Business Opportunities for Scotland and the UK. Dr Fiona Porter 19 October 2005

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1 Business Opportunities for Scotland and the UK Dr Fiona Porter 19 October 2005

2 Contents A global market On Scotland s doorstep The range of opportunities Making them happen

3 The Future

4 Commercial Prospects Potentially vast Large sources of CO 2 - especially power plant IEA estimates up to 70% of electricity generation plant could be fitted with CCS technology, given cost effective technologies and market incentives

5 For example BP Miller: 336M to store 1.3 Mt CO 2 /year Scotland s two power stations 12 Mt CO 2 /year UK generation from Fossil fuels 140 Mt CO 2 /year Market in UK billions Worldwide hundred times bigger

6 Enhanced Oil Recovery Improve economics of extraction Established technique Improves yields of fields near end of life Extends life - postpones decommissioning Permitted under OSPAR treaties

7 A process in waiting

8 A process in waiting Technology available at commercial scale Ready to be deployed when a mechanism exists to reward CO 2 abatement a regulatory framework is established But current plant designs are expensive and involve a high energy penalty

9 Significant Opportunities Now: Capture ready technology R&D Demonstration And in the Future Development Design and Manufacture Operation and Maintenance Environment Related

10 Innovation will be key Capture The most expensive and energy intensive step in the chain Transport Well established technology but corrosion issues Storage Where are the appropriate sites? Storage stability?

11 Development - Innovation Need to Cut costs Improve efficiency Prove performance in both short & long term

12 Development Capture Increasing generation efficiency Membrane systems for low energy separation Chemical looping for lower energy air separation Optimising oxyfuel combustion

13 Development Storage Acceptance criteria for suitable geological formations Standards Long term behaviour of CO 2 Monitoring

14 Innovation - Expertise Industry led innovation Universities and Research Centres Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage Research Seismic Expertise Accessing knowledge base Oil & gas producers, Petroleum engineering Support companies

15 Design and Manufacture A new set of relationships Strong process and power engineering base Gas separation technologies Offshore engineering

16 Manufacturers Boilers Supply and install high efficiency capture ready Supply CO 2 capture equipment Supply boilers globally Modifications to existing plant Infrastructure Pipelines etc Chemical Engineers CO 2 capture Oil and Gas Engineers CO 2 injection equipment

17 Estimated Costs Oxyfuel Retrofit Piping $3 M Engineering $8.6 M Drying system $15 M Compressors $30 M Heat exchangers $5 M Boiler Upgrades $2.5 M GTCC Power Plant $75 M Air separation unit $155 M Total $316 M

18 Operation & Maintenance Substantial opportunities to operate and service CCS systems These will require balanced and integrated operation of combustion plant, pipeline transportation and gas injection Early opportunities likely to involve EOR requiring further integration between power plant and oil production facilities

19 Operations and Maintenance Benefits of early implementation in UK Gives power generators, fuel suppliers and gas shippers experience to apply overseas Benefit to generation companies and via implementation of EOR in North Sea Fossil fuel power plant: advanced coal generation, incorporating CCS, could extend plant life

20 Environmental Managing environmental impacts: Service needs in Process efficiency penalties Waste Streams CO 2 Leakage Monitoring

21 Monitoring A natural extension of the work carried out by existing North Sea oil and gas service companies, including reservoir modelling & characterisation. Requirement to monitor Gas injection CO 2 behaviour in the store Both to meet short term accounting requirements and confirm longer term storage

22 Conclusions CCS has a large market potential This can be fully realised when measures reward CO 2 emissions abated regulatory framework in place Near Term R&D & Demonstrations Capture ready plant

23 Next Steps Government action needed: To establish market mechanisms Establish regulatory framework A potential opportunity for you? Report and speakers provide guidance Scottish Enterprise Offering support to help you grasp opportunities CCS presents for your organisation

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