Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence"

Transcription

1 Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence & Frank Laczko Head of Research International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva. Marseille June 15th

2 Outline Overview of current research, concepts, data, climate change, the environment and migration nexus. Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence, IOM Delineation of research, data and policy challenges; current and expected migration trends. Suggestions for enhancing the evidence base 2

3 4 key research questions 1. How has the relationship between migration and the environment been conceptualized? 2. To what extent has it been possible to measure the scale of environmental migration? 3. What evidence is available regarding the impact of environmental migration? 4. What research has been conducted to assess policy responses?. 3

4 Contested area of research Literature tends to fall into two categories: (A) work done by minimalists who suggest that the environment is only a contextual factor in migration decisions (B) maximalists, who claim that the environment directly causes people to be forced to leave their homes (Fraser, et. al 2008). Overwhelming focus on potential negative impact of environmental migration/displacement; less emphasis on migration as a possible adaptation/coping strategy. 4

5 Conceptual framework Climate change, in itself, does not directly displace people or cause them to move but it produces environmental effects that make it difficult for people to survive where they are. Population mobility is probably best viewed as being arranged along a continuum ranging from totally voluntary migration, to totally forced migration, very few decisions are entirely forced or voluntary (Hugo, 1996) In some situations, such as natural disasters, people have little choice but to move. In other situations of gradual environmental change movement likely to be more voluntary. 5

6 No internationally accepted definition term for people moving due to environmental reasons to date Environmental refugees, climate refugees misnomer; no legal basis Concepts/definition: IOM working definition Lack of an agreed definition due to the difficulty of isolating environmental factors from other drivers; debates over forced versus voluntary migration; disputes over estimated numbers A Working Definition Environmental migrants are persons or groups of persons who, for compelling reasons of sudden or progressive change in the environment that adversely affects their lives or living conditions, are obliged to leave their habitual homes, or choose to do so, either temporarily or permanently, and who move either within their country or abroad. (IOM 2007) 6

7 Can migration be a form of adaptation? Migration can be a form of adaptation, when migration is a voluntary coping strategy that allows people time to weigh alternatives and use migration as a way to reduce household risk. Leaving environmentally degraded and agriculturally unsustainable regions can be seen as a legitimate coping strategy for affected populations. Migration could potentially help slow the process of environmental degradation Migration and its link to adaptation is recognized in some of the National Adaptation Programmes for Action (NAPAs) 7

8 Current and expected environmental migration trends Most reliable data related to «natural disasters» Recorded natural disasters have doubled from approx. 200 to over 400 a year over the past two decades. Latest research indicates approx. 20 million persons displaced in 2008 due to climate-related disasters (OCHA/IDMC, 2009). But no global data on migratory movements prompted by natural disasters; displacement may be short-distance and temporary. Slow-onset disasters, such as droughts and floods, appear to affect far greater numbers than do sudden events: earthquakes 134 million; droughts 1.6 billion; floods 2.8 billion; volcanoes 4.2 million; storms 718 million Source: EM DAT (Emergency Disasters Database) 8

9 Data challenges Lack of data is largely due to the absence of an adequate definition to cover migrants affected climate and environmental change challenge for statistics gathering Terminology challenges as well for disasters, adaptation, vulnerability, etc. Multi-casual nature of migration multi-directional linkages; perception and behaviour of migrants Lack of migration data in censuses and/or surveys for many key parts of the world Lack of data collection capacity on a national and international level, more pronounced in developing regions 9

10 Current and expected environmental migration trends Potential future hotspots are countries, which have high emigration rates face enormous socio-economic challenges experience significant slow-onset climate-related disasters impact on food security for instance Amongst other countries, especially Afghanistan, Bangladesh, most of Central America, several West African and South East Asian countries are affected 10

11 Lack of research on impacts There are many good studies on the impacts of migrants on environments, on land use, deforestation etc. But there is almost no reliable evidence on the effects of environmental factors, controlling for other influences, on out-migration, particularly from rural areas (Bilsborrow, 2009). In a review of literature over the past 50 years, of 321 publications, including 153 articles in peer reviewed journals and 29 books, only two articles found, which investigate the effects of environmental factors on out-migration based on quantitative multivariate methods (Morinière, 2009). 11

12 Policy research is in its infancy Little analysis of what standards, policies or programmes are appropriate for managing environmental migration. Few specific policy measures targeted at environmental migrants. Policies ad hoc temporary right to stay when disasters occur. Little coherence between environment, development and migration policies; most focus on emergency responses. Major migration countries, China, India, Mexico barely mention migration in their CC adaptation plans. 12

