4. Calculate the index of refraction for a diamond (v=1.25 x 10 8 m/s).

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1 Optics Review 1. On a trip to BC, you take a picture of a redwood cedar which stands 75m tall. It is one of the largest trees in Canada. You stand 120 m away and the pinhole camera has a length of 45cm. Calculate the height of the image. 2. Calculate the image distance in a pinhole camera for the object that is 20 m away, 3 m high, and has an image height of 1.5 m. 3. An object is placed 50 cm away from a curved mirror. A virtual image appears 30 cm away from the mirror. Find the focal length and state what type of mirror this is. 4. Calculate the index of refraction for a diamond (v=1.25 x 10 8 m/s). 5. A 24.0 cm high object is placed 10.0 cm in front of a convex lens with a focal length of 18.0 cm. Calculate: a) the position of the image b) the height of the image 6. Continue the light beam in the diagram below as it travels from air (n=1.00) into glass (n= 1.52). Calculate all angles of incidence and refraction. Use proper ray diagram format and show all of your work. 7. Complete each of the following diagrams on a separate sheet of paper. a. Concave mirror f=3 cm object distance = 7 cm b. Concave mirror f = 3 cm object distance = 2 cm c. Convex mirror f = 3 cm object distance = 4 cm d. Convex lens f= 3 cm object distance = 5 cm e. Concave lens f=3cm object distance = 5 cm Be sure to: a) draw at least 2 rays for each diagram b) draw the image on your diagram. c) state the image characteristics

2 8. A convex lens with a focal length of 9.0 cm is used to produce an image of an object. The magnification of the image is Calculate the distance the object is from the lens, if the image is at 12 cm. 9. Complete the following plane mirror diagram 10. Label the following eye diagram and indicate the function of each part. 11. What is farsightedness? Where is the image formed for someone that is farsighted? What type of lens is used to correct farsightedness? What is the medical term used for farsightedness? 12. What is nearsightedness? Where is the image formed for someone that is nearsighted? What type of lens is used to correct nearsightedness? What is the medical term used for nearsightedness?

3 Chemistry Review 1. Draw the Bohr diagram for the following atoms or ions: a) Li b) Mg c) Na + d) P 3-2. Complete the following table: Name Chemical Formula Nitrate Ionic charge Oxyacid Acid Name Oxyacid Formula SO Chlorate Phosphoric Acid H 3 PO 4 3. Write the chemical name of the following compounds. Hint: molecular compounds consist of combinations of only non- metals (use the Greek prefix for these). a) KBr k) CO 2 b) SiCl 4 l) KOH c) N 2 m) NH 4 Cl d) MgCO 3 n) H 2 SO 4 (aq) e) SO 3 o) NO f) Al 2 O 3 p) Fe 2 S 3 g) Fe(OH) 3 q) KClO 3 h) Cu(NO 3 ) 2 r) CuI 2 i) CuCl s) HF (aq) j) PCl 3 t) MgI 2 4. Write the chemical formula for the following compounds. Calcium carbonate Aluminium hydroxide Ammonium nitrate Carbon disulfide Lead (IV) oxide Beryllium chlorate Magnesium chloride Chlorine gas Sulphurous acid tin (IV) bromide Sulphuric acid Copper (II) sulphide hydrogen gas Sodium bicarbonate Lead (II) nitrate iron (II) nitrate Copper (I)sulphate Calcium bromide Carbon monoxide Tin (IV) carbonate Water Hydrofluoric acid Potassium chloride Calcium carbide Sodium hydroxide Hydrosulfuric acid Sodium chloride

4 5. a) Complete (if necessary) and balance each of the following reactions. b) Identify the type of reaction Hint: refer to the general reaction types list on the back of your periodic table. a) CH 4 + O 2! + + energy b) CaCO 3! CaO + CO 2 c) NaOH + H 3 PO 4! + d) K 2 O + H 2 O! KOH e) CaO + H 2 O f) Li + CaO! + g) HCl + Mg(OH) 2! + h) Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3 + Ca(SO 4 )! + 6. Name 3 indicators and identify the colour for acids and bases Indicator colour in acid colour in base A scientist places sodium hydroxide solution into a beaker and adds phenolphthalein a chemical called an indicator, producing a pink solution. Using a solution of hydrobromic acid, the scientist finds that adding the acid solution changes the colour of the indicator from pink back to colourless. a) Write the word equation for this reaction. b) Write a balanced chemical formula for this reaction. c) What type of reaction is this? d) What is the salt that is produced? e) What is the ph of the solution when it is completely neutralized? 8. a) Complete the following word equations b) Write a balanced skeleton equation a) Potassium + oxygen!

5 b) Lead (IV) sulphate + calcium chloride! Biology Review 1. Identify the function of each of the following organ systems a) digestive system: b) Circulatory system: c) Respiratory system: d) Lymphatic system: e) Endocrine system: f) Reproductive system: g) Nervous system: h) Excretory system: 2. a List 2 key organs for each of the systems listed in question b) Identify the function for each of the listed organs Organ Associated Organ System Function of the Organ 3. What is a stem cell? 4. Explain 3 factors that affect cell specialization

6 5. Match the appropriate stage of the cell cycle in column A to the description in column 2 and the diagram in column 3. Cell Cycle Stage Metaphase Interphase Prophase Telophase Anaphase Description Cells align along the equator Centrioles travel to the poles Cells replicate DNA Chromosomes are pulled to the poles New cell membrane forms creating two cells 6. Complete the following chart. Type of tissue Location of Tissue Function of Tissue Blood Smooth Muscle Columnar epithelia Dermal tissue Ground tissue Vascular (xylem, phloem) 7. a) Label the cell diagram to the right b) Identify the function for each organelles you labelled c) Is the cell a plant or animal cell? How did you know?

7 Climate Change 1. Define the following terms: a. Weather: b. Climate: c. Heat sink: d. Heat capacity: e. Albedo: f. Carbon sink: g. Convection current: 2. Describe the Greenhouse Effect. 3. Explain three natural factors that affect the Greenhouse Effect. 4. Explain three anthropogenic factors that affect the Greenhouse Effect. 5. Name 4 greenhouse gases and identify a natural and human source for each. 7. On the map, identify: a) The equator, tropic of cancer, arctic circle tropic of Capricorn,, antarctic circle b) The prevailing winds

8 6. Explain how ocean currents and prevailing winds contribute to climate change. 7. Identify a source of evidence that scientists use to examine climate change. *USE THE SPACE BELOW TO DRAW YOUR RAY DIAGRAMS OR ROUGH WORK*

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