The senior climate and development adviser is a new post. Therefore, the role and ways of working are likely to evolve over time.

The senior climate and development adviser is a new post. Therefore, the role and ways of working are likely to evolve over time. Terms of Reference Senior Climate and Development Adviser based in Embassy of Ireland, Nairobi, Addis Ababa or other partner country in sub-saharan Africa A salary up to 70,000 euros per annum will be

More information

INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e

INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e Introduction INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e UNESCO and UNICEF are partnering to organize a national workshop on Internal Migration and Human Development in India

More information

The International Development Association (IDA) is improving

The International Development Association (IDA) is improving IDA at Work Reducing Disaster Risks for Sustainable Development The International Development Association (IDA) is improving the ability of low-capacity high-risk countries to manage disaster risks as

More information

Resilience based development solutions for large population movements

Resilience based development solutions for large population movements Empowered lives. Resilient nations. Resilience based development solutions for large population movements Owen Shumba, Team Leader, Livelihoods & Economic Recovery Group, UNDP/BPPS New York 25 April 2016

More information

Developing Capacities for Risk Management and Resilience

Developing Capacities for Risk Management and Resilience Developing Capacities for Risk Management and Resilience Dr. Kishan Khoday Regional Cluster Leader Climate Change & Resilience UNDP Regional Center in Cairo (kishan.khoday@undp.org) 0 Context As noted

More information

CHAPTER 8 Natural Disasters

CHAPTER 8 Natural Disasters CHAPTER 8 Natural Disasters Chapter 8 Natural Disasters 55 Toll of Natural Disasters South Asia is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters, with more than 900 events reported since 1970 alone. Between

More information

Centre International de Droit Comparé de l Environnement CIDCE. Comments on the Zero draft of the Post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction

Centre International de Droit Comparé de l Environnement CIDCE. Comments on the Zero draft of the Post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction Centre International de Droit Comparé de l Environnement CIDCE Comments on the Zero draft of the Post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction Paragraph n (1,2,3,...), page Comments A. Preambule 5. page

More information

Learning from Experience: Deriving Lessons from the Local Level Adaptation Activities in Albay, Cape Town, and Durban

Learning from Experience: Deriving Lessons from the Local Level Adaptation Activities in Albay, Cape Town, and Durban Learning from Experience: Deriving Lessons from the Local Level Adaptation Activities in Albay, Cape Town, and Durban Saleem Janjua Editor AdaptNet & PhD Researcher Climate Change Adaptation Programme

More information

Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2016 New Delhi, India November Concept Note for Thematic session

Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2016 New Delhi, India November Concept Note for Thematic session Note: These concept notes are as received from partner organizations Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2016 New Delhi, India 02-05 November 2016 Concept Note for Thematic session

More information

Climate Change and Migration: Possible Roles for German Development Cooperation. Discussion paper

Climate Change and Migration: Possible Roles for German Development Cooperation. Discussion paper Climate Change and Migration: Possible Roles for German Development Cooperation Discussion paper Imprint Published by: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Postfach 5180 65726

More information

Voting Rights for Internally Displaced Persons

Voting Rights for Internally Displaced Persons Voting Rights for Internally Displaced Persons A guide by The Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL) www.anfrel.org Written by Sanjay Gathia Illustrations by Nipat Kongpawapakorn 1 Foreword Experiences

More information

International Dialogue on Migration 2015

International Dialogue on Migration 2015 International Dialogue on Migration 2015 Conference on Migrants and Cities 26 and 27 October 2015 Palais des Nations, Geneva Summary of conclusions The Conference on Migrants and Cities was held in Geneva,

More information

Human mobility and displacement tracking

Human mobility and displacement tracking Human mobility and displacement tracking The importance of collective efforts to efficiently and ethically collect, analyse and disseminate information on the dynamics of human mobility in crises Mobility

More information

2015 Global Risk Assessment. Sahar Safaie Program Officer, UNISDR Risk Knowledge Section

2015 Global Risk Assessment. Sahar Safaie Program Officer, UNISDR Risk Knowledge Section 2015 Global Risk Assessment Sahar Safaie Program Officer, UNISDR Risk Knowledge Section Outline Global Assessment Report (GAR) evolution Global Risk Assessment for GAR15 Objective Scope Audience/Users

More information

The total budget is CHF 33.9m (USD 32.9m or EUR 22.3m) (Click here to go directly to the summary budget of the plan).

The total budget is CHF 33.9m (USD 32.9m or EUR 22.3m) (Click here to go directly to the summary budget of the plan). Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) Executive summary The International Federation s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) provides emergency funding to National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

More information

and the Hyogo Framework for Action ( ): Essential Tools for Meeting the Challenges of Extreme Events and Climate Change

and the Hyogo Framework for Action ( ): Essential Tools for Meeting the Challenges of Extreme Events and Climate Change The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction and the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015): Essential Tools for Meeting the Challenges of Extreme Events and Climate Change Economics of Natural Disasters

More information

ATTACHMENT A. Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

ATTACHMENT A. Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime ATTACHMENT A Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime Review of Region s Response to Andaman Sea Situation of May 2015 1. We, senior officials and representatives

More information

PRESENTERS: BACHELOR OF ARTS- PSYCHOLOGY

PRESENTERS: BACHELOR OF ARTS- PSYCHOLOGY KIBET J. NELLY PRESENTERS: MAGAI N. DORCAS BACHELOR OF ARTS- PSYCHOLOGY DISASTER? A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental

More information

Sustainable development, defined

Sustainable development, defined 12 Climate change impacts, adaptation and links to sustainable development in Africa B. Osman-Elasha Strategies for sustainable development and climate change adaptation have many common elements, so addressing

More information

FACTORING MIGRATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT DATA REVOLUTION

FACTORING MIGRATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT DATA REVOLUTION FACTORING MIGRATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT DATA REVOLUTION Frank Laczko Head of the IOM Data Analysis Centre, Berlin, and Co-Chair GMG Data and Research Working Group. IOM International Dialogue on Migration,

More information

DAC GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR AID EFFECTIVENESS, GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN S EMPOWERMENT

DAC GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR AID EFFECTIVENESS, GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN S EMPOWERMENT DAC GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR AID EFFECTIVENESS, GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN S EMPOWERMENT Endorsed by the DAC Senior Level Meeting, December 2008 Gender equality: empowering women so that development is effective

More information

Risk Assessment and Management

Risk Assessment and Management UNISDR Science and Technology Conference on the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 Launching UNISDR Science and Technology Partnership and the Science and Technology

More information

International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) 2016 FOLLOW-UP AND REVIEW OF MIGRATION IN THE SDGS

International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) 2016 FOLLOW-UP AND REVIEW OF MIGRATION IN THE SDGS 1 International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) 2016 FOLLOW-UP AND REVIEW OF MIGRATION IN THE SDGS Intersessional Workshop, 29 February - 1 March 2016 Venue: United Nations Headquarters, New York Background

More information

Migration and Current Challenges to the EU Alpeuregio Summer School in Institutions and Policies of the EU 13 July 2016

Migration and Current Challenges to the EU Alpeuregio Summer School in Institutions and Policies of the EU 13 July 2016 International Organization for Migration Migration and Current Challenges to the EU Alpeuregio Summer School in Institutions and Policies of the EU 13 July 2016 Migration and Current Challenges to the

More information

Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis

Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis Risk Identification for Disaster Risk Management Margaret Arnold, Sr. Program Officer, HRM team Urban Forum March 21, 2006, Washington, DC Hotspots project

More information

Executive summary. Cross-border mobility of students is by far the major form of cross-border post-secondary education.

Executive summary. Cross-border mobility of students is by far the major form of cross-border post-secondary education. ISBN 92-64-01504-3 Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education Opportunities and Challenges OECD 2004 Executive summary In the last decade, new forms of cross-border post-secondary education have

More information

Pro-poor climate change adaptation in the urban centers of low and middle-income countries

Pro-poor climate change adaptation in the urban centers of low and middle-income countries Pro-poor climate change adaptation in the urban centers of low and middle-income countries Caroline Moser Global Urban Research Centre, University of Manchester David Satterthwaite International Institute

More information

International TB Standards & Strategies for Screening in Migrants. IOM Perspectives

International TB Standards & Strategies for Screening in Migrants. IOM Perspectives International TB Standards & Strategies for Screening in Migrants IOM Perspectives TB Screening for Migration A duality?...don t splash all over the mainstream media that immigrants have TB, it will just

More information

HUMAN SETTLEMENT COUNTRY PROFILE THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

HUMAN SETTLEMENT COUNTRY PROFILE THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN HUMAN SETTLEMENT COUNTRY PROFILE THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN Decision-Making Programmes and Projects Status Capacity-Building, Education, Training and Awareness-Raising Information Research and Technologies

More information

Commitee : United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee. Question : What are the policies to enforce in order to help the climate refugees?

Commitee : United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee. Question : What are the policies to enforce in order to help the climate refugees? Indroduction The Earth s climate is changing at a rate that has exceeded most scientific forecasts. Some families and communities have already started to suffer from disasters and the consequences of climate

More information

CONCEPT PAPER. Insecurity and Migration in Central Africa: Impact on Women and Youth

CONCEPT PAPER. Insecurity and Migration in Central Africa: Impact on Women and Youth Visas: CONCEPT PAPER 1 st MOST Forum of Ministers of Social Development in Central Africa Insecurity and Migration in Central Africa: Impact on Women and Youth An activity of the Management of Social Transformations

More information

Migration from Afghanistan

Migration from Afghanistan Migration from Afghanistan 1 Contents History/routes Cause and factors Measures should be and are taken Migration and Development in Afghanistan Challenges 2 History Political Migration from Afghanistan

More information

The Implementation Track for Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation:

The Implementation Track for Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation: Advance unedited text 14 May 2003 As adopted by CSD-11 The Implementation Track for Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation: Future Programme, Organisation and Methods of Work of the Commission

More information

ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Programme Planning and Operations Division

ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Programme Planning and Operations Division ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Programme Planning and Operations Division MANUAL FOR ESTIMATING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS United Nations Economic Commission

More information

he reason place matters: Climate change and community relocation in Fiji and Papua New Guinea

he reason place matters: Climate change and community relocation in Fiji and Papua New Guinea ISSN 1172-3416 MACMILLAN BROWN CENTRE FOR PACIFIC STUDIES PACIFIC POLICY BRIEF 2016/7 T he reason place matters: Climate change and community relocation in Fiji and Papua New Guinea Dalila Gharbaoui 1

More information

HUMAN MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

HUMAN MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE HUMAN MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE ADVISORY GROUP ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN MOBILITY COP 20 LIMA, PERU The Advisory group is composed of UNHCR, IOM, UNU-EHS, UNDP,

More information