13 Recommendations for policy-oriented research Shift migration research agenda: stronger focus on internal migration, and South-South migration Key issues: future research needs to include slow-onset environmental changes explore how migration can contribute to efforts to adapt to climate change Broader and larger-scale inter-disciplinary work to improve data collection and research methodologies Better data and methods through establishing a Commission on Migration and Environment Data (CMED) 13

14 Recommendations for policy-oriented research CMED can develop different definitions of population movement linked to environmental and climate change investigate how the link can be added to existing databases promote systematic sharing of existing data (online clearinghouse) New large-scale specialized research, i.e. more specialized household surveys complement the EACH- FOR project by more nationally representative studies 14

15 Recommendations for policy-oriented research Document, monitor and analyse policy responses to environmental migration: (1) analysis of appropriate legal and policy frameworks (2) identification of adaptation strategies (also voluntary coping strategies) (3) identification of resettlement strategies through systematic evaluation of past resettlement experiences and lessons learned (4) analysis of the response mechanisms of humanitarian organizations with regard to disaster New research prgrammes should include a capacity-building component and invest in new data collection systems explore how far governments and civil society have the capacity to implement protection policies and adaptation strategies 15

16 Conclusions Likely impact of climate change/environmental degradation on migration highly uncertain Unhelpful to frame the climate change and migration research agenda solely in terms of the potential negative impacts Climate change and migration policies should be closely linked to development cooperation efforts; not viewed as separate fields A more informed policy debate requires much greater investment in data collection, new studies, and research capacitybuilding. 16

17 THANK YOU Migration & the Environment 17

Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE

Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE The opinions expressed in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization

More information

YOUTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND MIGRATION * C h a p t e r 16 1. UN Photo/ Tim McKulka

YOUTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND MIGRATION * C h a p t e r 16 1. UN Photo/ Tim McKulka YOUTH, ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND MIGRATION * C h a p t e r 16 1 UN Photo/ Tim McKulka T oday s young people are feeling the effects of environmental change, and today s leaders must design policies aimed

More information

High Commissioner s Dialogue on Protection Challenges Protection Gaps and Responses (8-9 December 2010)

High Commissioner s Dialogue on Protection Challenges Protection Gaps and Responses (8-9 December 2010) High Commissioner s Dialogue on Protection Challenges Protection Gaps and Responses (8-9 December 2010) Breakout Session 1: Gaps in the International Protection Framework and in Its Implementation Report

More information

International Organization for Migration (IOM)

International Organization for Migration (IOM) CONTRIBUTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION TO THE SEVENTH COORDINATION MEETING International Organization for Migration (IOM) This paper builds on the submissions of the International

More information

IUCN Commission on Education and Communication (CEC) Component Programme Plan 2013 16

IUCN Commission on Education and Communication (CEC) Component Programme Plan 2013 16 IUCN Commission on Education and Communication (CEC) Component Programme Plan 2013 16 CEC Situation Analysis Overview The Conference of the Parties 10 of the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted

More information

Seventh African Development Forum. Climate Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Africa

Seventh African Development Forum. Climate Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Africa Seventh African Development Forum Acting on Climate Change for Sustainable Development in Africa Climate Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Africa Issues Paper #12 ADF VII 10-15 October

More information

CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES ON MIGRATION, ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE

CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES ON MIGRATION, ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE Alessandro Grassani. CAPACITY-BUILDING ACTIVITIES ON MIGRATION, ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society. As an intergovernmental

More information

encourages social and economic develop ment through migration upholds the human dignity and well-being of migrants

encourages social and economic develop ment through migration upholds the human dignity and well-being of migrants the international organization for migration is committed to the principle that humane No. 18 and orderly international migration dialogue benefits migrants and on migration society iom assists in meeting

More information

NINETY-FOURTH SESSION

NINETY-FOURTH SESSION Original: English 1 November 2007 NINETY-FOURTH SESSION DISCUSSION NOTE: MIGRATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT Page 1 DISCUSSION NOTE: MIGRATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 1 INTRODUCTION 1. Environmental degradation

More information

Global Environmental Change and Environmental-Induce Migration

Global Environmental Change and Environmental-Induce Migration ISA 53rd Annual Convention San Diego, USA, 1-4 April 2012 Global Environmental Change and Environmental-Induce Migration Prof. Dr. Úrsula Oswald Spring CRIM-UNAM, RETAC-CONACYT CONACYT Content 1.Research

