Phonics. Grades K 3. Scope and Sequence

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1 Grades K 3 Scope and Sequence

2 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten First Grade Back to School Alphabet: Upper- and Lowercase Letters Rhyming Words Blend Syllables Letter Names Distinguish Vowel Sounds Isolate Phonemes Rhyming Words Short a Consonants m, s, t, c a, are, go, I, is, like, see, the, to, we Back to School 1 Letter Names Letters Aa, Bb, Cc, Dd, Ee Rhyming Words Blend and Segment Syllables Letter Names Letters Ff, Gg, Hh, Ii, Jj Letters Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo Phonological Awareness Rhyming Words Single Sounds I Beginning Sounds 2 Letter Names Letters Pp, Qq, Rr, Ss, Tt like Beginning Sound Short a Consonants n, d Consonants p, f and, be, help, play with, you Beginning Sound Short i Consonants r, h /z/s Consonants b, g Phonogram -it for, have, he, look, too, what 2

3 Second Grade Third Grade Identify Phonemes Syllables in Spoken Words Short vowels a, e, i, o, u Words with the VCCV Pattern Short Vowels ai, i CVC Syllable Pattern around, be, five, help, next, or, pull, take, until, walked Identify Phonemes Syllables in Spoken Words Long Vowels a, e, i, o, u Words with the VCe Pattern Short Vowels o, u, e CVC Syllable Pattern bring, children, comes, do, family, like, make, those, use with 3

4 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 3 Phonological Awareness Beginning Sounds Words in Oral Sentences Letter Names Letters Uu, Vv, Ww, Xx, Yy, Zz the First Grade Beginning Sound Short o Consonants l, x Inflection -s do, find, funny, sing, no, they 4 5 Phonological Awareness Beginning Sounds Words in Oral Sentences Phonological Awareness Beginning Sound Mm and Short e Consonants y, w Consonants k, v, j Phonogram -et Phonological Awareness Beginning Sounds Words in Oral Sentences all, does, here, me, my, who Final Sound Letter Ss, Review m,s Reviw: I, like, the and 4 Short u Consonants qu, z friend, full, good, hold, many, pull

5 Second Grade Third Grade Sort Phonemes Common Vowel Pairs: ai, ay, ee, ea Long Vowels a,i Sounds for c city, full, no, other places, put, school, sing, think this Segment, Sort Phonemes Long o spelled oa, ow Long Vowels o, u, e Sounds for g by, cheer, could, hello, hundred mind, play, read, see, today Segment, Sort Phonemes Long i spelled i, ie, igh Consonant Blends with r, l, s table, says, little, find, both cold, long, green, we, eat 5

6 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten Phonological Awareness Blend Onset and Rime 6 7 Letters Aa (short a) see Phonological Awareness Blend Onset and Rime Segment Onset and Rime away, call, come, every, hear, said Letter Tt Short a, Long a Phonological Awareness Blend Onset and Rime Segment Onset and Rime 6 Final Sound Review Short a Double Final Consonants and ck Phonogram -ack we 8 First Grade Letter Cc (/k/) a Review Short i Blends with r Phonogram -ip animal, how, make, of, some, why Middle Sound Review Short o Blends with i Phonogram -ock her, now, our, she, today, would

7 Second Grade Third Grade Identify Phonemes Words with VCV Pattern Common Final Blends: nd, ng, nk, nt, ft, xt, mp bear, work, animals, know most, myself, sleep, second three, she Sort Phonemes Identify Medial Phonemes Three-Letter Clusters (scr, spr, str, thr) Double Consonants and ck Double Consonants (CVC) pictures, air, pretty, told, car window, funny, try, he, cried Syllables in Spoken Words Silent Letter kn, wr Consonant Digraphs th, sh, wh, ch, tch, ph Base Words & Endings: -s, -ed, -ing few, people, eye, high, my, open yelow, happy, starts, before 7

8 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 9 Letter P to Review Letters Aa (Short a), Tt, Cc (/k/), Pp Middle Sound Review Short e Blends with s after, draw, pictures, read, was, write Middle Sound Review: see, we, a, to Review Short u Final Blends Phonogram -ump Final Sound eat, give, one, put, small, take Review Letters Aa (Short a) Words with Short a (Short a) Word Building come, me 8 First Grade Digraph th Base Words and -s, -es, -ed, -ing Endings blue, cold, far, little, live, their, water where

9 Second Grade Third Grade Add Phonemes Syllables in Spoken Words Vowel Diphthongs ow and ou Base Words & Endings: -ed, -ing CV Syllable Pattern kept, would, afraid, own, show might, why, many, for, dark Add and Delete Phonemes Words with au, aw, al, and o Contractions because, better, go, me, old really, right, they, was, you Syllables in Spoken Words Vowel Diphthongs oi, oy Base Words and Endings -s, -es another, far, grow, hard, heard kind, light, more, some, to 9

