Breast Imaging Protocol Eastern Radiologists, Inc. Breast Imaging Network

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1 Breast Imaging Protocol Eastern Radiologists, Inc. Breast Imaging Network Screening Mammography Images: Routine CC and MLO views, XCCL if needed. Implant Patients: CC and MLO in both routine and implant displaced views Asymptomatic patients including patients who have had a benign biopsy after initial follow-up study; diffuse breast pain; positive family history of breast cancer Screening Protocol: Women at average risk for breast cancer Annual screening from age 40 Women with 20% lifetime risk for breast cancer based on family history (both maternal and paternal) Yearly starting at age 30 or 10 years earlier that the age of diagnosis of the youngest relative (but not before age 25), whichever is later Women with mothers or sisters with pre-menopausal breast cancer Yearly starting at age 30 or 10 years earlier that the age of diagnosis of the youngest relative (but not before age 25), whichever is later Women with a greater than 20% lifetime risk for breast cancer. This would include women with certain BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations or based on first degree relatives (mothers, sisters, daughters) who are proved to have BRCA mutations Yearly screening MRI and mammogram starting at age 30 or 10 years earlier that the age of diagnosis of the youngest relative (but not before age 25), whichever is later Women with histories of mantle radiation (usually for Hodgkin s disease) received between the ages of 10 and 30 Yearly starting 8 years after the radiation therapy, but not before age 25 Breast cancer patients with lumpectomy. Yearly after 5 years with no recurrence

2 Breast cancer patients with mastectomy Yearly of unaffected side starting after mastectomy * Men are never done as screening. Diagnostic Mammography Images for all diagnostic: Routine CC and MLO 90 true lateral with abnormality closest to the image receptor (lateral abnormality gets ML while medial abnormality gets LM) For additional imaging, please refer to specific diagnosis/abnormality *Mark any skin lesion with a round mole marker. Mark any palpable area with a triangle marker. Mark any focal pain with a BB marker Surgical scars should be marked with scar markers. (Excluding breast reduction scars.) Palpable abnormality (identified by referring clinician, patient or technologist): Mark abnormality with a triangular shaped marker 3 view diagnostic mammogram 2 compression views centered directly over palpable area Directed breast ultrasound Breast Pain (only diagnostic when pain is new onset and focal): 3 view diagnostic mammogram 2 compression views directly over site of focal pain Directed breast ultrasound *Diffuse breast pain- routine screening images. Lumpectomy patients: Diagnostic mammogram of the lumpectomy site for 5 years after lumpectomy. 3 view diagnostic mammogram MLO magnification view of the tumor bed CC magnification view of the tumor bed *Return to screening after 5 years with no recurrence. Mastectomy patients: Routine screening images of remaining breast. CC and MLO The mastectomy site is not routinely imaged, even in patients with tissue reconstruction. A clinical abnormality may have a complete diagnostic work up of the site.

3 Mastectomy patients with implant reconstruction need not be studied on the mastectomy side unless there are specific questions regarding implant integrity or breast abnormality. Subcutaneous mastectomy patients may have sufficient tissue to warrant imaging if there is a clinical abnormality. * Men are never done as screening. Nipple discharge: Documentation of patient history is critical! Diagnosis of discharge being unilateral, spontaneous, bloody or watery may get a recommendation of further evaluation. Routine CC and MLO 90 true lateral 90 lateral magnification view behind nipple Retroareolar breast ultrasound. Bilateral, milky, greenish, opaque, etc. is not necessarily an indication for diagnostic mammogram or further evaluation. Short term follow-up mammogram: Repeat same images originally obtained. Post Biopsy 6 month follow-up Routine CC and MLO and 90 true lateral 6 month follow-up Routine CC, MLO, and 90 true lateral. Repeat any spots or magnification views from prior study. Calcifications: 3 view diagnostic mammogram Magnification views of the calcifications in CC and 90 true lateral (ML/LM) Diagnostic patients under age 30: Focal finding (lump; focal, non-cyclical pain) as described by clinician or patient, perform directed breast ultrasound first. Ask radiologist how to proceed after ultrasound. If findings are: Negative, Suspicious, Equivocal!Diagnostic Mammogram Protocol Characteristically benign ultrasound! May not need further imaging

4 Pregnant Patients: Only symptomatic patients Directed breast ultrasound first: Negative, Suspicious, Equivocal!Diagnostic Mammogram Protocol Characteristically benign ultrasound! No further imaging Lactating Patients: Delay screening until at last 3 months after lactation. Diagnostic patients should nurse or pump in the mammogram facility immediately before imaging. Male Patients: Bilateral diagnostic mammogram with spot compression views in the CC and MLO. Directed breast ultrasound only if there is a discrete mass Specimen Radiography: Magnification images in 2 orthogonal projections with minimal compression Breast Ultrasound *Review Mammogram prior to Ultrasound when applicable Palpable lump, abnormal mammogram, new onset and focal breast pain (clearly document reason for exam in MRS) Information should be entered into MRS. (Description of scan, not diagnosis) Scanned area: Direct scan of area of abnormality Correlating lesion identified lesion identified! no need to scan more No lesion is found! scan all area of interest Lesion seen in only 1 view! scan entire half of breast (ex. Lesion seen on medial cc only, scan entire medial half of breast) Description of finding: Size Anechoic lesions (simple cyst)! record at least greatest dimensions Solid lesions! record all 3 dimensions Multiple lesions! record largest and smallest

5 Orientation: Scan and label as radial and anti-radial Location: Location in breast and probe orientation Alpha ex. ARAD LEFT 4 o clock 3 cm from nipple ex. RADIAL RIGHT 2 o clock Zone 1 A ZONES: 1, 2, 3, Subareolar, Axillary Depth: A, B, C (optional) Graphical Accurate placement of icon on breast, turned to indicate probe direction Indicate correlation to area of concern Description of scanned abnormality should come directly from the ACR BI- RADS-US Lexicon Classification form. (See below) *If you have called a radiologist to check images on a diagnostic patient, put the patient s jacket label on a log sheet and write beside patient s name (ex. Viewed by Dr. Griffin). These images will be dictated the same day. Having these labels on the log sheet with documentation allows for tracking of these cases. If a patient is called back for technical reasons and has been dictated, this case will be held for the same radiologist to review. If patient is called back for technical reasons with no dictation, we will have any radiologist on site to dictate case to facilitate cases being dictated within 30 days under the MQSA guidelines. *Please call radiologist with any questions if you are unsure of correct images to obtain. When calling radiologist for diagnostic cases, please have information in MRS so the radiologist will have all pertinent history and will be able to dictate case as soon as it is reviewed.

6 When to Call Diagnostic Mammo 1. Patient lives long distance, has transportation issues, or is mentally or physically handicapped. 2. Unsure of location to work up. 3. Not sure if asymmetry needs ultrasound. 4. Focal breast pain in patient under 30 years of age, call radiologist after directed breast ultrasound. 5. After directed ultrasound on a pregnant patient. When not necessary to call 1. Palpable lump-work up according to mammo protocol. 2. Straight forward additional views. 3. Obvious finding- work up according to mammo protocol. Revised 02/15

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