More information

Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts

Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts Disaster Risk Reduction and Building Resilience to Climate Change Impacts Luna Abu-Swaireh (abu-swaireh@un.org) May 2015 United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) Droughts Floods Storms

More information

Policy on Mixed Migration. Adopted by the Council 2008 Revised may 2009 to include and refletc climate change concerns

Policy on Mixed Migration. Adopted by the Council 2008 Revised may 2009 to include and refletc climate change concerns Policy on Mixed Migration Adopted by the Council 2008 Revised may 2009 to include and refletc climate change concerns Policy on Mixed Migration 1. The growing complexity of migration in a globalized world

More information

SUBMISSION. to the SBI Work Program on Loss and Damage 19 October 2012

SUBMISSION. to the SBI Work Program on Loss and Damage 19 October 2012 SUBMISSION Human mobility in the context of loss and damage from climate change: Needs, gaps, and roles of the Convention in addressing loss and damage Joint submission by United Nations High Commissioner

More information

Activities of the International Labour Organization in preparation for the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians

Activities of the International Labour Organization in preparation for the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians Activities of the International Labour Organization in preparation for the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians Information Note by the ILO Department of Statistics 1. In October 2013,

More information

Executive summary. Cross-border mobility of students is by far the major form of cross-border post-secondary education.

Executive summary. Cross-border mobility of students is by far the major form of cross-border post-secondary education. ISBN 92-64-01504-3 Internationalisation and Trade in Higher Education Opportunities and Challenges OECD 2004 Executive summary In the last decade, new forms of cross-border post-secondary education have

More information

INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e

INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e Introduction INTERNAL MIGRATION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA C o n c e p t N o t e UNESCO and UNICEF are partnering to organize a national workshop on Internal Migration and Human Development in India

More information

FCCC/SBI/2012/L.44. United Nations

FCCC/SBI/2012/L.44. United Nations United Nations FCCC/SBI/2012/L.44 Distr.: Limited 1 December 2012 Original: English Subsidiary Body for Implementation Thirty-seventh session Doha, 26 November to 1 December 2012 Agenda item 10 Approaches

More information

International Dialogue on Migration

International Dialogue on Migration International Dialogue on Migration Summary Report Migration and Human Resources for Health: From Awareness To Action May 2006 Introduction 2 The migration of health care workers is not a new phenomenon,

More information

Sustainable development, defined

Sustainable development, defined 12 Climate change impacts, adaptation and links to sustainable development in Africa B. Osman-Elasha Strategies for sustainable development and climate change adaptation have many common elements, so addressing

More information

Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Compilation Report - Universal Periodic Review: TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO I. Background

More information

Human mobility and displacement tracking

Human mobility and displacement tracking Human mobility and displacement tracking The importance of collective efforts to efficiently and ethically collect, analyse and disseminate information on the dynamics of human mobility in crises Mobility

More information

List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030

List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030 List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere 2. End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable

More information

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change A Memorandum from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) June 2010 CSCAP Memorandum No. 15 The Security Implications

More information

Centre International de Droit Comparé de l Environnement CIDCE. Comments on the Zero draft of the Post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction

Centre International de Droit Comparé de l Environnement CIDCE. Comments on the Zero draft of the Post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction Centre International de Droit Comparé de l Environnement CIDCE Comments on the Zero draft of the Post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction Paragraph n (1,2,3,...), page Comments A. Preambule 5. page

More information

HUMAN MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

HUMAN MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE HUMAN MOBILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE ADVISORY GROUP ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN MOBILITY COP 20 LIMA, PERU The Advisory group is composed of UNHCR, IOM, UNU-EHS, UNDP,

More information

the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Regional Strategy for Sweden s Development Cooperation with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) 2016 2020 MINISTRY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, SWEDEN UTRIKESDEPARTEMENTET MFA 103 39 Stockholm Telephone: +46

More information

Migration and Current Challenges to the EU Alpeuregio Summer School in Institutions and Policies of the EU 13 July 2016

Migration and Current Challenges to the EU Alpeuregio Summer School in Institutions and Policies of the EU 13 July 2016 International Organization for Migration Migration and Current Challenges to the EU Alpeuregio Summer School in Institutions and Policies of the EU 13 July 2016 Migration and Current Challenges to the

More information

Population Briefing. International student migration. What do the statistics tell us?