10 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 12 Final Sound Blend and Substitute Initial Phonemes Letter Nn Words with n Word Building Digraphs ch, tch Possessives with s Phonogram -atch with, my Final Sound 13 Letters Ff Words with F Word Building you, what Isolate Middle Sound First Grade been, brown, know, never, off, out, own, very Blend and Substitute Initial Phonemes Digraphs sh, wh, ph Contractions with s, n t down, fall, goes, green, grow, new, open, yellow Middle Sound Substitute Medial Phonemes Letters Bb Words with b Word Building Long a (CVCe) Phonogram -ake Soft c, g, dge Phonogram -ace are, now four, five, into, over, starts, three, two, watch

11 Second Grade Third Grade Homophones Words Ending in -er and -le Vowel Digraphs ai, ay along, against, someone, night part, morning, hold, bird, different girl Match Phonemes Contractions with n t, d, ve Vowel Digraphs ee, ea story, world, about, everything first, store, her, two, slowly of Words with ar, or, ore Long o (o, oo, ow) front, hair, warm, started, stories, never, all, food, sky party 11

12 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 15 Isolate Middle Sound Middle Sound Substitute Medial Phonemes Review Letters Aa (short a) Nn, Ff, Bb Words with a (Short a) Nn, Ff, Bb Blending Review Word Building Long Vowel /ā/a_e Long i (CVCe) Digraphs kn, wr, gn, mb Phonograms -ine, -ite Review: come, me, with, my, you what, are, now Isolate Middle Sound 16 Letters Ii Words with Short i Blending words Long i, Short i is, how, of, so, many, where 17 Letters Gg Words with g Blending words Word Building find, this, from, came, but, on 12 First Grade bird, both, eyes, fly, long, or, those, walk : Medial : Final Distinguish Vowel Sounds Long o (CV, CVCe) Long u (CVCe) around, because, before, bring, carry, light, show, think : Medial : Final Identify Final Phonemes Long e (CV, CVCe) Final ng, nk Vowel Pairs ee, ea Phonogram -ink about, by, car, could, don t, maybe, sure, there

13 Second Grade Third Grade Syllables in Spoken Words Words with er, ir, ur, or Compound Words Schwa Vowel Sound ever, care, thought, over, off small, new, book, live, after Syllables in Spoken Words Words with air ear, are Base Words & Endings -ed, -ing gone, said, something, fly, also saw, look, horse, river, have Long i (i, igh, ie, y) Words with /j/ and /s/ Words with the VCCCV pattern doing, sure else, turned blue, room, teacher, any studied, carry 13

14 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 18 : Medial : Final Letters Rr Words with r Vowel Ii (discriminate long and short i) Vowel Pairs ai, ay Contractions -ll, d Phonograms -ay, -ain will, be, into, that, your, who 19 Letters Dd Words with d Word Building go, for, here, they, soon, up 20 Review Letters Ii (Short i), Gg, Dd, Rr Review words with i (short i), g, d, r Word Building Long Vowel /ī/i Long Vowel /ī/i_e Review: is, how, of, so, many, where, this, find, from, come, but, on, will, be, into, that, your, who, go, for, here, they, soon, up 14 First Grade first, food, ground, right, sometimes, these, under, your : Medial Distinguish Vowel Sounds Combine, Segment Syllables Vowel Pairs oa ow Contractions ve, re Phonograms -ow, -oat done, great, laugh, paper, soon talk, were, work Recognize Syllables Identify Phonemes: Medial Combine, Segment Syllables Compound Words Short Vowel /ĕ/ea door, more, mother, old, try use, want, wash

15 Second Grade Third Grade Blending Phonemes Identify Sound Placement Words with /k/and /kw/ Long e Sound for y Changing y to i words, mother, friends, under, draw watch, always, soon, anything, been Vowel Sounds in spoon & wood Words with ar didn t, I ll, please, talk, good, is, are, baby, too, sound Compound words Words with or, ore being, ready, I ve, tall, stood very, ground, laugh, begins flower 15

16 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 21 Letters Oo (Short o) Words with Short o Adding -s (/s/, /z/) Long o, Short o make, play, them, give, say, new Blend & 22 Letters Xx, Jj Words with o (Long & Short o) Words with x, j Word Building said, good, was, then ate, could Blend & 23 Letters Ee (Short e) Words with Short e Long e, Short e she, all, over, her, when, some 16 First Grade Substitute Vowel Sounds Segment Syllables Blend Syllables Add Phonemes r-controlled Vowel ar r-controlled Vowels or, ore Phonograms -ar, -ore few, night, loudly, window, noise, story, shall, world Substitute Vowel Sounds Segment Syllables Blend Syllables r-controlled Vowels er, ir, ur baby, begins, eight, follow, learning, until, years, young Substitute Vowel Sounds Segment Syllables Vowel Digraph /ŏŏ/ Syllable Pattern CVC again, along, began, boy, father, house, nothing, together