Population Briefing. International student migration. What do the statistics tell us? Population Briefing International student migration What do the statistics tell us? January 2016 Population Briefing Student migration - what do the statistics tell us? 1. Introduction 1.1 International

More information

CELAC ACTION PLAN 2015

CELAC ACTION PLAN 2015 CELAC ACTION PLAN 2015 FOOD SECURITY AND HUNGER AND POVERTY ERADICATION 1. Implement CELAC s Plan for Food Security, Nutrition and Hunger Eradication 2025, developed by FAO, ECLAC and ALADI following up

More information

Climate Change and Migration: Possible Roles for German Development Cooperation. Discussion paper

Climate Change and Migration: Possible Roles for German Development Cooperation. Discussion paper Climate Change and Migration: Possible Roles for German Development Cooperation Discussion paper Imprint Published by: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Postfach 5180 65726

More information

1. The Climate Change challenge Climate change is a global problem that requires a global response Developing countries - less capacity to cope with t

1. The Climate Change challenge Climate change is a global problem that requires a global response Developing countries - less capacity to cope with t Challenges to local communities to cope with Climate Change impacts Aklilu Amsalu Addis Ababa University (amsalu.aklilu@gmail.com) July 2011 WIPO, Geneva 1. The Climate Change challenge Climate change

More information

Addressing Mixed Migration Flows

Addressing Mixed Migration Flows International Organization for Migration (IOM) International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) Addressing Mixed Migration Flows Migration: Myths and Reality Migration is increasing dramatically and globally

More information

Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation

Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation Building adaptive capacity: Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation BuiLding adaptive CapaCity: Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation

More information

CHAPTER 8 Natural Disasters

CHAPTER 8 Natural Disasters CHAPTER 8 Natural Disasters Chapter 8 Natural Disasters 55 Toll of Natural Disasters South Asia is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters, with more than 900 events reported since 1970 alone. Between

More information

Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World

Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World Guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction Yokohama, Japan, 23-27 May

More information

How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters

How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters POLICY NOTE How agricultural insurance can improve food security and why regulation matters Adverse weather events cause

More information

A renewed global partnership for development

A renewed global partnership for development A renewed global partnership for development Report of the UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda Frequently Asked Questions What is the global partnership for development? The concept

More information

2015 Global Risk Assessment. Sahar Safaie Program Officer, UNISDR Risk Knowledge Section

2015 Global Risk Assessment. Sahar Safaie Program Officer, UNISDR Risk Knowledge Section 2015 Global Risk Assessment Sahar Safaie Program Officer, UNISDR Risk Knowledge Section Outline Global Assessment Report (GAR) evolution Global Risk Assessment for GAR15 Objective Scope Audience/Users

More information

UNDP s Monitoring Framework for Climate Change Adaptation

UNDP s Monitoring Framework for Climate Change Adaptation UNDP s Monitoring Framework for Climate Change Adaptation UFCCC Expert Meeting on Socio-economic information under the Nairobi work programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change

More information

Risk Assessment and Management

Risk Assessment and Management UNISDR Science and Technology Conference on the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 Launching UNISDR Science and Technology Partnership and the Science and Technology

More information

Proposal on Disaster-Related Indicators to Sustainable Development Goals

Proposal on Disaster-Related Indicators to Sustainable Development Goals Proposal on Disaster-Related Indicators to Sustainable Development Goals Joint proposal of UNISDR, FAO, GFDRR, IOM, UNCCD, UNDP, UNESCAP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNOCHA, UNOOSA, UNOPS, UNU, UNWOMEN, WHO

More information

International TB Standards & Strategies for Screening in Migrants. IOM Perspectives

International TB Standards & Strategies for Screening in Migrants. IOM Perspectives International TB Standards & Strategies for Screening in Migrants IOM Perspectives TB Screening for Migration A duality?...don t splash all over the mainstream media that immigrants have TB, it will just

More information

GENDER & CLIMATE CHANGE IN YEMEN. Awatif Alshargabi Gender Specialist CISPPCR Yemen

GENDER & CLIMATE CHANGE IN YEMEN. Awatif Alshargabi Gender Specialist CISPPCR Yemen GENDER & CLIMATE CHANGE IN YEMEN Awatif Alshargabi Gender Specialist CISPPCR Yemen In 2008, Yemen became a participating country in the Climate Investment Fund s Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR).

More information

Population Change and Public Health Exercise 1A

Population Change and Public Health Exercise 1A Population Change and Public Health Exercise 1A 1. What is not true of demographic transition in European countries A. The pre-transition fertility and mortality rates were as high as seen in developing

More information

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT. Poverty and Social Impact Analysis ( PSIA) on Building Resilience of the Poor to Disaster and Climate Risk in Mexico

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT. Poverty and Social Impact Analysis ( PSIA) on Building Resilience of the Poor to Disaster and Climate Risk in Mexico SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT Poverty and Social Impact Analysis ( PSIA) on Why this PSIA? More than two thirds of the country s population and GDP are at hazard risk. And while uncertainty exists around

More information

BUILDING RESILIENC E NEEDS TO BE GENDER SENSITIVE

BUILDING RESILIENC E NEEDS TO BE GENDER SENSITIVE Ambassador Haifa Abu Ghazaleh Assistant secretary general League of Arab state BUILDING RESILIENC E NEEDS TO BE GENDER SENSITIVE August 8th 2015 Resilience is the ability of an individual, a household,

More information

Global Migration Group Symposium. Migration and youth: Harnessing opportunities for development

Global Migration Group Symposium. Migration and youth: Harnessing opportunities for development Global Migration Group Symposium Migration and youth: Harnessing opportunities for development Statement by Marta Santos Pais Special Representative of the Secretary General on Violence Against Children

More information

Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility. GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD

Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility. GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD Sustainable Land Management in the Global Environment Facility GEF Role as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD GEF as Financial Mechanism of the UNCCD Land Degradation Focal Area as main GEF financing window

More information

Planning the Migration Programme

Planning the Migration Programme Planning the 2016 17 Migration Programme Discussion Paper November 2015 Planning the 2016 17 Migration Programme: Discussion Paper 1 Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Consultation process... 4 Permanent

More information

Climate and Environment Advisers Competency Framework

Climate and Environment Advisers Competency Framework Climate and Environment Advisers Competency Framework Climate Change and Environment issues are fundamentally linked. Climate change causes and exacerbates the loss of biodiversity. The loss of biodiversity

More information

Developing Capacities for Risk Management and Resilience

Developing Capacities for Risk Management and Resilience Developing Capacities for Risk Management and Resilience Dr. Kishan Khoday Regional Cluster Leader Climate Change & Resilience UNDP Regional Center in Cairo (kishan.khoday@undp.org) 0 Context As noted

More information

Unemployment: Causes and its Economics Outcomes during Recent Years in Afghanistan

Unemployment: Causes and its Economics Outcomes during Recent Years in Afghanistan Unemployment: Causes and its Economics Outcomes during Recent Years in Afghanistan Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations The objective of the paper is to study the current situation of labor market in

More information

Presented by Prosper P. D. Asima Assistant Director of Immigra7on/PPMEU

Presented by Prosper P. D. Asima Assistant Director of Immigra7on/PPMEU Data, Migration Profiles and How to Evaluate Migration s Impact on Development the case of Ghana 7 th -8 th May 2012, Millennium UN Plaza Hotel, New York Presented by Prosper P. D. Asima Assistant Director

More information

Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation

Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation G-SCIENCE ACADEMIES STATEMENTS 2013 Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation 1. Introduction The framework of Millennium Development Goals has led to several in-depth

More information

Long Term Planning Framework Syrian Arab Red Crescent

Long Term Planning Framework Syrian Arab Red Crescent Long Term Planning Framework Syrian Arab Red Crescent 1. Who are we? The Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) is the largest national humanitarian organization in Syria. Governed by the Fundamental Principles

More information

Challenges of Irregular Migration: Addressing Mixed Migration Flows

Challenges of Irregular Migration: Addressing Mixed Migration Flows Regional Conference on Refugee Protection and International Migration in West Africa Dakar, Senegal, 13-14 November 2008 Hotel Meridien President Challenges of Irregular Migration: Addressing Mixed Migration

More information

CITIES IN CRISIS CONSULTATIONS - Gaziantep, Turkey

CITIES IN CRISIS CONSULTATIONS - Gaziantep, Turkey CITIES IN CRISIS CONSULTATIONS - Gaziantep, Turkey April 06 Overview of Urban Consultations By 050 over 70% of the global population will live in urban areas. This accelerating urbanization trend is accompanied

More information

STUDENT RESOURCE KIT ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES FACT SHEET