17 Second Grade Third Grade Base words and -ed, -ing Words with er Words with ir, ur nothing, move, across, took house, voice, behind, one, how out Rhyme & Meaning Syllables in Spoken Words Spelling Changes: -s, -es, -ed, -ing Less common Plurals Homophones Base Words and Endings -er, -est floor, toward, what s, found, boy everyone, field, does, their, into Syllables in Spoken Words Suffixes -ful, -y, -ous, -ly, -er Suffixes -y, -ly, -ful Final Stable Syllables -tion, -ture knew, idea, though, down, four give, great, large, write, coming 17

18 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 24 Blend & Substitute Vowel Sounds Segment Syllables Letters Hh, Kk Words with h, k Word Building Vowel Digraphs/Spelling Patterns: oo, ou, ew Vowel Digraphs/Spelling Patterns: ue, u, u_e he, no, away, must, by, there Blend & 25 Review Letters Oo (Short o), Xx, Jj, Ee (short e), Hh, Kk Words with o (Short o), x, j, e (Short e), h, k Blending Review Oo, Ee (long and short vowels) Long Vowel /ā/o Long Vowel /ō/o_e Long Vowel /ē/e Review: make, play, them, give, say, new, said, good, was, then ate, could, she, all, over, her, when, some, no, he, away, must, by, there 18 First Grade ready, country, soil, kinds, earth, almost, covers, warms Substitute Vowel Sounds Identify Syllables Segment Syllables Add Phonemes Vowel Combinations ou, ow Vowel Combinations oi, oy, au, aw buy, city, family, myself, party, please, school, seven

19 Second Grade Third Grade Syllables in Spoken Words Prefixes un-, pre-, re-, bi- Prefixes re-, un-, over-, pre-, missilent Consonants earth, away, brothers, brown without, here, learning, began surprised, there Suffixes -less, -ness, -able Words with au, aw, al, o, a through, young, leaves, ball, our done, hear, learn, were, only 19

20 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten 26 Letters Uu Words with Short u (Short u) Long u, Short u do, down, went, only, little, just 27 Letters Ll, Ww Words with l, w Word Building have, help, one, every, ask, walk 28 Letters Vv, Zz Words with v, z Vowel Uu (review long and short sounds for Uu) look, out, very, their, saw, put 20 First Grade Substitute Vowel Sounds Segment Syllables Identify Syllables Base Words (CVCe, CVC) with Endings -ed, -ing Long e Spelling Patterns y, ie above, bear, even, pushed, studied, surprised, teacher, toward Identify Syllables Segment Syllables Base Words/Inflections -er, est (change y to i) Syllable -le always, different, enough, happy, high, near, once, stories Delete Phonemes Segment Syllables Long i Spelling Patterns igh, y, ie Base Words/Inflections -ed, -ing, -er, -est, -es Phonograms -ight, -y across, ball, cried, head, heard, large, second, should

21 Second Grade Third Grade Common Final Syllables: -tion, -sion, -ure Words with oo, ew, ue, ou every, ago, won t, now, follow head, don t, goes, again, alone Match Phonemes Add a Phoneme Double Consonants Words with oo (book) buy, father, called, town, even maybe, where, water, outside tomorrow Words with ough and augh Vowel Diphthongs ow, ou want, while, falling, enough, lived loved, should, happened, sorry, above 21

22 Scope & Sequence Lesson Kindergarten Phonological Awareness Track Syllables 29 Letters Yy, Qq (qu) Words with y, q (qu) Word Building off, take, our, day, too, show 30 caught, took, listen, thought, minute, beautiful, idea, friendship Review Letters Aa (short a) Ee (short e), li (short i) Oo (short o) Uu (short u) Blending Review Words with -s, ing Word Building (words with short vowels) Long Vowel /yōō/u_e Syllable Pattern CV Prefixes un-, re- Long e CV Words Long i CV Words Long o CV Words them, many, new, when, soon, then, give, say, where, how Phonological Awareness Medial Sounds Long and Short Vowels Sounds Long a CVCe Words Long i CVCe Words Long o CVCe Words Long u CVCe Words her, little, for, put, said, away, find, one, come, came 22 Suffixes -ful, -ly, -y Long Vowel Spelling Patterns: a, e, i, o, u Segment Syllables Phonological Awareness Medial Sounds Long and Short Vowel Sounds Fast Track Delete Phonemes Segment Syllables Distinguish Vowel Sounds Phonological Awareness Track Syllables Review: down, do, went, only, little just, have, help, one, every, ask, walk, look, out, very, their, saw, put, off, take, our, day, too, show Fast Track First Grade brothers, everyone, field, loved, most, only, people, sorry

23 Second Grade Third Grade Syllables in Spoken Words Words Ending in -er or -le Reading Longer Words with Long Vowels a and i Vowel Diphthongs oi, oy once, woman, upon, eight, seven near, wash, paper, who, your Syllables in Spoken Words Schwa Sound Reading Longer Words with Long Vowels o and e Final Stable Syllable -le almost, from, money, door years, together, sometimes, pushed remember, dear Note: Grades 4-6 continue decoding skilll by week 23

24 Evaluate Journeys Common Core ONLINE PREVIEW 1 Go to hmhco.com/journeys 2 Click on Sample Now 3 Choose your Edition 4 Complete the form and click on Register hmhco.com

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