STUDENT RESOURCE KIT ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES FACT SHEET STUDENT RESOURCE KIT ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES FACT SHEET Every person has the right to live free from persecution, or from the fear of persecution. When governments fail to protect these rights, people

More information

THINGS To know about refugees and displacement

THINGS To know about refugees and displacement 10 THINGS To know about refugees and displacement 1 As of 2014 the number of refugees in protracted displacement is: A record number of people are now displaced from their homes for years on end The number

More information

PRESENTERS: BACHELOR OF ARTS- PSYCHOLOGY

PRESENTERS: BACHELOR OF ARTS- PSYCHOLOGY KIBET J. NELLY PRESENTERS: MAGAI N. DORCAS BACHELOR OF ARTS- PSYCHOLOGY DISASTER? A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or society causing widespread human, material, economic or environmental

More information

Climate change, water and conflict in

Climate change, water and conflict in Climate change, water and conflict in the Niger River Basin Marisa Goulden, Lulsegged Abebe and Phil Vernon Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of International Development, UEA International

More information

COUNTRY OPERATIONS PLAN

COUNTRY OPERATIONS PLAN COUNTRY OPERATIONS PLAN Executive Committee Summary Country: Libya Planning Year: 2005 Part I: Executive Committee Summary (a) Context and Beneficiary Population 2005 Country Operation Plan: Libya Political

More information

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report WWDR4 Background Information Brief Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report As demand for water

More information

Water-related risk reduction: tools to implement a preventive approach

Water-related risk reduction: tools to implement a preventive approach Water-related risk reduction: tools to implement a preventive approach Niels Vlaanderen (Dutch Government) 1. Why water-related risk reduction needs urgent action Climate shifts and other global changes

More information

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups:

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups: The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).

More information

Advance unedited version. Decision -/CP.13. Bali Action Plan

Advance unedited version. Decision -/CP.13. Bali Action Plan The Conference of the Parties, Decision -/CP.13 Bali Action Plan Resolving to urgently enhance implementation of the Convention in order to achieve its ultimate objective in full accordance with its principles

More information

"The EU Water Blueprint: Implications for Water Law and Policy"

The EU Water Blueprint: Implications for Water Law and Policy "The EU Water Blueprint: Implications for Water Law and Policy" Seville, 21th of January 2013 Hosted by the Three decades of improvement in water protection Water efficiency, green economy, Europe 2020...

More information

Shifting agendas: response to resilience - The role of the engineer in disaster risk reduction

Shifting agendas: response to resilience - The role of the engineer in disaster risk reduction Shifting agendas: response to resilience The role of the engineer in disaster risk reduction The Institution of Civil Engineers 9th Brunel International Lecture Series London School of Economics - 4th

More information

TASAF: Project to Program

TASAF: Project to Program TASAF: Project to Program PRESENTATION AT TFESSD LEARNING FORUM KUNDUCHI BEACH HOTEL & RESORT 15-17 NOVEMBER,2011, DAR ES SALAAM 1 Background information Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF-I and II) Achievements

More information

FACTORING MIGRATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT DATA REVOLUTION

FACTORING MIGRATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT DATA REVOLUTION FACTORING MIGRATION INTO THE DEVELOPMENT DATA REVOLUTION Frank Laczko Head of the IOM Data Analysis Centre, Berlin, and Co-Chair GMG Data and Research Working Group. IOM International Dialogue on Migration,

More information

UNHCR policy on refugees in urban areas. Report of a UNHCR/NGO workshop

UNHCR policy on refugees in urban areas. Report of a UNHCR/NGO workshop UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES EVALUATION AND POLICY ANALYSIS UNIT UNHCR policy on refugees in urban areas Report of a UNHCR/NGO workshop By Naoko Obi and Jeff Crisp EPAU/2002/09 August

More information

Human Security Dimensions of Migration. Mehrnaz Mostafavi Chief, Human Security Unit United Nations

Human Security Dimensions of Migration. Mehrnaz Mostafavi Chief, Human Security Unit United Nations Human Security Dimensions of Migration Mehrnaz Mostafavi Chief, Human Security Unit United Nations Ne York, 27 April 2016 Forced migration in an insecure orld Today s orld is an insecure place for many

More information

Researching Your Sustainable Development Problem/Issue Wednesday, March 11, 2015

Researching Your Sustainable Development Problem/Issue Wednesday, March 11, 2015 Researching Your Sustainable Development Problem/Issue Wednesday, March 11, 2015 Dr Joseph Assan Session Objectives RECAP of Previous session Work through steps towards identifying your Sustainable Development

More information

UNDP s Monitoring Framework for Climate Change Adaptation

UNDP s Monitoring Framework for Climate Change Adaptation UNDP s Monitoring Framework for Climate Change Adaptation Socioeconomic information in adaptation The link for UNDP: Adaptation Design, Tracking, and Evaluation Adaptation is about development effectiveness

More information

Seventh African Development Forum. Climate Risk Management: Monitoring, Assessment, Early Warning and Response

Seventh African Development Forum. Climate Risk Management: Monitoring, Assessment, Early Warning and Response Seventh African Development Forum Acting on Climate Change for Sustainable Development in Africa Climate Risk Management: Monitoring, Assessment, Early Warning and Response Issues Paper #4 ADF VII 10-15

More information

GE6351- Environmental Science and Engineering. Unit I Environment, Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Part-B

GE6351- Environmental Science and Engineering. Unit I Environment, Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Part-B GE6351- Environmental Science and Engineering Unit I Environment, Ecosystems and Biodiversity 1 (i) Describe the types, characteristics features, structures and functions of (1) Forest ecosystem (2) Aquatic

More information

Joint UN Statement 1 st Preparatory Committee Meeting (PREPCOM) for the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, 14-15 July 2014, Geneva

Joint UN Statement 1 st Preparatory Committee Meeting (PREPCOM) for the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, 14-15 July 2014, Geneva FINAL VERSION Joint UN Statement 1 st Preparatory Committee Meeting (PREPCOM) for the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, 14-15 July 2014, Geneva PLEASE CHECK AGAINST DELIVERY Excellencies,

More information

IMMIGRATION ACT REVIEW OVERVIEW

IMMIGRATION ACT REVIEW OVERVIEW IMMIGRATION ACT REVIEW OVERVIEW APRIL 2006 MINISTER S FOREWORD and New Zealand s priorities. The extent of these changes means it s timely to properly review and update our legislative framework. I m pleased

More information

How to encourage farmers to adapt to climate change?

How to encourage farmers to adapt to climate change? How to encourage farmers to adapt to climate change? AMARNATH TRIPATHI INSTITUTE OF ECONOMIC GROWTH, DELHI, INDIA AMARNATH@IEGINDIA.ORG Organization Background, motivation & objectives Study area, methods

More information

Safe and Climate Resilient Cities Lessons learnt (hopefully) from recent works. Federica Ranghieri The World Bank

Safe and Climate Resilient Cities Lessons learnt (hopefully) from recent works. Federica Ranghieri The World Bank Safe and Climate Resilient Cities Lessons learnt (hopefully) from recent works Federica Ranghieri The World Bank 2010 DRM at the World Bank Since 1980, the World Bank has approved more than 500 operations

More information

Population Issues in sub- Saharan Africa. John Cleland Oct 2011

Population Issues in sub- Saharan Africa. John Cleland Oct 2011 Population Issues in sub- Saharan Africa John Cleland Oct 2011 OUTLINE WHAT is happening to fertility & population growth? Why is fertility still so high? WHY does it matter? HOW can action most effectively

More information

Defining and Accounting South-South Cooperation

Defining and Accounting South-South Cooperation Defining and Accounting South-South Cooperation Sachin Chaturvedi 4 March 2015 Network of Southern Think-Tanks (NeST) Africa Technical Workshop, South Africa Strengthening systematic collection and analysis

More information

Prevention of Environmental Disasters by Spatial Planning and Land Management

Prevention of Environmental Disasters by Spatial Planning and Land Management Prevention of Environmental Disasters by Spatial Planning and Land Management Theo KÖTTER, Germany Key words: SUMMARY Today's society becomes ever more rapidly vulnerable to natural disasters due to the

More information

THE STORY. CREDIT UNHCR/I.Prickett

THE STORY. CREDIT UNHCR/I.Prickett THE STORY More people were displaced by crises in 214 than ever before on record. Situations of protracted conflict and violence are creating increasingly large caseloads of both refugees and internally

More information

Data sources on international migration: Case of the Russian Federation *

Data sources on international migration: Case of the Russian Federation * UNITED NATIONS SECRETARIAT ESA/STAT/AC.119/17 Department of Economic and Social Affairs November 2006 Statistics Division English only United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Measuring international migration:

More information

POLICIES TO ADVANCE SOCIAL INTEGRATION POVERTY AND EXCLUSION

POLICIES TO ADVANCE SOCIAL INTEGRATION POVERTY AND EXCLUSION POLICIES TO ADVANCE SOCIAL INTEGRATION POVERTY AND EXCLUSION This paper discusses the context of poverty and social exclusion focused on the family as the central point of intervention for social integration

More information

Community Based Disaster Management: Empowering Communities to Cope with Disaster Risks

Community Based Disaster Management: Empowering Communities to Cope with Disaster Risks Community Based Disaster Management: Empowering Communities to Cope with Disaster Risks Bishnu Pandey and Kenji Okazaki United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Japan Abstract Sustainable development

More information

How can an Ecological Footprint Contribute to Green Economy in Africa?

How can an Ecological Footprint Contribute to Green Economy in Africa? RIO+20 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK How can an Ecological Footprint Contribute to Green Economy in Africa? Introduction Fundamentally we all depend on nature, the ecological infrastructure of the planet that

More information

THE NAIROBI WORK PROGRAMME ON IMPACTS, VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE UNFCCC THE NINE WORK AREAS OF THE NAIROBI WORK PROGRAMME

THE NAIROBI WORK PROGRAMME ON IMPACTS, VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE UNFCCC THE NINE WORK AREAS OF THE NAIROBI WORK PROGRAMME ON IMPACTS, VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE 1 METHODS AND TOOLS WHAT IS? The Nairobi work programme, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (), aims to assist countries

More information

CONTENTS: bul BULGARIAN LABOUR MIGRATION, DESK RESEARCH, 2015

CONTENTS: bul BULGARIAN LABOUR MIGRATION, DESK RESEARCH, 2015 215 2 CONTENTS: 1. METHODOLOGY... 3 a. Survey characteristics... 3 b. Purpose of the study... 3 c. Methodological notes... 3 2. DESK RESEARCH... 4 A. Bulgarian emigration tendencies and destinations...

More information

Postgraduate programme specification 2012/13

Postgraduate programme specification 2012/13 Postgraduate programme specification 2012/13 School of Oriental and African Studies The following information forms the programme specification at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University

More information

a. How can physical processes change the physical environment? (F)

a. How can physical processes change the physical environment? (F) 6 th Grade Social Studies TIMEFRAME CONTENT/THEME CORE GOALS/SKILLS ASSESSMENT 6 WEEKS Patterns: SPATIAL PATTERNS 1. Maps, globes, graphs, and diagrams can provide data and information for analyzing spatial

More information

Long Term Recovery and Rehabilitation. Issues for discussion. Recovery

Long Term Recovery and Rehabilitation. Issues for discussion. Recovery Long Term Recovery and Rehabilitation Issues for discussion Recovery The restoration, and improvement where appropriate, of facilities, livelihoods and living conditions of disaster-affected communities,

More information

Information-gathering instrument on United Nations standards and norms related primarily to the prevention of crime

Information-gathering instrument on United Nations standards and norms related primarily to the prevention of crime Annex Informationgathering instrument on United Nations standards and norms related primarily to the prevention of crime Pursuant to Economic and Social Council resolution 2004/28 of 21 July 2004, the

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council ECE/TIM/2013/Inf.6 Distr.: General 8 October 2013 Food and Agriculture Organization Original: English Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Forests and

More information

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution Department of Environment Islamic Republic of Iran Intended Nationally Determined Contribution 19 November 2015 National Climate Change Committee: Iran INDC, page 1 1. Introduction The Islamic Republic

More information

The Economics of Early Response and Resilience: Summary of Findings

The Economics of Early Response and Resilience: Summary of Findings The Economics of Early Response and Resilience: Summary of Findings Key Messages Early humanitarian response should become the dominant paradigm for responding to crises. Early humanitarian response is

More information

I. Adverse effects of climate change

I. Adverse effects of climate change Decision 1/CP.10 Buenos Aires programme of work on adaptation and response measures The Conference of the Parties, Recalling its decision 5/CP.7 and 10/CP.9, Welcoming the progress made in the implementation

More information

Disaster risk reduction & emergency response for WASH

Disaster risk reduction & emergency response for WASH February 2009 WSSCC Reference Note Disaster risk reduction & emergency response for WASH The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) is a global multi-stakeholder partnership organisation

More information

Disasters and conflicts. United Nations Environment Programme

Disasters and conflicts. United Nations Environment Programme Disasters and conflicts United Nations Environment Programme An overview Since the start of the new millennium, over 35 major conflicts and some 2,500 disasters have affected billions of people around

More information